Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Fagales > Juglandaceae > Carya > Carya illinoiensis

Carya illinoiensis (pecan)

Synonyms: Carya angustifolia; Carya diguetii; Carya oliviformis; Carya tetraptera; Hicorius diguetii; Hicorius oliveformis; Hicorius tetraptera; Juglans angustifolia; Juglans cylindrica; Juglans illinoinensis; Juglans oliviformis; Juglans rubra

Wikipedia Abstract

The pecan (Carya illinoinensis) is a species of hickory native to Mexico and the southcentral and southeastern regions of the United States.
View Wikipedia Record: Carya illinoiensis


Height [2]  164 feet (50 m)
Screening - Summer [1]  Dense
Screening - Winter [1]  Porous
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 4 Low Temperature: -30 F° (-34.4 C°) → -20 F° (-28.9 C°)
Light Preference [1]  Full Sun
Soil Acidity [1]  Moderate Acid
Soil Fertility [1]  Very Rich
Water Use [1]  High
Flower Color [1]  Yellow
Foliage Color [1]  Yellow
Fruit Color [1]  Brown
Fruit Conspicuous [1]  Yes
Bloom Period [1]  Early Spring
Drought Tolerance [1]  Low
Edible [2]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Fire Tolerance [1]  Low
Flower Type [2]  Monoecious
Frost Free Days [1]  6 months
Fruit/Seed Abundance [1]  High
Fruit/Seed Begin [1]  Summer
Fruit/Seed End [1]  Fall
Growth Form [1]  Single Stem
Growth Period [1]  Spring, Summer
Growth Rate [1]  Slow
Janka Hardness [3]  1820 lbf (826 kgf) Hard
Leaf Type [2]  Deciduous
Lifespan [1]  Perennial
Pollinators [2]  Wind
Propagation [1]  Bare Root, Container, Cutting, Seed
Root Depth [1]  32 inches (81 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [1]  Slow
Seed Vigor [1]  Medium
Seeds Per [1]  130 / lb (287 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [1]  Erect
Specific Gravity [4]  0.66
Structure [2]  Tree
Usage [2]  Wood - coarse-grained, hard, heavy, brittle, not strong. It weighs 45 lb. per cubic foot. It is not as valuable a timber as other members of this genus and is used mainly for fuel and occasionally to make wagons and agricultural implements;
Vegetative Spread Rate [1]  Slow
View Plants For A Future Record : Carya illinoiensis

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Canaveral National Seashore II 9090 Florida, United States
Carolinian-South Atlantic Biosphere Reserve 310228 North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, United States      
Central Gulf Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 40530 United States  
Colonial National Historic Park National Historical Park V 9316 Virginia, United States
Fort Pulaski National Monument V 4213 Georgia, United States
Gettysburg National Military Park V 3560 Pennsylvania, United States
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Hobcaw Barony (North Inlet) National Estuarine Research Reserve 7585 South Carolina, United States
Horseshoe Bend National Military Park V 1926 Alabama, United States
Little St. Simons Island   Georgia, United States
Mammoth Cave Area Biosphere Reserve (Natn'l Park) National Park II 51235 Kentucky, United States
Ocmulgee National Monument V 693 Georgia, United States
Oconee National Forest Botanical Reserve 306 Georgia, United States  
South Atlantic Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 20317 South Carolina, United States  
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Upper Miss. River Nat'l Wildlife Refuge National Wildlife Refuge VI 25823 Illinois, Iowa, Wisconsin, United States

Emblem of



Acrobasis caryae[5]
Acrobasis caryivorella[5]
Acrobasis caulivorella[5]
Acrobasis cunulae[5]
Acrobasis evanescentella[5]
Acrobasis exsulella[5]
Acrobasis indigenella[5]
Acrobasis juglandis (Pecan leaf casebearer)[5]
Acrobasis latifasciella[5]
Acrobasis nuxvorella (Pecan Nut Casebearer)[5]
Acrobasis palliolella[5]
Acrobasis peplifera[5]
Acrocercops transecta[5]
Amorpha juglandis (Walnut Sphinx)[5]
Archips infumatana[5]
Baeolophus atricristatus (Black-crested Titmouse)[6]
Cameraria caryaefoliella[5]
Catocala similis (Similar Underwing)[5]
Cerococcus parrotti[7]
Chionaspis caryae (hickory scurfy scale)[7]
Citheronia regalis (Regal moth/hickory horned devil)[5]
Citheronia splendens (Splendid Royal Moth)[5]
Clavaspis crypta[7]
Clavaspis disclusa (decluse scale)[7]
Coleophora laticornella (pecan cigar casebearer)[5]
Coptodisca lucifluella[5]
Cossula magnifica (pecan carpenterworm)[5]
Cydia caryana (Hickory Shuckworm Moth)[5]
Datana integerrima (walnut caterpillar)[5]
Diaspidiotus ancylus (Howard scale)[7]
Diaspidiotus forbesi (cherry scale)[7]
Diaspidiotus osborni (Osborn scale)[7]
Dysmicoccus morrisoni (Morrison mealybug)[7]
Eulogia ochrifrontella[5]
Eurycoccus blanchardii (variable mealybug)[7]
Euzophera semifuneralis[5]
Gretchena bolliana (Pecan Bud Moth)[5]
Gretchena deludana[5]
Hemiberlesia diffinis[7]
Hemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)[7]
Hemiberlesia neodiffinis[7]
Hemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale)[7]
Hypocala andremona[5]
Larisa subsolana[5]
Malacosoma americana (Eastern tent caterpillar)[5]
Melanaspis obscura (obscure scale)[7]
Melanaspis tenebricosa (gloomy scale)[7]
Monoleuca semifascia[5]
Neopinnaspis harperi (Harper scale)[7]
Neosteingelia texana[7]
Panopoda rufimargo[5]
Paratachardina decorella (native cochineal)[7]
Phyllonorycter caryaealbella[5]
Phyllonorycter olivaeformis[5]
Platynota rostrana[5]
Pococera subcanalis[5]
Psilocorsis cryptolechiella[5]
Psilocorsis reflexella[5]
Sabulodes caberata (Omnivorous looper)[5]
Schizura concinna (redhumped caterpillar)[5]
Schizura leptinoides[5]
Schizura unicornis (unicorn caterpillar)[5]
Sciurus griseus (western gray squirrel)[8]
Strymon melinus (cotton square borer)[5]
Synanthedon codeti[5]
Thyridopteryx ephemeraeformis (Evergreen bagworm moth)[5]
Velataspis mimosarum[7]


North America;



Attributes / relations provided by
1USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
3Wood Janka Hardness Scale/Chart J W Morlan's Unique Wood Gifts
4Forest Inventory and Analysis DB version 5.1, May 4, 2013, U.S. Forest Service
5HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
6del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
7Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
8Sciurus griseus, Leslie N. Carraway and B. J. Verts, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 474, pp. 1-7 (1994)
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access