Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Caryophyllales > Polygonaceae > Persicaria foliosa > Persicaria foliosa var. paludicola

Persicaria foliosa var. paludicola (swamp smartweed)

Synonyms: Persicaria paludicola; Polygonum foliosum var. paludicola; Polygonum paludicola


Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-High
Screening - Summer [2]  Porous
Screening - Winter [2]  Porous
Hardiness Zone Minimum [2]  USDA Zone: 10 Low Temperature: 30 F° (-1.1 C°) → 40 F° (4.4 C°)
Light Preference [2]  Full Sun
Soil Acidity [2]  Neutral
Soil Fertility [2]  Intermediate
Water Use [2]  Moderate
Flower Color [2]  Green
Foliage Color [2]  Dark Green
Fruit Color [2]  Green
Bloom Period [2]  Indeterminate
Drought Tolerance [2]  Low
Fire Tolerance [2]  Medium
Frost Free Days [2]  3 months 5 days
Fruit/Seed Abundance [2]  Medium
Fruit/Seed Begin [2]  Spring
Fruit/Seed End [2]  Summer
Growth Form [2]  Single Crown
Growth Period [2]  Summer
Growth Rate [2]  Slow
Leaf Type [2]  Deciduous
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Propagation [2]  Seed
Root Depth [2]  10 inches (25 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [2]  Moderate
Seed Vigor [2]  Medium
Seeds Per [2]  612962 / lb (1351350 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [2]  Decumbent
Structure [3]  Herb
Vegetative Spread Rate [2]  None

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Archipelago de Colon Biosphere Reserve 34336011 Galapagos Islands, Ecuador  
Canaveral National Seashore II 9090 Florida, United States
Chippewa Nature Center   Michigan, United States    
Grand Rapids Audubon Club Maher Sanctuary 80 Michigan, United States
Lacassine National Wildlife Refuge VI 28351 Louisiana, United States
Mammoth Cave Area Biosphere Reserve (Natn'l Park) National Park II 51235 Kentucky, United States
Roosevelt Vanderbilt National Historic Site   New York, United States      


Pollinated by 
Agapostemon radiatus <Unverified Name>[4]
Ammobia ichneumonea <Unverified Name>[4]
Anacrabro ocellatus[4]
Ancistrocerus capra <Unverified Name>[4]
Apis mellifera (honey bee)[4]
Archytas analis[4]
Batizonus algidus <Unverified Name>[4]
Bithoracochaeta leucoprocta[4]
Blaesoxipha hunteri[4]
Ceratina dupla (Little carpenter bee)[4]
Cerceris fumipennis[4]
Cerceris kennicottii[4]
Ceropales maculata fraterna[4]
Chaetogaedia analis[4]
Chauliognathus pennsylvanicus (soldier beetle)[4]
Chrysis texana <Unverified Name>[4]
Colletes americanus[4]
Colletes armatus <Unverified Name>[4]
Colletes eulophi[4]
Colletes latitarsis[4]
Compsomyia macellaria <Unverified Name>[4]
Conops brachyrrhynchus <Unverified Name>[4]
Crabro tumidus[4]
Curtisapis coriacea <Unverified Name>[4]
Disonycha limbicollis[4]
Ectemnius trifasciatus[4]
Episyron biguttatus <Unverified Name>[4]
Eristalis bastardi <Unverified Name>[4]
Eristalis flavipes[4]
Eucerceris zonatus <Unverified Name>[4]
Halictus lerouxii[4]
Hedychrum violaceum <Unverified Name>[4]
Hedychrum wiltii <Unverified Name>[4]
Helicobia helicis <Unverified Name>[4]
Holopyga ventralis <Unverified Name>[4]
Isodontia apicalis[4]
Larropsis distincta[4]
Leionotus arvensis <Unverified Name>[4]
Leionotus dorsalis <Unverified Name>[4]
Listronotus caudatus[4]
Lophopompilus philadelphicus <Unverified Name>[4]
Megachile brevis[4]
Megachile mendica[4]
Paragus tibialis[4]
Philanthus gibbosus (beewolf)[4]
Philanthus ventilabris[4]
Phormia regina (Black blowfly)[4]
Poecilopompilus interruptus <Unverified Name>[4]
Polistes fuscatus (Paper wasp)[4]
Priocnemoides fulvicornis <Unverified Name>[4]
Priononyx atrata <Unverified Name>[4]
Priononyx thomae <Unverified Name>[4]
Prosopis pygmaea <Unverified Name>[4]
Pseudopyrellia cornicina <Unverified Name>[4]
Pterandrena solidaginis <Unverified Name>[4]
Saygorytes phaleratus[4]
Sceliphron cementarius <Unverified Name>[4]
Seladonia fasciata <Unverified Name>[4]
Sphaerophthalma macra <Unverified Name>[4]
Syritta pipiens (thick-legged hoverfly)[4]
Systoechus vulgaris (grasshopper bee fly)[4]
Tachytes aurulentus[4]
Tetrachrysis nitidula <Unverified Name>[4]
Tiphia clypeata <Unverified Name>[4]
Toxomerus crockeri[5]
Tropidia quadrata[4]
Xestocrabro texanus <Unverified Name>[4]


Caribbean; North America;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000)
2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
3Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
4Robertson, C. Flowers and insects lists of visitors of four hundred and fifty three flowers. 1929. The Science Press Printing Company Lancaster, PA.
5Flower-visiting insects of the Galapagos Islands, McCullen, C. K. 1993. Pan-Pacific Entomologist 69:95-106
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Chippewa Nature Center
Maher Sanctuary, Grand Rapids Audubon Club
Images provided by Google Image Search
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access