Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Caryophyllales > Amaranthaceae > Chenopodium > Chenopodium album

Chenopodium album (lambsquarters goosefoot; common lambsquarters; lambsquarters; white goosefoot)

Synonyms: Anserina candidans; Atriplex alba; Atriplex viridis; Blitum viride; Botrys alba; Botrys pagana; Chenopodium agreste; Chenopodium album f. cymigerum; Chenopodium album f. paucidentatum; Chenopodium album subsp. lobatum; Chenopodium album subsp. pedunculare; Chenopodium album subsp. reticulatum; Chenopodium album subsp. subficifolium; Chenopodium album subsp. virgatum; Chenopodium album var. candicans; Chenopodium album var. coronatum; Chenopodium album var. cymigerum; Chenopodium album var. polymorphum; Chenopodium album var. reticulatum; Chenopodium atriplicis; Chenopodium bicolor; Chenopodium bonariense; Chenopodium browneanum; Chenopodium candicans; Chenopodium catenulatum; Chenopodium concatenatum; Chenopodium diversifolium var. montuosum; Chenopodium elatum; Chenopodium glomerulosum; Chenopodium griseochlorinum; Chenopodium griseochlorinum f. cymosum; Chenopodium griseochlorinum f. integrifolium; Chenopodium laciniatum; Chenopodium lanceolatum; Chenopodium leiospermum; Chenopodium leucospermum; Chenopodium lobatum; Chenopodium neoalbum; Chenopodium opulaceum; Chenopodium paganum; Chenopodium paucidentatum; Chenopodium pedunculare; Chenopodium punctulatum; Chenopodium purpurascens; Chenopodium reticulatum; Chenopodium riparium; Chenopodium rubricaule; Chenopodium serotinum; Chenopodium superalbum; Chenopodium superalbum f. kuehnii; Chenopodium viride; Chenopodium viridescens; Chenopodium vulgare; Chenopodium vulpinum; Vulvaria albescens

Wikipedia Abstract

Chenopodium album is a fast-growing weedy annual plant in the genus Chenopodium. Though cultivated in some regions, the plant is elsewhere considered a weed. Common names include lamb's quarters, melde, goosefoot and fat-hen, though the latter two are also applied to other species of the genus Chenopodium, for which reason it is often distinguished as white goosefoot. It is sometimes also called pigweed, however, pigweed is also a name for a few weeds in the family Amaranthaceae,: it is for example used for the redroot pigweed (Amaranthus retroflexus).
View Wikipedia Record: Chenopodium album



Height [2]  35 inches (0.9 m)
Width [2]  8 inches (0.2 m)
Allergen Potential [1]  High
Light Preference [3]  Mostly Sunny
Soil Acidity [3]  Neutral
Soil Fertility [3]  Rich
Soil Moisture [3]  Moist
Edible [2]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [2]  Hermaphrodite
Hazards [2]  The leaves and seeds of all members of this genus are more or less edible. However, many of the species in this genus contain saponins, though usually in quantities too small to do any harm. Although toxic, saponins are poorly absorbed by the body and most pass straight through without any problem. They are also broken down to a large extent in the cooking process. Saponins are found in many foods, such as some beans. Saponins are much more toxic to some creatures, such as fish, and hunting tribes have traditionally put large quantities of them in streams, lakes etc in order to stupefy or kill the fish; The plants also contain some oxalic acid, which in large quantities can lock up some of the nutrients in the food, but these plants are very nutritious vegetables in reasonable quantities. Cooking the plant will reduce its content of oxalic acid. People with a tendency to rheumatism, arthritis, gout, kidney stones or hyperacidity should take especial caution if including this plant in their diet since it can aggravate their condition; There is also a report that very large quantities of the leaves have caused photosensitivity in some people; Only the raw leaves can cause problems, and then only if large quantities are consumed; A further report says that if the plant is grown in soils that contain too much nitrates then the plant can concentrate these substances in the leaves. Nitrates have been shown to cause many health problems including stomach cancers and blue-baby syndrome. In nitrogen-rich soils, the plants can also concentrate hydrogen cyanide; In small quantities, hydrogen cyanide has been shown to stimulate respiration and improve digestion, it is also claimed to be of benefit in the treatment of cancer. In excess, however, it can cause respiratory failure and even death.
Lifespan [2]  Annual
Pollinators [2]  Wind
Structure [4]  Herb
Usage [2]   A green dye is obtained from the young shoots; The crushed fresh roots are a mild soap substitute;
View Plants For A Future Record : Chenopodium album

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Acadia National Park II 35996 Maine, United States
Algonquin Provincial Park IV 1868802 Ontario, Canada
Astrakhanskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 167827 Astrakhan, Russia
Badlands National Park II 178535 South Dakota, United States
Banff National Park II 1690912 Alberta, Canada
Basegi Zapovednik Ia 93739 Perm, Russia
Belovezhskaya Pushcha Biosphere Reserve National Park II 218515 Belarus
Berchtesgaden Alps National Park II 51433 Germany
Berwickshire and North Northumberland Coast 160731 England/Scotland, United Kingdom  
Berwyn a Mynyddoedd de Clwyd/ Berwyn and South Clwyd Mountains 67265 Wales, United Kingdom
Bolshekhekhtsirsky Zapovednik Ia 112282 Khabarovsk, Russia
Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge VI 16363 Delaware, United States
Canyonlands National Park II 335430 Utah, United States
Cape Breton Highlands National Park II 234333 Nova Scotia, Canada  
Cardigan Bay/ Bae Ceredigion 236876 Wales, United Kingdom
Carmarthen Bay and Estuaries/ Bae Caerfyrddin ac Aberoedd 163340 Wales, United Kingdom
Carolinian-South Atlantic Biosphere Reserve 310228 North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, United States      
Carpathian Biosphere Reserve 144772 Ukraine  
Central Gulf Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 40530 United States  
Changbai Mountain Nature Reserve V 619089 Jilin, China  
Chernye Zemli Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik IV 621951 Russia  
Crater Lake National Park II 180091 Oregon, United States
Craters of the Moon National Monument V 690996 Idaho, United States
Craven Limestone Complex 13166 England, United Kingdom
Cumberland Gap National Hist. Park National Historical Park V 24282 Kentucky, Tennessee, Virginia, United States
Daurskiy Biosphere Reserve 562659 Russia  
Death Valley National Park II 762125 California, Nevada, United States
Desert Biosphere Reserve 68236 Utah, United States
Dorset Heaths 14161 England, United Kingdom
Elk Island National Park II 47171 Alberta, Canada
Eryri/ Snowdonia 48773 Wales, United Kingdom  
Firth of Tay & Eden Estuary 38085 Scotland, United Kingdom
Flinders Chase National Park II 81245 South Australia, Australia
Forillon National Park II 61010 Quebec, Canada  
Fundy National Park II 52716 New Brunswick, Canada
Glacier National Park II 953799 Montana, United States
Grand Canyon National Park II 1210128 Arizona, United States
Grasslands National Park II 128635 Saskatchewan, Canada
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Gros Morne National Park II 476632 Newfoundland, Canada
Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve II 366714 British Columbia, Canada
Humber Estuary 90582 England, United Kingdom
Isle Royale Biosphere Reserve Ib 571799 Michigan, United States
Isles of Scilly Complex 66350 England, United Kingdom    
Jasper National Park II 2776809 Alberta, Canada
Katunsky Biosphere Reserve 393162 Altai, Russia
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
Kedrovaya Pad Zapovednik Ia 44224 Primorsky Krai , Russia
Khopersky Zapovednik Ia 47103 Russia  
Kluane National Park and Reserve National Park Reserve II 5463436 Yukon, Canada
Kootenay National Park II 341762 British Columbia, Canada
Kouchibouguac National Park II 59161 New Brunswick, Canada
Kruger National Park II 4718115 Mpumalanga, South Africa
La Mauricie National Park II 131706 Quebec, Canada
Lake Clark National Park and Preserve Ib 386679 Alaska, United States
Laplandskiy Biosphere Reserve 757114 Russia  
Lizard Point 34565 England, United Kingdom    
Lyme Bay and Torbay 77215 England, United Kingdom
Magadansky Zapovednik 2332834 Russia  
Mingan Archipelago National Park Reserve II 20461 Quebec, Canada
Moray Firth 373987 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Mount Arrowsmith Biosphere Reserve 293047 British Columbia, Canada  
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
North Pennine Moors 254789 England, United Kingdom
North York Moors 108930 England, United Kingdom
Okskiy Biosphere Reserve 190748 Russia  
Pacific Rim National Park Reserve II 137900 British Columbia, Canada
Parco Del Somma-Vesuvio e Miglio D'Oro National Park II 33648 Italy
Pen Llyn a`r Sarnau/ Lleyn Peninsula and the Sarnau 360832 Wales, United Kingdom
Prince Albert National Park II 976762 Saskatchewan, Canada
Prioksko-Terrasny Biosphere Reserve IV 12219 Moscow, Russia
Pukaskwa National Park II 459860 Ontario, Canada
Redberry Lake Biosphere Reserve 277252 Saskatchewan, Canada
Riding Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 762028 Manitoba, Canada
Riverland Biosphere Reserve Ia 1490891 South Australia, Australia
San Dimas Biosphere Reserve 17161 California, United States  
Sayano-Shushenskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 964620 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Severn Estuary/ Môr Hafren 182155 England/Wales, United Kingdom
Solway Firth 107829 England/Scotland, United Kingdom
South Atlantic Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 20317 South Carolina, United States  
South Wight Maritime 49082 England, United Kingdom
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Terra Nova National Park IV 125894 Newfoundland, Canada
Thursley, Ash, Pirbright and Chobham 12696 England, United Kingdom
Tigrovaia Balka Zapovednik State Nature Reserve Ia 146860 Tajikistan  
Tsentral'no-Chernozemny Biosphere Reserve Ia 13064 Kursk, Russia
Tsentral'no-Lesnoy Biosphere Reserve Ia 62630 Russia  
Tsentral'no-Sibirskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 2521510 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Upper Miss. River Nat'l Wildlife Refuge National Wildlife Refuge VI 25823 Illinois, Iowa, Wisconsin, United States
Ussuriysky Zapovednik Ia 99910 Primorsky Krai , Russia
Voronezhskiy Biosphere Reserve 95835 Russia  
Vuntut National Park II 1076795 Yukon, Canada
Wapusk National Park II 2614324 Manitoba, Canada
Wind Cave National Park II 29471 South Dakota, United States
Wood Buffalo National Park II 11038545 Alberta, Canada
Woodland Caribou Provincial Wilderness Park Provincial Park II 1072124 Ontario, Canada
Y Fenai a Bae Conwy/ Menai Strait and Conwy Bay 65440 Wales, United Kingdom  
Yoho National Park II 317576 British Columbia, Canada
Zhuvintas Zapovednik 18223 Lithuania  
Zion National Park II 135667 Utah, United States



Abgrallaspis cyanophylli (cyanophyllum scale)[5]
Acanthis flammea (Common Redpoll)[6]
Acanthiza chrysorrhoa (Yellow-rumped Thornbill)[7]
Acanthopsyche nigraplaga[8]
Actebia fennica (black army cutworm)[8]
Agelaius phoeniceus (Red-winged Blackbird)[9]
Agrotis clavis (Heart and Club)[10]
Agrotis exclamationis (Heart and Dart)[10]
Agrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)[10]
Agrotis orthogonia (pale western cutworm)[8]
Alauda arvensis (Sky Lark)[6]
Amauromyza chenopodivora[10]
Ametastegia equiseti <Unverified Name>[6]
Anas americana (American Wigeon)[9]
Aphis fabae (Bean aphid)[6]
Arctia caja (garden tiger moth)[8]
Ascochyta caulina[9]
Autographa nigrisigna[8]
Autographa precationis (Common Looper Moth)[8]
Axylia putris (Flame)[10]
Baris scolopacea[10]
Brephidium exilis (Western pygmy blue)[8]
Calcarius lapponicus (Lapland Longspur)[9]
Callipepla californica (Californian Quail)[9]
Caradrina morpheus (Mottled Rustic)[8]
Cardinalis cardinalis (Northern Cardinal)[11]
Carduelis carduelis (European Goldfinch)[6]
Cassida nebulosa[6]
Cassida nobilis[10]
Cassida vittata[10]
Chaetocnema concinna[10]
Chloris chloris (European Greenfinch)[6]
Chromoderus affinis[10]
Chrysodeixis eriosoma (green garden looper)[12]
Chrysoesthia lingulacella[8]
Chrysoesthia sexguttella[8]
Cnephasia stephensiana (Grey Tortrix Moth)[8]
Coccidohystrix insolita (eggplant mealybug)[5]
Coleophora clypeiferella[8]
Coleophora lineapulvella[8]
Coleophora sternipennella[10]
Columba oenas (Stock Dove)[6]
Columba palumbus (Common Wood Pigeon)[6]
Cynthia cardui[9]
Discestra trifolii (clover cutworm)[8]
Emmelina monodactyla (T-Moth)[8]
Epiblema otiosana (Bidens Borer)[8]
Episyrphus balteatus (Marmelade Fly)[6]
Euphagus cyanocephalus (Brewer's Blackbird)[9]
Eupithecia simpliciata (Plain Pug)[8]
Eupithecia sinuosaria (Goosefoot Pug)[8]
Grammia ornata[8]
Grammia parthenice (Parthenice Tiger Moth)[8]
Gryllus pennsylvanicus (fall field cricket)[11]
Hayhurstia atriplicis[10]
Hemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)[5]
Heterotrioza chenopodii[10]
Holomelina aurantiaca (Orange Holomelina)[8]
Hyles lineata (white-lined sphinx moth)[8]
Hyppa xylinoides[8]
Idaea sylvestraria (Dotted Border Wave)[10]
Lacanobia oleracea (Bright-line Brown-Eye Moth)[8]
Lacanobia thalassina (Pale-shouldered Brocade)[8]
Linaria cannabina (Common Linnet)[6]
Liriomyza chenopodii <Unverified Name>[12]
Lygocoris pabulinus (Common Green Capsid)[6]
Lygus maritimus[10]
Lygus rugulipennis[10]
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)[5]
Mamestra configurata (bertha armyworm)[8]
Melanchra picta (zebra caterpillar)[8]
Melospiza melodia (Song Sparrow)[9]
Melozone crissalis (California Towhee)[9]
Mirococcus inermis (harmless mealybug)[5]
Molothrus ater (Brown-headed Cowbird)[9]
Neocamarosporium calvescens[9]
Nezara viridula (Southern green stink bug)[9]
Nysius huttoni[12]
Odocoileus virginianus (white-tailed deer)[11]
Orthotylus flavosparsus[10]
Papaipema nebris (stalk borer)[8]
Passer domesticus (House Sparrow)[6]
Passer montanus (Eurasian Tree Sparrow)[6]
Pegomya hyoscyami (spinach leafminer)[10]
Pegomya interruptella[10]
Pelurga comitata (Dark Spinach)[8]
Pemphigus betae[9]
Perdix perdix (Grey Partridge)[13]
Peritrechus lundi[10]
Phenacoccus interruptus (Green's mealybug)[5]
Phenacoccus karaberdi[5]
Phenacoccus pumilus (dwarf mealybug)[5]
Phenacoccus solenopsis (solenopsis mealybug)[5]
Pholisora catullus (Common sootywing skipper)[8]
Phytomyza horticola <Unverified Name>[10]
Plectrophenax nivalis (Snow Bunting)[9]
Polia nebulosa (Grey Arches)[8]
Pooecetes gramineus (Vesper Sparrow)[9]
Pulvinaria floccifera (cottony camellia scale)[10]
Pyrgus communis (Checkered skipper)[8]
Sciurus carolinensis (eastern gray squirrel)[11]
Scrobipalpa atriplicella[8]
Scrobipalpula artemisiella[8]
Scythris sinensis[8]
Spilosoma congrua (Agreeable Tiger Moth)[8]
Spilosoma vagans[8]
Spilosoma virginica (yellow woollybear)[8]
Spizella breweri (Brewer's Sparrow)[9]
Spodoptera eridania (southern armyworm)[8]
Spodoptera ornithogalli (yellowstripe armyworm)[8]
Spodoptera praefica (yellowstripe armyworm)[8]
Staphylus mazans[8]
Streptopelia decaocto (Eurasian Collared-Dove)[6]
Streptopelia turtur (European Turtle-Dove)[6]
Subcoccinella vigintiquattuorpunctata <Unverified Name>[10]
Tamias striatus (eastern chipmunk)[11]
Theclinesthes serpentatus <Unverified Name>[14]
Trachea atriplicis (Orache Moth)[10]
Zenaida auriculata (Eared Dove)[7]
Zenaida macroura (Mourning Dove)[11]
Zonotrichia albicollis (White-throated Sparrow)[11]
Zonotrichia leucophrys (White-crowned Sparrow)[9]
Microtus pennsylvanicus (meadow vole)[11]


Pollinated by 
Episyrphus balteatus (Marmelade Fly)[6]


Parasitized by 
Peronospora farinosa[9]
Shelter for 
Anaxyrus americanus americanus (Eastern American Toad)[11]
Argiope aurantia (black-and-yellow argiope)[11]
Cryptotis parva (North American Least Shrew)[11]
Heterodon platirhinos (Eastern Hognose Snake)[11]
Lithobius forficatus (Brown centipede)[11]
Pseudacris crucifer (Spring Peeper)[11]
Rattus norvegicus (Norway rat)[11]
Scalopus aquaticus (Eastern Mole)[11]
Sylvilagus floridanus (Eastern Cottontail)[11]
Tenodera aridifolia (Chinese mantid)[11]
Microtus pennsylvanicus (meadow vole)[11]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Kew Millennium Seed Bank Partnership
Svalbard Global Seed Vault


Bassegi Zapovednik; North America; Oceania;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000)
2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
3ECOFACT 2a Technical Annex - Ellenberg’s indicator values for British Plants, M O Hill, J O Mountford, D B Roy & R G H Bunce (1999)
4Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
5Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
6Ecology of Commanster
7del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
8HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
9Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
10Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
11Study of Northern Virginia Ecology
12New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Plant-SyNZ™ database
13Orłowski, G., & Czarnecka, J. (2013). Re-evaluation of the role of the grey partridge Perdix perdix as a disperser of arable weed seeds. Journal of ornithology, 154(1), 139-144.
14Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access