Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Malpighiales > Violaceae > Viola > Viola macloskeyi

Viola macloskeyi (Macloskey's violet; small white violet)

Synonyms: Viola amoena; Viola blanda subsp. macloskeyi; Viola blanda var. macloskeyi; Viola clandestina; Viola macloskeyi subsp. pallens; Viola macloskeyi var. pallens; Viola obliqua; Viola pallens; Viola pallens var. subreptans; Viola rotundifolia var. pallens

Wikipedia Abstract

Viola macloskeyi (small white violet, northern white violet, smooth white violet, sweet white violet, western sweet violet, western sweet-white violet, wild white violet) is a flowering perennial plant in the Violet family (Violaceae). It is native to Canada, the Northeastern, North-Central, Northwestern, Southeastern, and Southwestern United States and California, and the French islands of Saint Pierre and Miquelon.
View Wikipedia Record: Viola macloskeyi


Height [2]  8 inches (0.2 m)
Allergen Potential [1]  Low
Screening - Summer [2]  Porous
Screening - Winter [2]  Porous
Hardiness Zone Minimum [2]  USDA Zone: 4 Low Temperature: -30 F° (-34.4 C°) → -20 F° (-28.9 C°)
Light Preference [2]  Mostly Shady
Soil Acidity [2]  Neutral
Soil Fertility [2]  Very Rich
Water Use [2]  High
Flower Color [2]  White
Foliage Color [2]  Green
Fruit Color [2]  Black
Flower Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Bloom Period [2]  Early Spring
Drought Tolerance [2]  Low
Fire Tolerance [2]  Low
Frost Free Days [2]  90 days
Fruit/Seed Abundance [2]  Low
Fruit/Seed Begin [2]  Spring
Fruit/Seed End [2]  Summer
Growth Form [2]  Stoloniferous
Growth Period [2]  Spring, Summer
Growth Rate [2]  Moderate
Leaf Type [2]  Deciduous
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Propagation [2]  Bare Root, Cutting, Seed, Sprig
Root Depth [2]  3.9 inches (10 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [2]  Slow
Seed Vigor [2]  Low
Shape/Orientation [2]  Prostrate
Structure [3]  Herb
Vegetative Spread Rate [2]  Slow

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bruce Peninsula National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Chippewa Nature Center   Michigan, United States    
Coram Biosphere Reserve 7460 Montana, United States
Crater Lake National Park II 180091 Oregon, United States
Edwin S. George Reserve 1297 Michigan, United States
Georgian Bay Islands National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Isle Royale Biosphere Reserve Ib 571799 Michigan, United States
Kouchibouguac National Park II 59161 New Brunswick, Canada
Lake Superior Provincial Park IV 351011 Ontario, Canada
Mingan Archipelago National Park Reserve II 20461 Quebec, Canada
Pukaskwa National Park II 459860 Ontario, Canada
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Wapusk National Park II 2614324 Manitoba, Canada
Yellowstone Biosphere Reserve II 2196863 Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, United States


Clossiana titania[4]


North America;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000)
2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
3Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
4HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Chippewa Nature Center
Edwin S. George Reserve, University of Michigan, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access