Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Caryophyllales > Simmondsiaceae > Simmondsia > Simmondsia chinensis

Simmondsia chinensis (jojoba)

Synonyms: Buxus chinensis; Simmondsia californica

Wikipedia Abstract

Jojoba /həˈhoʊbə/, with the botanical name Simmondsia chinensis, and also known as goat nut, deer nut, pignut, wild hazel, quinine nut, coffeeberry, and gray box bush, is native to Southwestern North America. Simmondsia chinensis is the sole species of the family Simmondsiaceae, placed in the order Caryophyllales. Jojoba is grown commercially to produce jojoba oil, a liquid wax ester extracted from its seed.
View Wikipedia Record: Simmondsia chinensis


Height [1]  6.9 feet (2.1 m)
Screening - Summer [1]  Moderate
Screening - Winter [1]  Moderate
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 6 Low Temperature: -10 F° (-23.3 C°) → 0 F° (-17.8 C°)
Light Preference [1]  Full Sun
Soil Acidity [1]  Neutral
Soil Fertility [1]  Infertile
Water Use [1]  Low
Flower Color [1]  Yellow
Foliage Color [1]  Green
Fruit Color [1]  Brown
Fruit Conspicuous [1]  Yes
Bloom Period [1]  Late Spring
Drought Tolerance [1]  High
Fire Tolerance [1]  High
Frost Free Days [1]  8 months
Fruit/Seed Abundance [1]  High
Fruit/Seed Begin [1]  Summer
Fruit/Seed End [1]  Fall
Growth Form [1]  Multiple Stem
Growth Period [1]  Summer, Fall
Growth Rate [1]  Moderate
Leaf Type [2]  Evergreen
Lifespan [1]  Perennial
Propagation [1]  Bare Root, Container, Cutting, Seed
Root Depth [1]  12 inches (30 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [1]  Slow
Seeds Per [1]  700 / lb (1543 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [1]  Rounded
Structure [2]  Shrub
Vegetative Spread Rate [1]  None

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Mojave and Colorado Deserts Biosphere Reserve 5901 California, United States  
Philip L. Boyd Deep Canyon Desert Research Center 6101 California, United States


Diaspis simmondsiae (jojoba scale)[3]
Epinotia kasloana[4]
Hemileuca electra[4]
Proeulia chrysopteris[4]
Puto simmondsiae (Simmondsia mealybug)[3]
Situlaspis yuccae (celtis scale)[3]


North America;



Attributes / relations provided by
1USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
2Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
3Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
4HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access