Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Rosales > Rhamnaceae > Ceanothus > Ceanothus americanus
 

Ceanothus americanus (new jersey tea; Jersey tea; jerseytea)

Synonyms: Ceanothus americanus var. intermedius; Ceanothus americanus var. pitcheri; Ceanothus decumbens; Ceanothus dillenianus; Ceanothus glomeratus; Ceanothus hybridus; Ceanothus intermedius; Ceanothus levigatus; Ceanothus macrocarpus; Ceanothus macrophyllus; Ceanothus officinalis; Ceanothus perennis; Ceanothus pitcheri; Ceanothus procumbens; Ceanothus reclinatus; Ceanothus sanguineus; Ceanothus tardiflorus; Ceanothus trinervus; Ceanothus virgatus
Language: French

Wikipedia Abstract

Ceanothus americanus is a species of shrub native to North America. Common names include New Jersey tea, Jersey tea ceanothus, variations of red root (red-root; redroot), and mountain sweet (mountain-sweet; mountainsweet), and wild snowball. New Jersey Tea was a name coined during the American Revolution, because its leaves were used as a substitute for imported tea.
View Wikipedia Record: Ceanothus americanus

Attributes

Height [3]  3.9 feet (1.2 m)
Width [3]  39 inches (1 m)
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-High
Screening - Summer [2]  Dense
Screening - Winter [2]  Moderate
Hardiness Zone Minimum [2]  USDA Zone: 4 Low Temperature: -30 F° (-34.4 C°) → -20 F° (-28.9 C°)
Light Preference [2]  Mostly Shady
Soil Acidity [2]  Mostly Acid
Soil Fertility [2]  Infertile
Water Use [2]  Low
Flower Color [2]  Blue
Foliage Color [2]  Green
Fruit Color [2]  Brown
Bloom Period [2]  Late Spring
Drought Tolerance [2]  High
Edible [3]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Fire Tolerance [2]  Medium
Flower Type [3]  Hermaphrodite
Frost Free Days [2]  4 months
Fruit/Seed Abundance [2]  Low
Fruit/Seed Begin [2]  Summer
Fruit/Seed End [2]  Fall
Growth Form [2]  Multiple Stem
Growth Period [2]  Spring, Summer
Growth Rate [2]  Slow
Leaf Type [3]  Deciduous
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Propagation [2]  Bare Root, Container, Seed
Root Depth [2]  14 inches (36 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [2]  Slow
Seed Vigor [2]  Low
Seeds Per [2]  112000 / lb (246917 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [2]  Semi-Erect
Structure [3]  Shrub
Usage [3]  A green dye is obtained from the flowers; A cinnamon-coloured dye is obtained from the whole plant; A red dye is obtained from the root; The flowers are rich in saponins, when crushed and mixed with water they produce an excellent lather which is an effective and gentle soap; They can be used as a body wash (simply rub the wet blossoms over the body) or to clean clothes; The flowers were much used by the North American Indians as a body wash, especially by the women in preparation for marriage, and they leave the skin smelling fragrantly of the flowers;
Vegetative Spread Rate [2]  Slow
View Plants For A Future Record : Ceanothus americanus

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Big South Fork National River and Recreation Area National Recreation Area V 120283 Kentucky, Tennessee, United States
Blue Ridge Parkway National Parkway V 73611 North Carolina, Virginia, United States
Booker T. Washington National Monument V 237 Virginia, United States
Carolinian-South Atlantic Biosphere Reserve 310228 North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, United States      
Catoctin Mountain Park National Park II 5994 Maryland, United States
Chattahoochee River National Recreation Area V 7622 Georgia, United States
Chesapeake & Ohio Canal National Hist. Park National Historical Park V 19586 Maryland, District of Columbia, United States
Chickamauga & Chattanooga Nat'l Military Park National Military Park V 8248 Georgia, Tennessee, United States
Chippewa Nature Center   Michigan, United States    
Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research   North Carolina, United States
Cumberland Gap National Hist. Park National Historical Park V 24282 Kentucky, Tennessee, Virginia, United States
Edwin S. George Reserve 1297 Michigan, United States
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park VI 715 West Virginia, United States
Hobcaw Barony (North Inlet) National Estuarine Research Reserve 7585 South Carolina, United States
Horseshoe Bend National Military Park V 1926 Alabama, United States
Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore II 8272 Indiana, United States
Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park III 2897 Georgia, United States
Mammoth Cave Area Biosphere Reserve (Natn'l Park) National Park II 51235 Kentucky, United States
Manassas National Battlefield Park III 5132 Virginia, United States
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
Obed Wild and Scenic River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 5268 Tennessee, United States
Oconee National Forest Botanical Reserve 306 Georgia, United States  
Prince William Forest Park 19378 District of Columbia, United States
Richmond National Battlefield Park III 1517 Virginia, United States
Rondeau Provincial Park II 5035 Ontario, Canada
Saint Lawrence Islands National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Saratoga National Historical Park   New York, United States
Shenandoah National Park II 108221 Virginia, United States
Shiloh National Military Park III 4061 Tennessee, United States
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Tennessee River Gorge   Tennessee, United States

Predators

Apodrepanulatrix liberaria[4]
Bucculatrix anaticula[4]
Erastria coloraria[4]
Erastria cruentaria[4]
Erynnis martialis[4]
Hyalophora euryalus (Ceanothus Silkmoth)[4]
Lepidosaphes ulmi (apple oystershell scale)[5]
Periploca ceanothiella[4]
Recurvaria consimilis[4]
Rhizaspidiotus dearnessi (dearness scale)[5]

Providers

Pollinated by 
Allograpta obliqua[6]
Ancistrocerus tigris <Unverified Name>[6]
Andrena platyparia[6]
Anoplius illinoensis[6]
Anoplius marginatus[6]
Anoplius tenebrosus[6]
Archytas analis[6]
Archytas aterrima <Unverified Name>[6]
Attalus scincetus <Unverified Name>[6]
Bombias auricomus <Unverified Name>[6]
Bombias separatus <Unverified Name>[6]
Calliopsis andreniformis[6]
Calocoris rapidus <Unverified Name>[6]
Canthophorus cinctus <Unverified Name>[6]
Centrias americanus <Unverified Name>[6]
Centrinites strigicollis[6]
Centrinus picumnus[6]
Centrinus scutellum album <Unverified Name>[6]
Ceratina dupla (Little carpenter bee)[6]
Cerceris arelate[6]
Cerceris clypeata (weevil wasp)[6]
Cerceris compacta[6]
Cerceris compar[6]
Cerceris crucis[6]
Cerceris rufopicta[6]
Ceropales robinsonii <Unverified Name>[6]
Chloralictus sparsus <Unverified Name>[6]
Chloralictus versatus <Unverified Name>[6]
Cistogaster occidua <Unverified Name>[6]
Colletes eulophi[6]
Colletes willistoni[6]
Conops brachyrrhynchus <Unverified Name>[6]
Cryptorhopalum haemorrhoidale[6]
Curtisapis forbesii <Unverified Name>[6]
Diabrotica atripennis <Unverified Name>[6]
Dioxyna picciola[6]
Ectemnius cephalotes[6]
Eumenes fraternus (potter wasp)[6]
Eupeodes americanus (American hover fly)[6]
Evylaeus arcuatus <Unverified Name>[6]
Evylaeus pectoralis <Unverified Name>[6]
Evylaeus truncatus <Unverified Name>[6]
Exorista confinis <Unverified Name>[6]
Hedychrum violaceum <Unverified Name>[6]
Helicobia helicis <Unverified Name>[6]
Hemipenthes sinuosus[6]
Hylotoma humeralis <Unverified Name>[6]
Isodontia apicalis[6]
Leionotus dorsalis <Unverified Name>[6]
Leionotus foraminatus <Unverified Name>[6]
Leionotus fulvipes <Unverified Name>[6]
Leionotus fundatus <Unverified Name>[6]
Leionotus illinoensis <Unverified Name>[6]
Leionotus ziziae[6]
Leucospis affinis[6]
Limnophora narona[6]
Limonius griseus <Unverified Name>[6]
Linnaemyia compta <Unverified Name>[6]
Lucilia caesar (Greenbottle Blow Fly)[6]
Lygaeus turcicus[6]
Lygus pratensis (Common Meadow Bug)[6]
Macropis steironematis[6]
Megachile brevis[6]
Mesogramma geminata <Unverified Name>[6]
Mesogramma marginata[6]
Mordella marginata (tumbling flower beetle)[6]
Morellia micans[6]
Musca domestica (house fly)[6]
Nemotelus glaber[6]
Neotrypetes truncatus <Unverified Name>[6]
Ocyptera tenuis <Unverified Name>[6]
Orthoneura nitida <Unverified Name>[6]
Oxacis thoracica <Unverified Name>[6]
Oxybelus mexicanus[6]
Oxybelus packardii[6]
Oxystoglossa confusa <Unverified Name>[6]
Pachybrachys atomarius <Unverified Name>[6]
Pachyophthalmus signatus <Unverified Name>[6]
Paradidyma singularis <Unverified Name>[6]
Paragus bicolor[6]
Parempis clausa <Unverified Name>[6]
Phorantha purpurascens <Unverified Name>[6]
Phorbia acra <Unverified Name>[6]
Phormia regina (Black blowfly)[6]
Poecilopompilus navus <Unverified Name>[6]
Polistes fuscatus (Paper wasp)[6]
Prosopis pygmaea <Unverified Name>[6]
Prosopis ziziae <Unverified Name>[6]
Psammochares relativus <Unverified Name>[6]
Pseudopyrellia cornicina <Unverified Name>[6]
Sarcophaga sinuata[6]
Sceliphron cementarius <Unverified Name>[6]
Seladonia fasciata <Unverified Name>[6]
Sepsis flavimana[6]
Siphona geniculata[6]
Spallanzania hesperidarum[6]
Sphaerophoria cylindrica[6]
Sphecodes minor[6]
Sphecodium cressonii <Unverified Name>[6]
Sphex nigricans <Unverified Name>[6]
Stylogaster biannulata[6]
Syritta pipiens (thick-legged hoverfly)[6]
Tachysphex acutus[6]
Tachysphex belfragei[6]
Telephorus scitulus <Unverified Name>[6]
Thecla edwardsi[6]
Thecla sylvinus <Unverified Name>[6]
Thecophora occidensis[6]
Trachandrena crataegi <Unverified Name>[6]
Trichiotinus affinis[6]
Trichophora ruficauda <Unverified Name>[6]
Tropidia mamillata[6]
Tropidia quadrata[6]
Typocerus sinuatus[6]
Xanthomelana arcuata <Unverified Name>[6]
Zodion fulvifrons[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Dixon National Tallgrass Prairie Seed Bank
Svalbard Global Seed Vault

Distribution

North America;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by , , in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000) 2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture 3Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License 4HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández 5Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009 6Robertson, C. Flowers and insects lists of visitors of four hundred and fifty three flowers. 1929. The Science Press Printing Company Lancaster, PA.
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. Chippewa Nature Center Edwin S. George Reserve, University of Michigan, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by Dixon National Tallgrass Prairie Seed Bank, Chicago Botanic Garden - February 2013 Svalbard Global Seed Vault, Norway Ministry of Agriculture and Food - February 2013