Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Malpighiales > Violaceae > Viola > Viola tricolor

Viola tricolor (pansy violet; johnny jumpup)

Wikipedia Abstract

Viola tricolor, known as (exhaustingly) heartsease, heart's ease, heart's delight, tickle-my-fancy, Jack-jump-up-and-kiss-me, come-and-cuddle-me, three faces in a hood, or love-in-idleness, is a common European wild flower, growing as an annual or short-lived perennial. It has been introduced into North America, where it has spread widely, and is known as the johnny jump up (though this name is also applied to similar species such as the yellow pansy).
View Wikipedia Record: Viola tricolor



Height [2]  6 inches (0.15 m)
Width [2]  6 inches (0.15 m)
Allergen Potential [1]  Low
Light Preference [3]  Mostly Sunny
Soil Acidity [3]  Moderate Acid
Soil Fertility [3]  Mostly Infertile
Soil Moisture [3]  Mostly Dry
Edible [2]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [2]  Hermaphrodite
Lifespan [2]  Annual/Perennial
Pollinators [2]  Bees, Bats
Structure [4]  Herb
Usage [2]  Yellow, green and blue-green dyes are obtained from the flowers; The leaves can be used in place of litmus in testing for acids and alkalis;
View Plants For A Future Record : Viola tricolor

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Algonquin Provincial Park IV 1868802 Ontario, Canada
Basegi Zapovednik Ia 93739 Perm, Russia
Belovezhskaya Pushcha Biosphere Reserve National Park II 218515 Belarus
Braunton Burrows 3328 England, United Kingdom
Cairngorms 142543 Scotland, United Kingdom
Caithness and Sutherland Peatlands 354692 Scotland, United Kingdom
Carmarthen Bay and Estuaries/ Bae Caerfyrddin ac Aberoedd 163340 Wales, United Kingdom
Culbin Bar 1514 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Dee Estuary/ Aber Dyfrdwy 39057 England/Wales, United Kingdom
Dornoch Firth and Morrich More 21499 Scotland, United Kingdom
Dorset Heaths 14161 England, United Kingdom
Dorset Heaths (Purbeck and Wareham) and Studland Dunes 5491 England, United Kingdom
Dunkeld–Blairgowrie Lochs 1058 Scotland, United Kingdom
Edwin S. George Reserve 1297 Michigan, United States
Eryri/ Snowdonia 48773 Wales, United Kingdom  
Galichia Gora Zapovednik Ia 568 Lipetsk, Russia
Glen Tanar 10329 Scotland, United Kingdom
Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge VI 3161 New Jersey, United States
Hill of Towanreef 4660 Scotland, United Kingdom
Humber Estuary 90582 England, United Kingdom
Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore II 8272 Indiana, United States
Jasper National Park II 2776809 Alberta, Canada
Khopersky Zapovednik Ia 47103 Russia  
Luberon Regional Nature Park V 406572 France  
Luce Bay and Sands 120487 Scotland, United Kingdom
Moray Firth 373987 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Morecambe Bay 151985 England, United Kingdom
Nahanni National Park Reserve II 1309627 Northwest Territories, Canada
North Norfolk Coast 7926 England, United Kingdom  
North Pennine Moors 254789 England, United Kingdom
North Somerset and Mendip Bats 1387 England, United Kingdom
Okskiy Biosphere Reserve 190748 Russia  
Palava Protected Landscape Area V   Czech Republic  
Parco Del Somma-Vesuvio e Miglio D'Oro National Park II 33648 Italy
Pembrokeshire Marine/ Sir Benfro Forol 341177 Wales, United Kingdom  
Pevensey Levels 8860 England, United Kingdom  
Sefton Coast 11278 England, United Kingdom
Solway Firth 107829 England/Scotland, United Kingdom
The New Forest 72309 England, United Kingdom
The Wash and North Norfolk Coast 266284 England, United Kingdom
Thorne Moor 4718 England, United Kingdom
Tsentral'no-Lesnoy Biosphere Reserve Ia 62630 Russia  
Voronezhskiy Biosphere Reserve 95835 Russia  



Agrotis gladiaria (claybacked cutworm)[5]
Agrotis venerabilis (Dusky Cutworm)[5]
Anthocharis cardamines (Orange Tip Butterfly)[6]
Aphis frangulae[6]
Aphis violae[6]
Argynnis aglaja[6]
Argynnis lathonia <Unverified Name>[6]
Argynnis paphia (Silver-washed Fritillary)[6]
Argyreus hyperbius[5]
Clossiana euphrosyne[5]
Dasineura violae[6]
Euptoieta claudia (Variegated fritillary)[7]
Fabriciana adippe (High Brown Fritillary)[5]
Fabriciana nerippe[5]
Fabriciana niobe[5]
Illinoia azaleae azaleae[6]
Issoria lathonia (Queen of Spain Fritillary)[5]
Myzus certus[6]
Myzus cymbalariae (Cymbalaria aphid)[6]
Noctua fimbriata (Broad-bordered Yellow Underwing)[6]
Phlogophora meticulosa (Angle Shades Moth)[6]
Phyllocoptes violae <Unverified Name>[6]
Protoemphytus pallipes <Unverified Name>[6]
Ramularia agrestis[8]
Rusina ferruginea (Brown Rustic)[6]
Speyeria aphrodite (Anemone fritillary)[5]


Parasitized by 
Golovinomyces orontii[7]
Peronospora violae[7]
Ramularia agrestis[8]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Svalbard Global Seed Vault


Bassegi Zapovednik; North America;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000)
2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
3ECOFACT 2a Technical Annex - Ellenberg’s indicator values for British Plants, M O Hill, J O Mountford, D B Roy & R G H Bunce (1999)
4Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
5HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
6Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
7Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
8Ecology of Commanster
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Edwin S. George Reserve, University of Michigan, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access