Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Sapindales > Sapindaceae > Acer > Acer negundo

Acer negundo (box elder; boxelder; boxelder maple; california boxelder; manitoba maple; ashleaf maple; western boxelder)

Wikipedia Abstract

Acer negundo is a species of maple native to North America. Box elder, boxelder maple, ash-leaved maple, and maple ash are its most common names in the United States; in Britain and Ireland it is also known as ashleaf maple.
View Wikipedia Record: Acer negundo



Height [3]  69 feet (21 m)
Width [3]  26 feet (8 m)
Air Quality Improvement [1]  Low
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium
Carbon Capture [1]  Low
Screening - Summer [2]  Dense
Screening - Winter [2]  Porous
Shade Percentage [1]  86 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Medium
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium-Low
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 3 Low Temperature: -40 F° (-40 C°) → -30 F° (-34.4 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 8 Low Temperature: 10 F° (-12.2 C°) → 20 F° (-6.7 C°)
Light Preference [5]  Mixed Sun/Shade
Soil Acidity [5]  Neutral
Soil Fertility [5]  Rich
Soil Moisture [5]  Moist
Water Use [1]  Moderate
Flower Color [2]  White
Foliage Color [2]  Green
Fruit Color [2]  Brown
Fall Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Fruit Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Bloom Period [2]  Early Spring
Drought Tolerance [2]  High
Edible [3]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Fire Tolerance [2]  Low
Flower Type [3]  Dioecious
Frost Free Days [2]  3 months 10 days
Fruit/Seed Abundance [2]  High
Fruit/Seed Begin [2]  Summer
Fruit/Seed End [2]  Fall
Growth Form [2]  Multiple Stem
Growth Period [2]  Spring, Summer
Growth Rate [2]  Rapid
Janka Hardness [4]  720 lbf (327 kgf) Soft
Leaf Type [3]  Deciduous
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Pollinators [3]  Bees
Propagation [2]  Bare Root, Container, Cutting, Seed
Root Depth [2]  3.3 feet (102 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [2]  Slow
Seed Vigor [2]  Low
Seeds Per [2]  11360 / lb (25044 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [2]  Erect
Specific Gravity [6]  0.46
Structure [3]  Tree
Usage [3]  The leaves are packed around apples, rootcrops etc to help preserve them; A fairly wind-tolerant tree, it can be used in mixed plantings as a part of shelterbelt plantings; Wood - soft, weak, light, close grained. It weighs 27lb per cubic foot; Of little commercial value, it is used for boxes, cheap furniture, pulp, fuel etc; Large trunk burls or knots have been used to make drums;
Vegetative Spread Rate [2]  Slow
View Plants For A Future Record : Acer negundo

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Acadia National Park II 35996 Maine, United States
Arches National Park II 76539 Utah, United States
Badlands National Park II 178535 South Dakota, United States
Banff National Park II 1690912 Alberta, Canada
Belovezhskaya Pushcha Biosphere Reserve National Park II 218515 Belarus
Bialowieza National Park II 11126 Poland
Big South Fork National River and Recreation Area National Recreation Area V 120283 Kentucky, Tennessee, United States
Blue Ridge Parkway National Parkway V 73611 North Carolina, Virginia, United States
Bluestone National Scenic River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 3517 West Virginia, United States
Calvin College Ecosystem Preserve 90 Michigan, United States
Canaveral National Seashore II 9090 Florida, United States
Canyonlands National Park II 335430 Utah, United States
Carolinian-South Atlantic Biosphere Reserve 310228 North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, United States      
Catoctin Mountain Park National Park II 5994 Maryland, United States
Central Gulf Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 40530 United States  
Central Plains Biosphere Reserve 15345 United States  
Chesapeake & Ohio Canal National Hist. Park National Historical Park V 19586 Maryland, District of Columbia, United States
Chickamauga & Chattanooga Nat'l Military Park National Military Park V 8248 Georgia, Tennessee, United States
Chippewa Nature Center   Michigan, United States    
Colonial National Historic Park National Historical Park V 9316 Virginia, United States
Cumberland Gap National Hist. Park National Historical Park V 24282 Kentucky, Tennessee, Virginia, United States
Exmoor Heaths 26455 England, United Kingdom
Fort Donelson National Battlefield III 560 Tennessee, United States
Fort Larned National Historic Site III 706 Kansas, United States
Fort Union Trading Post National Hist. Site National Historic Site III 24 Montana, United States
Friendship Hill National Historic Site III 697 Pennsylvania, United States
Galichia Gora Zapovednik Ia 568 Lipetsk, Russia
Gateway National Recreation Area V 1807 New Jersey, United States
George Washington Birthplace National Monument V 435 Virginia, United States
George Washington Memorial Parkway V   Virginia, United States
Gettysburg National Military Park V 3560 Pennsylvania, United States
Glen Canyon National Recreation Area V 1087901 Arizona, Utah, United States
Grand Canyon National Park II 1210128 Arizona, United States
Grand Rapids Audubon Club Maher Sanctuary 80 Michigan, United States
Grasslands National Park II 128635 Saskatchewan, Canada
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge VI 3161 New Jersey, United States
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park VI 715 West Virginia, United States
Herbert Hoover National Historic Site   Iowa, United States
Hobcaw Barony (North Inlet) National Estuarine Research Reserve 7585 South Carolina, United States
Homestead National Monument of America V 850 Nebraska, United States
Hopewell Furnace National Historic Site III 861 Pennsylvania, United States
Horseshoe Bend National Military Park V 1926 Alabama, United States
Humber Estuary 90582 England, United Kingdom
Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore II 8272 Indiana, United States
Jasper National Park II 2776809 Alberta, Canada
Khopersky Zapovednik Ia 47103 Russia  
Knife River Indian Villages National Hist. Site National Historic Site III 1756 North Dakota, United States
Kouchibouguac National Park II 59161 New Brunswick, Canada
La Mauricie National Park II 131706 Quebec, Canada
Lacassine National Wildlife Refuge VI 28351 Louisiana, United States
Little River National Wildlife Refuge   Oklahoma, United States
Mammoth Cave Area Biosphere Reserve (Natn'l Park) National Park II 51235 Kentucky, United States
Morristown National Historical Park VI 1677 New Jersey, United States
National Capital Parks - Central National Park   District of Columbia, United States
Natural Bridges National Monument III 7412 Utah, United States
New River Gorge National River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 55591 West Virginia, United States
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
Obed Wild and Scenic River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 5268 Tennessee, United States
Ocmulgee National Monument V 693 Georgia, United States
Oconee National Forest Botanical Reserve 306 Georgia, United States  
Palava Protected Landscape Area V   Czech Republic  
Pipestone National Monument V 326 Minnesota, United States
Point Pelee National Park II 5764 Ontario, Canada
Prince Edward Island National Park II   Prince Edward Island, Canada  
Prioksko-Terrasny Biosphere Reserve IV 12219 Moscow, Russia
Redberry Lake Biosphere Reserve 277252 Saskatchewan, Canada
Richmond National Battlefield Park III 1517 Virginia, United States
Riding Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 762028 Manitoba, Canada
Rock Creek Park   District of Columbia, United States
Rondeau Provincial Park II 5035 Ontario, Canada
Saint Lawrence Islands National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Saratoga National Historical Park   New York, United States
Scotts Bluff National Monument V 3185 Nebraska, United States
Shenandoah National Park II 108221 Virginia, United States
Shiloh National Military Park III 4061 Tennessee, United States
Shortgrass Steppe LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research   Colorado, United States
South Atlantic Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 20317 South Carolina, United States  
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Tennessee River Gorge   Tennessee, United States
Tsentral'no-Chernozemny Biosphere Reserve Ia 13064 Kursk, Russia
Ukrainskii Stepnoi Zapovednik Nature Zapovednik Ia 2920 Ukraine  
Upper Miss. River Nat'l Wildlife Refuge National Wildlife Refuge VI 25823 Illinois, Iowa, Wisconsin, United States
Valley Forge National Historical Park VI 3509 Pennsylvania, United States
Voronezhskiy Biosphere Reserve 95835 Russia  
Western Michigan University's Asylum Lake Preserve 274 Michigan, United States
Wind Cave National Park II 29471 South Dakota, United States
Zion National Park II 135667 Utah, United States


Abagrotis barnesi[7]
Abagrotis reedi[7]
Acleris negundana[7]
Acronicta americana (American dagger moth)[7]
Acronicta sperata (Hopeful Dagger Moth)[7]
Actebia fennica (black army cutworm)[7]
Adoxophyes negundana[7]
Alsophila pometaria (fall cankerworm)[7]
Amphipyra pyramidoides (copper underwing)[7]
Anacampsis niveopulvella[7]
Anacamptodes ephyraria[7]
Anisota oslari (Oslar’s oakworm moth)[7]
Antheraea polyphemus (polyphemus moth)[7]
Archips argyrospila[7]
Archips negundana (Larger Boxelder Leafroller)[7]
Archips semiferanus[7]
Caloptilia alnivorella[7]
Caloptilia negundella[7]
Campaea perlata (light emerald)[7]
Cerococcus parrotti[8]
Chionodes negundella[7]
Choristoneura conflictana (Large Aspen Tortrix)[7]
Choristoneura rosaceana (Oblique Banded Leaf Roller)[7]
Colocasia propinquilinea (Closebanded Yellowhorn)[7]
Crocigrapha normani[7]
Cryptodiaporthe lebiseyi[9]
Cryptoparlatoreopsis longispina[8]
Dasineura acercrispans <Unverified Name>[10]
Dasineura irregularis[10]
Datana ministra (yellownecked caterpillar)[7]
Diaspidiotus aesculi (buckeye scale)[8]
Diaspidiotus juglansregiae (English walnut scale)[8]
Dryocampa rubicunda (Rosy Maple Moth)[7]
Dysaphis newskyi newskyi (California maple aphid)[10]
Eacles imperialis (Imperial moth)[7]
Ectropis crepuscularia (small engrailed)[7]
Elaphria festivoides (Festive Midget)[7]
Ennomos subsignaria (elm spanworm)[7]
Eotetranychus pruni[10]
Erannis tiliaria (linden looper)[7]
Eulecanium giganteum[8]
Eupsilia tristigmata[7]
Euxoa tessellata (striped cutworm)[7]
Glena cognataria[7]
Halysidota tessellaris (Banded Tussock Moth)[7]
Haploa lecontei (Leconte's Haploa)[7]
Hesperiphona vespertina (Evening Grosbeak)[9]
Hyalophora cecropia (Cecropia Moth)[7]
Hypagyrtis unipunctata (One-spotted Variant Moth)[7]
Hyphantria cunea (fall webworm)[7]
Icerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)[8]
Iridopsis larvaria[7]
Lepidosaphes ulmi (apple oystershell scale)[8]
Lithophane antennata (green fruitworm)[7]
Lithophane bethunei[7]
Lithophane georgii[7]
Lithophane hemina[7]
Lithophane laticinerea[7]
Lophocampa caryae (hickory tussock moth)[7]
Lophocampa maculata (spotted tussock moth)[7]
Lymantria dispar[7]
Malacosoma disstria (forest tent caterpillars)[7]
Melanaspis tenebricosa (gloomy scale)[8]
Melanolophia canadaria[7]
Oligocentria lignicolor[7]
Operophtera bruceata (bruce spanworm)[7]
Operophtera brumata (winter moth)[7]
Orgyia antiqua (Rusty Tussock Moth)[7]
Orthosia hibisci (green fruitworm)[7]
Orthotaenia undulana[7]
Paleacrita vernata (spring cankerworm)[7]
Palthis angulalis (Dark-spotted Palthis)[7]
Pandemis canadana[7]
Pandemis limitata[7]
Papaipema cataphracta (burdock borer)[7]
Peridroma saucia (variegated cutworm)[7]
Pero morrisonaria (Morrison's Pero)[7]
Phigalia titea (Spiny Looper)[7]
Prionoxystus robiniae (carpenterworm)[7]
Proteoteras aesculana (Maple Twig Borer)[7]
Proteoteras arizonae[7]
Proteoteras crescentana[7]
Proteoteras willingana[7]
Ptycholoma circumclusana[7]
Ptycholoma lecheana[7]
Pulvinaria acantholimoni <Unverified Name>[8]
Pulvinaria hydrangeae (cottony hydrangea scale)[8]
Pulvinaria regalis (horse chestnut scale)[8]
Rigidoporus ulmarius[9]
Sabulodes caberata (Omnivorous looper)[7]
Satyrium calanus (Banded hairstreak)[7]
Semiothisa aemulataria[7]
Spaelotis clandestina (Clandestine Dart)[7]
Spilosoma virginica (yellow woollybear)[7]
Tamias townsendii (Townsend's chipmunk)[11]
Thyridopteryx ephemeraeformis (Evergreen bagworm moth)[7]
Velataspis dentata (dentate scale)[8]
Xylena cineritia[7]


Pollinated by 
Acanthoscelides obtectus (bean weevil)[9]
Aedes vexans (vexans mosquito)[9]
Agapostemon texanus[9]
Anoplius illinoensis[9]
Apis mellifera (honey bee)[12]
Coelioxys germana[9]
Cryptorhopalum triste[9]
Ichneumon longulus[9]
Parhelophilus divisus[9]
Pentaria trifasciata[9]
Physocephala texana[9]
Pseudopanurgus labrosus[9]
Rhamphomyia limbata[9]
Scymnus consobrinus[9]
Spallanzania hesperidarum[9]
Urosigalphus femoratus[9]
Valgus canaliculatus[9]


Parasitized by 
Cyclocybe cylindracea (Poplar Fieldcap)[9]
Lymantria dispar (gypsy moth)[9]
Sawadaea bicornis[9]

Range Map

North America; Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake;



Attributes / relations provided by
1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database.
2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
3Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
4Wood Janka Hardness Scale/Chart J W Morlan's Unique Wood Gifts
5Ellenberg, H., Weber, H.E., Dull, R., Wirth, V., Werner, W., Paulissen, D. (1991) Zeigerwerte von Pflanzen in Mitteleuropa. Scripta Geobotanica 18, 1–248
6Forest Inventory and Analysis DB version 5.1, May 4, 2013, U.S. Forest Service
7HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
8Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
9Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
10Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
11Tamias townsendii, Dallas A. Sutton, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 435, pp. 1-6 (1993)
12Robertson, C. Flowers and insects lists of visitors of four hundred and fifty three flowers. 1929. The Science Press Printing Company Lancaster, PA.
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Calvin College Ecosystem Preserve
Chippewa Nature Center
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Maher Sanctuary, Grand Rapids Audubon Club
Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access