Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Malpighiales > Salicaceae > Populus > Populus tremuloides

Populus tremuloides (quaking aspen)

Synonyms: Populus atheniensis; Populus aurea; Populus benzoifera; Populus cercidiphylla; Populus cordata; Populus glandulosa; Populus graeca; Populus pendula; Populus polygonifolia; Populus sibirica; Populus tremula subsp. tremuloides; Populus tremuliformis; Populus tremuloides var. aurea; Populus tremuloides var. cercidiphylla; Populus tremuloides var. intermedia; Populus tremuloides var. magnifica; Populus tremuloides var. rhomboidea; Populus tremuloides var. vancouveriana; Populus trepida; Populus vancouveriana; Tremula trepida

Wikipedia Abstract

Populus tremuloides is a deciduous tree native to cooler areas of North America, one of several species referred to by the common name aspen. It is commonly called quaking aspen, trembling aspen, American aspen, Quakies, mountain or golden aspen, trembling poplar, white poplar, popple, and even more names. The trees have tall trunks, up to 25 meters (82 feet) tall, with smooth pale bark, scarred with black. The glossy green leaves, dull beneath, become golden to yellow, rarely red, in autumn. The species often propagates through its roots to form large groves originating from a shared system of rhizomes.
View Wikipedia Record: Populus tremuloides


Height [3]  66 feet (20 m)
Width [3]  33 feet (10 m)
Air Quality Improvement [1]  None
Allergen Potential [1]  High
Carbon Capture [1]  Medium-Low
Screening - Summer [2]  Dense
Screening - Winter [2]  Porous
Shade Percentage [1]  80 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Medium
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium-Low
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 2 Low Temperature: -50 F° (-45.6 C°) → -40 F° (-40 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 5 Low Temperature: -20 F° (-28.9 C°) → -10 F° (-23.3 C°)
Light Preference [2]  Full Sun
Soil Acidity [2]  Neutral
Soil Fertility [2]  Intermediate
Water Use [1]  High to Moderate
Flower Color [2]  Blue
Foliage Color [2]  Green
Fruit Color [2]  White
Bloom Period [2]  Mid Spring
Drought Tolerance [2]  Low
Edible [3]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Fire Tolerance [2]  High
Flower Type [3]  Dioecious
Frost Free Days [2]  70 days
Fruit/Seed Abundance [2]  High
Fruit/Seed Begin [2]  Spring
Fruit/Seed End [2]  Summer
Growth Form [2]  Single Stem
Growth Period [2]  Spring, Summer
Growth Rate [2]  Rapid
Janka Hardness [4]  350 lbf (159 kgf) Very Soft
Leaf Type [3]  Deciduous
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Pollinators [3]  Wind
Propagation [2]  Bare Root, Container, Cutting, Seed
Root Depth [2]  32 inches (81 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [2]  Moderate
Seed Vigor [2]  Low
Seeds Per [2]  3247994 / lb (7160606 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [2]  Rounded
Specific Gravity [5]  0.38
Structure [3]  Tree
Usage [3]  A fast-growing tree, it rapidly invades bare areas such as logged woodland and soon establishes dense stands of young trees by sending up suckers; It provides excellent conditions for other species of trees to become established and these will eventually out-compete the poplar; The bark has been used to make hats; The bark has sometimes been used for cordage; Wood - soft, light, weak, close-grained, rather woolly in texture, without smell or taste, of low flammability, not durable, very resistant to abrasion; It weighs 25lb per cubic foot; Not strong enough for furniture or construction, it is occasionally used for fences, railings and barn doors, is excellent for cheap crates and boxes and is widely used for pulp, producing a high quality paper;
Vegetative Spread Rate [2]  Moderate
View Plants For A Future Record : Populus tremuloides

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Acadia National Park II 35996 Maine, United States
Algonquin Provincial Park IV 1868802 Ontario, Canada
Allegheny Portage Railroad Nat'l Hist. Site National Historic Site III 1152 Pennsylvania, United States
Banff National Park II 1690912 Alberta, Canada
Bighorn Canyon National Recreation Area V 36286 Montana, Wyoming, United States
Bruce Peninsula National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Calvin College Ecosystem Preserve 90 Michigan, United States
Canyonlands National Park II 335430 Utah, United States
Cape Breton Highlands National Park II 234333 Nova Scotia, Canada  
Cedar Breaks National Monument III 6111 Utah, United States
Chippewa Nature Center   Michigan, United States    
Colonial National Historic Park National Historical Park V 9316 Virginia, United States
Coram Biosphere Reserve 7460 Montana, United States
Crater Lake National Park II 180091 Oregon, United States
Craters of the Moon National Monument V 690996 Idaho, United States
Denali Biosphere Reserve 1932364 Alaska, United States
Devils Tower National Monument V 1361 Wyoming, United States
Elk Island National Park II 47171 Alberta, Canada
Forillon National Park II 61010 Quebec, Canada  
Fraser Biosphere Reserve 23050 Colorado, United States  
Fundy National Park II 52716 New Brunswick, Canada
Gateway National Recreation Area V 1807 New Jersey, United States
Georgian Bay Islands National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Gettysburg National Military Park V 3560 Pennsylvania, United States
Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve Ib 591068 Alaska, United States
Glacier National Park II 953799 Montana, United States
Grand Canyon National Park II 1210128 Arizona, United States
Grand Rapids Audubon Club Maher Sanctuary 80 Michigan, United States
Grasslands National Park II 128635 Saskatchewan, Canada
Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge VI 3161 New Jersey, United States
Gros Morne National Park II 476632 Newfoundland, Canada
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park VI 715 West Virginia, United States
Hubbard Brook Biosphere Reserve 7809 New Hampshire, United States
Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore II 8272 Indiana, United States
Isle Royale Biosphere Reserve Ib 571799 Michigan, United States
Jasper National Park II 2776809 Alberta, Canada
Johnstown Flood National Memorial VI 175 Pennsylvania, United States
Kejimkujik National Park II 94203 Nova Scotia, Canada
Kluane National Park and Reserve National Park Reserve II 5463436 Yukon, Canada
Kobuk Valley National Park Ib 1576553 Alaska, United States
Kootenay National Park II 341762 British Columbia, Canada
Kouchibouguac National Park II 59161 New Brunswick, Canada
La Mauricie National Park II 131706 Quebec, Canada
Lake Superior Provincial Park IV 351011 Ontario, Canada
Manassas National Battlefield Park III 5132 Virginia, United States
Mingan Archipelago National Park Reserve II 20461 Quebec, Canada
Morristown National Historical Park VI 1677 New Jersey, United States
Mount Revelstoke National Park Ia 18 British Columbia, Canada
Nahanni National Park Reserve II 1309627 Northwest Territories, Canada
New River Gorge National River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 55591 West Virginia, United States
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
Olympic Biosphere Reserve II 922805 Washington, United States
Point Pelee National Park II 5764 Ontario, Canada
Polar Bear Provincial Park 5502026 Ontario, Canada
Prince Albert National Park II 976762 Saskatchewan, Canada
Prince Edward Island National Park II   Prince Edward Island, Canada  
Pukaskwa National Park II 459860 Ontario, Canada
Redberry Lake Biosphere Reserve 277252 Saskatchewan, Canada
Riding Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 762028 Manitoba, Canada
Rocky Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 239938 Colorado, United States
Rondeau Provincial Park II 5035 Ontario, Canada
Roosevelt Vanderbilt National Historic Site   New York, United States      
Saint Lawrence Islands National Park II   Ontario, Canada
San Juan Island National Historical Park III 1674 Washington, United States
Saratoga National Historical Park   New York, United States
Shenandoah National Park II 108221 Virginia, United States
Terra Nova National Park IV 125894 Newfoundland, Canada
Vuntut National Park II 1076795 Yukon, Canada
Walnut Canyon National Monument V 3386 Arizona, United States
Wapusk National Park II 2614324 Manitoba, Canada
Western Michigan University's Asylum Lake Preserve 274 Michigan, United States
Wind Cave National Park II 29471 South Dakota, United States
Winisk River Provincial Park II 434735 Ontario, Canada
Wood Buffalo National Park II 11038545 Alberta, Canada
Woodland Caribou Provincial Wilderness Park Provincial Park II 1072124 Ontario, Canada
Yellowstone Biosphere Reserve II 2196863 Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, United States
Yoho National Park II 317576 British Columbia, Canada
Zion National Park II 135667 Utah, United States



Acleris emargana (Notched-winged tortricid)[6]
Acleris hastiana[6]
Acleris hudsoniana[6]
Acleris implexana[6]
Acleris maccana (Marbled Dog’s-tooth Tortrix)[6]
Acleris maximana[6]
Acleris nigrilineana[6]
Acleris nigrolinea[6]
Acleris robinsoniana[6]
Acleris senescens[6]
Acronicta auricoma (Scarce Dagger)[6]
Acronicta dactylina (fingered dagger)[6]
Acronicta grisea (gray dagger)[6]
Acronicta impressa (printed dagger)[6]
Acronicta innotata (Unmarked Dagger Moth)[6]
Acronicta leporina (miller)[6]
Acronicta lepusculina (cottonwood dagger moth)[6]
Acronicta noctivaga (Night-Wandering Dagger Moth)[6]
Acronicta quadrata (Quadrate Dagger Moth)[6]
Acronicta rubricoma (Ruddy Dagger Moth)[6]
Actias luna (luna moth)[6]
Adelges abietis (Aphid)[7]
Agonopterix argillacea[6]
Agonopterix canadensis[6]
Alces alces (moose)[7]
Amorbia humerosana[6]
Anacampsis innocuella[6]
Anacampsis niveopulvella[6]
Anathix puta[6]
Ancylis lamiana[6]
Andropolia contacta (Canadian Giant)[6]
Aphelia alleniana[6]
Aplodontia rufa californica[8]
Apotomis capreana[6]
Apotomis deceptana[6]
Apotomis infida[6]
Archiearis infans (first born geometer)[6]
Archips cerasivorana[6]
Archips fervidana[6]
Archips purpurana[6]
Argyrotaenia mariana[6]
Argyrotaenia velutinana[6]
Autographa ampla (Large Looper Moth)[6]
Bonasa umbellus (Ruffed Grouse)[7]
Brachylomia algens[6]
Brachylomia populi[6]
Cabera borealis[6]
Cabera variolaria (pink-striped willow spanworm)[6]
Caloptilia populiella[6]
Caloptilia stigmatella[6]
Castor canadensis (american beaver)[7]
Catocala amatrix (Sweetheart Underwing)[6]
Catocala briseis (briseis underwing)[6]
Catocala concumbens (Sleepy Underwing)[6]
Catocala parta (Mother Underwing)[6]
Catocala relicta (white underwing)[6]
Catocala unijuga (Once-married Underwing)[6]
Cerura scitiscripta (Black-etched Prominent)[6]
Cervus elaphus (wapiti or elk)[9]
Charadra deridens (Marbled Tuffet Moth)[6]
Chionaspis salicis (black willow bark louse)[10]
Chionodes terminimaculella[6]
Choristoneura conflictana (Large Aspen Tortrix)[6]
Choristoneura zapulata[6]
Clostera albosigma (Sigmoid Prominent)[6]
Clostera apicalis[6]
Clostera brucei[6]
Clostera inclusa[6]
Clostera strigosa[6]
Colocasia propinquilinea (Closebanded Yellowhorn)[6]
Coloradia pandora (Pandora moth)[6]
Cucullia intermedia (Dusky Hooded Owlet)[6]
Cucullia lucifuga[6]
Cydia populana[6]
Dasychira vagans[6]
Diachrysia balluca (Green-patched Looper)[6]
Dichomeris ligulella (Palmerworm)[6]
Dysstroma citrata (dark marbled carpet)[6]
Ectoedemia populella (Poplar Petiolegall Moth)[6]
Egira dolosa[6]
Enargia decolor (Pale Enargia)[6]
Enargia infumata (Lesser Eyed Sallow)[6]
Epinotia cruciana[6]
Epinotia lomonana[6]
Epinotia nisella[6]
Epinotia solandriana[6]
Epinotia solicitana[6]
Erynnis icelus (Dreamy Dusky Wing)[6]
Erynnis persius (Persius Dusky Wing)[6]
Euchlaena irraria[6]
Euchlaena tigrinaria (Mottled Euchlaena)[6]
Eulithis flavibrunneata[6]
Eulithis testata (chevron moth)[6]
Eulithis xylina[6]
Eupsilia sidus[6]
Eupsilia tristigmata[6]
Eurois astricta (great brown dart)[6]
Eurois occulta (great gray dart)[6]
Eutrapela clemataria[6]
Exaeretia ciniflonella[6]
Furcula cinerea[6]
Furcula modesta[6]
Furcula scolopendrina[6]
Gelechia versutella[6]
Glena cribrataria[6]
Gluphisia avimacula[6]
Gluphisia lintneri[6]
Gluphisia septentrionis[6]
Gluphisia severa[6]
Gypsonoma adjuncta[6]
Gypsonoma fasciolana[6]
Gypsonoma substitutionis[6]
Haemorhous cassinii (Cassin's Finch)[11]
Haploa confusa[6]
Haploa lecontei (Leconte's Haploa)[6]
Hemileuca lucina[6]
Hemileuca maia (Buck moth)[6]
Hemileuca nevadensis (Nevada Buck Moth)[6]
Heterocampa lunata[6]
Homoglaea carbonaria[6]
Homoglaea hircina[6]
Hydriomena furcata (July Highflyer)[6]
Hydriomena perfracta[6]
Hypagyrtis unipunctata (One-spotted Variant Moth)[6]
Ipimorpha pleonectusa[6]
Iridopsis larvaria[6]
Itame anataria[6]
Itame brunneata[6]
Itame exauspicata[6]
Itame loricaria[6]
Itame occiduaria[6]
Leucobrephos brephoides[6]
Leucoma salicis (White Satin Moth)[6]
Litholomia napaea[6]
Lithomoia solidaginis (goldenrod brindle)[6]
Lithophane amanda[6]
Lithophane bethunei[6]
Lithophane fagina[6]
Lithophane innominata (Nameless Pinion)[6]
Lithophane laticinerea[6]
Lithophane petulca[6]
Lithophane semiusta[6]
Lithophane unimoda[6]
Lithophane vivida[6]
Lobophora magnoliatoidata[6]
Lobophora montanata[6]
Lobophora nivigerata[6]
Lobophora simsata[6]
Lycia ursaria[6]
Lyonetia saliciella[6]
Malacosoma californica[6]
Megalopyge crispata (Crinkled flannel moth)[6]
Meroptera abditiva[6]
Meroptera pravella[6]
Metanema determinata[6]
Metanema inatomaria (Pale Metanema)[6]
Metarranthis duaria[6]
Nadata gibbosa (Rough Prominent)[6]
Nemoria mimosaria (White-fringed Emerald)[6]
Neotoma cinerea (bushy-tailed woodrat)[12]
Nephopterix basilaris[6]
Nites betulella[6]
Notodonta simplaria[6]
Nycteola cinereana[6]
Odontosia elegans[6]
Olethreutes appendiceum[6]
Olethreutes fasciatana[6]
Olethreutes glaciana[6]
Oligocentria semirufescens (Red-washed Prominent Moth)[6]
Operophtera bruceata (bruce spanworm)[6]
Orgyia definita (definite tussock moth)[6]
Orthosia revicta[6]
Orthosia rubescens[6]
Orthotaenia undulana[6]
Pachysphinx modesta (modest sphinx, poplar sphinx)[6]
Pandemis canadana[6]
Pandemis lamprosana[6]
Pandemis limitata[6]
Papestra cristifera[6]
Papestra quadrata[6]
Papilio glaucus (Eastern tiger swallowtail)[6]
Papilio rutulus (Western tiger swallowtail)[6]
Paranthrene tabaniformis (Dusky Clearwing)[6]
Pero morrisonaria (Morrison's Pero)[6]
Phenacoccus minimus (minimus mealybug)[10]
Pheosia portlandia[6]
Pheosia rimosa[6]
Phigalia titea (Spiny Looper)[6]
Phobetron pithecium (hag moth)[6]
Phyllocnistis populiella[6]
Phyllonorycter apparella (Aspen Leaf Blotch Miner Moth)[6]
Phyllonorycter salicifoliella[6]
Pinicola enucleator (Pine Grosbeak)[7]
Plagodis alcoolaria (Hollow-spotted Plagodis)[6]
Plagodis serinaria[6]
Platarctia parthenos (St. Lawrence tiger moth)[6]
Pococera aplastella[6]
Pococera asperatella[6]
Polia nebulosa (Grey Arches)[6]
Polygonia faunus (green comma)[6]
Polygonia interrogationis (Questionmark anglewing)[6]
Prionoxystus robiniae (carpenterworm)[6]
Protitame matilda[6]
Protitame virginalis[6]
Protolampra rufipectus[6]
Pseudexentera oregonana[6]
Pseudosciaphila duplex (Aspen Leaftier)[6]
Pseudothyatira cymatophoroides (Tufted Thyatirid Moth)[6]
Psilocorsis reflexella[6]
Pyrrhia exprimens (Purple-lined Sallow)[6]
Rheumaptera hastata (spear-marked black)[6]
Scoliopteryx libatrix (herald moth)[6]
Semioscopis inornata[6]
Semiothisa aemulataria[6]
Semiothisa hebetata[6]
Semiothisa neptaria[6]
Semiothisa ulsterata[6]
Sicya macularia[6]
Smerinthus cerisyi (Cerisy's sphinx moth)[6]
Smerinthus jamaicensis (twin-spotted sphinx)[6]
Sparganothis tristriata[6]
Sphinx chersis (Great Ash Sphinx)[6]
Sphinx luscitiosa (Clemens' Hawkmoth)[6]
Spiramater grandis[6]
Spodoptera eridania (southern armyworm)[13]
Sthenopis purpurascens[6]
Synaxis jubararia[6]
Syngrapha epigaea (Pirate Looper Moth)[6]
Tetracis cachexiata (White Slant-line)[6]
Thomomys bottae (Botta's pocket gopher)[14]
Tolype velleda[6]
Ufeus plicatus[6]
Ufeus satyricus[6]
Ursus arctos (Grizzly Bear)[13]
Venusia pearsalli[6]
Xanthotype sospeta[6]
Xylena cineritia[6]
Xylena curvimacula (dot-and-dash swordgrass moth)[6]
Xylena thoracica[6]
Zale minerea[6]
Lepus americanus (Snowshoe Hare)[7]


Pollinated by 
Apis mellifera (honey bee)[15]


Parasitized by 
Agrilus anxius[13]
Dicerca tenebrica[13]
Poecilonota cyanipes[13]
Poecilonota ferrea[13]
Shelter for 
Lepus americanus (Snowshoe Hare)[7]

Range Map

North America; Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake;



Attributes / relations provided by
1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database.
2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
3Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
4Wood Janka Hardness Scale/Chart J W Morlan's Unique Wood Gifts
5Forest Inventory and Analysis DB version 5.1, May 4, 2013, U.S. Forest Service
6HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
7Making The Forest And Tundra Wildlife Connection
8An Ecological Survey of Endemic MOUNTAIN BEAVERS (Aplodontia rufa) in California, 1979-83, Dale T. Steele', State of California, THE RESOURCES AGENCY, Department of Fish and Game
9National Geographic Magazine - May 2016 - Yellowstone - The Carnivore Comeback
10Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
11del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
12Neotoma cinerea, Felisa A. Smith, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 564, pp. 1-8 (1997)
13Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
14Thomomys bottae, Cheri A. Jones and Colleen N. Baxter, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 742, pp. 1–14 (2004)
15Robertson, C. Flowers and insects lists of visitors of four hundred and fifty three flowers. 1929. The Science Press Printing Company Lancaster, PA.
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access