Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Malvales > Malvaceae > Alcea > Alcea rosea
 

Alcea rosea (hollyhock)

Synonyms: Alcea ficifolia; Alcea lenkoranica var. paimatifida; Althaea caribaea; Althaea chinensis; Althaea coromandeliana; Althaea ficifolia; Althaea flexuosa; Althaea mexicana; Althaea rosea; Althaea rosea var. sinensis; Althaea sinensis; Malva florida; Malva hortensus; Malva rosea

Wikipedia Abstract

Alcea rosea (common hollyhock; syn. Althaea chinensis Wall., Althaea ficifolia Cav., Althaea rosea Cav.) is an ornamental plant in the Malvaceae family.It was imported into Europe from southwestern China during, or possibly before, the 15th century. William Turner, a herbalist of the time, gave it the name "holyoke" from which the English name derives.
View Wikipedia Record: Alcea rosea

Attributes

Height [2]  7.9 feet (2.4 m)
Width [2]  24 inches (0.6 m)
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-Low
Edible [2]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [2]  Hermaphrodite
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Structure [3]  Herb
Usage [2]  A fibre obtained from the stems is used in papermaking; The fibres are about 1.9mm long. The stems are harvested in late summer, the leaves are removed and the stems are steamed until the fibres can be removed. The fibres are cooked with lye for 2 hours and then ball milled for 3 hours or pounded with mallets. The paper is light tan in colour; The flowers are an alternative ingredient of 'Quick Return' herbal compost activator; This is a dried and powdered mixture of several herbs that can be added to a compost heap in order to speed up bacterial activity and thus shorten the time needed to make the compost; The seed contains 12% of a drying oil; The red anthocyanin constituent of the flowers is used as a litmus; A brown dye is obtained from the petals;
View Plants For A Future Record : Alcea rosea

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Assateague Island National Seashore II 8621 Maryland, United States
Avon Gorge Woodlands 376 England, United Kingdom
Burnham Beeches 946 England, United Kingdom  
Dorset Heaths (Purbeck and Wareham) and Studland Dunes 5491 England, United Kingdom
Exmoor Heaths 26455 England, United Kingdom
Hackpen Hill 89 England, United Kingdom  
Lyme Bay and Torbay 77215 England, United Kingdom
Morecambe Bay 151985 England, United Kingdom
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
North Norfolk Coast 7926 England, United Kingdom  
Palava Protected Landscape Area V   Czech Republic  
Saint Lawrence Islands National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Severn Estuary/ Môr Hafren 182155 England/Wales, United Kingdom
Solent Maritime 27985 England, United Kingdom
The Broads 14554 England, United Kingdom  
The Wash and North Norfolk Coast 266284 England, United Kingdom
Thursley, Ash, Pirbright and Chobham 12696 England, United Kingdom
Voronezhskiy Biosphere Reserve 95835 Russia  
Wind Cave National Park II 29471 South Dakota, United States

Predators

Acontia aprica[4]
Amorbia phaseolana[4]
Anagrapha falcifera (celery looper)[4]
Anomis erosa (Yellow Scallop Moth)[4]
Anomis flava (Cotton looper)[4]
Anomis fulvida[4]
Anomis illita[4]
Anomis luperca[4]
Apamea devastator (glassy cutworm)[4]
Argyrotaenia velutinana[4]
Autoba silicula[4]
Autographa precationis (Common Looper Moth)[4]
Bucculatrix quadrigemina[4]
Campylomma verbasci (mullein bug)[5]
Celotes nessus (common streaky-skipper)[4]
Chrysodeixis chalcites (Tomato Looper)[4]
Chrysodeixis eriosoma (green garden looper)[6]
Crocidosema plebejana (Cotton tipworm)[4]
Cynthia cardui[5]
Gortyna flavago[4]
Heliopetes ericetorum (Large white skipper)[4]
Hilaphura varipes[7]
Hyphantria cunea (fall webworm)[4]
Icerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)[8]
Larentia clavaria (Mallow)[4]
Lophoplusia pterylota[4]
Nipaecoccus viridis (karoo thorn mealybug)[8]
Olene mendosa[4]
Papaipema cataphracta (burdock borer)[4]
Papaipema nebris (stalk borer)[4]
Pectinophora gossypiella (Pink bollworm)[4]
Peridroma saucia (variegated cutworm)[4]
Pexicopia malvella (Hollyhock Seed Moth)[4]
Phoma nebulosa[5]
Platyedra subcinerea[4]
Podagrica fuscicornis <Unverified Name>[7]
Podagrica fuscipes <Unverified Name>[7]
Pseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)[8]
Pyrgus communis (Checkered skipper)[4]
Pyrgus oileus (Tropical Checkered Skipper)[4]
Samia cynthia (Cynthia moth)[4]
Spaelotis clandestina (Clandestine Dart)[4]
Spialia galba (Indian Skipper)[4]
Spilococcus pressus (pressus mealybug)[8]
Spilosoma virginica (yellow woollybear)[4]
Spodoptera eridania (southern armyworm)[4]
Spodoptera exigua (beet armyworm)[4]
Spodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)[4]
Spodoptera litura (Cluster armyworm)[4]
Tischeria omissa[4]
Trichoplusia ni (cabbage looper)[4]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Golovinomyces orontii[5]
Leveillula taurica[5]
Puccinia malvacearum (hollyhock rust)[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Svalbard Global Seed Vault

Distribution

Caribbean; North America;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000)
2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
3Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
4HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
6New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Plant-SyNZ™ database
7Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
8Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access