Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Ericales > Ericaceae > Vaccinium > Vaccinium corymbosum
 

Vaccinium corymbosum (highbush blueberry)

Synonyms: Cyanococcus corymbosus; Cyanococcus cuthbertii; Vaccinium constablaei; Vaccinium corymbosum var. albiflorum; Vaccinium corymbosum var. glabrum; Vaccinium marianum

Wikipedia Abstract

Vaccinium corymbosum, the northern highbush blueberry, is a North American species of blueberry which has become a food crop of significant economic importance. It is native to eastern Canada and the eastern and southern United States, from Ontario east to Nova Scotia and south as far as Florida and eastern Texas. It is also naturalized in other places: Europe, Japan, New Zealand, the Pacific Northwest of North America, etc.
View Wikipedia Record: Vaccinium corymbosum

Attributes

Height [2]  12.1 feet (3.7 m)
Allergen Potential [1]  Low
Screening - Summer [2]  Dense
Screening - Winter [2]  Moderate
Hardiness Zone Minimum [2]  USDA Zone: 3 Low Temperature: -40 F° (-40 C°) → -30 F° (-34.4 C°)
Light Preference [2]  Mostly Shady
Soil Acidity [2]  Neutral
Soil Fertility [2]  Intermediate
Water Use [2]  Moderate
Flower Color [2]  White
Foliage Color [2]  Green
Fruit Color [2]  Blue
Fall Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Fruit Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Bloom Period [2]  Early Summer
Drought Tolerance [2]  Low
Fire Tolerance [2]  High
Frost Free Days [2]  3 months 10 days
Fruit/Seed Abundance [2]  Medium
Fruit/Seed Begin [2]  Summer
Fruit/Seed End [2]  Summer
Growth Form [2]  Multiple Stem
Growth Period [2]  Spring, Summer
Growth Rate [2]  Moderate
Leaf Type [3]  Deciduous
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Propagation [2]  Bare Root, Container, Cutting, Seed
Root Depth [2]  16 inches (41 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [2]  Slow
Seed Vigor [2]  Low
Seeds Per [2]  974998 / lb (2149505 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [2]  Erect
Structure [3]  Shrub
Vegetative Spread Rate [2]  None

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Assateague Island National Seashore II 8621 Maryland, United States
Blue Ridge Parkway National Parkway V 73611 North Carolina, Virginia, United States
Carolinian-South Atlantic Biosphere Reserve 310228 North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, United States      
Chippewa Nature Center   Michigan, United States    
Colonial National Historic Park National Historical Park V 9316 Virginia, United States
Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research   North Carolina, United States
Cumberland Gap National Hist. Park National Historical Park V 24282 Kentucky, Tennessee, Virginia, United States
Dorset Heaths 14161 England, United Kingdom
Edwin S. George Reserve 1297 Michigan, United States
Felsenthal National Wildlife Refuge VI 66133 Arkansas, United States
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Gulf Island National Seashore II 67487 Florida, Mississippi, United States
Mount Mitchell State Park   North Carolina, United States
New Jersey Pinelands Biosphere Reserve   New Jersey, United States  
Obed Wild and Scenic River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 5268 Tennessee, United States
Richmond National Battlefield Park III 1517 Virginia, United States
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Tennessee River Gorge   Tennessee, United States

Ecosystems

Predators

Apis mellifera (honey bee)[4]
Baeolophus bicolor (Tufted Titmouse)[4]
Bombus fervidus (Golden northern bumble bee)[4]
Caedicia simplex (Common garden Katydid)[5]
Camponotus pennsylvanicus (black carpenter ant)[4]
Cardinalis cardinalis (Northern Cardinal)[4]
Celastrina argiolus (Holly Blue Butterfly)[6]
Colias interior (pink edged sulphur)[6]
Corvus brachyrhynchos (American Crow)[4]
Costelytra zealandica[5]
Cyanocitta cristata (Blue Jay)[4]
Diaspidiotus ancylus (Howard scale)[7]
Didelphis virginiana (Virginia Opossum)[4]
Dysmicoccus vaccinii (blueberry mealybug)[7]
Epiphyas postvittana (Light brown apple moth)[5]
Eriococcus quercus (oak eriococcus)[7]
Heliothrips haemorrhoidalis (Greenhouse thrip)[5]
Hemaris thysbe (common clear-wing)[4]
Meleagris gallopavo (Wild Turkey)[4]
Myiarchus crinitus (Great Crested Flycatcher)[4]
Odocoileus virginianus (white-tailed deer)[4]
Ovulinia azaleae[6]
Poecile carolinensis (Carolina Chickadee)[4]
Rhagoletis mendax (blueberry maggot)[8]
Sialia sialis (Eastern Bluebird)[4]
Turdus migratorius (American Robin)[4]
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)[4]
Acrosternum hilare (Green stinkbug)[4]
Antheraea polyphemus (polyphemus moth)[4]
Lepidosaphes ulmi (apple oystershell scale)[4]
Mephitis mephitis (Striped Skunk)[4]
Peromyscus leucopus (white-footed mouse)[4]
Sylvilagus floridanus (Eastern Cottontail)[4]
Tamias striatus (eastern chipmunk)[4]
Zenaida macroura (Mourning Dove)[4]

Providers

Pollinated by 
Apis mellifera (honey bee)[4]
Bombus fervidus (Golden northern bumble bee)[4]
Hemaris thysbe (common clear-wing)[4]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Lepidosaphes ulmi[4]
Lonicera japonica (Chinese honeysuckle)[4]
Pucciniastrum goeppertianum[6]
Shelter for 
Argiope aurantia (black-and-yellow argiope)[4]
Cicindela sexguttata (Six-spotted Tiger Beetle)[4]
Colinus virginianus (Northern Bobwhite)[4]
Cryptotis parva (North American Least Shrew)[4]
Dermacentor variabilis (American dog tick)[4]
Heterodon platirhinos (Eastern Hognose Snake)[4]
Micrathena gracilis (Spined micrathena)[4]
Microtus pennsylvanicus (meadow vole)[4]
Mimus polyglottos (Northern Mockingbird)[4]
Molothrus ater (Brown-headed Cowbird)[4]
Nerodia sipedon (Northern Water Snake)[4]
Pseudacris crucifer (Spring Peeper)[4]
Tenodera aridifolia (Chinese mantid)[4]
Terrapene carolina (Florida Box Turtle)[4]
Thamnophis sirtalis (Common Garter Snake)[4]
Acrosternum hilare (Green stinkbug)[4]
Antheraea polyphemus (polyphemus moth)[4]
Lepidosaphes ulmi (apple oystershell scale)[4]
Mephitis mephitis (Striped Skunk)[4]
Peromyscus leucopus (white-footed mouse)[4]
Sylvilagus floridanus (Eastern Cottontail)[4]
Tamias striatus (eastern chipmunk)[4]
Zenaida macroura (Mourning Dove)[4]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Svalbard Global Seed Vault

Distribution

North America;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000)
2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
3Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
4Study of Northern Virginia Ecology
5New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Plant-SyNZ™ database
6Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
7Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
8Rhagoletis mendax Curran (Insecta: Diptera: Tephritidae), G.J. Steck, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Division of Plant Industry, and J.A. Payne, USDA-ARS, Southeastern Fruit and Nut Research Laboratory, July 1998
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Chippewa Nature Center
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Edwin S. George Reserve, University of Michigan, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access