Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Malvales > Malvaceae > Ceiba > Ceiba pentandra

Ceiba pentandra (kapoktree; silk cotton tree)

Synonyms: Bombax aculeatum; Bombax cumanense; Bombax guineensis; Bombax mompoxense; Bombax occidentale; Bombax orientale; Bombax pentandrum; Bombax plumosum; Ceiba anfractuosa; Ceiba caribaea; Ceiba casearia; Ceiba guineensis; Ceiba occidentalis; Ceiba pentandra f. albolana; Ceiba pentandra f. grisea; Ceiba pentandra var. caribaea; Ceiba pentandra var. indica; Ceiba thonningii; Eriodendron anfractuosum; Eriodendron anfractuosum var. caribaeum; Eriodendron anfractuosum var. guianense; Eriodendron caribaeum; Eriodendron guineense; Eriodendron occidentale; Eriodendron orientale; Eriodendron pentandrum; Gossampinus alba; Gossampinus rumphii; Xylon pentandrum

Wikipedia Abstract

Ceiba pentandra is a tropical tree of the order Malvales and the family Malvaceae (previously separated in the family Bombacaceae), native to Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean, northern South America, and (as the variety C. pentandra var. guineensis) to tropical west Africa. Kapok is the most used common name for the tree and may also refer to the cotton-like fluff obtained from its seed pods. The tree is cultivated for the seed fibre, particularly in south-east Asia, and is also known as the Java cotton, Java kapok, silk-cotton, Samauma, or ceiba.
View Wikipedia Record: Ceiba pentandra


Height [1]  50 feet (15.2 m)
Width [1]  45 feet (13.7 m)
Air Quality Improvement [1]  Low
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium
Carbon Capture [1]  Medium-Low
Screening - Summer [2]  Dense
Screening - Winter [2]  Dense
Shade Percentage [1]  88 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Medium-Low
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium-Low
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 11 Low Temperature: 40 F° (4.4 C°) → 50 F° (10 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 11 Low Temperature: 40 F° (4.4 C°) → 50 F° (10 C°)
Soil Fertility [2]  Intermediate
Water Use [1]  Moderate to Low
Flower Color [2]  White
Foliage Color [2]  Green
Fruit Color [2]  Black
Flower Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Fruit Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Bloom Period [2]  Winter
Drought Tolerance [2]  Low
Fire Tolerance [2]  Medium
Frost Free Days [2]  1 year
Fruit/Seed Abundance [2]  High
Fruit/Seed Begin [2]  Spring
Fruit/Seed End [2]  Summer
Growth Form [2]  Single Crown
Growth Period [2]  Fall
Growth Rate [2]  Rapid
Janka Hardness [4]  240 lbf (109 kgf) Very Soft
Leaf Type [3]  Deciduous
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Propagation [2]  Cutting, Seed
Root Depth [2]  24 inches (61 cm)
Seeds Per [2]  48722 / lb (107413 / kg)
Specific Gravity [4]  0.24
Structure [3]  Tree
Vegetative Spread Rate [2]  Moderate

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Archipelago de Colon Biosphere Reserve 34336011 Galapagos Islands, Ecuador  
Buenavista Wetland Reserve 778949 Cuba    
Carara National Park II 12983 Costa Rica  
Ciénaga de Zapata National Park 1606900 Cuba  
Corcovado National Park 115845 Costa Rica  
Gombe National Park II 8799 Tanzania
Palo Verde National Park II 46190 Costa Rica  
Refugio de Vida Silvestre Reserva Karen Mogensen F. Nature Reserve 1866 Costa Rica  
Santa Rosa National Park II 95780 Costa Rica
Sierra del Divisor Reserve Zone 3652986 Peru      
Tuabaquey - Limones Ecological Reserve II 4859 Cuba  


Emblem of

Puerto Rico


Abgrallaspis cyanophylli (cyanophyllum scale)[5]
Amazona albifrons (White-fronted Parrot)[6]
Anomis leona[7]
Aonidiella orientalis (Oriental Scale)[5]
Arsenura armida (Giant Silk Moth)[7]
Artibeus jamaicensis (Jamaican fruit-eating bat)[8]
Ascotis selenaria (Giant looper)[9]
Aspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)[5]
Ateles paniscus (black spider monkey)[10]
Autoba versicolor[7]
Beara nubiferella[7]
Brotogeris jugularis (Orange-chinned Parakeet)[6]
Charaxes etesipe (Savannah Charaxes)[7]
Cheromettia apicata[7]
Cheromettia lohor[7]
Cheromettia sumatrensis[7]
Chlorocebus sabaeus (green monkey)[11]
Delococcus tafoensis[5]
Ducula rosacea (Pink-headed Imperial Pigeon)[12]
Dysdaemonia boreas[7]
Ephyriades arcas[7]
Epomophorus gambianus (Gambian epauletted fruit bat)[13]
Eucalymnatus tessellatus (tessellated scale)[5]
Eulepidotis hebe[7]
Eulepidotis modestula[7]
Eumeta variegata[7]
Fiorinia fioriniae (European fiorinia scale)[5]
Formicococcus njalensis <Unverified Name>[5]
Gymnobucco calvus (Naked-faced Barbet)[12]
Hemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)[5]
Hypolycaena erylus (Common Tit)[7]
Icerya aegyptiaca[5]
Indarbela tetraonis[9]
Lepidopyga goudoti (Shining-green Hummingbird)[12]
Leptonycteris curasoae (southern long-nosed bat)[14]
Loriculus stigmatus (Great Hanging Parrot)[12]
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)[5]
Mahasena corbetti[7]
Marumba dyras[7]
Micropteropus pusillus (Peters's dwarf epauletted fruit bat)[15]
Mudaria cornifrons[7]
Mudaria variabilis[7]
Musonycteris harrisoni (banana bat)[16]
Neptis clinia (Southern Sullied Sailer)[7]
Odontoptilum angulata (Banded Angle)[9]
Olene mendosa[7]
Orgyia osseata[7]
Parasa lepida (Nettle Caterpillar)[9]
Parasaissetia nigra (nigra scale)[17]
Phyllostomus hastatus (greater spear-nosed bat)[18]
Pinnaspis strachani (lesser snow scale)[5]
Planococcus lilacinus (citrus mealybug)[5]
Pseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)[17]
Pteroma pendula[7]
Pteropus giganteus (Indian flying fox)[19]
Pteropus tonganus (Pacific flying fox)[20]
Rastrococcus iceryoides[5]
Remelana jangala (Chocolate Royal)[7]
Rousettus leschenaultii (Leschenault's rousette)[19]
Saguinus oedipus (cotton-top tamarin)[21]
Sapajus apella (brown capuchin)[10]
Scopelodes unicolor[7]
Semophylax apicepuncta[7]
Stenoma decora[7]
Suana concolor[7]
Tonica niviferana[7]
Tonica terasella[7]
Vini kuhlii (Kuhl's Lorikeet)[22]
Zeuzera coffeae[7]
Ara macao (Scarlet Macaw)[23]


Pollinated by 
Phyllostomus discolor (pale spear-nosed bat)[24]


Shelter for 
Carollia subrufa (gray short-tailed bat)[25]
Hipposideros cyclops (cyclops roundleaf bat)[26]
Nycteris grandis (large slit-faced bat)[27]
Pteropus vampyrus (large flying fox)[28]
Vampyrum spectrum (spectral bat)[29]
Ara macao (Scarlet Macaw)[23]





Attributes / relations provided by
1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database.
2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
3Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
4Wood Janka Hardness Scale/Chart J W Morlan's Unique Wood Gifts
5Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
7HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
8Artibeus jamaicensis, Jorge Ortega and Iván Castro-Arellano, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 662, pp. 1–9 (2001)
9Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
10Animals of the Rainforest
11Time Budget of the Green Monkey, Cercopithecus sabaeus: Some Optimal Strategies; Michael J. S. Harrison; International Journal of Primatology, Vol. 6, No. 4, 1985; p. 351-376
12del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
13Epomophorus gambianus, Margaret C. Boulay and C. Brian Robbins, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 344, pp. 1-5 (1989)
14Population dynamics, reproduction, and diet of the lesser long-nosed bat (Leptonycteris curasoae) in Jalisco, Mexico: implications for conservation, Kathryn E. Stoner, Karla A. O.-Salazar, Roxana C. R.-Fernández and Mauricio Quesada, Biodiversity and Conservation, Volume 12, Number 2, 357-373 (2003)
15Micropteropus pusillus, Noah T. Owen-Ashley and Don E. Wilson, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 577, pp. 1-5 (1998)
16Musonycteris harrisoni, Guillermo Tellez and Jorge Ortega, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 622, pp. 1-3 (1999)
17Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
18Phyllostomus hastatus, Mery Santos, Luis F. Aguirre, Luis B. Vázquez, and Jorge Ortega, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 722, pp. 1–6 (2003)
19Sudhakaran, M.R. & P.S. Doss (2012). Food and foraging preferences of three pteropo- did bats in southern India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 4(1): 2295-2303
20Pteropus tonganus, Carrie A. Miller and Don E. Wilson, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 552, pp. 1-6 (1997)
21Proyecto Tití
22The 'Ura or Rimatara Lorikeet Vini kuhlii: its former range, present status, and conservation priorities., GERALD McCORMACK and JUDITH KUNZLE, Bird Conservation International (1996) 6:325-334
23Current Status and Conservation of the Scarlet Macaw (Ara macao) in the Osa Conservation Area (ACOSA), Costa Rica, Fiona Dear, Christopher Vaughan and Adrián Morales Polanco, Research Journal of the Costa Rican Distance Education University Vol. 2(1): 7-21, June, 2010
24Phyllostomus discolor, Gary G. Kwiecinski, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 801, pp. 1–11 (2006)
26Hipposideros cyclops, Jan Decher and Jakob Fahr, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 763, pp. 1–7 (2005)
27Nycteris grandis, M. B. C. Hickey and J. M. Dunlop, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 632, pp. 1–4 (2000)
28Pteropus vampyrus, Thomas H. Kunz and Deborah P. Jones, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 642, pp. 1–6 (2000)
29Vampyrum spectrum, Daniel Navarro L. and Don E. Wilson, Mammalian Species No. 184, pp. 1-4 (1982)
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