Animalia > Chordata > Amphibia > Caudata > Cryptobranchidae > Andrias > Andrias davidianus
 

Andrias davidianus (Chinese giant salamander)

Synonyms: Andrias davidianus davidianus

Wikipedia Abstract

The Chinese giant salamander (Andrias davidianus) is the largest salamander in the world, reaching a length of 180 cm (6 ft), although it rarely – if ever – reaches that size today. Endemic to rocky mountain streams and lakes in China, it is considered critically endangered due to habitat loss, pollution, and over-collecting, as it is considered a delicacy and used in traditional Chinese medicine. Records from Taiwan may be the results of introductions.
View Wikipedia Record: Andrias davidianus

Endangered Species

Status: Critically Endangered
View IUCN Record: Andrias davidianus

EDGE Analysis

The Chinese giant salamander is the largest living species of amphibian, reaching a maximum length of 1.8 metres. It lives in cool, fast-flowing streams and mountain lakes and predominantly feeds on fish and crustaceans. The breeding season occurs between August and September when 500 eggs are laid in a burrow guarded by the male. This species is threatened by over-harvesting for the food trade, as well as the destruction and degradation of its habitat. It is now Critically Endangered, having undergone a massive population decline over the last 30 years.
Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
43
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
100
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 83.42
EDGE Score: 7.21
View EDGE Record: Andrias davidianus

Attributes

Gestation [1]  55 days
Litter Size [1]  500
Maximum Longevity [1]  20 years

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Map Climate Land
Use
Central China loess plateau mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Changjiang Plain evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Daba Mountains evergreen forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Guizhou Plateau broadleaf and mixed forests China Palearctic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Huang He Plain mixed forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Jian Nan subtropical evergreen forests China Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ordos Plateau steppe China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Qilian Mountains conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Qin Ling Mountains deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Qionglai-Minshan conifer forests China Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Sichuan Basin evergreen broadleaf forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southeast Tibet shrub and meadows China Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Yunnan Plateau subtropical evergreen forests China Palearctic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Andrincola mabianensis <Unverified Name>[2]
Andritrema elliptica <Unverified Name>[2]
Diplodiscus amphichrus <Unverified Name>[2]
Neoandrincola muchuanensis <Unverified Name>[2]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden
Fort Worth Zoological Park
Ocean Park Corporation
Rotterdam Zoo
Steinhart Aquarium (CA Acad of Science
Taipei Zoo
Zoo Dresden GmbH

Range Map

Link to Map
Southern Asia;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by McDiarmid R.W., 01-Sep-2009, ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System in Catalog of Life 2011
Endangered Status provided by IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2 <www.iucnredlist.org> Downloaded on 11 April 2013.
Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Range map provided by IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature), Conservation International & NatureServe.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011