Animalia > Chordata > Amphibia > Caudata > Plethodontidae > Parvimolge > Parvimolge townsendi

Parvimolge townsendi (Townsend's dwarf salamander)

Language: Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

Parvimolge townsendi, the tropical dwarf salamander, is a salamander in the Plethodontidae family, which is characterized by its absence of lungs; it instead achieve respiration through its skin and the tissues lining the mouth. It is monotypic within the genus Parvimolge and endemic to Mexico. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, subtropical or tropical moist montane forests, and plantations . It is threatened by habitat loss.
View Wikipedia Record: Parvimolge townsendi

Endangered Species

Status: Critically Endangered
View IUCN Record: Parvimolge townsendi

EDGE Analysis

Townsend’s dwarf salamander is the solitary representative of its genus, and its lineage may have diverged from all other amphibian species over 34 million years ago at a time when monkeys and humans shared a common ancestor. This species inhabits cloud forest and oak forest, and is found living in bromeliads. It can survive in shaded coffee plantations, providing that humidity is retained, but is not found in heavily disturbed areas. Its habitat is being lost due to expanding agriculture and human settlements, as well as the extraction of wood.
Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 68.03
EDGE Score: 6.31
View EDGE Record: Parvimolge townsendi


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Oaxacan montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Petén-Veracruz moist forests Mexico, Guatemala, Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Alliance for Zero Extinction (AZE) Sites

Name  Location   Map   Climate   Land Use 
Veracruz/Puebla Volcanoes Mexico

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama Yes

Range Map

Middle America;



Species recognized by , 2009-09-01, ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System in Catalog of Life 2011
Endangered Status provided by IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2 <> Downloaded on 11 April 2013.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
AZE sites provided by Alliance for Zero Extinction (2010). 2010 AZE Update.
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Range map provided by IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature), Conservation International & NatureServe.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access