Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Malpighiales > Violaceae > Viola > Viola palustris

Viola palustris (marsh violet)

Wikipedia Abstract

Viola palustris (marsh violet or alpine marsh violet) is a perennial forb of the genus Viola. It inhabits moist meadows, marshes, and streambanks in northern parts of North America and Eurasia. Viola palustris is a 5 to 22 cm, glabrous herb with petioles and peduncles from slender rhizomes. The cordate to reniform leaves are 2.5 to 3.5 cm wide with coarse, shallow, blunt teeth. Petioles are 2 to 17 cm. The white to lilac flowers are 10 to 13 mm long. Peduncles are about the same length as petioles. The lower three petals have purple lines. The lateral pair are lightly bearded.
View Wikipedia Record: Viola palustris



Height [2]  6 inches (.15 m)
Allergen Potential [1]  Low
Light Preference [3]  Mostly Sunny
Soil Acidity [3]  Mostly Acid
Soil Fertility [3]  Infertile
Soil Moisture [3]  Wet
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Structure [4]  Herb

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Alte Valli Pesio e Tanaro 27869 Italy  
Banff National Park II 1690912 Alberta, Canada
Basegi Zapovednik Ia 93739 Perm, Russia
Basse vallée de l'Aisne (Durbuy; Erezée; Ferrières; Manhay) 4725 Belgium  
Basse-Vierre (Chiny; Herbeumont; Léglise; Neufchâteau; Tintigny) 7192 Belgium  
Bassin de la Houille en amont de Gedinne (Gedinne) 3423 Belgium  
Bassin de la Lomme de Poix-Saint-Hubert à Grupont (Libin; Saint-Hubert; Tellin) 8976 Belgium  
Bassin supérieur de l'Ourthe occidentale (Libramont-Chevigny) 3584 Belgium  
Beinn Dearg 34221 Scotland, United Kingdom
Beinn a`Ghlo 19978 Scotland, United Kingdom
Belovezhskaya Pushcha Biosphere Reserve National Park II 218515 Belarus
Ben Nevis 23023 Scotland, United Kingdom
Berchtesgaden Alps National Park II 51433 Germany
Berwyn a Mynyddoedd de Clwyd/ Berwyn and South Clwyd Mountains 67265 Wales, United Kingdom
Bialowieza National Park II 11126 Poland
Boschi del Ticino 50788 Italy  
Cadair Idris 9353 Wales, United Kingdom
Cairngorms 142543 Scotland, United Kingdom
Cairnsmore of Fleet, Silver Flowe, and Merrick Kells Biosphere Reserve 8794 Scotland, United Kingdom
Caithness and Sutherland Peatlands 354692 Scotland, United Kingdom
Cardigan Bay/ Bae Ceredigion 236876 Wales, United Kingdom
Carmarthen Bay and Estuaries/ Bae Caerfyrddin ac Aberoedd 163340 Wales, United Kingdom
Craven Limestone Complex 13166 England, United Kingdom
Cwm Doethie – Mynydd Mallaen 10186 Wales, United Kingdom
Dolomiti di Ampezzo 28076 Italy  
Dornoch Firth and Morrich More 21499 Scotland, United Kingdom
Dorset Heaths 14161 England, United Kingdom
Dorset Heaths (Purbeck and Wareham) and Studland Dunes 5491 England, United Kingdom
Drumochter Hills 23340 Scotland, United Kingdom
Elenydd 21274 Wales, United Kingdom
Elk Island National Park II 47171 Alberta, Canada
Eryri/ Snowdonia 48773 Wales, United Kingdom  
Firth of Lorn 51830 Scotland, United Kingdom
Forêt d'Anlier (Habay; Léglise; Martelange) 18670 Belgium  
Forêt de Freyr (Libramont-Chevigny; Sainte-Ode; Saint-Hubert; Tenneville) 7711 Belgium  
Forêts de Rance (Beaumont; Froidchapelle; Sivry-Rance) 2415 Belgium  
Glacier National Park II 953799 Montana, United States
Glen Coe 7329 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Gros Morne National Park II 476632 Newfoundland, Canada
Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve II 366714 British Columbia, Canada
H.J. Andrews Biosphere Reserve 15815 Oregon, United States
Haute vallée de l'Eau Noire (Chimay; Couvin) 2357 Belgium  
Haute-Lomme (Libin; Libramont-Chevigny; Saint-Hubert) 4979 Belgium  
Haute-Sûre (Fauvillers; Léglise; Libramont-Chevigny; Neufchâteau; Vaux-sur-Sûre) 6919 Belgium  
Haute-Wamme et Masblette (Nassogne; Saint-Hubert; Tellin; Tenneville) 18133 Belgium  
Horná Orava 145144 Slovakia  
Hunau, Oberes Negertal, Renautal und Steinberg 3702 Germany  
Ingleborough Complex 14256 England, United Kingdom
Inverpolly 29349 Scotland, United Kingdom
Jasper National Park II 2776809 Alberta, Canada
Kitka 30673 Finland  
Kluane National Park and Reserve National Park Reserve II 5463436 Yukon, Canada
Kootenay National Park II 341762 British Columbia, Canada
Lake Superior Provincial Park IV 351011 Ontario, Canada
Laplandskiy Biosphere Reserve 757114 Russia  
Lewis Peatlands 69055 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Lochs Duich, Long and Alsh Reefs 5883 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Luce Bay and Sands 120487 Scotland, United Kingdom
Malá Fatra 176505 Slovakia  
Marais de la Haute-Semois et Bois de Heinsch (Arlon; Attert; Etalle; Habay) 4697 Belgium  
Meall na Samhna 4653 Scotland, United Kingdom
Merrick Kells 21494 Scotland, United Kingdom
Migneint–Arenig–Dduallt 49343 Wales, United Kingdom
Moffat Hills 7146 Scotland, United Kingdom
Monte Cimone, Libro Aperto, Lago di Pratignano 12785 Italy  
Monti Lessini - Pasubio - Piccole Dolomiti Vicentine 34278 Italy  
Moor House – Upper Teesdale 95867 England, United Kingdom
Moray Firth 373987 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Morecambe Bay Pavements 6449 England, United Kingdom
North Pennine Moors 254789 England, United Kingdom
North York Moors 108930 England, United Kingdom
OROS VORAS 196334 Greece  
Okskiy Biosphere Reserve 190748 Russia  
Pacific Rim National Park Reserve II 137900 British Columbia, Canada
Parco Naturale Adamello 53676 Italy  
Pen Llyn a`r Sarnau/ Lleyn Peninsula and the Sarnau 360832 Wales, United Kingdom
Plateau des Hautes-Fagnes (Baelen; Jalhay; Malmedy; Waimes) 9860 Belgium  
Prince Albert National Park II 976762 Saskatchewan, Canada
Riding Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 762028 Manitoba, Canada
River Spey 14158 Scotland, United Kingdom
Rocky Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 239938 Colorado, United States
Rum 26775 Scotland, United Kingdom
South Pennine Moors 160577 England, United Kingdom  
Spreewald Biosphere Reserve 117355 Germany  
Strathglass Complex 58277 Scotland, United Kingdom
Sunart 25320 Scotland, United Kingdom
Tayvallich Juniper and Coast 2999 Scotland, United Kingdom
The New Forest 72309 England, United Kingdom
Tsentral'no-Lesnoy Biosphere Reserve Ia 62630 Russia  
Tulach Hill and Glen Fender Meadows 3912 Scotland, United Kingdom
Vallée de l'Almache en amont de Gembes (Bièvre; Daverdisse; Gedinne) 2861 Belgium  
Vallée de la Hulle (Gedinne) 3738 Belgium  
Vallées de Laclaireau et du Rabais (Etalle; Saint-Léger; Virton) 6717 Belgium  
Ve¾ká Fatra 149348 Slovakia  
Volovské vrchy 316267 Slovakia  
Wapusk National Park II 2614324 Manitoba, Canada
Yellowstone Biosphere Reserve II 2196863 Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, United States
Yoho National Park II 317576 British Columbia, Canada
Zhuvintas Zapovednik 18223 Lithuania  



Aleyrodes lonicerae[5]
Anthocharis cardamines (Orange Tip Butterfly)[5]
Aphis violae[6]
Araschnia levana (Map Butterfly)[5]
Argynnis aglaja[6]
Argynnis paphia (Silver-washed Fritillary)[7]
Argyronome laodice[7]
Boloria euphrosyne <Unverified Name>[6]
Boloria selene (Silver-bordered fritillary)[5]
Clossiana euphrosyne[7]
Clossiana thore (Thor's Fritillary)[7]
Dasineura affinis[6]
Issoria lathonia (Queen of Spain Fritillary)[5]
Orobitis cyanea[6]
Proclossiana eunomia[8]
Speyeria cybele (Great spangled fritillary)[7]
Speyeria mormonia (Mormon Fritillary)[7]


Pollinated by 
Anthocharis cardamines (Orange Tip Butterfly)[5]
Araschnia levana (Map Butterfly)[5]


Parasitized by 
Passalora murina[8]
Peronospora violae[8]


Bassegi Zapovednik; North America;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000)
2PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish Plants: Status, Size, Life History, Geography and Habitats, M. O. Hill, C. D. Preston & D. B. Roy, Biological Records Centre, NERC Centre for Ecology and Hydrology (2004)
3ECOFACT 2a Technical Annex - Ellenberg’s indicator values for British Plants, M O Hill, J O Mountford, D B Roy & R G H Bunce (1999)
4Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
5Ecology of Commanster
6Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
7HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
8Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access