Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Malvales > Malvaceae > Ceiba > Ceiba pentandra
 

Ceiba pentandra (kapoktree; silk cotton tree)

Synonyms: Bombax aculeatum; Bombax cumanense; Bombax guineensis; Bombax mompoxense; Bombax occidentale; Bombax orientale; Bombax pentandrum; Bombax plumosum; Ceiba anfractuosa; Ceiba caribaea; Ceiba casearia; Ceiba guineensis; Ceiba guineensis var. ampla; Ceiba guineensis var. clausa; Ceiba occidentalis; Ceiba pentandra f. albolana; Ceiba pentandra f. grisea; Ceiba pentandra var. caribaea; Ceiba pentandra var. indica; Ceiba thonningii; Eriodendron anfractuosum; Eriodendron anfractuosum var. africanum; Eriodendron anfractuosum var. caribaeum; Eriodendron anfractuosum var. indicum; Eriodendron caribaeum; Eriodendron guineense; Eriodendron occidentale; Eriodendron orientale; Eriodendron pentandrum; Gossampinus alba; Gossampinus rumphii; Xylon pentandrum

Wikipedia Abstract

Ceiba pentandra is a tropical tree of the order Malvales and the family Malvaceae (previously separated in the family Bombacaceae), native to Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean, northern South America, and (as the variety C. pentandra var. guineensis) to tropical west Africa. Kapok is the most used common name for the tree and may also refer to the cotton obtained from its seed pods. The tree is also known as the Java cotton, Java kapok, Silk cotton or ceiba.
View Wikipedia Record: Ceiba pentandra

Attributes

Height [1]  50 feet (15.2 m)
Width [1]  45 feet (13.7 m)
Air Quality Improvement [1]  Low
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium
Carbon Capture [1]  Medium-Low
Screening - Summer [2]  Dense
Screening - Winter [2]  Dense
Shade Percentage [1]  88 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Medium-Low
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium-Low
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 11 Low Temperature: 40 F° (4.4 C°) → 50 F° (10 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 11 Low Temperature: 40 F° (4.4 C°) → 50 F° (10 C°)
Soil Fertility [2]  Intermediate
Water Use [1]  Moderate to Low
Flower Color [2]  White
Foliage Color [2]  Green
Fruit Color [2]  Black
Flower Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Fruit Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Bloom Period [2]  Winter
Drought Tolerance [2]  Low
Fire Tolerance [2]  Medium
Frost Free Days [2]  1 year
Fruit/Seed Abundance [2]  High
Fruit/Seed Begin [2]  Spring
Fruit/Seed End [2]  Summer
Growth Form [2]  Single Crown
Growth Period [2]  Fall
Growth Rate [2]  Rapid
Janka Hardness [4]  240 lbf (109 kgf) Very Soft
Leaf Type [3]  Deciduous
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Propagation [2]  Cutting, Seed
Root Depth [2]  24 inches (61 cm)
Seeds Per [2]  48722 / lb (107413 / kg)
Specific Gravity [4]  0.24
Structure [3]  Tree
Vegetative Spread Rate [2]  Moderate

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Archipelago de Colon Biosphere Reserve 34336011 Galapagos Islands, Ecuador  
Buenavista Wetland Reserve 778949 Cuba    
Carara National Park II 12983 Costa Rica  
Ciénaga de Zapata National Park 1606900 Cuba  
Corcovado National Park 115845 Costa Rica  
Gombe National Park II 8799 Tanzania
Palo Verde National Park II 46190 Costa Rica  
Refugio de Vida Silvestre Reserva Karen Mogensen F. Nature Reserve 1866 Costa Rica  
Santa Rosa National Park II 95780 Costa Rica
Sierra del Divisor Reserve Zone 3652986 Peru      
Tuabaquey - Limones Ecological Reserve II 4859 Cuba  

Ecosystems

Emblem of

Puerto Rico

Predators

Abgrallaspis cyanophylli (cyanophyllum scale)[5]
Amazona albifrons (White-fronted Parrot)[6]
Anomis leona[7]
Aonidiella orientalis (Oriental Scale)[5]
Arsenura armida (Giant Silk Moth)[7]
Artibeus jamaicensis (Jamaican fruit-eating bat)[8]
Aspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)[5]
Ateles paniscus (black spider monkey)[9]
Autoba versicolor[7]
Beara nubiferella[7]
Brotogeris jugularis (Orange-chinned Parakeet)[6]
Cebus apella (brown capuchin)[9]
Charaxes etesipe (Savannah Charaxes)[7]
Cheromettia apicata[7]
Cheromettia lohor[7]
Cheromettia sumatrensis[7]
Delococcus tafoensis[5]
Dysdaemonia boreas[7]
Ephyriades arcas[7]
Epomophorus gambianus (Gambian epauletted fruit bat)[10]
Eucalymnatus tessellatus (tessellated scale)[5]
Eulepidotis hebe[7]
Eulepidotis modestula[7]
Eumeta variegata[7]
Fiorinia fioriniae (European fiorinia scale)[5]
Formicococcus njalensis <Unverified Name>[5]
Hemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)[5]
Hypolycaena erylus (Common Tit)[7]
Icerya aegyptiaca[5]
Leptonycteris curasoae (southern long-nosed bat)[11]
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)[5]
Mahasena corbetti[7]
Marumba dyras[7]
Micropteropus pusillus (Peters's dwarf epauletted fruit bat)[12]
Mudaria cornifrons[7]
Mudaria variabilis[7]
Musonycteris harrisoni (banana bat)[13]
Neptis clinia (Southern Sullied Sailer)[7]
Olene mendosa[7]
Orgyia osseata[7]
Parasaissetia nigra (nigra scale)[14]
Phyllostomus hastatus (greater spear-nosed bat)[15]
Pinnaspis strachani (lesser snow scale)[5]
Planococcus lilacinus (citrus mealybug)[5]
Pseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)[14]
Pteroma pendula[7]
Pteropus giganteus (Indian flying fox)[16]
Pteropus tonganus (Pacific flying fox)[17]
Rastrococcus iceryoides[5]
Remelana jangala (Chocolate Royal)[7]
Rousettus leschenaulti (Leschenault's rousette)[16]
Saguinus oedipus (cotton-top tamarin)[18]
Scopelodes unicolor[7]
Semophylax apicepuncta[7]
Stenoma decora[7]
Suana concolor[7]
Tonica niviferana[7]
Tonica terasella[7]
Vini kuhlii (Kuhl's Lorikeet)[19]
Zeuzera coffeae[7]
Ara macao (Scarlet Macaw)[20]

Providers

Pollinated by 
Phyllostomus discolor (pale spear-nosed bat)[21]

Consumers

Shelter for 
Hipposideros cyclops (cyclops roundleaf bat)[22]
Nycteris grandis (large slit-faced bat)[23]
Pteropus vampyrus (large flying fox)[24]
Vampyrum spectrum (spectral bat)[25]
Ara macao (Scarlet Macaw)[20]

Distribution

Caribbean;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by , , in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database. 2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture 3Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935 4Wood Janka Hardness Scale/Chart J W Morlan's Unique Wood Gifts 5Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009 6FORAGING ECOLOGY OF PARROTS IN A MODIFIED LANDSCAPE: SEASONAL TRENDS AND INTRODUCED SPECIES, GREG D. MATUZAK, M. BERNADETTE BEZY, AND DONALD J. BRIGHTSMITH, The Wilson Journal of Ornithology 120(2):353–365, 2008 7HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández 8Artibeus jamaicensis, Jorge Ortega and Iván Castro-Arellano, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 662, pp. 1–9 (2001) 9Animals of the Rainforest 10Epomophorus gambianus, Margaret C. Boulay and C. Brian Robbins, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 344, pp. 1-5 (1989) 11Population dynamics, reproduction, and diet of the lesser long-nosed bat (Leptonycteris curasoae) in Jalisco, Mexico: implications for conservation, Kathryn E. Stoner, Karla A. O.-Salazar, Roxana C. R.-Fernández and Mauricio Quesada, Biodiversity and Conservation, Volume 12, Number 2, 357-373 (2003) 12Micropteropus pusillus, Noah T. Owen-Ashley and Don E. Wilson, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 577, pp. 1-5 (1998) 13Musonycteris harrisoni, Guillermo Tellez and Jorge Ortega, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 622, pp. 1-3 (1999) 14Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants 15Phyllostomus hastatus, Mery Santos, Luis F. Aguirre, Luis B. Vázquez, and Jorge Ortega, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 722, pp. 1–6 (2003) 16Sudhakaran, M.R. & P.S. Doss (2012). Food and foraging preferences of three pteropo- did bats in southern India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 4(1): 2295-2303 17Pteropus tonganus, Carrie A. Miller and Don E. Wilson, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 552, pp. 1-6 (1997) 18Proyecto Tití 19The 'Ura or Rimatara Lorikeet Vini kuhlii: its former range, present status, and conservation priorities., GERALD McCORMACK and JUDITH KUNZLE, Bird Conservation International (1996) 6:325-334 20Current Status and Conservation of the Scarlet Macaw (Ara macao) in the Osa Conservation Area (ACOSA), Costa Rica, Fiona Dear, Christopher Vaughan and Adrián Morales Polanco, Research Journal of the Costa Rican Distance Education University Vol. 2(1): 7-21, June, 2010 21Phyllostomus discolor, Gary G. Kwiecinski, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 801, pp. 1–11 (2006) 22Hipposideros cyclops, Jan Decher and Jakob Fahr, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 763, pp. 1–7 (2005) 23Nycteris grandis, M. B. C. Hickey and J. M. Dunlop, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 632, pp. 1–4 (2000) 24Pteropus vampyrus, Thomas H. Kunz and Deborah P. Jones, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 642, pp. 1–6 (2000) 25Vampyrum spectrum, Daniel Navarro L. and Don E. Wilson, Mammalian Species No. 184, pp. 1-4 (1982)
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