Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Malvales > Malvaceae > Abelmoschus > Abelmoschus esculentus

Abelmoschus esculentus (okra)

Synonyms: Abelmoschus bammia; Abelmoschus esculentus var. praecox; Abelmoschus esculentus var. textilis; Abelmoschus praecox; Abelmoschus tuberculatus; Hibiscus bammia; Hibiscus esculentus; Hibiscus ficifolius; Hibiscus longifolius; Hibiscus praecox

Wikipedia Abstract

Okra or okro (US /ˈoʊkrə/ or UK /ˈɒkrə/), known in many English-speaking countries as ladies' fingers, ochro or gumbo, is a flowering plant in the mallow family. It is valued for its edible green seed pods. The geographical origin of okra is disputed, with supporters of West African, Ethiopian, and South Asian origins. The plant is cultivated in tropical, subtropical and warm temperate regions around the world.
View Wikipedia Record: Abelmoschus esculentus


Height [2]  39 inches (1 m)
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-Low
Edible [2]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [2]  Hermaphrodite
Hazards [2]  The hairs on the seed pods can be an irritant to some people and gloves should be worn when harvesting. These hairs can be easily removed by washing;
Lifespan [2]  Annual
Pollinators [2]  Bees
Structure [3]  Herb
Usage [2]  A fibre obtained from the stems is used as a substitute for jute; It is also used in making paper and textiles; The fibres are about 2.4mm long; When used for paper the stems are harvested in late summer or autumn after the edible seedpods have been harvested, the leaves are removed and the stems are steamed until the fibres can be stripped off. The fibres are cooked for 2 hours with lye and then put in a ball mill for 3 hours. The paper is cream coloured; A decoction of the root or of the seeds is used as a size for paper;
View Plants For A Future Record : Abelmoschus esculentus


Agrotis subterranea (granulate cutworm)[4]
Anisota senatoria (Orangestriped oakworm)[4]
Anomis erosa (Yellow Scallop Moth)[4]
Anomis flava (Cotton looper)[4]
Anomis illita[4]
Anomis leona[4]
Anomis sabulifera (Angled Gem)[4]
Anthonomus grandis (boll weevil)[5]
Archips philippa[4]
Cerococcus indicus (yellow cotton scale)[6]
Chrysodeixis eriosoma (green garden looper)[4]
Corcyra cephalonica (Rice moth)[4]
Creatonotos leucanioides[4]
Crocidosema plebejana (Cotton tipworm)[4]
Earias biplaga[4]
Earias cupreoviridis[4]
Earias insulana (Egyptian Stemborer)[4]
Earias vittella (Northern rough bollworm)[7]
Erechthias minuscula (Erechthias Clothes Moth)[4]
Euproctis fraterna[4]
Helcystogramma hibisci[4]
Helicoverpa zea (bollworm)[4]
Heliopetes laviana[4]
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)[6]
Nipaecoccus viridis (karoo thorn mealybug)[6]
Ochropleura flammatra (Black Collar)[4]
Orgyia mixta[4]
Paracles fusca[4]
Parasaissetia nigra (nigra scale)[7]
Pardasena virgulana[4]
Pectinophora gossypiella (Pink bollworm)[4]
Phenacoccus madeirensis (Mexican mealybug)[6]
Phenacoccus parvus[6]
Phenacoccus solenopsis (solenopsis mealybug)[6]
Pinnaspis strachani (lesser snow scale)[6]
Pseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)[7]
Pseudococcus landoi (Lando mealybug)[6]
Pyrgus oileus (Tropical Checkered Skipper)[4]
Rhizoecus mayanus[6]
Saissetia coffeae (brown scale)[6]
Saissetia miranda (mexican black scale)[6]
Somena scintillans[4]
Spilosoma obliqua[4]
Spilosoma sumatrana[4]
Spodoptera eridania (southern armyworm)[4]
Spodoptera exigua (beet armyworm)[4]
Spodoptera littoralis (African Cotton Leafworm)[4]
Spodoptera litura (Cluster armyworm)[4]
Strymon melinus (cotton square borer)[4]
Tetranychus urticae (red spider mite)[5]
Thalassodes quadraria[4]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Kew Millennium Seed Bank Partnership
Svalbard Global Seed Vault


Caribbean; North America;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000)
2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
3Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
4HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
6Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
7Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access