Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Rosales > Rhamnaceae > Ziziphus > Ziziphus mauritiana

Ziziphus mauritiana (Indian jujube; Chinese apple; Chinese date; Indian cherry; Indian plum; Malay-jujube; Bedara; Jujubier)

Synonyms: Rhamnus jujuba; Ziziphus mauritiana var. muratiana; Ziziphus mauritiana var. orthacantha; Ziziphus muratiana; Ziziphus orthacantha; Ziziphus rotunda
Language: French

Wikipedia Abstract

Ziziphus mauritiana, also known as Chinese date, ber, Chinee/Chinkee apple, jujube, Indian plum, Regi pandu, Indian jujube and masau, is a tropical fruit tree species belonging to the family Rhamnaceae. In Queensland, Australia, it is known as the Chinee/Chinkee apple as it was believed to be introduced by Chinese miners to areas such as Charters Towers, Ravenswood and Hughenden.
View Wikipedia Record: Ziziphus mauritiana


Invasive Species

Ziziphus mauritiana is widely cultivated in dry areas throughout the tropics. It tolerates extremely dry habitats and is an extremely valuable tree for people that live in such climates. Ziziphus mauritiana has a multitude of uses, including culinary and medicinal. It can form dense stands and become invasive in some areas, including Fiji and Australia. In Australia Ziziphus mauritiana has the capacity to greatly expand its current range in northern and northeastern Australia. The main industry affected is the cattle industry but Ziziphus mauritiana also has environmental impacts in woodland and savanna ecosystems.
View ISSG Record: Ziziphus mauritiana


Height [1]  24 feet (7.4 m)
Width [1]  21 feet (6.3 m)
Air Quality Improvement [1]  None
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-High
Carbon Capture [1]  Low
Shade Percentage [1]  87 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Low
Wind Reduction [1]  Low
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 6 Low Temperature: -10 F° (-23.3 C°) → 0 F° (-17.8 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 9 Low Temperature: 20 F° (-6.7 C°) → 30 F° (-1.1 C°)
Water Use [1]  Moderate
Leaf Type [2]  Deciduous
Lifespan [3]  Perennial
Specific Gravity [4]  0.618
Structure [2]  Tree

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Everglades and Dry Tortugas Biosphere Reserve   Florida, United States  
Mount Kulal Biosphere Reserve 1729738 Kenya  


Anarsia sagittaria[5]
Anastrepha fraterculus (South American fruit fly)[6]
Ancylis aromatias[5]
Ancylis glycyphaga[5]
Ancylis lutescens[5]
Antheraea mylitta (Polyphemus moth)[5]
Artaxa guttata[5]
Asterodiaspis pustulans <Unverified Name>[7]
Axis axis (chital)[8]
Axis porcinus (hog deer)[9]
Beara dichromella[5]
Boselaphus tragocamelus (nilgai)[8]
Bucculatrix zizyphella[5]
Caloptilia flavida[5]
Carpodacus rodochroa (Pink-browed Rosefinch)[10]
Castalius rosimon (The pierrot butterfly)[5]
Cryptoparlatoreopsis meccae[11]
Discolampa ethion (Banded Blue Pierrot)[5]
Drepanococcus cajani[11]
Epiphora bauhiniae[5]
Epiphora mythimnia[5]
Epiphora rectifascia[5]
Erastria albosignata[5]
Erastria leucicolor[5]
Erastria madecassaria[5]
Erastria phoenix[5]
Eublemma amabilis[5]
Euproctis dewitzi[5]
Euproctis lunata[5]
Grammodes geometrica[5]
Grammodes stolida (Geometrician)[5]
Hypolycaena erylus (Common Tit)[5]
Iambia transversa[5]
Lybius vieilloti (Vieillot's Barbet)[10]
Lymantria incerta[5]
Melursus ursinus (Sloth Bear)[12]
Meridarchis scyrodes[5]
Miresa albipuncta[5]
Neptis jumbah (Chestnut-Streaked Sailer)[5]
Nipaecoccus viridis (karoo thorn mealybug)[11]
Nola fuscibasalis[5]
Parlatoria blanchardi (date palm scale)[11]
Petelia medardaria[5]
Phenacoccus solenopsis (solenopsis mealybug)[11]
Phyllonorycter iochrysis[5]
Pingasa rhadamaria[5]
Pingasa ruginaria[5]
Planococcus minor (Pacific mealybug)[11]
Porthmologa paraclina[5]
Rucervus duvaucelii (barasingha)[9]
Streblote dorsalis[5]
Streblote siva[5]
Striglina divisata[5]
Tarucus theophrastus (Common Tiger Blue)[5]
Tarucus venosus (Himalayan Pierrot)[5]
Taurotragus derbianus (giant eland)[13]
Thiacidas postica[5]
Tischeria ptarmica[5]
Trypanophora semihyalina[5]
Vulpes bengalensis (Bengal Fox)[14]
Zintha hintza (Blue-eyed Pierrot)[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Kew Millennium Seed Bank Partnership
Svalbard Global Seed Vault


Caribbean; North America;



Attributes / relations provided by
1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database.
2Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
3USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
4Chave J, Coomes D, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Swenson NG, Zanne AE (2009) Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Ecology Letters 12: 351-366. Zanne AE, Lopez-Gonzalez G, Coomes DA, Ilic J, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Miller RB, Swenson NG, Wiemann MC, Chave J (2009) Data from: Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Dryad Digital Repository.
5HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
6Norrbom, A.L. 2004. Fruit fly (Tephritidae) host plant database. Version Nov, 2004.
7Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
8Food habits of ungulates in dry tropical forests of Gir Lion Sanctuary, Gujarat, India, Jamal A. KHAN, Acta Theriologica 39 (2): 185-193,1994.
9Dry season diets of sympatric ungulates in lowland Nepal: competition and facilitation in alluvial tall grasslands, Per Wegge, Anil K. Shrestha, Stein R. Moe, Ecol Res (2006) 21:698–706
10del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
11Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
12Feeding ecology of sloth bears in a disturbed area in central India, H.S. Bargali, Naim Akhtar,and N.P.S. Chauhan, Ursus 15(2):212-217 (2004)
13"Diet Composition of Western Derby eland (Taurotragus derbianus derbianus) in the Dry Season in a Natural and a Managed Habitat in Senegal using Faecal Analyses", Pavla Hejcmanová, Miloslav Homolka, Markéta Antonínová, Michal Hejcman & Veronika Podhájecká, South African Journal of Wildlife Research 40(1):27-34. 2010
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