Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Caryophyllales > Polygonaceae > Polygonum foliosum > Polygonum foliosum var. paludicola
 

Polygonum foliosum var. paludicola (swamp smartweed)

Synonyms: Persicaria paludicola; Polygonum paludicola

Attributes

Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-High
Screening - Summer [2]  Porous
Screening - Winter [2]  Porous
Hardiness Zone Minimum [2]  USDA Zone: 10 Low Temperature: 30 F° (-1.1 C°) → 40 F° (4.4 C°)
Light Preference [2]  Full Sun
Soil Acidity [2]  Neutral
Soil Fertility [2]  Intermediate
Water Use [2]  Moderate
Flower Color [2]  Green
Foliage Color [2]  Dark Green
Fruit Color [2]  Green
Bloom Period [2]  Indeterminate
Drought Tolerance [2]  Low
Fire Tolerance [2]  Medium
Frost Free Days [2]  3 months 5 days
Fruit/Seed Abundance [2]  Medium
Fruit/Seed Begin [2]  Spring
Fruit/Seed End [2]  Summer
Growth Form [2]  Single Crown
Growth Period [2]  Summer
Growth Rate [2]  Slow
Leaf Type [2]  Deciduous
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Propagation [2]  Seed
Root Depth [2]  10 inches (25 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [2]  Moderate
Seed Vigor [2]  Medium
Seeds Per [2]  612962 / lb (1351350 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [2]  Decumbent
Structure [3]  Herb
Vegetative Spread Rate [2]  None

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Archipelago de Colon Biosphere Reserve 34336011 Galapagos Islands, Ecuador  
Canaveral National Seashore II 9090 Florida, United States
Chippewa Nature Center   Michigan, United States    
Grand Rapids Audubon Club Maher Sanctuary 80 Michigan, United States
Lacassine National Wildlife Refuge VI 28351 Louisiana, United States
Mammoth Cave Area Biosphere Reserve (Natn'l Park) National Park II 51235 Kentucky, United States
Roosevelt Vanderbilt National Historic Site   New York, United States        

Providers

Pollinated by 
Agapostemon radiatus <Unverified Name>[4]
Ammobia ichneumonea <Unverified Name>[4]
Anacrabro ocellatus <Unverified Name>[4]
Ancistrocerus capra <Unverified Name>[4]
Apis mellifera (honey bee)[4]
Archytas analis[4]
Astatus unicolor <Unverified Name>[4]
Batizonus algidus <Unverified Name>[4]
Bithoracochaeta leucoprocta[4]
Blaesoxipha hunteri[4]
Ceratina dupla (Little carpenter bee)[4]
Cerceris fumipennis <Unverified Name>[4]
Cerceris kennicottii <Unverified Name>[4]
Ceropales fraterna <Unverified Name>[4]
Chaetogaedia analis[4]
Chauliognathus pennsylvanicus (soldier beetle)[4]
Chrysis texana <Unverified Name>[4]
Colletes americanus[4]
Colletes armatus <Unverified Name>[4]
Colletes eulophi[4]
Colletes latitarsis[4]
Compsomyia macellaria <Unverified Name>[4]
Conops brachyrrhynchus <Unverified Name>[4]
Curtisapis coriacea <Unverified Name>[4]
Disonycha limbicollis[4]
Episyron biguttatus <Unverified Name>[4]
Eristalis bastardi <Unverified Name>[4]
Eristalis flavipes[4]
Eucerceris zonatus <Unverified Name>[4]
Halictus lerouxii[4]
Hedychrum violaceum <Unverified Name>[4]
Hedychrum wiltii <Unverified Name>[4]
Helicobia helicis <Unverified Name>[4]
Holopyga ventralis <Unverified Name>[4]
Isodontia apicalis[4]
Larropsis distincta <Unverified Name>[4]
Leionotus arvensis <Unverified Name>[4]
Leionotus dorsalis <Unverified Name>[4]
Listronotus caudatus[4]
Lophopompilus philadelphicus <Unverified Name>[4]
Megachile brevis[4]
Megachile mendica[4]
Notoglossa americana <Unverified Name>[4]
Paragus tibialis[4]
Philanthus punctatus <Unverified Name>[4]
Philanthus ventilabris <Unverified Name>[4]
Phormia regina (Black blowfly)[4]
Poecilopompilus interruptus <Unverified Name>[4]
Polistes fuscatus (Paper wasp)[4]
Priocnemoides fulvicornis <Unverified Name>[4]
Priononyx atrata <Unverified Name>[4]
Priononyx thomae <Unverified Name>[4]
Prosopis pygmaea <Unverified Name>[4]
Pseudoplisus phaleratus <Unverified Name>[4]
Pseudopyrellia cornicina <Unverified Name>[4]
Pterandrena solidaginis <Unverified Name>[4]
Sceliphron cementarius <Unverified Name>[4]
Seladonia fasciata <Unverified Name>[4]
Sphaerophthalma macra <Unverified Name>[4]
Synothyreopus tumidus <Unverified Name>[4]
Syritta pipiens (thick-legged hoverfly)[4]
Systoechus vulgaris (grasshopper bee fly)[4]
Tachytes aurulentus <Unverified Name>[4]
Tetrachrysis nitidula <Unverified Name>[4]
Tiphia clypeata <Unverified Name>[4]
Toxomerus crockeri[5]
Tropidia quadrata[4]
Xestocrabro texanus <Unverified Name>[4]
Xestocrabro trifasciatus <Unverified Name>[4]

Distribution

Caribbean; North America;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Kartesz J., 12-Oct-2012, Catalogue of Life China in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000) 2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture 3Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935 4Robertson, C. Flowers and insects lists of visitors of four hundred and fifty three flowers. 1929. The Science Press Printing Company Lancaster, PA. 5Flower-visiting insects of the Galapagos Islands, McCullen, C. K. 1993. Pan-Pacific Entomologist 69:95-106
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. Chippewa Nature Center Maher Sanctuary, Grand Rapids Audubon Club
Images provided by Google Image Search
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access