Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Sapindales > Sapindaceae > Acer > Acer saccharum

Acer saccharum (sugar maple)

Wikipedia Abstract

Acer saccharum Marsh. (sugar maple or rock maple) is a species of maple native to the hardwood forests of northeastern Canada, from Nova Scotia west through Quebec and southern Ontario to southeastern Manitoba around Lake of the Woods. In the United States, the species is common from Minnesota, to the New England states of Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Rhode Island, and down to the Eastern seaboard states of New York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania.
View Wikipedia Record: Acer saccharum



Height [3]  98 feet (30 m)
Width [3]  39 feet (12 m)
Air Quality Improvement [1]  Low
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-High
Carbon Capture [1]  Medium-High
Screening - Summer [2]  Dense
Screening - Winter [2]  Porous
Shade Percentage [1]  86 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Medium-High
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 5 Low Temperature: -20 F° (-28.9 C°) → -10 F° (-23.3 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 8 Low Temperature: 10 F° (-12.2 C°) → 20 F° (-6.7 C°)
Light Preference [2]  Mostly Shady
Soil Acidity [2]  Moderate Acid
Soil Fertility [2]  Intermediate
Water Use [1]  Moderate
Flower Color [2]  Green
Foliage Color [2]  Green
Fruit Color [2]  Brown
Fall Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Bloom Period [2]  Mid Spring
Drought Tolerance [2]  Medium
Edible [3]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Fire Tolerance [2]  Low
Flower Type [3]  Hermaphrodite
Frost Free Days [2]  80 days
Fruit/Seed Abundance [2]  High
Fruit/Seed Begin [2]  Summer
Fruit/Seed End [2]  Fall
Growth Form [2]  Single Stem
Growth Period [2]  Spring, Summer
Growth Rate [2]  Slow
Janka Hardness [4]  1440 lbf (653 kgf) Medium
Leaf Type [3]  Deciduous
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Pollinators [3]  Insects, Lepidoptera
Propagation [2]  Bare Root, Container, Cutting, Seed
Root Depth [2]  3.3 feet (102 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [2]  Moderate
Seed Vigor [2]  High
Seeds Per [2]  6540 / lb (14418 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [2]  Erect
Specific Gravity [5]  0.63
Structure [3]  Tree
Usage [3]  The leaves are packed around apples, rootcrops etc to help preserve them; Wood - close grained, tough, hard, heavy, strong, not very durable, it takes a high polish, remains smooth under abrasion and has a high shock-resistance; It holds nails well, is fair in gluing, dries easily and shrinks moderately; The wood weighs 43lb per cubic foot; Considered by many to be the most valuable hardwood tree in N. America, the sugar maple is used for a wide range of applications including furniture, flooring, turnery, musical instruments and ship building; Accidental forms with the grain curled and contorted, known as curly maple and bird's eye maple, are common and are highly prized in cabinet making; The wood is also a very good fuel, giving off a lot of heat and forming very hot embers; The ashes of the wood are rich in alkali and yield large quantities of potash;
Vegetative Spread Rate [2]  None
View Plants For A Future Record : Acer saccharum

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Acadia National Park II 35996 Maine, United States
Algonquin Provincial Park IV 1868802 Ontario, Canada
Allegheny Portage Railroad Nat'l Hist. Site National Historic Site III 1152 Pennsylvania, United States
Big South Fork National River and Recreation Area National Recreation Area V 120283 Kentucky, Tennessee, United States
Blue Ridge Parkway National Parkway V 73611 North Carolina, Virginia, United States
Bluestone National Scenic River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 3517 West Virginia, United States
Bruce Peninsula National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Calvin College Ecosystem Preserve 90 Michigan, United States
Cape Breton Highlands National Park II 234333 Nova Scotia, Canada  
Catoctin Mountain Park National Park II 5994 Maryland, United States
Central Gulf Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 40530 United States  
Chesapeake & Ohio Canal National Hist. Park National Historical Park V 19586 Maryland, District of Columbia, United States
Chickamauga & Chattanooga Nat'l Military Park National Military Park V 8248 Georgia, Tennessee, United States
Chippewa Nature Center   Michigan, United States    
Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research   North Carolina, United States
Cumberland Gap National Hist. Park National Historical Park V 24282 Kentucky, Tennessee, Virginia, United States
Edwin S. George Reserve 1297 Michigan, United States
Forillon National Park II 61010 Quebec, Canada  
Fort Donelson National Battlefield III 560 Tennessee, United States
Fort Necessity National Battlefield III 1019 Pennsylvania, United States
Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania Nat'l Military Park National Military Park V 10384 Virginia, United States
Friendship Hill National Historic Site III 697 Pennsylvania, United States
Fundy National Park II 52716 New Brunswick, Canada
Gauley River National Recreation Area V 10157 West Virginia, United States
George Washington Memorial Parkway V   Virginia, United States
Georgian Bay Islands National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Gettysburg National Military Park V 3560 Pennsylvania, United States
Grand Rapids Audubon Club Maher Sanctuary 80 Michigan, United States
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge VI 3161 New Jersey, United States
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park VI 715 West Virginia, United States
Herbert Hoover National Historic Site   Iowa, United States
Hope College Biology Nature Preserve 55 Michigan, United States
Hopewell Furnace National Historic Site III 861 Pennsylvania, United States
Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore II 8272 Indiana, United States
Isle Royale Biosphere Reserve Ib 571799 Michigan, United States
Johnstown Flood National Memorial VI 175 Pennsylvania, United States
Kejimkujik National Park II 94203 Nova Scotia, Canada
Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park III 2897 Georgia, United States
Kouchibouguac National Park II 59161 New Brunswick, Canada
La Mauricie National Park II 131706 Quebec, Canada
Lake Superior Provincial Park IV 351011 Ontario, Canada
Little River National Wildlife Refuge   Oklahoma, United States
Mammoth Cave Area Biosphere Reserve (Natn'l Park) National Park II 51235 Kentucky, United States
Morristown National Historical Park VI 1677 New Jersey, United States
Mount Mitchell State Park   North Carolina, United States
New River Gorge National River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 55591 West Virginia, United States
Obed Wild and Scenic River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 5268 Tennessee, United States
Ocmulgee National Monument V 693 Georgia, United States
Oconee National Forest Botanical Reserve 306 Georgia, United States  
Point Pelee National Park II 5764 Ontario, Canada
Prince Edward Island National Park II   Prince Edward Island, Canada  
Pukaskwa National Park II 459860 Ontario, Canada
Rondeau Provincial Park II 5035 Ontario, Canada
Roosevelt Vanderbilt National Historic Site   New York, United States      
Saint Lawrence Islands National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Saratoga National Historical Park   New York, United States
Shiloh National Military Park III 4061 Tennessee, United States
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Tennessee River Gorge   Tennessee, United States
Upper Miss. River Nat'l Wildlife Refuge National Wildlife Refuge VI 25823 Illinois, Iowa, Wisconsin, United States
Valley Forge National Historical Park VI 3509 Pennsylvania, United States
Western Michigan University's Asylum Lake Preserve 274 Michigan, United States

Emblem of

New York
West Virginia


Acleris chalybeana[6]
Acronicta americana (American dagger moth)[6]
Acronicta dactylina (fingered dagger)[6]
Acronicta retardata[6]
Actias luna (luna moth)[6]
Alsophila pometaria (fall cankerworm)[6]
Amphipyra pyramidoides (copper underwing)[6]
Anacamptodes ephyraria[6]
Antaeotricha leucillana[6]
Antheraea polyphemus (polyphemus moth)[6]
Archips cerasivorana[6]
Caloptilia aceris[6]
Caloptilia umbratella[6]
Cameraria aceriella[6]
Cameraria saccharella[6]
Campaea perlata (light emerald)[6]
Catastega aceriella[6]
Cerococcus parrotti[7]
Chionaspis acericola (maple chionaspis)[7]
Choristoneura fractivittana[6]
Choristoneura rosaceana (Oblique Banded Leaf Roller)[6]
Cingilia catenaria (chainspotted geometer)[6]
Crocigrapha normani[6]
Cryptococcus williamsi (maple bark scale)[7]
Dasychira dorsipennata[6]
Dasychira plagiata (Northern Pine Tussock)[6]
Diaspidiotus ancylus (Howard scale)[7]
Diaspidiotus juglansregiae (English walnut scale)[7]
Dichomeris ligulella (Palmerworm)[6]
Dryocampa rubicunda (Rosy Maple Moth)[6]
Eacles imperialis (Imperial moth)[6]
Ennomos subsignaria (elm spanworm)[6]
Erannis tiliaria (linden looper)[6]
Euclea delphinii (spiny oak slug)[6]
Eutrapela clemataria[6]
Glaucolepis saccharella[6]
Halysidota tessellaris (Banded Tussock Moth)[6]
Haploa lecontei (Leconte's Haploa)[6]
Heterocampa biundata[6]
Heterocampa guttivitta (saddled prominent)[6]
Hypagyrtis unipunctata (One-spotted Variant Moth)[6]
Hyphantria cunea (fall webworm)[6]
Itame loricaria[6]
Lepidosaphes ulmi (apple oystershell scale)[7]
Lithophane antennata (green fruitworm)[6]
Lithophane bethunei[6]
Lithophane innominata (Nameless Pinion)[6]
Lithophane laticinerea[6]
Lomographa vestaliata[6]
Lophocampa caryae (hickory tussock moth)[6]
Lophocampa maculata (spotted tussock moth)[6]
Lopholeucaspis japonica (Japanese maple scale)[7]
Lycia ursaria[6]
Lymantria dispar (gypsy moth)[6]
Lytrosis unitaria[6]
Machimia tentoriferella (Gold-striped Leaftier Moth)[6]
Malacosoma americana (Eastern tent caterpillar)[6]
Malacosoma disstria (forest tent caterpillars)[6]
Melanolophia canadaria[6]
Nadata gibbosa (Rough Prominent)[6]
Nematocampa limbata (filiment bearer)[6]
Nemoria mimosaria (White-fringed Emerald)[6]
Neosteingelia texana[7]
Olethreutes appendiceum[6]
Olethreutes glaciana[6]
Olethreutes nigranum[6]
Operophtera bruceata (bruce spanworm)[6]
Operophtera brumata (winter moth)[6]
Orgyia antiqua (Rusty Tussock Moth)[6]
Orthosia garmani[6]
Orthosia revicta[6]
Paleacrita vernata (spring cankerworm)[6]
Palthis angulalis (Dark-spotted Palthis)[6]
Pandemis canadana[6]
Pandemis lamprosana[6]
Pandemis limitata[6]
Paraclemensia acerifoliella (maple leafcutter)[6]
Parallelia bistriaris (Maple Looper Moth)[6]
Phenacoccus acericola (maple mealybug)[7]
Phenacoccus grandicarpus[7]
Phenacoccus hortonarum (Hortons mealybug)[7]
Phigalia titea (Spiny Looper)[6]
Phobetron pithecium (hag moth)[6]
Phyllonorycter clemensella[6]
Phyllonorycter lucidicostella[6]
Plagodis alcoolaria (Hollow-spotted Plagodis)[6]
Plagodis serinaria[6]
Pococera asperatella[6]
Probole amicaria[6]
Prolimacodes badia (Skiff Moth)[6]
Proteoteras aesculana (Maple Twig Borer)[6]
Proteoteras moffatiana[6]
Pseudosciaphila duplex (Aspen Leaftier)[6]
Pyrrharctia isabella (banded woollybear)[6]
Rhodinia newara[6]
Schizura concinna (redhumped caterpillar)[6]
Schizura unicornis (unicorn caterpillar)[6]
Sparganothis niveana[6]
Spilosoma virginica (yellow woollybear)[6]
Symmerista canicosta[6]
Symmerista leucitys (orangehumped mapleworm)[6]
Tamias minimus (least chipmunk)[8]
Tetracis cachexiata (White Slant-line)[6]
Thyridopteryx ephemeraeformis (Evergreen bagworm moth)[6]
Tortricidia flexuosa[6]
Tortricidia pallida[6]

Range Map

North America; Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake;



Attributes / relations provided by
1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database.
2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
3Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
4Wood Janka Hardness Scale/Chart J W Morlan's Unique Wood Gifts
5Forest Inventory and Analysis DB version 5.1, May 4, 2013, U.S. Forest Service
6HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
7Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
8Tamias minimus, B. J. Verts and Leslie N. Carraway, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 653, pp. 1–10 (2001)
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access