Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Sapindales > Sapindaceae > Acer > Acer pseudoplatanus

Acer pseudoplatanus (sycamore; sycamore maple)

Synonyms: Acer atropurpureum; Acer dittrichii; Acer erythrocarpum; Acer euchlorum; Acer leopoldii; Acer majus; Acer melliodorum; Acer montanum; Acer nebrodense; Acer opulifolium; Acer procerum; Acer purpureum; Acer quinquelobum; Acer rafinesquianum; Acer ramosum; Acer villosum; Acer worleei

Wikipedia Abstract

Acer pseudoplatanus, known as the sycamore in the United Kingdom and the sycamore maple in the United States, is a flowering plant species in the soapberry and lychee family Sapindaceae. It is a large deciduous, broad-leaved tree, tolerant of wind and coastal exposure. It is native to Central Europe and Western Asia, from France eastwards to Ukraine, northern Turkey and the Caucasus and southwards in the mountains of northern Spain and Italy.
View Wikipedia Record: Acer pseudoplatanus


Height [3]  98 feet (30 m)
Width [3]  49 feet (15 m)
Air Quality Improvement [1]  Low
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-High
Carbon Capture [1]  Medium-High
Screening - Summer [2]  Dense
Screening - Winter [2]  Porous
Shade Percentage [1]  86 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  High
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 5 Low Temperature: -20 F° (-28.9 C°) → -10 F° (-23.3 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 7 Low Temperature: 0 F° (-17.8 C°) → 10 F° (-12.2 C°)
Light Preference [6]  Mostly Shady
Soil Acidity [6]  Moderate Acid
Soil Fertility [6]  Intermediate
Soil Moisture [6]  Moist
Water Use [1]  High to Moderate
Flower Color [2]  Green
Foliage Color [2]  Yellow
Fruit Color [2]  Green
Fruit Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Bloom Period [2]  Late Spring
Drought Tolerance [2]  Medium
Edible [3]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Fire Tolerance [2]  Medium
Flower Type [3]  Monoecious
Frost Free Days [2]  4 months 20 days
Fruit/Seed Abundance [2]  High
Fruit/Seed Begin [2]  Spring
Fruit/Seed End [2]  Summer
Growth Form [2]  Single Stem
Growth Period [2]  Spring, Summer
Growth Rate [2]  Moderate
Janka Hardness [4]  1050 lbf (476 kgf) Soft
Leaf Type [3]  Deciduous
Lifespan [5]  Perennial
Pollinators [3]  Bees
Propagation [2]  Bare Root, Container, Cutting, Seed
Root Depth [2]  4.0 feet (122 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [2]  Moderate
Seed Vigor [2]  Medium
Seeds Per [2]  5920 / lb (13051 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [2]  Erect
Specific Gravity [7]  0.509
Structure [3]  Tree
Usage [3]  The trees are fast-growing and make a good windbreak for exposed and maritime areas; They are often used in shelterbelt plantings; This species usually self-sows freely and is often the first tree to invade disused farmland, cleared woodland etc. Its ability to tolerate difficult environments make it a good pioneer species for re-establishing woodlands. When grown in Britain it is usually gradually displaced over a period of 200 years or more by native species until it becomes just a minor component of the woodland; The leaves are packed around apples, rootcrops etc to help preserve them; Wood - very hard, heavy, elastic, easy to work, fairly resistant to insects. Used for carving, small domestic items, veneer etc; It is a good fuel and also makes a good charcoal that can be used as a fuel;
Vegetative Spread Rate [2]  None
View Plants For A Future Record : Acer pseudoplatanus

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Appennino Lucano, Valle Agri, Monte Sirino, Monte Raparo 90310 Italy  
Beinn Eighe National Nature Reserve   Scotland, United Kingdom
Belovezhskaya Pushcha Biosphere Reserve National Park II 218515 Belarus
Ben Wyvis 13313 Scotland, United Kingdom
Berchtesgaden Alps National Park II 51433 Germany
Bialowieza National Park II 11126 Poland
Buchholz bei Bleiwäsche 786 Germany  
Cairngorms 142543 Scotland, United Kingdom
Cairnsmore of Fleet, Silver Flowe, and Merrick Kells Biosphere Reserve 8794 Scotland, United Kingdom
Caithness and Sutherland Peatlands 354692 Scotland, United Kingdom
Carmarthen Bay and Estuaries/ Bae Caerfyrddin ac Aberoedd 163340 Wales, United Kingdom
Carpathian Biosphere Reserve 144772 Ukraine  
Craven Limestone Complex 13166 England, United Kingdom
Dornoch Firth and Morrich More 21499 Scotland, United Kingdom
Dorset Heaths 14161 England, United Kingdom
Fenn`s, Whixall, Bettisfield, Wem and Cadney Mosses 2346 England/Wales, United Kingdom  
Gateway National Recreation Area V 1807 New Jersey, United States
Gettysburg National Military Park V 3560 Pennsylvania, United States
Humber Estuary 90582 England, United Kingdom
Ingleborough Complex 14256 England, United Kingdom
Isle of Rum National Nature Reserve   Scotland, United Kingdom
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
Massiccio del Monte Pollino e Monte Alpi 217581 Italy  
Merrick Kells 21494 Scotland, United Kingdom
Monte Generoso 586 Italy  
Monte Matassaro, Monte Gradara e Monte Signora 9331 Italy    
Monte Paratiello 2790 Italy  
Morecambe Bay 151985 England, United Kingdom
Morecambe Bay Pavements 6449 England, United Kingdom
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
North Norfolk Coast 7926 England, United Kingdom  
North Pennine Moors 254789 England, United Kingdom
North York Moors 108930 England, United Kingdom
Palava Protected Landscape Area V   Czech Republic  
Pembrokeshire Marine/ Sir Benfro Forol 341177 Wales, United Kingdom  
Pen Llyn a`r Sarnau/ Lleyn Peninsula and the Sarnau 360832 Wales, United Kingdom
Reserva de la Biosfera de Urdaibai Biosphere Reserve V 1777 Spain  
River Spey 14158 Scotland, United Kingdom
Sefton Coast 11278 England, United Kingdom
Severn Estuary/ Môr Hafren 182155 England/Wales, United Kingdom
South Pennine Moors 160577 England, United Kingdom  
Spreewald Biosphere Reserve 117355 Germany  
Taynish National Nature Reserve   Scotland, United Kingdom
The New Forest 72309 England, United Kingdom
The Wash and North Norfolk Coast 266284 England, United Kingdom
Y Fenai a Bae Conwy/ Menai Strait and Conwy Bay 65440 Wales, United Kingdom  



Acanthonitschkea tristis[8]
Acasis viretata[9]
Aceria crassipunctata <Unverified Name>[9]
Aceria pseudoplatani <Unverified Name>[10]
Acleris forsskaleana[11]
Acleris sparsana[11]
Acronicta aceris[11]
Acronicta americana (American dagger moth)[11]
Aculops acericola <Unverified Name>[9]
Aculops aceris <Unverified Name>[9]
Aglia tau (Tau Emperor)[11]
Agrilus viridis (beech splendour beetle)[9]
Agriopis aurantiaria <Unverified Name>[9]
Agriopis marginaria <Unverified Name>[10]
Alebra wahlbergi[9]
Aleimma loeflingiana[9]
Aleurochiton complanatus <Unverified Name>[9]
Alnetoidia alneti[9]
Alsophila aescularia (March Moth)[9]
Amphipyra berbera (Svensson's Copper Underwing)[11]
Amphipyra pyramidea[9]
Antheraea polyphemus (polyphemus moth)[8]
Apiognomonia hystrix[8]
Apocheima pilosaria <Unverified Name>[9]
Aromia moschata (musk beetle)[9]
Artacris macrorhynchus <Unverified Name>[9]
Athelia alnicola[8]
Auricularia auricula-judae (Jelly Ear)[8]
Bison bonasus (European bison)[12]
Bjerkandera fumosa (Big Smoky Bracket)[8]
Bloxamia leucophthalma[8]
Bolbitius reticulatus[8]
Botryobasidium pruinatum[8]
Brevicellicium exile[8]
Byctiscus betulae (Hazel Leaf Roller)[9]
Byssomerulius corium (Netted Crust)[8]
Calliteara pudibunda (Pale Tussock)[9]
Caloptilia fribergensis[11]
Caloptilia hemidactylella[11]
Caloptilia rufipennella[11]
Caloptilia semifascia[9]
Calybites hauderi[9]
Camarosporium ambiens[8]
Cameraria ohridella (horse chestnut leaf miner)[8]
Carcina quercana[9]
Cerioporus leptocephalus (Blackfoot Polypore)[8]
Cerioporus mollis (Common Mazegill)[8]
Cerioporus squamosus (Dryad’s Saddle)[8]
Ceriporia excelsa[8]
Ceriporia purpurea[8]
Ceriporiopsis gilvescens[8]
Ceroplastes japonicus (fig wax scale)[13]
Cerrena unicolor (mossy maze polypore)[10]
Chaetomella acutiseta[8]
Chionaspis salicis (black willow bark louse)[13]
Cicones undata <Unverified Name>[9]
Cicones variegata <Unverified Name>[9]
Citheronia regalis (Regal moth/hickory horned devil)[11]
Clitocybe truncicola[8]
Clytus arietis (wasp beetle)[9]
Colotois pennaria (Feathered Thorn)[9]
Coniophora arida[8]
Conistra vaccinii (Chestnut)[9]
Contarinia acerplicans[9]
Coprinellus domesticus (Firerug Inkcap)[8]
Coprinopsis alopecia[8]
Coptophylla gymnaspis <Unverified Name>[9]
Cosmia trapezina (Dun-bar)[9]
Crassochaeta fusispora[8]
Crepidotus caspari[8]
Crepidotus cesatii[8]
Crocicreas subhyalinum[8]
Croesia forsskaleana <Unverified Name>[9]
Crustomyces expallens[8]
Cryptococcus aceris[13]
Cryptodiaporthe lebiseyi[8]
Cyclophora annulata[9]
Cyclothyriella rubronotata[8]
Cydia leguminana[9]
Cylindrobasidium laeve[8]
Daedaleopsis confragosa[8]
Daldinia concentrica (King Alfred's Cake)[8]
Dasineura acercrispans <Unverified Name>[9]
Dasineura irregularis[9]
Declana floccosa (Forest Semilooper)[14]
Denisia angustella <Unverified Name>[9]
Denisia similella <Unverified Name>[9]
Diaspidiotus forbesi (cherry scale)[13]
Drepanosiphum acerinum[9]
Drepanosiphum aceris[9]
Drepanosiphum dixoni[9]
Drepanosiphum platanoidis (Sycamore aphid)[9]
Drisina glutinosa[9]
Dryocampa rubicunda (Rosy Maple Moth)[11]
Dysaphis leefmansi valentinae[9]
Dysaphis vandenboschi lepidii[9]
Eacles imperialis (Imperial moth)[11]
Edwardsiana avellanae[9]
Edwardsiana flavescens[9]
Edwardsiana frustrator[9]
Edwardsiana nigriloba[9]
Efibula tuberculata[8]
Ennomos autumnaria (Large Thorn)[9]
Epirrita christyi <Unverified Name>[9]
Epirrita dilutata <Unverified Name>[9]
Epistrophe grossulariae[9]
Erannis defoliaria (Mottled Umber Moth)[9]
Eriophyes erineus <Unverified Name>[9]
Eriophyes eriobius <Unverified Name>[9]
Eriophyes macrochelus <Unverified Name>[9]
Eriophyes pseudoplatani <Unverified Name>[9]
Erythricium laetum[8]
Etainia decentella[9]
Eulecanium excrescens (excrescent scale)[8]
Eulecanium tiliae (nut scale)[9]
Eupithecia exiguata (Mottled Pug)[11]
Eupithecia inturbata (Maple Pug)[9]
Euproctis chrysorrhoea (Brown-tail)[11]
Eurhadina loewii[9]
Eutypa maura[8]
Eutypella acericola[8]
Exidia nigricans[8]
Exidia thuretiana (White Brain)[8]
Fagocyba cruenta[9]
Fomes fomentarius[8]
Ganoderma applanatum[8]
Gelechia desiliens[11]
Gloeocystidiellum clavuligerum[8]
Gloeocystidiellum luridum[8]
Gloeohypochnicium analogum[8]
Gloeoporus pannocinctus[8]
Gnomonia cerastis[8]
Granulobasidium vellereum[8]
Gymnopilus junonius (Spectacular Rustgill)[8]
Halysidota harrisii (sycamore tussock moth)[11]
Halysidota tessellaris (Banded Tussock Moth)[11]
Hericium cirrhatum (Tiered Tooth)[8]
Heterarthrus aceris <Unverified Name>[9]
Hierodoris atychioides <Unverified Name>[14]
Hyalopeziza ciliata[8]
Hyalophora cecropia (Cecropia Moth)[11]
Hydrelia flammeolaria[9]
Hymenoscyphus caudatus[8]
Hyphodermella corrugata[8]
Hypomecis punctinalis <Unverified Name>[9]
Hypoxylon fragiforme (Beech Woodwart)[8]
Hypoxylon howeanum[8]
Incurvaria pectinea[10]
Inonotus cuticularis[8]
Ischnomera sanguinicollis <Unverified Name>[9]
Jodis lactearia (Little Emerald)[9]
Kretzschmaria deusta (Brittle Cinder)[8]
Kuehneromyces mutabilis (Sheathed Woodtuft)[8]
Lachnum radotinense[8]
Lachnum rhytismatis[8]
Lanzia luteovirescens[8]
Lanzia vacini[8]
Lepidosaphes conchiformis (fig oystershell scale)[13]
Lepidosaphes ulmi (apple oystershell scale)[9]
Leucoagaricus serenus[8]
Lophocampa caryae (hickory tussock moth)[11]
Lyctus brunneus (Powderpost beetle)[9]
Macrosiphum euphorbiellum (Potato aphid)[9]
Macrotyphula juncea (Slender Club)[8]
Marasmiellus candidus[8]
Marasmius epiphyllus (Leaf Parachute)[8]
Marasmius torquescens[8]
Massaria inquinans[8]
Melangyna cincta[9]
Melanotus erythropus <Unverified Name>[9]
Meripilus giganteus[8]
Mesites tardii <Unverified Name>[9]
Micropterix tunbergella[9]
Misogada unicolor[11]
Mollisina acerina[8]
Mucidula mucida (Porcelain Fungus)[8]
Muscardinus avellanarius (hazel dormouse)[15]
Mycena pseudocorticola[8]
Mycena rosea (Rosy Bonnet)[8]
Mycetinis alliaceus (Garlic Parachute)[8]
Mycoacia aurea[8]
Mycoacia uda[8]
Mycoaciella bispora[8]
Mycopan scabripes[8]
Myxarium nucleatum (Crystal Brain)[8]
Nectria cinnabarina[8]
Noctua fimbriata (Broad-bordered Yellow Underwing)[9]
Oemona hirta[14]
Operophtera brumata (winter moth)[9]
Operophtera fagata (Northern Winter Moth)[9]
Orthotylus flavinervis[9]
Ossiannilssonola callosa[9]
Ossicaulis lignatilis[8]
Oxyporus latemarginatus[8]
Oxyporus obducens[8]
Oxyporus populinus[8]
Pammene aurita[11]
Pammene regiana[11]
Pandemis cerasana (Barred Fruit-tree Tortrix)[9]
Panellus stipticus (Bitter Oysterling)[8]
Panus conchatus[8]
Peniophora cinerea[8]
Peniophora lycii[8]
Peniophora nuda[8]
Periphyllus testudinaceus[8]
Pezicula carnea[8]
Phalera bucephala (Buff-tip)[9]
Phanerochaete sordida[8]
Phanerochaete velutina[8]
Phialina lachnobrachya[8]
Phlebia rufa[8]
Phomopsis platanoidis[8]
Phomopsis pustulata[8]
Phyllonorycter geniculella[9]
Physatocheila harwoodi[9]
Plagiostoma inclinatum[8]
Planotortrix excessana (Greenheaded leafroller)[14]
Platypus apicalis[14]
Pleuroceras pseudoplatani[8]
Pleurotus dryinus (Veiled Oyster)[8]
Pluteus chrysophaeus (Yellow Shield)[8]
Pluteus hispidulus[8]
Pluteus petasatus[8]
Pluteus phlebophorus[8]
Pluteus thomsonii (Veined Shield)[8]
Pluteus umbrosus (Velvet Shield)[8]
Polia nebulosa (Grey Arches)[9]
Postia balsamea[8]
Postia ceriflua[8]
Postia subcaesia[8]
Pristiphora subbifida <Unverified Name>[9]
Proeulia chrysopteris[11]
Prosthecium platanoidis[8]
Prosthecium pyriforme[8]
Ptilinus pectinicornis[9]
Ptilodontella cucullina[11]
Ptilophora plumigera (Plumed Prominent)[11]
Ptycholoma lecheana[9]
Pulvinaria brachiungualis[13]
Pulvinaria hydrangeae (cottony hydrangea scale)[13]
Pulvinaria regalis (horse chestnut scale)[13]
Pyrenopeziza petiolaris[8]
Resupinatus applicatus (Smoked Oysterling)[8]
Resupinatus trichotis[8]
Rhamphoria bevanii[8]
Rhodotus palmatus (Wrinkled Peach)[8]
Rhyncolus truncorum[9]
Rhytisma acerinum (Sycamore Tarspot)[10]
Rigidoporus ulmarius[8]
Samia cynthia (Cynthia moth)[11]
Samia walkeri[11]
Saturnia pyri (Great peacock moth)[11]
Sawadaea bicornis[10]
Schiffermuelleria similella <Unverified Name>[9]
Schizophyllum commune (Common Porecrust)[8]
Selenia tetralunaria (Purple Thorn)[9]
Simocybe haustellaris[8]
Skeletocutis nivea (Hazel Bracket)[8]
Splanchnonema pupula[8]
Spongipellis delectans[8]
Stagonospora lophiostoma[8]
Steccherinum fimbriatum[8]
Steccherinum ochraceum[8]
Stereum rameale[8]
Stereum subtomentosum (Yellowing Curtain Crust)[8]
Stigmella aceris[9]
Stigmella speciosa[9]
Strangalia melanura[9]
Stypella dubia[8]
Synanthedon resplendens[11]
Synchita separanda <Unverified Name>[9]
Thyridium vestitum[8]
Thyridopteryx ephemeraeformis (Evergreen bagworm moth)[11]
Trametes gibbosa (Lumpy Bracket)[8]
Trametes ochracea[8]
Trichodiscus virescentulus[8]
Trisulcosporium acerinum[8]
Tubulicium vermiferum[8]
Typhula crassipes[8]
Typhula erythropus (Redleg Club)[8]
Typhula phacorrhiza[8]
Typhula setipes[8]
Volvariella bombycina (Silky Rosegill)[8]
Volvariella caesiotincta[8]
Vuilleminia comedens (Waxy Crust)[8]
Xanthia aurago (Barred Sallow)[9]
Xylaria longipes (Dead Moll’s Fingers)[8]
Xylaria polymorpha (Dead Man’s Fingers)[8]
Xylodon brevisetus[8]
Xyloterus signatum <Unverified Name>[9]
Ypsolopha sequella <Unverified Name>[9]
Zeuzera pyrina (leopard moth)[9]


Mutual (symbiont) 
Gyroporus cyanescens[8]
Inocybe calamistrata (Greenfoot Fibrecap)[8]
Parasitized by 
Aceria pseudoplatani <Unverified Name>[10]
Asteromella platanoidis[8]
Cerioporus squamosus[8]
Cerrena unicolor[10]
Cyclocybe cylindracea (Poplar Fieldcap)[8]
Fomes fomentarius (Hoof Fungus)[8]
Ganoderma applanatum (Artist’s Bracket)[8]
Incurvaria pectinea[10]
Mucidula mucida[8]
Oxyporus populinus (Poplar Bracket)[8]
Pleuroceras pseudoplatani[8]
Rhytisma acerinum[10]
Sawadaea bicornis[10]
Viscum album (European mistletoe)[8]


North America;



Attributes / relations provided by
1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database.
2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
3Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
4Wood Janka Hardness Scale/Chart J W Morlan's Unique Wood Gifts
5PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish Plants: Status, Size, Life History, Geography and Habitats, M. O. Hill, C. D. Preston & D. B. Roy, Biological Records Centre, NERC Centre for Ecology and Hydrology (2004)
6ECOFACT 2a Technical Annex - Ellenberg’s indicator values for British Plants, M O Hill, J O Mountford, D B Roy & R G H Bunce (1999)
7Chave J, Coomes D, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Swenson NG, Zanne AE (2009) Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Ecology Letters 12: 351-366. Zanne AE, Lopez-Gonzalez G, Coomes DA, Ilic J, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Miller RB, Swenson NG, Wiemann MC, Chave J (2009) Data from: Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Dryad Digital Repository.
8Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
9Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
10Ecology of Commanster
11HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
12Food eaten by the free-living European bison in Białowieża Forest, Zofia GĘBCZYŃSKA, Marek GĘBCZYŃSKI and Ewa MARTYNOWICZ, Acta Theriologica 36 (3-4), 307-313, 1991.
13Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
14New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Plant-SyNZ™ database
15Juškaitis R. 2008. The Common Dormouse Muscardinus avellanarius: Ecology, Population Structure and Dynamics. Institute of Ecology of Vilnius University Publishers, Vilnius.
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access