Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Malvales > Malvaceae > Hibiscus > Hibiscus rosa-sinensis
 

Hibiscus rosa-sinensis (chinese hibiscus; shoebackplant)

Synonyms: Abelmoschus genevii; Hibiscus arnottii; Hibiscus cooperi; Hibiscus festivalis; Hibiscus fulgens; Hibiscus javanicus; Hibiscus liliiflorus; Hibiscus rosa-sinensis var. carnea-plenus; Hibiscus rosa-sinensis var. floreplena; Hibiscus rosa-sinensis var. genuinus; Hibiscus rosa-sinensis var. rubro-plenus; Hibiscus rosiflorus; Hibiscus rosiflorus var. simplex; Hibiscus storckii; Malvaviscus fragilis; Malvaviscus puniceus

Wikipedia Abstract

Hibiscus rosa-sinensis, known colloquially as Chinese hibiscus, China rose, Hawaiian hibiscus, and shoeblackplant, is a species of tropical hibiscus, a flowering plant in the Hibisceae tribe of the family Malvaceae, native to East Asia.
View Wikipedia Record: Hibiscus rosa-sinensis

Endangered Species

Status: Critically Endangered
View IUCN Record: Hibiscus rosa-sinensis

Attributes

Height [2]  8.2 feet (2.5 m)
Width [2]  8.2 feet (2.5 m)
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-Low
Edible [2]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [2]  Hermaphrodite
Leaf Type [2]  Evergreen
Lifespan [3]  Perennial
Pollinators [2]  Insects, Lepidoptera
Structure [2]  Shrub
Usage [2]  The juice from the petals is used in China as shoe-blacking and mascara; A dye is made from the petals; A good quality fibre is obtained from the stems; In warm sub-tropical areas the fibres can be up to 3 metres long, but in Britain they are likely to be much shorter. The fibre is used for coarse fabrics, nets and paper; Plants are often used for hedges and screens, though since they are not very cold hardy they are not suitable for this use in Britain;
View Plants For A Future Record : Hibiscus rosa-sinensis

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Archipelago de Colon Biosphere Reserve 34336011 Galapagos Islands, Ecuador  
Canaveral National Seashore II 9090 Florida, United States
Everglades and Dry Tortugas Biosphere Reserve   Florida, United States  
Kruger National Park II 4718115 Mpumalanga, South Africa
Piedras Blancas National Park II 34735 Costa Rica  
Santa Rosa National Park II 95780 Costa Rica
Seaflower Marine Protected Area 15125514 Colombia      
Tuabaquey - Limones Ecological Reserve II 4859 Cuba  

Emblem of

Malaysia

Predators

Anacampsis insularis[4]
Andaspis hibisci[5]
Andaspis numerata[5]
Argyrotaenia sphaleropa[4]
Beara dichromella[4]
Cerococcus bryoides[5]
Cerococcus deklei (grenade scale)[5]
Cerococcus indicus (yellow cotton scale)[5]
Ceroplastes pseudoceriferus (Indian wax scale)[5]
Chlorostilbon mellisugus (Blue-tailed Emerald)[6]
Cinnyris asiaticus (Purple sunbird)[7]
Coccidohystrix insolita (eggplant mealybug)[5]
Coccus longulus (long brown scale)[5]
Conchaspis angraeci[5]
Crithagra mozambica (Yellow-fronted Canary)[6]
Dialectica rendalli[4]
Earias biplaga[4]
Euproctis fraterna[4]
Ferrisia virgata (grey mealybug)[5]
Halysidota cinctipes[4]
Helcystogramma hibisci[4]
Hemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)[5]
Howardia biclavis (mining scale)[5]
Hybolasius viridescens[8]
Icerya samaraia <Unverified Name>[5]
Lamponius portoricensis (Walkingstick)[9]
Loboschiza koenigiana[4]
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)[5]
Megalopyge lanata[4]
Megalopyge urens[4]
Morganella longispina (champaca scale)[5]
Neopinnaspis harperi (Harper scale)[5]
Oemona hirta[8]
Orgyia osseata[4]
Oruza divisa[4]
Paracles fusca[4]
Paracoccus burnerae (oleander scale)[5]
Paracoccus marginatus (papaya mealybug)[5]
Parasaissetia nigra (nigra scale)[10]
Parlatoria pergandii (black parlatoria scale)[5]
Phaethornis pretrei (Planalto Hermit)[6]
Phenacoccus madeirensis (Mexican mealybug)[5]
Phenacoccus solenopsis (solenopsis mealybug)[5]
Philephedra tuberculosa[5]
Philodoria hibiscella (Hibiscus Leaf Miner)[4]
Pinnaspis aspidistrae <Unverified Name>[10]
Pinnaspis hibisci[5]
Pinnaspis strachani (lesser snow scale)[5]
Pseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)[5]
Pulvinaria psidii (green shield scale)[5]
Puto barberi[5]
Rastrococcus iceryoides[5]
Rhizoecus americanus[5]
Rhodopis vesper (Oasis Hummingbird)[6]
Saissetia coffeae (brown scale)[5]
Saissetia privigna[5]
Spodoptera pecten[4]
Suana concolor[4]
Trialeurodes vaporariorum (greenhouse whitefly)[10]
Xanthopastis timais (Spanish Moth)[4]

Distribution

Caribbean; North America;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000)
2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
3USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
4HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
5Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
6del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
7Notes on Feeding and Breeding Habits of the Purple Sunbird Nectarinia asiatica (Cinnyris asiaticus) in Bandar Abbas, Hormozgan, Southern Iran, TAHER GHADIRIAN, ALI T. QASHQAEI & MOHSEN DADRAS, Podoces, 2007, 2(2): 122–126
8New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Plant-SyNZ™ database
9{Structural and Taxonomic Components of Habitat Selection in the Neotropical Folivore Lamponius portoricensis (Phasmatodea: Phasmatidae), Michael R. Willig, Elizabeth A. Sandlin and Michael R. Gannon, Environmental Entomology Vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 634-641 (June 1993)
10Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access