Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Perissodactyla > Equidae > Equus > Equus grevyi
 

Equus grevyi (Grevy's zebra)

Synonyms: Equus faurei; Equus grevyi berberensis

Wikipedia Abstract

The Grévy's zebra (Equus grevyi), also known as the imperial zebra, is the largest extant wild equid and the largest and most endangered of the three species of zebra, the other two being the plains zebra and the mountain zebra. Named after Jules Grévy, it is the sole extant member of the subgenus Dolichohippus. The Grévy's zebra is found in Kenya and Ethiopia.
View Wikipedia Record: Equus grevyi

Endangered Species

Status: Endangered
View IUCN Record: Equus grevyi

EDGE Analysis

The largest of the living zebra species, Grévy’s zebra can be distinguished from the other zebras by its larger ears and narrower stripes. In recent history, the species has undergone one of the most substantial reductions of range of any African mammal. There has also been a 87 percent decline in numbers since the end of the 1970s. These declines were due in part to hunters killing the animals for their skins, which were made into fashionable clothing during the 1970s and 80s. While the species is no longer commercially hunted for its skin, numbers are continuing to decline due to competition with pastoral people and their domestic livestock, and to the long-term effects of overgrazing.
Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
5
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
59
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 11.42
EDGE Score: 4.6
View EDGE Record: Equus grevyi

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  846.58 lbs (384.00 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  88.19 lbs (40.00 kg)
Female Maturity [1]  3 years 6 months
Male Maturity [1]  4 years
Diet [2]  Herbivore
Diet - Plants [2]  100 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Gestation [1]  1 year 1 month
Litter Size [1]  1
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  31 years
Weaning [1]  8 months 19 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Ethiopian montane forests Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ethiopian xeric grasslands and shrublands Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Hobyo grasslands and shrublands Somalia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Masai xeric grasslands and shrublands Kenya Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Northern Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Somali Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and thickets Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Somali montane xeric woodlands Somalia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Eastern Hararghe (Harar-Wabi Shebelle) Controlled Hunting Area 5878143 Ethiopia      
Mount Kulal Biosphere Reserve 1729738 Kenya  
Tsavo East National Park II 3232255 Kenya

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Horn of Africa Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Oman, Somalia, Yemen No

Prey / Diet

Cenchrus ciliaris (Buffel Grass)[3]
Pennisetum sphacelatum[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aepyceros melampus (impala)1
Connochaetes taurinus (blue wildebeest)1
Equus quagga (quagga)1
Papio hamadryas (hamadryas baboon)1
Syncerus caffer (African buffalo)1

Predators

Crocuta crocuta (Spotted Hyena)[3]
Lycaon pictus (African wild dog)[3]
Panthera leo (Lion)[3]
Panthera pardus (Leopard)[3]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Gastrodiscus aegyptiacus <Unverified Name>[4]
Leptospira interrogans[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Aalborg Zoo
Al Ain Zoo
Artis Zoo
B. Bryan Preserve
Banham Zoo Ltd.
Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservat'n Society
Caldwell Zoo
Calgary Zoo, Garden & Prehistoric Park
Chessington World of Adventures, Ltd.
Chicago Zoological Park
Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden
Cologne Zoo
Dallas Zoo
Denver Zoological Gardens
Detroit Zoological Society
Dierenpark Amersfoort
Edinburgh Zoo-Scottish National Zoo
Fossil Rim Wildlife Center
Fundacao Parque Zoologico de Sao Paulo
Giza Zoological Garden
Great Plains Zoo
Jackson Zoological Park
Jacksonville Zoo and Gardens
Jardim Zoologico / Lisbon Zoo
Kolmardens Djurpark AB
Le Pal, Parc Animalier
Lincoln Park Zoological Gardens
Los Angeles Zoo & Botanical Gardens
Marwell Wildlife
Miami Metrozoo
Moscow Zoological Park
Mountain View Conservation & Breeding
Mulhouse Zoo
Nogeyama Zoological Gardens Yokohama
North of England Zoological Society
Nyíregyházi Állatpark Nonprofit KFT
Oasys Parque del Desierto de Tabernas
Odense Zoologiske Have
Oglebay's Good Children's Zoo
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Poznaniu
Oklahoma City Zoological Park
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Parc de Lunaret
Parc Zoologique de La Palmyre
Parco Natura Viva
Parque de la Naturaleza de Cabarceno
Peoria Zoo in Glen Oak Park
Phoenix Zoo
Port Lympne Wild Animal Park
Pueblo Zoo
Reid Park Zoo
Reserve Africaine de Sigean
Rome Zoo-Fondazione Bioparco di Roma
Sacramento Zoo
Safaripark Beekse Bergen
Saint Louis Zoological Park
Salzburg Zoo Hellbrunn
San Diego Wild Animal Park
San Diego Zoo
Sedgwick County Zoo
Silesian Zoological Garden
Smithsonian National Zoological Park
St. Catherine's Wildlife Center
Taipei Zoo
Tama Zoological Park
Tampa's Lowry Park Zoo
The Living Desert Zoo and Gardens
The Wilds
Tiergarten der Stadt Nürnberg
Tierpark Berlin-Friedrichsfelde GmbH
Toronto Zoo
Touroparc
Valley Zoo & John Janzen Nature Center
West Midland Safari & Leisure Park Ltd
Whipsnade Wild Animal Park
White Oak Conservation Center
Wild Animal Park Mechelen Planckendael
Wilhelma Zoo
Woburn Safari Park
Zoo Boise
Zoo de Doue-la-Fontaine
Zoo de Jurques
Zoo Dvur Kralove, a.s.
Zoo New England, Franklin Park Zoo
Zoo Osnabrück
Zoo Parc de Beauval
Zoo Santo Inácio Vila Nova de Gaia
Zoological Center Tel Aviv - Ramat Gan
Zoological Garden Prague
Zoologicka zahrada Ostrava
Zoologicka Zahrada Bratislava
Zoologicka Zahrada Mesta Brna
Zoologischer Garten Augsburg GmbH
Zoologischer Garten Frankfurt
Zoologischer Garten Leipzig
Zoologischer Garten Magdeburg

Range Map

Eastern Hararghe (Harar-Wabi Shebelle) Controlled Hunting Area; Africa; Tsavo National Park;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Equus grevyi, C. S. Churcher, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 453, pp. 1-9 (1993)
4Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
5Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Le Saout, S., Hoffmann, M., Shi, Y., Hughes, A., Bernard, C., Brooks, T.M., Bertzky, B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Badman, T. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2013) Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation. Science, 342, 803–805
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access