Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Sapindales > Sapindaceae > Acer > Acer platanoides

Acer platanoides (Norway maple)

Wikipedia Abstract

Acer platanoides (Norway maple) is a species of maple native to eastern and central Europe and western Asia, from France east to Russia, north to southern Scandinavia and southeast to northern Iran. It is a member of the soapberry and lychee family.
View Wikipedia Record: Acer platanoides


Invasive Species

Acer platanoides is a decidous maple, native to Europe. It is commonly planted as an ornamental along streets and in parks. It has escaped and invaded natural forested habitats all over North America. The dense canopy of A. platanoides's shades out native species and the shallow root system prevents native species from establishing. Its foliage releases toxins that alter the soils fungal and microbial composition. The full impact of this species has not been seen yet as the majority of Acer platanoides are still in the sapling stage awaiting openings in the canopy.
View ISSG Record: Acer platanoides


Height [3]  69 feet (21 m)
Width [3]  49 feet (15 m)
Air Quality Improvement [1]  Low
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-High
Carbon Capture [1]  Medium-High
Screening - Summer [2]  Dense
Screening - Winter [2]  Moderate
Shade Percentage [1]  86 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  High
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 4 Low Temperature: -30 F° (-34.4 C°) → -20 F° (-28.9 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 7 Low Temperature: 0 F° (-17.8 C°) → 10 F° (-12.2 C°)
Light Preference [5]  Mostly Shady
Soil Acidity [5]  Neutral
Soil Fertility [5]  Rich
Soil Moisture [5]  Moist
Water Use [1]  High to Moderate
Flower Color [2]  Green
Foliage Color [2]  Green
Fruit Color [2]  Brown
Fall Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Fruit Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Bloom Period [2]  Early Spring
Drought Tolerance [2]  Low
Edible [3]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Fire Tolerance [2]  Low
Flower Type [3]  Monoecious
Frost Free Days [2]  4 months 10 days
Fruit/Seed Abundance [2]  High
Fruit/Seed Begin [2]  Summer
Fruit/Seed End [2]  Fall
Growth Form [2]  Single Stem
Growth Period [2]  Spring, Summer
Growth Rate [2]  Rapid
Leaf Type [3]  Deciduous
Lifespan [4]  Perennial
Pollinators [3]  Bees
Propagation [2]  Bare Root, Container, Seed
Root Depth [2]  3.3 feet (102 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [2]  Slow
Seed Vigor [2]  Low
Seeds Per [2]  2640 / lb (5820 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [2]  Rounded
Specific Gravity [6]  0.52
Structure [3]  Tree
Usage [3]  The leaves are packed around apples, rootcrops etc to help preserve them; The trees are fairly wind tolerant and are often used in to give protection from the wind in mixed shelterbelts; They are fast-growing and rapidly produce a screen; A rose coloured dye is obtained from the bark; Wood - hard, heavy, fine grained. Used for small domestic items;
Vegetative Spread Rate [2]  None
View Plants For A Future Record : Acer platanoides

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Acadia National Park II 35996 Maine, United States
Allegheny Portage Railroad Nat'l Hist. Site National Historic Site III 1152 Pennsylvania, United States
Appennino Lucano, Monte Volturino 24058 Italy  
Appennino Lucano, Valle Agri, Monte Sirino, Monte Raparo 90310 Italy  
Avon Gorge Woodlands 376 England, United Kingdom
Bath and Bradford-on-Avon Bats 265 England, United Kingdom  
Belovezhskaya Pushcha Biosphere Reserve National Park II 218515 Belarus
Ben Lawers 12423 Scotland, United Kingdom
Berchtesgaden Alps National Park II 51433 Germany
Bialowieza National Park II 11126 Poland
Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge VI 16363 Delaware, United States
Breckland 18652 England, United Kingdom
Buchholz bei Bleiwäsche 786 Germany  
Burnham Beeches 946 England, United Kingdom  
Calvin College Ecosystem Preserve 90 Michigan, United States
Carpathian Biosphere Reserve 144772 Ukraine  
Chilterns Beechwoods 3154 England, United Kingdom  
Colonial National Historic Park National Historical Park V 9316 Virginia, United States
Desecheo National Wildlife Refuge   Puerto Rico, United States
Dorset Heaths 14161 England, United Kingdom
Fire Island National Seashore V 9433 New York, United States
Fort Donelson National Battlefield III 560 Tennessee, United States
Fundy National Park II 52716 New Brunswick, Canada
Galichia Gora Zapovednik Ia 568 Lipetsk, Russia
Gateway National Recreation Area V 1807 New Jersey, United States
Gettysburg National Military Park V 3560 Pennsylvania, United States
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge VI 3161 New Jersey, United States
Herbert Hoover National Historic Site   Iowa, United States
Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore II 8272 Indiana, United States
Isle of Rum National Nature Reserve   Scotland, United Kingdom
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
Khopersky Zapovednik Ia 47103 Russia  
Massiccio del Monte Pollino e Monte Alpi 217581 Italy  
Monte Paratiello 2790 Italy  
Moray Firth 373987 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Morristown National Historical Park VI 1677 New Jersey, United States
Nez Perce National Historical Park V 2076 Idaho, United States
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
North Pennine Moors 254789 England, United Kingdom
North York Moors 108930 England, United Kingdom
Okskiy Biosphere Reserve 190748 Russia  
Palava Protected Landscape Area V   Czech Republic  
Pen Llyn a`r Sarnau/ Lleyn Peninsula and the Sarnau 360832 Wales, United Kingdom
Point Pelee National Park II 5764 Ontario, Canada
Prioksko-Terrasny Biosphere Reserve IV 12219 Moscow, Russia
Rondeau Provincial Park II 5035 Ontario, Canada
Salisbury Plain 52975 England, United Kingdom
Saltfjärdenin-Tavastfjärdenin lintuvedet 642 Finland  
Saratoga National Historical Park   New York, United States
Sefton Coast 11278 England, United Kingdom
Skuleskogen 7420 Sweden  
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
The Broads 14554 England, United Kingdom  
Tsentral'no-Chernozemny Biosphere Reserve Ia 13064 Kursk, Russia
Tsentral'no-Lesnoy Biosphere Reserve Ia 62630 Russia  
Valley Forge National Historical Park VI 3509 Pennsylvania, United States
Voronezhskiy Biosphere Reserve 95835 Russia  
Western Michigan University's Asylum Lake Preserve 274 Michigan, United States
Y Fenai a Bae Conwy/ Menai Strait and Conwy Bay 65440 Wales, United Kingdom  
Zhuvintas Zapovednik 18223 Lithuania  



Acronicta aceris[7]
Acronicta alni (Alder Moth)[7]
Acronicta leporina (miller)[7]
Acronicta psi (Grey Dagger Moth)[7]
Acronicta rumicis (Knot Grass)[7]
Aculops acericola <Unverified Name>[8]
Agrilus viridis (beech splendour beetle)[8]
Aleurochiton complanatus <Unverified Name>[8]
Anthaxia perrini[9]
Bison bonasus (European bison)[10]
Cacoecimorpha pronubana (Carnation Tortrix)[8]
Calliteara pudibunda (Pale Tussock)[7]
Caloptilia packardella[7]
Cerrena unicolor (mossy maze polypore)[9]
Colocasia coryli (Nut-tree Tussock)[7]
Colotois pennaria (Feathered Thorn)[7]
Coptophylla gymnaspis <Unverified Name>[8]
Coptophylla pseudoplatani <Unverified Name>[8]
Cosmia trapezina (Dun-bar)[7]
Crustomyces expallens[11]
Diaspidiotus ostreaeformis (European fruit scale)[12]
Drepanosiphum platanoidis (Sycamore aphid)[8]
Drisina glutinosa[8]
Dysaphis vandenboschi lepidii[8]
Eotetranychus pruni[8]
Eriophyes heteronyx <Unverified Name>[8]
Etainia louisella[8]
Etainia sericopeza (Norway Maple Seedminer)[8]
Eupithecia inturbata (Maple Pug)[7]
Eupsilia transversa (Satellite)[7]
Heliococcus stachyos (betony mealybug)[12]
Heterarthrus aceris <Unverified Name>[8]
Hyalophora cecropia (Cecropia Moth)[7]
Lepidosaphes ulmi (apple oystershell scale)[12]
Leucoptera aceris[7]
Lymantria dispar (gypsy moth)[7]
Mesolecanium nigrofasciatum (terrapin scale)[12]
Neotegonotus fastigatus <Unverified Name>[8]
Operophtera brumata (winter moth)[7]
Orgyia antiqua (Rusty Tussock Moth)[7]
Pammene regiana[7]
Periphyllus lyropictus (Norway maple aphid)[8]
Periphyllus xanthomelas <Unverified Name>[8]
Phalera bucephala (Buff-tip)[7]
Phenacoccus acericola (maple mealybug)[12]
Phenacoccus aceris (apple mealybug)[8]
Phyllonorycter platanoidella <Unverified Name>[8]
Phyllonorycter trinotella[7]
Proteoteras aesculana (Maple Twig Borer)[7]
Psallus perrisi[8]
Psallus variabilis[8]
Psallus wagneri[8]
Ptilinus pectinicornis[8]
Ptilodon capucina (Coxcomb Prominent)[7]
Ptilophora plumigera (Plumed Prominent)[8]
Ptycholomoides aeriferana[7]
Pulvinaria hydrangeae (cottony hydrangea scale)[12]
Pulvinaria regalis (horse chestnut scale)[12]
Rhinocola aceris[8]
Stenurella melanura[9]
Stigmella aceris[8]
Tegonotus serratus <Unverified Name>[8]
Thyridopteryx ephemeraeformis (Evergreen bagworm moth)[7]
Xyleborus saxeseni <Unverified Name>[8]
Xylena vetusta (Red Sword-grass)[7]
Zeuzera pyrina (leopard moth)[8]


Parasitized by 
Asteromella platanoidis[11]
Cerrena unicolor[9]
Rhytisma acerinum (Sycamore Tarspot)[11]
Sawadaea tulasnei[11]


North America; Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake;



Attributes / relations provided by
1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database.
2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
3Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
4PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish Plants: Status, Size, Life History, Geography and Habitats, M. O. Hill, C. D. Preston & D. B. Roy, Biological Records Centre, NERC Centre for Ecology and Hydrology (2004)
5ECOFACT 2a Technical Annex - Ellenberg’s indicator values for British Plants, M O Hill, J O Mountford, D B Roy & R G H Bunce (1999)
6Forest Inventory and Analysis DB version 5.1, May 4, 2013, U.S. Forest Service
7HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
8Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
9Ecology of Commanster
10Food eaten by the free-living European bison in Białowieża Forest, Zofia GĘBCZYŃSKA, Marek GĘBCZYŃSKI and Ewa MARTYNOWICZ, Acta Theriologica 36 (3-4), 307-313, 1991.
11Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
12Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Calvin College Ecosystem Preserve
Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake
Images provided by Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access