Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Cucurbitales > Cucurbitaceae > Citrullus > Citrullus lanatus

Citrullus lanatus (watermelon)

Synonyms: Anguria citrullus; Citrullus amarus; Citrullus anguria; Citrullus aquosus; Citrullus battich; Citrullus caffer; Citrullus caffrorum; Citrullus chodospermus; Citrullus colocynthis var. capensis; Citrullus colocynthis var. lanatus; Citrullus edulis; Citrullus lanatus f. amarus; Citrullus lanatus subsp. cordophanus; Citrullus lanatus subsp. vulgaris; Citrullus pasteca; Citrullus vulgaris; Colocynthis amarissima; Cucumis amarissimus; Cucumis citrullus; Cucumis colocynthis; Cucumis dissectus; Cucumis edulis; Cucumis laciniosus; Cucumis vulgaris; Cucurbita anguria; Cucurbita caffra; Cucurbita citrullus; Cucurbita gigantea; Cucurbita pinnatifida; Momordica lanata

Wikipedia Abstract

Citrullus lanatus is a plant species in the family Cucurbitaceae, a vine-like (scrambler and trailer) flowering plant originally from West Africa. It is cultivated for its fruit. The subdivision of this species into two cultivars, watermelons (Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) var. lanatus) and citron melons (Citrullus lanatus var. citroides (L. H. Bailey) Mansf.), originated with the erroneous synonymization of Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai and Citrullus vulgaris Schrad. by L.H.Bailey in 1930. Molecular data including sequences from the original collection of Thunberg and other relevant type material, show that the sweet watermelon (Citrullus vulgaris Schrad.) and the bitter wooly melon Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai are not closely related to each other. Since 1930, tho
View Wikipedia Record: Citrullus lanatus


Height [1]  20 inches (0.5 m)
Width [1]  6.6 feet (2 m)
Edible [1]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [1]  Monoecious
Hazards [1]  The sprouting seed produces a toxic substance in its embryo;
Lifespan [1]  Annual
Pollinators [1]  Insects, Lepidoptera
Structure [2]  Herb
Usage [1]  The seed contains 20 - 40% oil. As well as being edible, it is also used for making soap and for lighting; Face masks made from the fruit are used as a cosmetic on delicate skins;
View Plants For A Future Record : Citrullus lanatus

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Archipelago de Colon Biosphere Reserve 34336011 Galapagos Islands, Ecuador  
Avon Gorge Woodlands 376 England, United Kingdom
Canaveral National Seashore II 9090 Florida, United States
Central Gulf Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 40530 United States  
Karoo National Park II 190300 Western Cape, South Africa
Kruger National Park II 4718115 Mpumalanga, South Africa
Mount Kulal Biosphere Reserve 1729738 Kenya  
Purnululu National Park II 604999 Western Australia, Australia
Reserva Biológica Hitoy Cerere Biological Reserve Ia 24641 Costa Rica  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Urdaibai Biosphere Reserve V 1777 Spain  
Riverland Biosphere Reserve Ia 1490891 South Australia, Australia
Severn Estuary/ Môr Hafren 182155 England/Wales, United Kingdom


Adoxophyes fasciculana[3]
Agrotis repleta[3]
Agrotis subterranea (granulate cutworm)[3]
Agrotis vetusta (Old Man Dart)[3]
Anastrepha grandis[4]
Anicla ignicans[3]
Chrysodeixis chalcites (Tomato Looper)[3]
Elaphria nucicolora (Sugarcane Midget)[3]
Estigmene acrea (saltmarsh caterpillar)[3]
Grammia phyllira[3]
Hippotion boerhaviae[3]
Hyles lineata (white-lined sphinx moth)[3]
Liriomyza bryoniae[5]
Melanerythrus biguttatus[6]
Melittia cucurbitae (Squash vine borer)[3]
Phenacoccus solenopsis (solenopsis mealybug)[7]
Phytomyza horticola <Unverified Name>[5]
Planococcus minor (Pacific mealybug)[7]
Pseudaletia unipuncta (armyworm)[3]
Spaelotis ravida (Stout Dart)[3]
Sphenarches caffer[3]
Spilosoma virginica (yellow woollybear)[3]
Spodoptera eridania (southern armyworm)[3]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Kew Millennium Seed Bank Partnership
Svalbard Global Seed Vault


Caribbean; North America;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
2Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
3HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
4Norrbom, A.L. 2004. Fruit fly (Tephritidae) host plant database. Version Nov, 2004.
5Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
6Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
7Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access