Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Rosales > Cannabaceae > Cannabis > Cannabis sativa

Cannabis sativa (Mary Jane; pot; hemp; grass; hashish; marijuana)

Wikipedia Abstract

Cannabis sativa is an annual herbaceous plant in the Cannabis genus, a species of the Cannabaceae family. People have cultivated Cannabis sativa throughout recorded history as a source of industrial fibre, seed oil, food, recreation, religious and spiritual moods, and medicine. Each part of the plant is harvested differently, depending on the purpose of its use. The species was first classified by Carolus Linnaeus in 1753.
View Wikipedia Record: Cannabis sativa



Height [1]  8.2 feet (2.5 m)
Width [1]  31 inches (0.8 m)
Edible [1]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [1]  Dioecious
Hazards [1]  The plant is a narcotic; Its action is almost entirely on the higher nerve centres, it can produce an exhilarating intoxication with hallucinations and is a widely used street drug; It has also been widely used in the past by mystics and sages wanting to communicate with the higher forces of nature. The nature of its effect does depend much on the temperament of the individual; The use of cannabis is considered to be less harmful than alcohol or tobacco by many people, nevertheless its use has been banned in many countries of the world including most western countries, New Zealand and Australia.
Lifespan [1]  Annual
Pollinators [1]  Wind
Structure [2]  Herb
Usage [1]  A drying oil is obtained from the seed. It is used for lighting, soap making, paints, varnish etc; In the temperate zone, oil is produced from females which have been left to stand after the fibre-producing males have been harvested; A varnish is made from the pressed seeds; Seed is harvested from the female plants when most of it falls off when the plant is shaken. Best time of day to harvest seed is in early morning when fruits are turgid and conditions damp. As fruits dry out by mid-day, seed loss increases due to shattering. Usually stems are cut and the seeds shaken out over canvas sheets or beaten with sticks to extract the seeds; A fibre is obtained from the stem. It is strong and very durable; Male plants produce the best fibres and they are harvested when the plants turn brown and the flowers begin to open; When used for making paper the stems are harvested in the autumn and either retted or steamed until the fibres can be removed. The fibre is cooked for 2 hours or more with lye and then beaten in a ball mill or Hollander beater. The paper is off-white in colour; A good companion plant for cabbages and other brassicas, it repels the cabbage white butterfly;
View Plants For A Future Record : Cannabis sativa

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Algonquin Provincial Park IV 1868802 Ontario, Canada
Avon Gorge Woodlands 376 England, United Kingdom
Bolshekhekhtsirsky Zapovednik Ia 112282 Khabarovsk, Russia
Burnham Beeches 946 England, United Kingdom  
Cahuita National Park II 34272 Costa Rica  
Central Gulf Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 40530 United States  
Edwin S. George Reserve 1297 Michigan, United States
Galichia Gora Zapovednik Ia 568 Lipetsk, Russia
Grand Canyon National Park II 1210128 Arizona, United States
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Homestead National Monument of America V 850 Nebraska, United States
Humber Estuary 90582 England, United Kingdom
Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore II 8272 Indiana, United States
Lizard Point 34565 England, United Kingdom    
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
North Somerset and Mendip Bats 1387 England, United Kingdom
North York Moors 108930 England, United Kingdom
Okskiy Biosphere Reserve 190748 Russia  
Palava Protected Landscape Area V   Czech Republic  
Pembrokeshire Marine/ Sir Benfro Forol 341177 Wales, United Kingdom  
Pen Llyn a`r Sarnau/ Lleyn Peninsula and the Sarnau 360832 Wales, United Kingdom
Point Pelee National Park II 5764 Ontario, Canada
Rincón de la Vieja National Park II 35068 Costa Rica  
Saratoga National Historical Park   New York, United States
Sayano-Shushenskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 964620 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Scotts Bluff National Monument V 3185 Nebraska, United States
Sefton Coast 11278 England, United Kingdom
Severn Estuary/ Môr Hafren 182155 England/Wales, United Kingdom
Solent Maritime 27985 England, United Kingdom
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Tennessee River Gorge   Tennessee, United States
The Wash and North Norfolk Coast 266284 England, United Kingdom
Thursley, Ash, Pirbright and Chobham 12696 England, United Kingdom
Ukrainskii Stepnoi Zapovednik Nature Zapovednik Ia 2920 Ukraine  
Upper Miss. River Nat'l Wildlife Refuge National Wildlife Refuge VI 25823 Illinois, Iowa, Wisconsin, United States


Acronicta pruinosa[3]
Aglaope infausta (almond-tree leaf skeletonizer moth)[3]
Agrotis gladiaria (claybacked cutworm)[3]
Aonidiella aurantii (California red scale)[4]
Ascotis imparata[3]
Autographa nigrisigna[3]
Diaspidiotus perniciosus (California scale)[5]
Discestra trifolii (clover cutworm)[3]
Ephestia kuehniella[3]
Grapholita delineana[3]
Grapholita sinana[3]
Helicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)[4]
Hepialus humuli (Ghost Moth)[3]
Junonia lemonias (Lemon Pansy)[6]
Lathronympha strigana[3]
Olene mendosa[3]
Papaipema cataphracta (burdock borer)[3]
Papaipema nebris (stalk borer)[3]
Perianthosuta cannabinella[3]
Philedone gerningana[3]
Polygonia c-aureum (Asian Comma)[3]
Psylliodes attenuata <Unverified Name>[4]
Spilosoma obliqua[3]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Svalbard Global Seed Vault


Caribbean; North America; Oceania;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
2Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
3HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
4Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
5Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
6Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Edwin S. George Reserve, University of Michigan, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access