Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Perissodactyla > Equidae > Equus > Equus zebra
 

Equus zebra (mountain zebra; zebra)

Synonyms: Equus indica; Equus montanus; Equus wardi; Equus zebra frederici; Equus zebra zebra; Hippotigris campestris

EDGE Analysis

The mountain zebra can be distinguished from other zebra species by the presence of a dewlap, or fold of skin on the throat. As the common name implies, this species is generally found on slopes and plateaus in mountainous areas. Populations have suffered massive declines over the past century as a result of excessive hunting for its skin and loss of habitat to agriculture. Some populations now appear to be stabilising, as a result of concerted conservation efforts at the international, national and local level.
Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
5
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
49
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 11.42
EDGE Score: 3.91
View EDGE Record: Equus zebra

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  652.57 lbs (296.00 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  77.16 lbs (35.00 kg)
Female Maturity [1]  2 years 9 months
Male Maturity [1]  3 years 6 months
Diet [2]  Herbivore
Diet - Plants [2]  100 %
Forages - Ground [2]  100 %
Gestation [1]  0 years 12 months
Litter Size [1]  1
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  33 years
Speed [3]  39.08 MPH (17.47 m/s)
Weaning [1]  10 months 4 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Montane fynbos and renosterveld South Africa Afrotropic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Namibian savanna woodlands Angola, Namibia Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bontebok National Park II 8315 Western Cape, South Africa
Etosha National Park II 5699141 Namibia  
Mkhaya Game Reserve   Swaziland  
Namib-Naukluft National Park II 12585619 Namibia  
Richtersveld National Park II 399195 Northern Cape, South Africa
Skeleton Coast Game Park II 4168395 Namibia  
South Luangwa National Park II 2220358 Zambia  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Cape Floristic Region South Africa No
Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland No

Emblem of

Botswana

Prey / Diet

Cymbopogon pospischilii[4]
Cynodon incompletus (cynodon)[4]
Digitaria eriantha (pangolagrass)[4]
Enneapogon scoparius[4]
Eragrostis curvula (weeping lovegrass)[4]
Eragrostis lehmanniana (Lehmann lovegrass)[4]
Eriocephalus ericoides[4]
Heteropogon contortus (tangelhead)[4]
Pentzia incana (African sheepbush)[4]
Setaria sphacelata (African bristlegrass)[4]
Themeda triandra (red grass)[4]
Tragus berteronianus (spiked burr grass)[4]
Vachellia karroo (karroothorn)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aepyceros melampus (impala)1
Antidorcas marsupialis (springbok)7
Camelus dromedarius (dromedary)1
Cephalophus natalensis (Natal duiker)2
Connochaetes taurinus (blue wildebeest)2
Equus quagga (quagga)1
Equus quagga burchellii (Burchell's zebra)1
Galago senegalensis (Senegal galago)1
Kobus ellipsiprymnus (waterbuck)1
Neotragus moschatus (suni)2
Otolemur crassicaudatus (greater galago)1
Ourebia ourebi (oribi)3
Papio hamadryas (hamadryas baboon)1
Petromus typicus (Dassie rat)1
Phacochoerus africanus (warthog)1
Redunca arundinum (southern reedbuck)1
Redunca redunca (Bohar reedbuck)1
Stigmochelys pardalis (Leopard Tortoise)2
Sylvicapra grimmia (bush duiker)2
Syncerus caffer (African buffalo)4

Predators

Acinonyx jubatus (Cheetah)[4]
Crocuta crocuta (Spotted Hyena)[4]
Lycaon pictus (African wild dog)[4]
Panthera leo (Lion)[4]
Panthera pardus (Leopard)[4]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Actinobacillus equuli[5]
Amblyomma marmoreum (South African Tortoise tick)[5]
Anoplocephala perfoliata[6]
Bacillus anthracis (Anthrax bacterium)[5]
Crossocephalus viviparus <Unverified Name>[6]
Cyathostomum catinatum[6]
Cyathostomum labratum <Unverified Name>[6]
Cyathostomum montgomeryi <Unverified Name>[6]
Cyathostomum tetracanthum <Unverified Name>[6]
Cylicocyclus auriculatus <Unverified Name>[6]
Cylicocyclus gyalocephaloides <Unverified Name>[6]
Cylicocyclus nassatus[6]
Cylicocyclus triramosus <Unverified Name>[6]
Cylicostephanus calicatus <Unverified Name>[6]
Cylicostephanus longiconus <Unverified Name>[6]
Cylicostephanus minutus[6]
Draschia megastoma[6]
Gasterophilus intestinalis (horse bot fly)[5]
Gasterophilus meridionalis[5]
Gasterophilus nasalis (throat bot fly)[5]
Gasterophilus pecorum[5]
Gastrodiscus aegyptiacus <Unverified Name>[6]
Habronema malani <Unverified Name>[6]
Habronema muscae <Unverified Name>[6]
Habronema zebrae <Unverified Name>[6]
Hyalomma truncatum (Shiny Hyalomma)[5]
Ixodes rubicundus (Karoo paralysis tick)[5]
Margaropus winthemi (South African beady-legged tick)[5]
Probstmayria vivipara[6]
Rhinoestrus usbekistanicus[5]
Rhipicephalus arnoldi[5]
Rhipicephalus capensis (Cape brown tick)[5]
Rhipicephalus glabroscutatum (Smooth brown tick)[5]
Strongylus edentatus[5]
Strongylus equinus[5]
Triodontophorus hartmannae <Unverified Name>[6]
Triodontophorus nipponicus <Unverified Name>[6]
Triodontophorus serratus[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Almaty State Zoo of Kazakhstanhartmannae
B. Bryan Preservehartmannae
Blackpool Zoohartmannae
Disney's Animal Kingdomhartmannae
Fossil Rim Wildlife Centerhartmannae
Johannesburg Zoological Gardenshartmannae
Lakeside Farm and Gardenhartmannae
Linton Zoological Gardenshartmannae
Louisville Zoological Gardenhartmannae
Marwell Wildlifehartmannae
M√ľnchener Tierpark Hellabrunnhartmannae
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny, Plockhartmannae
Oasys Parque del Desierto de Tabernashartmannae
Paignton Zoo Environmental Parkhartmannae
Reserve Africaine de Sigeanhartmannae
Saitama Children's Zoohartmannae
San Diego Wild Animal Parkhartmannae
Szeged Zoohartmannae
Taipei Zoohartmannae
Tampa's Lowry Park Zoohartmannae
Tierpark Berlin-Friedrichsfelde GmbHhartmannae
Tierwelt Herbersteinhartmannae
Ueno Zoological Gardenshartmannae
Usti nad Labem Zoohartmannae
Wroclaw Zoo, LLChartmannae
Zoo Dvur Kralove, a.s.hartmannae
Zoo Hannover GmbHhartmannae
Zoo Landau in der Pfalzhartmannae
Zoologicka zahrada Bojnicehartmannae

Range Map

Africa;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Wikipedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
4Equus zebra, B. L. Penzhorn, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 314, pp. 1-7 (1988)
5Nunn, C. L., and S. Altizer. 2005. The Global Mammal Parasite Database: An Online Resource for Infectious Disease Records in Wild Primates. Evolutionary Anthroplogy 14:1-2.
6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access