Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Vitales > Vitaceae > Ampelocissus > Ampelocissus latifolia

Ampelocissus latifolia (American ivy; fiveleaved ivy; Virginia creeper; woodbine)

Synonyms: Ampelopsis latifolia; Cissus latifolia; Vitis glabrata; Vitis latifolia; Vitis montana; Vitis zeylanica

Wikipedia Abstract

Ampelocissus latifolia is a plant in the Vitoideae subfamily of the Grape family native to the Indian subcontinent (Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan). It is the type species for the genus of Ampelocissus, and was originally treated under its basionym, Vitis latifolia, which was described scientifically in 1824. The species was moved to Ampelocissus by Jules Émile Planchon in 1884.
View Wikipedia Record: Ampelocissus latifolia


Height [3]  98 feet (30 m)
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-Low
Hardiness Zone Minimum [2]  USDA Zone: 4 Low Temperature: -30 F° (-34.4 C°) → -20 F° (-28.9 C°)
Light Preference [2]  Mixed Sun/Shade
Soil Acidity [2]  Neutral
Soil Fertility [2]  Infertile
Water Use [2]  Low
Foliage Color [2]  Green
Fruit Color [2]  Blue
Fall Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Bloom Period [2]  Late Spring
Drought Tolerance [2]  High
Edible [3]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Fire Tolerance [2]  Low
Flower Type [3]  Hermaphrodite
Frost Free Days [2]  4 months 10 days
Fruit/Seed Abundance [2]  Low
Fruit/Seed Begin [2]  Spring
Fruit/Seed End [2]  Fall
Growth Form [2]  Stoloniferous
Growth Period [2]  Spring, Summer
Growth Rate [2]  Rapid
Hazards [3]  Skin contact with the leaves in autumn can cause dermatitis in some people; The tissues of the plant contain microscopic, irritating needle-like crystals called raphides;
Leaf Type [3]  Deciduous
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Pollinators [3]  Insects, Lepidoptera
Propagation [2]  Bare Root, Container, Seed
Root Depth [2]  16 inches (41 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [2]  Moderate
Seed Vigor [2]  Medium
Seeds Per [2]  18367 / lb (40492 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [2]  Prostrate
Structure [3]  Vine
Usage [3]  A pink dye is obtained from the fruit; The plant can be allowed to fall down banks and make a spreading ground cover; They are best spaced about 3 metres apart each way; They are very vigorous, however, and would soon swamp smaller plants;
Vegetative Spread Rate [2]  Rapid
View Plants For A Future Record : Ampelocissus latifolia

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Acadia National Park II 35996 Maine, United States
Algonquin Provincial Park IV 1868802 Ontario, Canada
Allegheny Portage Railroad Nat'l Hist. Site National Historic Site III 1152 Pennsylvania, United States
Appomattox Court House National Historical Park V 1687 Virginia, United States
Assateague Island National Seashore II 8621 Maryland, United States
Avon Gorge Woodlands 376 England, United Kingdom
Big South Fork National River and Recreation Area National Recreation Area V 120283 Kentucky, Tennessee, United States
Blue Ridge Parkway National Parkway V 73611 North Carolina, Virginia, United States
Bluestone National Scenic River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 3517 West Virginia, United States
Booker T. Washington National Monument V 237 Virginia, United States
Braunton Burrows 3328 England, United Kingdom
Breckland 18652 England, United Kingdom
Bruce Peninsula National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Buenavista Wetland Reserve 778949 Cuba    
Burnham Beeches 946 England, United Kingdom  
Calvin College Ecosystem Preserve 90 Michigan, United States
Canaveral National Seashore II 9090 Florida, United States
Cape Lookout National Seashore II 18379 North Carolina, United States
Carlsbad Caverns National Park II 15448 New Mexico, United States
Carolinian-South Atlantic Biosphere Reserve 310228 North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, United States      
Catoctin Mountain Park National Park II 5994 Maryland, United States
Central Gulf Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 40530 United States  
Central Plains Biosphere Reserve 15345 United States  
Chattahoochee River National Recreation Area V 7622 Georgia, United States
Chesapeake & Ohio Canal National Hist. Park National Historical Park V 19586 Maryland, District of Columbia, United States
Chickamauga & Chattanooga Nat'l Military Park National Military Park V 8248 Georgia, Tennessee, United States
Colonial National Historic Park National Historical Park V 9316 Virginia, United States
Cumberland Gap National Hist. Park National Historical Park V 24282 Kentucky, Tennessee, Virginia, United States
Dartmoor 57244 England, United Kingdom
De Soto National Wildlife Refuge IV 8007 Iowa, Nebraska, United States
Devils Tower National Monument V 1361 Wyoming, United States
Dorset Heaths 14161 England, United Kingdom
Dorset Heaths (Purbeck and Wareham) and Studland Dunes 5491 England, United Kingdom
Edwin S. George Reserve 1297 Michigan, United States
Fire Island National Seashore V 9433 New York, United States
Fort Caroline National Memorial III 137 Florida, United States
Fort Donelson National Battlefield III 560 Tennessee, United States
Fort Matanzas National Monument III 269 Florida, United States
Fort Necessity National Battlefield III 1019 Pennsylvania, United States
Fort Pulaski National Monument V 4213 Georgia, United States
Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania Nat'l Military Park National Military Park V 10384 Virginia, United States
Friendship Hill National Historic Site III 697 Pennsylvania, United States
Fundy National Park II 52716 New Brunswick, Canada
Gateway National Recreation Area V 1807 New Jersey, United States
Gauley River National Recreation Area V 10157 West Virginia, United States
George Washington Birthplace National Monument V 435 Virginia, United States
Gettysburg National Military Park V 3560 Pennsylvania, United States
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge VI 3161 New Jersey, United States
Gulf Island National Seashore II 67487 Florida, Mississippi, United States
Hackpen Hill 89 England, United Kingdom  
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park VI 715 West Virginia, United States
Hobcaw Barony (North Inlet) National Estuarine Research Reserve 7585 South Carolina, United States
Homestead National Monument of America V 850 Nebraska, United States
Hopewell Furnace National Historic Site III 861 Pennsylvania, United States
Horseshoe Bend National Military Park V 1926 Alabama, United States
Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore II 8272 Indiana, United States
Johnstown Flood National Memorial VI 175 Pennsylvania, United States
Kejimkujik National Park II 94203 Nova Scotia, Canada
Khopersky Zapovednik Ia 47103 Russia  
Kouchibouguac National Park II 59161 New Brunswick, Canada
La Mauricie National Park II 131706 Quebec, Canada
Limestone Coast of South West Wales/ Arfordir Calchfaen de Orllewin Cymru 3940 Wales, United Kingdom  
Little St. Simons Island   Georgia, United States
Mammoth Cave Area Biosphere Reserve (Natn'l Park) National Park II 51235 Kentucky, United States
Manassas National Battlefield Park III 5132 Virginia, United States
Moores Creek National Battlefield III 100 North Carolina, United States
Morecambe Bay 151985 England, United Kingdom
Morristown National Historical Park VI 1677 New Jersey, United States
New River Gorge National River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 55591 West Virginia, United States
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
Obed Wild and Scenic River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 5268 Tennessee, United States
Ocmulgee National Monument V 693 Georgia, United States
Oconee National Forest Botanical Reserve 306 Georgia, United States  
Okskiy Biosphere Reserve 190748 Russia  
Pen Llyn a`r Sarnau/ Lleyn Peninsula and the Sarnau 360832 Wales, United Kingdom
Petersburg National Battlefield III 3338 Virginia, United States
Point Pelee National Park II 5764 Ontario, Canada
Prince William Forest Park 19378 District of Columbia, United States
Reserva de la Biosfera de Urdaibai Biosphere Reserve V 1777 Spain  
Richmond National Battlefield Park III 1517 Virginia, United States
Riding Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 762028 Manitoba, Canada
Rondeau Provincial Park II 5035 Ontario, Canada
Sefton Coast 11278 England, United Kingdom
Severn Estuary/ Môr Hafren 182155 England/Wales, United Kingdom
Shenandoah National Park II 108221 Virginia, United States
Shiloh National Military Park III 4061 Tennessee, United States
Solent Maritime 27985 England, United Kingdom
South Atlantic Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 20317 South Carolina, United States  
South Wight Maritime 49082 England, United Kingdom
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Start Point to Plymouth Sound & Eddystone 84204 England, United Kingdom  
The Wash and North Norfolk Coast 266284 England, United Kingdom
Thursley, Ash, Pirbright and Chobham 12696 England, United Kingdom
Upper Miss. River Nat'l Wildlife Refuge National Wildlife Refuge VI 25823 Illinois, Iowa, Wisconsin, United States
Valley Forge National Historical Park VI 3509 Pennsylvania, United States
Voronezhskiy Biosphere Reserve 95835 Russia  
Western Michigan University's Asylum Lake Preserve 274 Michigan, United States
White Sands National Monument III 139922 New Mexico, United States
Y Fenai a Bae Conwy/ Menai Strait and Conwy Bay 65440 Wales, United Kingdom  



Acosmeryx naga[4]
Albuna fraxini[4]
Alypia octomaculata (eightspotted forester)[4]
Amphion floridensis (Nessus sphinx)[4]
Baeolophus bicolor (Tufted Titmouse)[5]
Cardinalis cardinalis (Northern Cardinal)[5]
Chnaurococcus trifolii (clover root mealybug)[6]
Corvus brachyrhynchos (American Crow)[5]
Darapsa choerilus (Azalea Sphinx)[4]
Darapsa myron (Virginia creeper sphinx)[4]
Dasychira feminula[4]
Dasychira tenebrosa[4]
Deidamia inscriptum (Lettered Sphinx)[4]
Dryocopus pileatus (Pileated Woodpecker)[5]
Dyspteris abortivaria[4]
Enyo lugubris (Mournful sphinx)[4]
Eudryas grata (beautiful wood nymph)[4]
Eulithis diversilineata (grapevine looper)[4]
Eulithis gracilineata (Greater Grape-vine Looper)[4]
Eumorpha achemon (Achemon sphinx moth)[4]
Eumorpha pandorus (Pandora sphinx moth)[4]
Eumorpha satellitia (Satellite sphinx)[4]
Harrisina americana (Grapeleaf Skeletonizer)[4]
Harrisina brillians (Western grapeleaf skeletonizer)[4]
Harrisina coracina[4]
Heliococcus bohemicus (Bohemian mealybug)[6]
Heliococcus osborni (Osborn mealybug)[6]
Lepidosaphes ulmi (apple oystershell scale)[6]
Mephitis mephitis (Striped Skunk)[5]
Mimus polyglottos (Northern Mockingbird)[5]
Monochroa absconditella[4]
Odocoileus virginianus (white-tailed deer)[5]
Phyllocnistis ampelopsiella[4]
Picoides pubescens (Downy Woodpecker)[5]
Poecile carolinensis (Carolina Chickadee)[5]
Procyon lotor (Raccoon)[5]
Pulvinaria ampelopsidis[6]
Pyrrharctia isabella (banded woollybear)[4]
Sialia sialis (Eastern Bluebird)[5]
Sitta carolinensis (White-breasted Nuthatch)[5]
Sphecodina abbottii (Abbott's sphinx)[4]
Spilosoma lubricipeda (White Ermine Moth)[7]
Sylvilagus floridanus (Eastern Cottontail)[5]
Thinopteryx crocoptera[4]
Turdus migratorius (American Robin)[5]
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)[5]
Meleagris gallopavo (Wild Turkey)[5]
Myiarchus crinitus (Great Crested Flycatcher)[5]
Peromyscus leucopus (white-footed mouse)[5]
Sciurus carolinensis (eastern gray squirrel)[5]
Sturnus vulgaris (European Starling)[5]
Tamias striatus (eastern chipmunk)[5]


Parasite of 
Acer rubrum (red maple)[5]
Carya alba (mockernut hickory)[5]
Juniperus virginiana (Eastern Red-cedar)[5]
Platanus mexicana (American sycamore)[5]
Salix nigra (black willow)[5]
Pollinated by 
Megachile mendica[8]


Shelter for 
Agkistrodon contortrix (Southern Copperhead)[5]
Ambystoma maculatum (Spotted Salamander)[5]
Anaxyrus americanus americanus (Eastern American Toad)[5]
Antheraea polyphemus (polyphemus moth)[5]
Battus philenor (pipevine swallowtail)[5]
Calosoma scrutator (Fiery searcher)[5]
Camponotus pennsylvanicus (black carpenter ant)[5]
Cicindela sexguttata (Six-spotted Tiger Beetle)[5]
Cryptotis parva (North American Least Shrew)[5]
Dermacentor variabilis (American dog tick)[5]
Dynastes tityus (Eastern hercules beetle)[5]
Eurycea guttolineata (Three-lined Salamander)[5]
Gryllus pennsylvanicus (fall field cricket)[5]
Heterodon platirhinos (Eastern Hognose Snake)[5]
Libellula lydia (Common whitetail)[5]
Lithobates sphenocephalus sphenocephalus (Florida Leopard Frog)[5]
Lithobates sylvaticus (Wood Frog)[5]
Lithobius forficatus (Brown centipede)[5]
Lymantria dispar (gypsy moth)[5]
Malacosoma americana (Eastern tent caterpillar)[5]
Micrathena gracilis (Spined micrathena)[5]
Microtus pennsylvanicus (meadow vole)[5]
Misumena vatia (flower spider)[5]
Narceus americanus (North american millipede)[5]
Nerodia sipedon (Northern Water Snake)[5]
Notophthalmus viridescens (Eastern Newt)[5]
Odontopus calceatus (Sassafras weevil)[5]
Phidippus audax (Daring Jumping Spider)[5]
Plestiodon fasciatus (Five-lined Skink)[5]
Plethodon cinereus (Eastern Red-backed Salamander)[5]
Pseudacris crucifer (Spring Peeper)[5]
Pterophylla camellifolia (common true katydid)[5]
Pterostichus melanarius (Common black ground beetle)[5]
Rabidosa rabida (Rabid wolf spider)[5]
Rattus norvegicus (Norway rat)[5]
Terrapene carolina (Florida Box Turtle)[5]
Thamnophis sirtalis (Common Garter Snake)[5]
Thryothorus ludovicianus (Carolina Wren)[5]
Triatoma sanguisuga (Eastern blood-sucking cone)[5]
Zenaida macroura (Mourning Dove)[5]
Meleagris gallopavo (Wild Turkey)[5]
Myiarchus crinitus (Great Crested Flycatcher)[5]
Peromyscus leucopus (white-footed mouse)[5]
Sciurus carolinensis (eastern gray squirrel)[5]
Sturnus vulgaris (European Starling)[5]
Tamias striatus (eastern chipmunk)[5]


National Capital Region - East; North America; Roosevelt Vanderbilt National Historic Site; Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000)
2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
3Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
4HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
5Study of Northern Virginia Ecology
6Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
7Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
8Robertson, C. Flowers and insects lists of visitors of four hundred and fifty three flowers. 1929. The Science Press Printing Company Lancaster, PA.
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Calvin College Ecosystem Preserve
Carlsbad Caverns National Park
Edwin S. George Reserve, University of Michigan, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access