Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Myrtales > Lythraceae > Punica > Punica granatum

Punica granatum (pomegranate)

Synonyms: Granatum punicum; Punica florida; Punica grandiflora; Punica multiflora; Punica nana; Punica spinosa; Rhoea punica

Wikipedia Abstract

The pomegranate (/ˈpɒmᵻɡrænᵻt/), botanical name Punica granatum, is a fruit-bearing deciduous shrub or small tree in the family Lythraceae that grows between 5 and 8 m (16 and 26 ft) tall. In the Northern Hemisphere, the fruit is typically in season from September to February, and in the Southern Hemisphere from March to May. As intact arils or juice, pomegranates are used in cooking, baking, meal garnishes, juice blends, smoothies, and alcoholic beverages, such as cocktails and wine.
View Wikipedia Record: Punica granatum


Height [3]  16.4 feet (5 m)
Width [3]  26 feet (8 m)
Allergen Potential [1]  Low
Screening - Summer [2]  Porous
Screening - Winter [2]  Porous
Hardiness Zone Minimum [2]  USDA Zone: 5 Low Temperature: -20 F° (-28.9 C°) → -10 F° (-23.3 C°)
Light Preference [2]  Mixed Sun/Shade
Soil Acidity [2]  Neutral
Soil Fertility [2]  Intermediate
Water Use [2]  Moderate
Flower Color [2]  Orange
Foliage Color [2]  Green
Fruit Color [2]  Red
Fall Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Flower Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Fruit Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Bloom Period [2]  Spring
Drought Tolerance [2]  None
Edible [3]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Fire Tolerance [2]  Low
Flower Type [3]  Hermaphrodite
Frost Free Days [2]  4 months 20 days
Fruit/Seed Abundance [2]  High
Fruit/Seed Begin [2]  Summer
Fruit/Seed End [2]  Fall
Growth Form [2]  Stoloniferous
Growth Period [2]  Spring, Summer
Growth Rate [2]  Slow
Leaf Type [3]  Deciduous
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Propagation [2]  Bare Root, Container, Seed
Root Depth [2]  20 inches (51 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [2]  Slow
Seed Vigor [2]  Medium
Seeds Per [2]  2400 / lb (5291 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [2]  Vase
Specific Gravity [4]  0.771
Structure [3]  Tree
Usage [3]  A red dye is obtained from the flowers and also from the rind of unripened fruits; The dye can be red or black and it is also used as an ink; It is coppery-brown in colour; No mordant is required; A fast yellow dye is obtained from the dried rind; The dried peel of the fruit contains about 26% tannin; The bark can also be used as a source of tannin; The root bark contains about 22% tannin, a jet-black ink can be made from it; Plants are grown as hedges in Mediterranean climates; Wood - very hard, compact, close grained, durable, yellow. Used for making agricultural implements. A possible substitute for box, Buxus spp;
Vegetative Spread Rate [2]  None
View Plants For A Future Record : Punica granatum

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Archipelago de Colon Biosphere Reserve 34336011 Galapagos Islands, Ecuador  
Ghajn Barrani Area 135 Malta  
Il-Ballut tal-Wardija (l/o San Pawl il-Bahar) 50 Malta  
Il-Maqluba (l/o Qrendi) 6 Malta  
Ir-Ramla Area 18 Malta  
L-Imgiebah / Tal-Mignuna Area 436 Malta  
Organ Pipe Cactus Biosphere Reserve 327376 Arizona, United States  
Parco Del Somma-Vesuvio e Miglio D'Oro National Park II 33648 Italy
Rdumijiet ta' Malta: Ir-Ramla tac-Cirkewwa sa Il-Ponta ta' Benghisa 5724 Malta  
Xlendi - Wied tal-Kantra Area 732 Malta  

Emblem of

Libyan Arab Jamahiriya


Anastrepha fraterculus (South American fruit fly)[5]
Anastrepha ludens (Mexican fruit fly)[5]
Anastrepha suspensa (Caribbean fruit fly)[5]
Andaspis leucophleae[6]
Andaspis punicae[6]
Aonidiella orientalis (Oriental Scale)[6]
Cadra cautella[7]
Ceroplastes ceriferus (Indian wax scale)[8]
Ceroplastes cirripediformis (barnacle scale)[6]
Ceroplastes deciduosus[6]
Ceroplastes diospyros[6]
Ceroplastes grandis[6]
Ceroplastes janeirensis[6]
Ceroplastes japonicus (fig wax scale)[6]
Ceroplastes pseudoceriferus (Indian wax scale)[6]
Ceroplastes rubens (pink wax scale)[6]
Ceroplastes rusci (barnacle wax scale)[6]
Ceroplastes sinensis (hard wax scale)[6]
Crisicoccus theobromae[6]
Cryptoblabes gnidiella[8]
Cryptophlebia leucotreta[7]
Dichocrocis punctiferalis[7]
Duplaspidiotus claviger (camellia mining scale)[6]
Dysgonia algira (Passenger)[8]
Dysmicoccus grassii[6]
Dysmicoccus neobrevipes (annona mealybug)[6]
Eriococcus desertus (desert felt scale)[6]
Eriococcus lagerstroemiae (crapemyrtle scale)[6]
Euproctis flava[7]
Euzophera bigella[8]
Ferrisia malvastra (grey mealybug)[6]
Ferrisia virgata (grey mealybug)[6]
Heliococcus destructor[6]
Hemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)[6]
Howardia biclavis (mining scale)[6]
Icerya aegyptiaca[6]
Icerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)[6]
Lepidosaphes conchiformis (fig oystershell scale)[6]
Lepidosaphes granati (hawthorn oystershell scale)[6]
Lepidosaphes ulmi (apple oystershell scale)[6]
Leptoglossus zonatus (Large-Legged Bug)[7]
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)[6]
Melanerythrus biguttatus[7]
Mercetaspis halli (hall scale)[6]
Neopinnaspis harperi (Harper scale)[6]
Nipaecoccus viridis (karoo thorn mealybug)[6]
Paracoccus ferrisi[6]
Parasa lepida (Nettle Caterpillar)[7]
Parasaissetia nigra (nigra scale)[8]
Parlatoreopsis longispina (Asiatic pomegranate scale)[6]
Parlatoria oleae (olive parlatoria scale)[6]
Phenacoccus solenopsis (solenopsis mealybug)[6]
Pinnaspis buxi (bamboo mussel-scale)[6]
Pinnaspis strachani (lesser snow scale)[6]
Planococcus albi <Unverified Name>[6]
Planococcus ficus (grapevine mealybug)[6]
Planococcus lilacinus (citrus mealybug)[6]
Pseudaonidia trilobitiformis (gingging scale)[6]
Pseudococcus comstocki (Comstock mealybug)[6]
Pseudococcus cryptus (citriculus mealybug)[6]
Pseudococcus jackbeardsleyi (banana mealybug)[6]
Pseudococcus solenedyos (oral-rim mealybug)[6]
Psittacula cyanocephala (Plum-headed Parakeet)[9]
Pteropus giganteus (Indian flying fox)[10]
Pulvinaria mammeae (large cottony scale)[6]
Pulvinaria psidii (green shield scale)[6]
Rousettus leschenaultii (Leschenault's rousette)[10]
Saissetia coffeae (brown scale)[6]
Saissetia miranda (mexican black scale)[6]
Spilococcus alhagii[6]
Trabala vishnou[7]
Zeuzera pyrina (leopard moth)[7]


Caribbean; North America;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000)
2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
3Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
4Chave J, Coomes D, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Swenson NG, Zanne AE (2009) Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Ecology Letters 12: 351-366. Zanne AE, Lopez-Gonzalez G, Coomes DA, Ilic J, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Miller RB, Swenson NG, Wiemann MC, Chave J (2009) Data from: Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Dryad Digital Repository.
5Norrbom, A.L. 2004. Fruit fly (Tephritidae) host plant database. Version Nov, 2004.
6Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
7Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
8Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
9del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
10Sudhakaran, M.R. & P.S. Doss (2012). Food and foraging preferences of three pteropo- did bats in southern India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 4(1): 2295-2303
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Images provided by Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access