Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Malpighiales > Violaceae > Viola > Viola adunca
 

Viola adunca (blue violet; hook violet; hookedspur violet)

Synonyms: Lophion aduncum; Viola adunca subsp. ashtoniae; Viola adunca subsp. oxyceras; Viola adunca subsp. radicosa; Viola adunca subsp. uncinulata; Viola adunca var. cascadensis; Viola adunca var. kirkii; Viola adunca var. oxyceras; Viola adunca var. uncinulata; Viola aduncoides; Viola canina var. oxyceras; Viola canina var. puberula; Viola cascadensis; Viola minima; Viola montanensis; Viola oreocallis; Viola oxyceras; Viola puberula; Viola subvestita; Viola sylvestris var. puberula; Viola uncinulata

Wikipedia Abstract

Viola adunca is a species of violet known by the common names hookedspur violet, early blue violet, sand violet, and western dog violet. It is native to meadows and forests of western North America, Canada, and the northern contiguous United States.This is a hairy, compact plant growing from a small rhizome system. The leaves are spade- or heart-shaped, sometimes with broadly wavy margins. They are generally 1 to 4 centimeters long.
View Wikipedia Record: Viola adunca

Infraspecies

Attributes

Height [2]  3.9 inches (0.1 m)
Allergen Potential [1]  Low
Edible [2]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [2]  Hermaphrodite
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Pollinators [2]  Insects, Lepidoptera, Cleistogamous
Structure [3]  Herb
Usage [2]  A blue dye can be obtained from the flowers;
View Plants For A Future Record : Viola adunca

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Acadia National Park II 35996 Maine, United States
Algonquin Provincial Park IV 1868802 Ontario, Canada
Banff National Park II 1690912 Alberta, Canada
Bruce Peninsula National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Coram Biosphere Reserve 7460 Montana, United States
Devils Tower National Monument V 1361 Wyoming, United States
Elk Island National Park II 47171 Alberta, Canada
Fraser Biosphere Reserve 23050 Colorado, United States  
Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve Ib 591068 Alaska, United States
Glacier National Park II 953799 Montana, United States
Grasslands National Park II 128635 Saskatchewan, Canada
Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve II 366714 British Columbia, Canada
Isle Royale Biosphere Reserve Ib 571799 Michigan, United States
Jasper National Park II 2776809 Alberta, Canada
Kluane National Park and Reserve National Park Reserve II 5463436 Yukon, Canada
Kootenay National Park II 341762 British Columbia, Canada
Lake Roosevelt National Recreation Area V 103172 Washington, United States
Lake Superior Provincial Park IV 351011 Ontario, Canada
Mount Revelstoke National Park Ia 18 British Columbia, Canada
Nahanni National Park Reserve II 1309627 Northwest Territories, Canada
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
Pacific Rim National Park Reserve II 137900 British Columbia, Canada
Prince Albert National Park II 976762 Saskatchewan, Canada
Pukaskwa National Park II 459860 Ontario, Canada
Redberry Lake Biosphere Reserve 277252 Saskatchewan, Canada
Riding Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 762028 Manitoba, Canada
Rocky Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 239938 Colorado, United States
Rondeau Provincial Park II 5035 Ontario, Canada
Wapusk National Park II 2614324 Manitoba, Canada
Wind Cave National Park II 29471 South Dakota, United States
Wood Buffalo National Park II 11038545 Alberta, Canada
Woodland Caribou Provincial Wilderness Park Provincial Park II 1072124 Ontario, Canada
Yellowstone Biosphere Reserve II 2196863 Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, United States
Yoho National Park II 317576 British Columbia, Canada

Predators

Boloria epithore[4]
Clossiana titania[5]
Speyeria atlantis (atlantis fritillary)[5]
Speyeria cybele (Great spangled fritillary)[5]
Speyeria edwardsii (Edwards’ Fritillary)[5]
Speyeria egleis[5]
Speyeria hydaspe (Hydaspe Fritillary)[5]
Speyeria mormonia (Mormon Fritillary)[5]
Speyeria zerene (Silverspot)[5]

Distribution

North America;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000)
2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
3Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
5HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access