Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Malpighiales > Salicaceae > Populus > Populus nigra

Populus nigra (Lombardy poplar; Lombardy's poplar; black cottonwood; black poplar)

Wikipedia Abstract

Populus nigra, the black poplar, is a species of cottonwood poplar, the type species of section Aigeiros of the genus Populus, native to Europe, southwest and central Asia, and northwest Africa.It is a medium-sized to large deciduous tree, reaching 20–30 m (rarely 40 m) tall, with a trunk up to 1.5 m diameter, though some old individuals have grown much bigger (more than 3 meters DBH for several trees in France).
View Wikipedia Record: Populus nigra



Height [3]  98 feet (30 m)
Width [3]  66 feet (20 m)
Air Quality Improvement [1]  None
Allergen Potential [1]  High
Carbon Capture [1]  Medium
Screening - Summer [2]  Dense
Screening - Winter [2]  Porous
Shade Percentage [1]  80 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Medium-High
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 4 Low Temperature: -30 F° (-34.4 C°) → -20 F° (-28.9 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 9 Low Temperature: 20 F° (-6.7 C°) → 30 F° (-1.1 C°)
Light Preference [4]  Mixed Sun/Shade
Soil Acidity [4]  Neutral
Soil Fertility [4]  Rich
Soil Moisture [4]  Damp
Water Use [1]  High to Moderate
Flower Color [2]  White
Foliage Color [2]  Green
Fruit Color [2]  White
Bloom Period [2]  Early Spring
Drought Tolerance [2]  Low
Edible [3]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Fire Tolerance [2]  High
Flower Type [3]  Dioecious
Frost Free Days [2]  5 months 10 days
Fruit/Seed Begin [2]  Spring
Fruit/Seed End [2]  Spring
Growth Form [2]  Multiple Stem
Growth Period [2]  Spring, Summer
Growth Rate [2]  Rapid
Leaf Type [3]  Deciduous
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Pollinators [3]  Wind
Propagation [2]  Bare Root, Container, Cutting
Root Depth [2]  32 inches (81 cm)
Scent [3]  The leaf buds, as they swell in the spring, and the young leaves have a pleasing fragrance of balsam; The fragrance is especially pronounced as the leaves unfold;
Seed Spread Rate [2]  None
Shape/Orientation [2]  Columnar
Specific Gravity [5]  0.39
Structure [3]  Tree
Usage [3]  An extract of the shoots can be used as a rooting hormone for all types of cuttings. It is extracted by soaking the chopped up shoots in cold water for a day; A fast growing tree, it is often used to provide a quick screen or windbreak; The cultivar 'Italica' is commonly used for this purpose though it is not a very suitable choice because it has fragile branches and is prone to basal rots which can cause sudden collapse; The cultivar 'Plantierensis' is much more suitable; A resin obtained from the buds is made into a salve and used in home remedies; The bark is used as a cork substitute for floats etc; Wood - very soft, very light, rather woolly in texture, without smell or taste, of low flammability, not durable, easy to work, very resistant to abrasion. Used for lower quality purposes;
Vegetative Spread Rate [2]  Moderate
View Plants For A Future Record : Populus nigra

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Algonquin Provincial Park IV 1868802 Ontario, Canada
Alte Spreemündung 267 Germany  
Astrakhanskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 167827 Astrakhan, Russia
Bruce Peninsula National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Carlsbad Caverns National Park II 15448 New Mexico, United States
Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research   North Carolina, United States
Drahendorfer Spreeniederung 1528 Germany  
Elbtal zwischen Schöna und Mühlberg 10658 Germany  
Flusslandschaft Elbe Biosphere Reserve 925242 Germany  
Fundy National Park II 52716 New Brunswick, Canada
Galichia Gora Zapovednik Ia 568 Lipetsk, Russia
Glinziger Teich- und Wiesengebiet 725 Germany  
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Große Röder 338 Germany  
Herbert Hoover National Historic Site   Iowa, United States
Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore II 8272 Indiana, United States
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
Khopersky Zapovednik Ia 47103 Russia  
Kouchibouguac National Park II 59161 New Brunswick, Canada
Lago del Rendina 1656 Italy  
Lago Pantano di Pignola 341 Italy  
Langer Grund-Kohlberg 319 Germany  
Luberon Regional Nature Park V 406572 France  
Monte Vulture 4651 Italy  
Moores Creek National Battlefield III 100 North Carolina, United States
Neißeaue 618 Germany  
Nez Perce National Historical Park V 2076 Idaho, United States
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
North York Moors 108930 England, United Kingdom
Oderinsel Kietz 432 Germany  
Okskiy Biosphere Reserve 190748 Russia  
Palava Protected Landscape Area V   Czech Republic  
Parco Del Somma-Vesuvio e Miglio D'Oro National Park II 33648 Italy
Pipe Spring National Monument V 41 Arizona, United States
Point Pelee National Park II 5764 Ontario, Canada
Randowhänge bei Schmölln 680 Germany  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Urdaibai Biosphere Reserve V 1777 Spain  
Rheinsberger Rhin und Hellberge Ergänzung 769 Germany  
Saint Lawrence Islands National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Salisbury Plain 52975 England, United Kingdom
Schaalsee   Germany      
Sefton Coast 11278 England, United Kingdom
Severn Estuary/ Môr Hafren 182155 England/Wales, United Kingdom
Shenandoah National Park II 108221 Virginia, United States
SIERRA NORTE 438558 Spain  
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Stadthavel 639 Germany  
Talsperre Spremberg 850 Germany  
Triebischtäler 2908 Germany  
Valle Basento Grassano Scalo - Grottole 1925 Italy  
Vogelschutzgebiet 'Unterer Niederrhein' 63775 Germany  
Voronezhskiy Biosphere Reserve 95835 Russia  


Acanthothrips nodicornis[6]
Acleris issikii[7]
Acronicta leporina (miller)[6]
Acronicta lepusculina (cottonwood dagger moth)[7]
Acronicta megacephala (Poplar Grey)[7]
Aegeria apiformis <Unverified Name>[6]
Agrochola circellaris (Brick)[6]
Agrochola macilenta (Yellow-line Quaker)[6]
Agromyza albitarsis[6]
Amphipyra pyramidea[6]
Anacampsis innocuella[7]
Ancylis laetana[7]
Anoplus plantaris[6]
Antaeotricha leucillana[7]
Apatura ilia (Lesser Purple Emperor)[7]
Archiearis notha (Light Orange Underwing)[7]
Aulagromyza populi[8]
Aulagromyza populicola[8]
Brachylomia viminalis (Minor Shoulder-knot)[6]
Caloptilia chrysolampra[7]
Caloptilia stigmatella[7]
Camarotoscena speciosa[6]
Catocala amatrix (Sweetheart Underwing)[7]
Catocala concumbens (Sleepy Underwing)[7]
Catocala fraxini (Blue Underwing)[6]
Catocala meskei (Meske’s Underwing)[7]
Catocala nupta (Red Underwing moth)[6]
Catocala relicta (white underwing)[7]
Catocala unijuga (Once-married Underwing)[7]
Cerura vinula (Puss Moth)[7]
Chaitophorus leucomelas[6]
Chalcoides aurata <Unverified Name>[6]
Chalcoides aurea <Unverified Name>[6]
Chionaspis salicis (black willow bark louse)[9]
Choristoneura diversana[7]
Chrysolina oricalcia <Unverified Name>[6]
Chrysomela populi <Unverified Name>[6]
Ciboria caucus (Alder Goblet)[8]
Clostera anachoreta (Scarce Chocolate-tip)[6]
Clostera curtula (Chocolate-tip)[6]
Clostera inclusa[7]
Clostera pigra (Small Chocolate-tip)[7]
Colotois pennaria (Feathered Thorn)[7]
Cossonus linearis[6]
Cossonus parallelepipedus[6]
Cryptorhynchus lapathi[6]
Cryptothrips nigripes <Unverified Name>[6]
Ctenopseustis obliquana[10]
Diaspidiotus caucasicus[9]
Diaspidiotus gigas <Unverified Name>[9]
Diaspidiotus ostreaeformis (European fruit scale)[9]
Diaspidiotus perniciosus (California scale)[9]
Dorytomus affinis[6]
Dorytomus dejeani[6]
Dorytomus filirostris <Unverified Name>[6]
Dorytomus ictor[6]
Dorytomus longimanus[6]
Dorytomus tremulae[6]
Dorytomus validirostris <Unverified Name>[6]
Ectoedemia turbidella[6]
Edwardsiana plurispinosa[6]
Egira dolosa[7]
Epione repandaria (Bordered Beauty)[6]
Epiphyas postvittana (Light brown apple moth)[10]
Erannis golda[7]
Eriophyes populi <Unverified Name>[6]
Erynnis icelus (Dreamy Dusky Wing)[7]
Euura amerinae <Unverified Name>[6]
Fomes fomentarius[8]
Furcula bifida[7]
Galerucella lineola <Unverified Name>[6]
Gelechia rhombelliformis[7]
Gelechia turpella[7]
Glena cribrataria[7]
Gluphisia crenata (Dusky Marbled Brown)[6]
Gluphisia septentrionis[7]
Gnophomyia viridipennis[6]
Gonioctena decemnotata <Unverified Name>[6]
Gypsonoma oppressana (Poplar bud-worm)[7]
Gypsonoma sociana[7]
Hadrobregmus australiensis <Unverified Name>[10]
Hadrobregmus magnus <Unverified Name>[10]
Hedya salicella[6]
Hemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)[9]
Hemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale)[9]
Hexomyza schineri[6]
Hoplandrothrips bidens <Unverified Name>[6]
Hoplandrothrips ellisi[6]
Hoplothrips fungi <Unverified Name>[6]
Hoplothrips ulmi <Unverified Name>[6]
Hypsizygus ulmarius (Elm Leech)[8]
Idiocerus fulgidus <Unverified Name>[6]
Idiocerus poecilus <Unverified Name>[6]
Idiocerus tremulae[6]
Idiocerus vitreus <Unverified Name>[6]
Ipimorpha nanaimo[7]
Ipimorpha pleonectusa[7]
Ipimorpha retusa[6]
Ipimorpha subtusa (Olive)[6]
Kalotermes brouni <Unverified Name>[10]
Kybos populi[6]
Lamia textor[6]
Laothoe populi (Poplar Hawk-moth)[7]
Lepidosaphes salicina (far eastern oystershell scale)[9]
Lepidosaphes ulmi (apple oystershell scale)[9]
Leucoma salicis (White Satin Moth)[7]
Limenitis archippus (viceroy)[8]
Limenitis arthemis (white admiral)[8]
Limenitis populi (Poplar Admiral)[7]
Lobophora halterata (Seraphim)[6]
Lomaspilis marginata (Clouded Border Moth)[6]
Lucanus cervus[6]
Lycia hirtaria (Brindled Beauty Moth)[7]
Lycia ursaria[7]
Lyctus brunneus (Powderpost beetle)[10]
Macropsis graminea[6]
Melanaspis inopinata[9]
Meripilus giganteus[8]
Messa glaucopis <Unverified Name>[6]
Messa hortulana <Unverified Name>[6]
Narycia monilifera[7]
Notodonta torva[7]
Nycteola asiatica (Eastern Nycteoline)[7]
Nycteola cinereana[7]
Nymphalis antiopa (camberwell beauty)[6]
Nymphalis polychloros (Large Tortoiseshell Butterfly)[6]
Odontopera bidentata (Scalloped Hazel)[7]
Oemona hirta[10]
Oligocentria semirufescens (Red-washed Prominent Moth)[7]
Orthosia gracilis (Powdered Quaker)[6]
Orthosia incerta (Clouded Drab)[6]
Orthosia populeti (Lead-coloured Drab)[6]
Ossicaulis lignatilis[8]
Pachysphinx modesta (modest sphinx, poplar sphinx)[7]
Pandemis chlorograpta[7]
Papilio cresphontes (Orange-dog swallowtail)[7]
Paranthrene tabaniformis (Dusky Clearwing)[6]
Paraphytomyza populi <Unverified Name>[6]
Paraphytomyza populicola <Unverified Name>[6]
Parastichtis suspecta[6]
Parastichtis ypsillon <Unverified Name>[6]
Pemphigus borealis[6]
Pemphigus bursarius (Poplar gall aphid)[6]
Pemphigus gairi[6]
Pemphigus phenax[6]
Pemphigus populi[6]
Pemphigus populinigrae[6]
Pemphigus protospirae[6]
Pemphigus spyrothecae spyrothecae[6]
Pemphigus trehernei[6]
Perisomena caecigena (Autumn Emperor Moth)[7]
Phalera bucephala (Buff-tip)[6]
Pheosia portlandia[7]
Pheosia tremula (Swallow Prominent)[6]
Phigalia sinuosaria[7]
Phlaeothrips coriaceus[6]
Phloeomyzus passerinii passerinii[6]
Phobetron hipparchia[7]
Phomopsis pallida[8]
Phratora laticollis <Unverified Name>[6]
Phtheochroa micana[7]
Phyllobius pyri (Common Leaf Weevil)[6]
Phyllocnistis populiella[7]
Phyllocnistis unipunctella[7]
Phyllocoptes populi <Unverified Name>[6]
Phyllonorycter comparella[7]
Phyllonorycter connexella[7]
Phyllonorycter pastorella[7]
Phytobia cambii[6]
Plagiodera versicolora[6]
Planotortrix excessana (Greenheaded leafroller)[7]
Planotortrix octo <Unverified Name>[10]
Poecilocampa populi (December Moth)[6]
Poecilothrips albopictus[6]
Pterocomma populeum[6]
Pterostoma palpina[6]
Ptilodon capucina (Coxcomb Prominent)[7]
Quadraspidiotus zonatus <Unverified Name>[6]
Ramphus pulicarius[6]
Rhynchaenus decoratus[6]
Rhynchaenus rusci <Unverified Name>[6]
Rhynchaenus salicis[6]
Rhynchaenus stigma[6]
Rhytidodus decimusquartus <Unverified Name>[6]
Rigidoporus ulmarius[8]
Salicicola kermanensis (Iranian poplar scale)[9]
Saliciphaga acharis[7]
Saperda carcharias[6]
Saperda scalaris[6]
Schizophyllum amplum[8]
Sciota rhenella[7]
Scoliopteryx libatrix (herald moth)[7]
Scolytus scolytus[6]
Selenia tetralunaria (Purple Thorn)[7]
Sesia apiformis (Hornet Moth)[7]
Shapius brouni <Unverified Name>[10]
Smerinthus cerisyi (Cerisy's sphinx moth)[7]
Sphinx luscitiosa (Clemens' Hawkmoth)[7]
Stigmella trimaculella[6]
Tethea ocularis (Figure of Eighty)[6]
Tethea or (Poplar Lutestring)[6]
Thecabius affinis[6]
Thecabius lysimachiae[6]
Trachysmia schreibersiana <Unverified Name>[6]
Tritophia tritophus[6]
Valsa nivea[8]
Valsa sordida[8]
Xanthia icteritia (Sallow)[6]
Xanthia ocellaris (Pale-lemon Sallow)[7]
Xuthodes punctipennis[10]
Zeugophora flavicollis <Unverified Name>[6]
Zeugophora subspinosa <Unverified Name>[6]


Parasitized by 
Cyclocybe cylindracea (Poplar Fieldcap)[8]
Fomes fomentarius (Hoof Fungus)[8]
Melampsora laricis-populina[8]
Puccinia allii-populina[8]


North America;



Attributes / relations provided by
1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database.
2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
3Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
4ECOFACT 2a Technical Annex - Ellenberg’s indicator values for British Plants, M O Hill, J O Mountford, D B Roy & R G H Bunce (1999)
5Forest Inventory and Analysis DB version 5.1, May 4, 2013, U.S. Forest Service
6Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
7HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
8Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
9Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
10New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Plant-SyNZ™ database
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Carlsbad Caverns National Park
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access