Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Myrtales > Onagraceae > Epilobium > Epilobium hirsutum

Epilobium hirsutum (hairy willow herb; codlins and cream)

Synonyms: Chamaenerion grandiflorum; Chamaenerion hirsutum; Epilobium amplexicaule; Epilobium aquaticum; Epilobium dubium; Epilobium foliosum; Epilobium grandiflorum; Epilobium himalense; Epilobium hirsutum f. alboroseum; Epilobium hirsutum f. minus; Epilobium hirsutum var. laetum; Epilobium hirsutum var. sericeum; Epilobium hirsutum var. tomentosum; Epilobium hirsutum var. villosissimum; Epilobium hirsutum var. villosum; Epilobium hybridum; Epilobium incanum; Epilobium intermedium; Epilobium mirei; Epilobium ramosum; Epilobium rivulare; Epilobium sericeum; Epilobium serratum; Epilobium tomentosum; Epilobium velutinum; Epilobium villosum

Wikipedia Abstract

Epilobium hirsutum is a flowering plant belonging to the willowherb genus Epilobium in the family Onagraceae. It is commonly known as the great willowherb, great hairy willowherb or hairy willowherb. Local names include codlins-and-cream, apple-pie and cherry-pie.
View Wikipedia Record: Epilobium hirsutum


Height [3]  6.6 feet (2 m)
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium
Light Preference [4]  Mostly Sunny
Soil Acidity [4]  Neutral
Soil Fertility [4]  Rich
Soil Moisture [4]  Damp
Bee Flower Color [2]  Blue
Flower Color [2]  Violet
Edible [3]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [3]  Hermaphrodite
Hazards [3]  One report says that the plant might be poisonous; Another says that it causes epileptiform convulsions;
Lifespan [3]  Perennial
Pollinators [3]  Bees, Hoverflies, Bats
Scent [3]  The stems and leaves are covered with a soft down that emits the smell of the Moss Rose and Eglantine. The plants have the refreshing scent of ripe apples.
Structure [5]  Herb
View Plants For A Future Record : Epilobium hirsutum

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Astrakhanskiy Biosphere Reserve Zapovednik Ia 167827 Astrakhan, Russia
Belovezhskaya Pushcha Biosphere Reserve National Park II 218515 Belarus
Bialowieza National Park II 11126 Poland
Biviere di Lentini, tratto mediano e foce del Fiume Simeto e area antistante la foce 12271 Italy  
Breckland 18652 England, United Kingdom
Bruce Peninsula National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Cardigan Bay/ Bae Ceredigion 236876 Wales, United Kingdom
Carmarthen Bay and Estuaries/ Bae Caerfyrddin ac Aberoedd 163340 Wales, United Kingdom
Carpathian Biosphere Reserve 144772 Ukraine  
Dorset Heaths 14161 England, United Kingdom
Dorset Heaths (Purbeck and Wareham) and Studland Dunes 5491 England, United Kingdom
Eryri/ Snowdonia 48773 Wales, United Kingdom  
Essex Estuaries 114016 England, United Kingdom
Exmoor Heaths 26455 England, United Kingdom
Galichia Gora Zapovednik Ia 568 Lipetsk, Russia
Gateway National Recreation Area V 1807 New Jersey, United States
Humber Estuary 90582 England, United Kingdom
Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore II 8272 Indiana, United States
Katunsky Biosphere Reserve 393162 Altai, Russia
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
Khopersky Zapovednik Ia 47103 Russia  
Kleiner Plessower See 251 Germany  
Lower Derwent Valley 2263 England, United Kingdom
Luberon Regional Nature Park V 406572 France  
Luce Bay and Sands 120487 Scotland, United Kingdom
Lyme Bay and Torbay 77215 England, United Kingdom
Mendip Limestone Grasslands 1032 England, United Kingdom
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
North Norfolk Coast 7926 England, United Kingdom  
North Pennine Moors 254789 England, United Kingdom
North Somerset and Mendip Bats 1387 England, United Kingdom
Okskiy Biosphere Reserve 190748 Russia  
Palava Protected Landscape Area V   Czech Republic  
Point Pelee National Park II 5764 Ontario, Canada
Reserva de la Biosfera de Urdaibai Biosphere Reserve V 1777 Spain  
Rondeau Provincial Park II 5035 Ontario, Canada
Saint Lawrence Islands National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Salisbury Plain 52975 England, United Kingdom
Severn Estuary/ Môr Hafren 182155 England/Wales, United Kingdom
South Pennine Moors 160577 England, United Kingdom  
South Wight Maritime 49082 England, United Kingdom
The Broads 14554 England, United Kingdom  
The Wash and North Norfolk Coast 266284 England, United Kingdom
Tsentral'no-Chernozemny Biosphere Reserve Ia 13064 Kursk, Russia
Tsentral'no-Lesnoy Biosphere Reserve Ia 62630 Russia  
Ukrainskii Stepnoi Zapovednik Nature Zapovednik Ia 2920 Ukraine  
Voronezhskiy Biosphere Reserve 95835 Russia  
Zhuvintas Zapovednik 18223 Lithuania  



Altica lythri <Unverified Name>[6]
Altica oleracea <Unverified Name>[6]
Anthostomella clypeoides[7]
Aphis epilobiaria[6]
Aphis praeterita[6]
Chaetospermum chaetosporum[7]
Chalara urceolata[7]
Crocicreas sellingensis[7]
Dasineura epilobii[6]
Dasyscyphus castaneus[7]
Deilephila elpenor (Elephant Hawk-Moth)[8]
Deilephila porcellus (Small Elephant Hawk-moth)[6]
Dictyosporium toruloides[7]
Dicyphus epilobii[6]
Didymella epilobii[7]
Discostroma tostum[7]
Ecliptopera silaceata (Small Phoenix)[6]
Hippotion celerio (Grapevine hawk moth)[6]
Hyles gallii (Bedstraw Hawk-Moth)[6]
Hymenoscyphus repandus[7]
Lachnum virgineum (Snowy Disco)[7]
Lasiobelonium nidulum[7]
Melanochaeta aotearoae[7]
Mollisia dilutella[7]
Mompha bradleyi[6]
Mompha decorella[6]
Mompha epilobiella[6]
Mompha jurassicella <Unverified Name>[6]
Mompha lacteella[6]
Mompha langiella <Unverified Name>[6]
Mompha ochraceella[6]
Mompha propinquella[6]
Naenia typica (Gothic)[6]
Nectria ellisii[7]
Olethreutes lacunana <Unverified Name>[6]
Pezizella punctoidea[7]
Phragmocephala elliptica[7]
Pseudolachnea hispidula[7]
Sarcopodium circinatum[7]
Scythris inspersella[8]
Sigarispora caudata[7]
Tenthredo colon <Unverified Name>[6]
Unguicularia dilatopilosa[7]
Unguicularia incarnatina[7]


Parasitized by 
Puccinia epilobii[7]
Sphaerotheca epilobii[7]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Svalbard Global Seed Vault


North America;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000)
2Arnold SEJ, Faruq S, Savolainen V, McOwan PW, Chittka L, 2010 FReD: The Floral Reflectance Database — A Web Portal for Analyses of Flower Colour. PLoS ONE 5(12): e14287.
3Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
4ECOFACT 2a Technical Annex - Ellenberg’s indicator values for British Plants, M O Hill, J O Mountford, D B Roy & R G H Bunce (1999)
5Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
6Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
7Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
8HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access