Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Ericales > Ericaceae > Arctostaphylos > Arctostaphylos alpinus

Arctostaphylos alpinus (alpine bearberry)

Synonyms: Arbutus alpina; Arctous alpina; Arctous alpina subsp. japonica; Arctous alpina var. japonicus; Arctous japonicus; Mairania alpina; Uva-ursi alpina; Vaccinium merkii

Wikipedia Abstract

Arctostaphylos alpina, with the common names alpine bearberry, mountain bearberry, or black bearberry is a dwarf shrub in the heather family Ericaceae. The basionym of this species is Arbutus alpina L..
View Wikipedia Record: Arctostaphylos alpinus


Height [3]  2.0 inches (0.05 m)
Width [3]  4.7 inches (0.12 m)
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-Low
Screening - Summer [2]  Moderate
Screening - Winter [2]  Porous
Hardiness Zone Minimum [2]  USDA Zone: 0 Low Temperature: -65 F° (-53.9 C°) → -60 F° (-51.1 C°)
Light Preference [5]  Mostly Sunny
Soil Acidity [5]  Very Acid
Soil Fertility [5]  Infertile
Soil Moisture [5]  Moist
Flower Color [2]  Yellow
Foliage Color [2]  Yellow
Fruit Color [2]  Black
Fall Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Bloom Period [2]  Early Spring
Drought Tolerance [2]  None
Edible [3]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Fire Tolerance [2]  Medium
Flower Type [3]  Hermaphrodite
Frost Free Days [2]  4 months
Fruit/Seed Abundance [2]  Medium
Growth Form [2]  Rhizomatous
Growth Rate [2]  Rapid
Leaf Type [3]  Deciduous
Lifespan [4]  Perennial
Pollinators [3]  Bees, Bats
Propagation [2]  Container, Cutting, Seed, Sprig
Root Depth [2]  12 inches (30 cm)
Seeds Per [2]  1700 / lb (3748 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [2]  Decumbent
Structure [3]  Shrub
View Plants For A Future Record : Arctostaphylos alpinus

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Aulavik National Park II 3021211 Northwest Territories, Canada
Auyuittuq National Park II 4808115 Nunavut, Canada
Basegi Zapovednik Ia 93739 Perm, Russia
Bering Land Bridge National Preserve Ib 2823882 Alaska, United States
Denali Biosphere Reserve 1932364 Alaska, United States
Gates of the Arctic National Park Ib 184461 Alaska, United States
Gros Morne National Park II 476632 Newfoundland, Canada
Ivvavik National Park II 2382752 Yukon, Canada
Kluane National Park and Reserve National Park Reserve II 5463436 Yukon, Canada
Kronotskiy Biosphere Reserve 361480 Russia  
Lake Clark National Park and Preserve Ib 386679 Alaska, United States
Laplandskiy Biosphere Reserve 757114 Russia  
Magadansky Zapovednik 2332834 Russia  
Mingan Archipelago National Park Reserve II 20461 Quebec, Canada
Nahanni National Park Reserve II 1309627 Northwest Territories, Canada
Noatak Biosphere Reserve 7500143 Alaska, United States  
Queen Maud Gulf Bird Sanctuary Migratory Bird Sanctuary IV 15335601 Nunavut, Canada
Sayano-Shushenskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 964620 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Sikhote-Alinskiy Biosphere Reserve 978001 Russia  
Taimyrsky Biosphere Reserve Ia 4403240 Taimyr, Russia
Terra Nova National Park IV 125894 Newfoundland, Canada
Ukkusiksalik National Park II   Nunavut, Canada
Valtavaara - Pyhävaara 2538 Finland  
Vuntut National Park II 1076795 Yukon, Canada
Wapusk National Park II 2614324 Manitoba, Canada
Winisk River Provincial Park II 434735 Ontario, Canada



Bombus polaris (Bumblebee)[6]
Branta hutchinsii (Cackling Goose)[6]
Calidris tenuirostris (Great Knot)[7]
Chaetonaevia nannfeldtii[8]
Corvus corax (Northern Raven)[6]
Lagopus lagopus (Willow Ptarmigan)[6]
Lagopus muta (Rock Ptarmigan)[8]
Lemmus sibiricus (brown lemming)[6]
Martes americana (American Marten)[9]
Myodes rutilus (northern red-backed vole)[6]
Numenius tahitiensis (Bristle-thighed Curlew)[7]
Phenacomys ungava (eastern heather vole)[10]
Poecile hudsonicus (Boreal Chickadee)[6]
Protoventuria alpina[8]
Protoventuria major[8]
Ursus americanus (black bear)[9]
Ursus arctos (Grizzly Bear)[6]


Pollinated by 
Bombus polaris (Bumblebee)[6]


Bassegi Zapovednik; North America;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000)
2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
3Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
4PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish Plants: Status, Size, Life History, Geography and Habitats, M. O. Hill, C. D. Preston & D. B. Roy, Biological Records Centre, NERC Centre for Ecology and Hydrology (2004)
5ECOFACT 2a Technical Annex - Ellenberg’s indicator values for British Plants, M O Hill, J O Mountford, D B Roy & R G H Bunce (1999)
6Making The Forest And Tundra Wildlife Connection
7del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
8Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
9Exploring the Denali Food Web, ParkWise, National Park Service
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access