Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Fagales > Juglandaceae > Carya > Carya ovata
 

Carya ovata (carya ovata australis; shag-bark hickory; shagbark hickory)

Synonyms: Carya mexicana; Carya ovalis var. fraxinifolia; Carya ovalis var. nuttallii; Carya ovalis var. pubescens; Hicorius mexicana; Hicorius ovata; Hicorius ovatus; Juglans albo-ovata; Juglans ovalis; Juglans ovata; Scoria ovata

Wikipedia Abstract

Carya ovata, the shagbark hickory, is a common hickory in the Eastern United States and southeast Canada. It is a large, deciduous tree, growing well over 100 ft (30 m) tall, and will live over 350 years. The tallest measured shagbark, located in Savage Gulf, Tennessee, is over 150 ft (46 m) tall. Mature shagbarks are easy to recognize because, as their name implies, they have shaggy bark.
View Wikipedia Record: Carya ovata

Attributes

Height [3]  98 feet (30 m)
Width [3]  49 feet (15 m)
Air Quality Improvement [1]  Low
Allergen Potential [1]  High
Carbon Capture [1]  Medium-High
Screening - Summer [2]  Moderate
Screening - Winter [2]  Porous
Shade Percentage [1]  77 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Medium
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium-Low
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 5 Low Temperature: -20 F° (-28.9 C°) → -10 F° (-23.3 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 8 Low Temperature: 10 F° (-12.2 C°) → 20 F° (-6.7 C°)
Light Preference [2]  Mixed Sun/Shade
Soil Acidity [2]  Moderate Acid
Soil Fertility [2]  Intermediate
Water Use [1]  Moderate
Flower Color [2]  Yellow
Foliage Color [2]  Green
Fruit Color [2]  Brown
Fall Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Flower Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Fruit Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Bloom Period [2]  Late Spring
Drought Tolerance [2]  Medium
Edible [3]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Fire Tolerance [2]  Medium
Flower Type [3]  Monoecious
Frost Free Days [2]  4 months 20 days
Fruit/Seed Abundance [2]  Medium
Fruit/Seed Begin [2]  Summer
Fruit/Seed End [2]  Fall
Growth Form [2]  Single Stem
Growth Period [2]  Spring, Summer
Growth Rate [2]  Slow
Janka Hardness [4]  1880 lbf (853 kgf) Hard
Leaf Type [3]  Deciduous
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Pollinators [3]  Wind
Propagation [2]  Bare Root, Container, Seed
Root Depth [2]  4.0 feet (122 cm)
Scent [3]  The leaves are aromatic.
Seed Spread Rate [2]  Slow
Seed Vigor [2]  High
Seeds Per [2]  96 / lb (212 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [2]  Erect
Specific Gravity [5]  0.72
Structure [3]  Tree
Usage [3]  A yellow dye is obtained from the inner bark; Wood - close-grained, tough, elastic, heavy and very hard. It weighs 52lb per cubic foot; An excellent quality wood, it is used for tool handles, wheel spokes, sporting goods, baskets etc; The wood is an excellent fuel, burning well and giving off a lot of heat; It produces an excellent charcoal;
Vegetative Spread Rate [2]  None
View Plants For A Future Record : Carya ovata

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Allegheny Portage Railroad Nat'l Hist. Site National Historic Site III 1152 Pennsylvania, United States
Blue Ridge Parkway National Parkway V 73611 North Carolina, Virginia, United States
Bluestone National Scenic River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 3517 West Virginia, United States
Calvin College Ecosystem Preserve 90 Michigan, United States
Catoctin Mountain Park National Park II 5994 Maryland, United States
Central Gulf Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 40530 United States  
Chickamauga & Chattanooga Nat'l Military Park National Military Park V 8248 Georgia, Tennessee, United States
Chippewa Nature Center   Michigan, United States    
Cumberland Gap National Hist. Park National Historical Park V 24282 Kentucky, Tennessee, Virginia, United States
Fort Donelson National Battlefield III 560 Tennessee, United States
Friendship Hill National Historic Site III 697 Pennsylvania, United States
Gauley River National Recreation Area V 10157 West Virginia, United States
Gettysburg National Military Park V 3560 Pennsylvania, United States
Grand Rapids Audubon Club Maher Sanctuary 80 Michigan, United States
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge VI 3161 New Jersey, United States
Herbert Hoover National Historic Site   Iowa, United States
Hopewell Furnace National Historic Site III 861 Pennsylvania, United States
Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore II 8272 Indiana, United States
Little River National Wildlife Refuge   Oklahoma, United States
Mammoth Cave Area Biosphere Reserve (Natn'l Park) National Park II 51235 Kentucky, United States
Morristown National Historical Park VI 1677 New Jersey, United States
National Capital Parks - Central National Park   District of Columbia, United States
New River Gorge National River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 55591 West Virginia, United States
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
Obed Wild and Scenic River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 5268 Tennessee, United States
Oconee National Forest Botanical Reserve 306 Georgia, United States  
Point Pelee National Park II 5764 Ontario, Canada
Prince William Forest Park 19378 District of Columbia, United States
Rondeau Provincial Park II 5035 Ontario, Canada
Roosevelt Vanderbilt National Historic Site   New York, United States      
Saint Lawrence Islands National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Saratoga National Historical Park   New York, United States
Shenandoah National Park II 108221 Virginia, United States
Shiloh National Military Park III 4061 Tennessee, United States
South Atlantic Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 20317 South Carolina, United States  
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Tennessee River Gorge   Tennessee, United States
Upper Miss. River Nat'l Wildlife Refuge National Wildlife Refuge VI 25823 Illinois, Iowa, Wisconsin, United States

Predators

Acrobasis angusella[6]
Acrobasis caryae[6]
Acrobasis kearfottella[6]
Acrobasis palliolella[6]
Acrobasis stigmella[6]
Acrocercops transecta[6]
Agonopterix eupatoriiella[6]
Alsophila pometaria (fall cankerworm)[6]
Argyrotaenia juglandana[6]
Cameraria caryaefoliella[6]
Catocala relicta (white underwing)[6]
Chionaspis caryae (hickory scurfy scale)[7]
Citheronia regalis (Regal moth/hickory horned devil)[6]
Coleophora laticornella (pecan cigar casebearer)[6]
Corythucha ciliata (sycamore lace bug)[8]
Cydia caryana (Hickory Shuckworm Moth)[6]
Datana angusii[6]
Datana integerrima (walnut caterpillar)[6]
Dichomeris ligulella (Palmerworm)[6]
Eurycoccus blanchardii (variable mealybug)[7]
Lophocampa maculata (spotted tussock moth)[6]
Melanaspis obscura (obscure scale)[7]
Neosteingelia texana[7]
Parthenolecanium putmani[7]
Pseudexentera cressoniana[6]
Psilocorsis reflexella[6]
Satyrium calanus (Banded hairstreak)[6]

Range Map

North America;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database. 2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture 3Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License 4Wood Janka Hardness Scale/Chart J W Morlan's Unique Wood Gifts 5Forest Inventory and Analysis DB version 5.1, May 4, 2013, U.S. Forest Service 6HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández 7Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009 8Corythucha ciliata (Say) (Insecta: Hemiptera: Tingidae), Susan E. Halbert, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Division of Plant Industry; and James R. Meeker, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Division of Forestry, February 2001. Latest revision: September 2007
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access