Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Sapindales > Sapindaceae > Acer > Acer saccharinum

Acer saccharinum (silver maple)

Synonyms: Acer album; Acer dasycarpum; Acer eriocarpum; Acer pallidum; Acer palmifolium; Acer pulchrum; Acer saccharinum f. ahlesii; Acer saccharinum f. purpureocarpum; Acer saccharinum f. variifolium; Acer saccharinum var. laciniatum; Acer saccharinum var. wieri; Acer saira; Acer tomentosum; Acer virginianum; Acer wieri; Argentacer saccharinum; Saccharodendron saccharinum; Saccharosphendamnus saccharinus

Wikipedia Abstract

Acer saccharinum, commonly known as silver maple, creek maple, silverleaf maple, soft maple, water maple, swamp maple, or white maple—is a species of maple native to eastern and central North America in the eastern United States and Canada. It is one of the most common trees in the United States.
View Wikipedia Record: Acer saccharinum


Height [3]  98 feet (30 m)
Width [3]  49 feet (15 m)
Air Quality Improvement [1]  Low
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium
Carbon Capture [1]  Medium-High
Screening - Summer [2]  Dense
Screening - Winter [2]  Porous
Shade Percentage [1]  86 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Medium
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium-Low
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 3 Low Temperature: -40 F° (-40 C°) → -30 F° (-34.4 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 9 Low Temperature: 20 F° (-6.7 C°) → 30 F° (-1.1 C°)
Light Preference [2]  Mixed Sun/Shade
Soil Acidity [2]  Moderate Acid
Soil Fertility [2]  Infertile
Water Use [1]  Moderate
Flower Color [2]  Yellow
Foliage Color [2]  Green
Fruit Color [2]  Brown
Fall Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Flower Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Fruit Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Bloom Period [2]  Early Spring
Drought Tolerance [2]  Low
Edible [3]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Fire Tolerance [2]  Low
Flower Type [3]  Hermaphrodite
Frost Free Days [2]  4 months
Fruit/Seed Abundance [2]  High
Fruit/Seed Begin [2]  Summer
Fruit/Seed End [2]  Fall
Growth Form [2]  Single Stem
Growth Period [2]  Spring, Summer
Growth Rate [2]  Rapid
Leaf Type [3]  Deciduous
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Pollinators [3]  Wind
Propagation [2]  Bare Root, Container, Cutting, Seed
Root Depth [2]  32 inches (81 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [2]  Slow
Seed Vigor [2]  Low
Seeds Per [2]  1610 / lb (3549 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [2]  Rounded
Specific Gravity [4]  0.47
Structure [3]  Tree
Usage [3]  The leaves are packed around apples, rootcrops etc to help preserve them; A fairly wind-tolerant tree, it can be used in shelterbelt plantings; The branches are rather brittle, however, and can break off even in minor storms; The stems are used in making baskets; The boiled inner bark yields a brown dye; Mixed with lead sulphate this produces a blue/black dye which can also be used as an ink; A black dye is obtained from the twigs and bark; The bark can be boiled, along with hemlock (Tsuga spp]) and swamp oak bark (Quercus bicolor) to make a wash to remove rust from iron and steel, and to prevent further rusting; Wood - rather brittle, close-grained, hard, strong, easily worked but not durable. It weighs 32lb per cubic metre. It has many uses such as veneer, cooperage, furniture, flooring and pulp;
Vegetative Spread Rate [2]  None
View Plants For A Future Record : Acer saccharinum

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Acadia National Park II 35996 Maine, United States
Algonquin Provincial Park IV 1868802 Ontario, Canada
Allegheny Portage Railroad Nat'l Hist. Site National Historic Site III 1152 Pennsylvania, United States
Assateague Island National Seashore II 8621 Maryland, United States
Blue Ridge Parkway National Parkway V 73611 North Carolina, Virginia, United States
Bruce Peninsula National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Calvin College Ecosystem Preserve 90 Michigan, United States
Central Gulf Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 40530 United States  
Chesapeake & Ohio Canal National Hist. Park National Historical Park V 19586 Maryland, District of Columbia, United States
Colonial National Historic Park National Historical Park V 9316 Virginia, United States
Dorset Heaths 14161 England, United Kingdom
Dorset Heaths (Purbeck and Wareham) and Studland Dunes 5491 England, United Kingdom
Edwin S. George Reserve 1297 Michigan, United States
Fort Donelson National Battlefield III 560 Tennessee, United States
Friendship Hill National Historic Site III 697 Pennsylvania, United States
Gateway National Recreation Area V 1807 New Jersey, United States
George Washington Birthplace National Monument V 435 Virginia, United States
George Washington Memorial Parkway V   Virginia, United States
Gettysburg National Military Park V 3560 Pennsylvania, United States
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge VI 3161 New Jersey, United States
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park VI 715 West Virginia, United States
Herbert Hoover National Historic Site   Iowa, United States
Homestead National Monument of America V 850 Nebraska, United States
Hopewell Furnace National Historic Site III 861 Pennsylvania, United States
Hubbard Brook Biosphere Reserve 7809 New Hampshire, United States
Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore II 8272 Indiana, United States
La Mauricie National Park II 131706 Quebec, Canada
Lake Superior Provincial Park IV 351011 Ontario, Canada
Little River National Wildlife Refuge   Oklahoma, United States
Mammoth Cave Area Biosphere Reserve (Natn'l Park) National Park II 51235 Kentucky, United States
Morristown National Historical Park VI 1677 New Jersey, United States
National Capital Parks - Central National Park   District of Columbia, United States
New River Gorge National River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 55591 West Virginia, United States
Nez Perce National Historical Park V 2076 Idaho, United States
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
Oconee National Forest Botanical Reserve 306 Georgia, United States  
Pen Llyn a`r Sarnau/ Lleyn Peninsula and the Sarnau 360832 Wales, United Kingdom
Point Pelee National Park II 5764 Ontario, Canada
Richmond National Battlefield Park III 1517 Virginia, United States
Rock Creek Park   District of Columbia, United States
Rondeau Provincial Park II 5035 Ontario, Canada
Saint Lawrence Islands National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Saratoga National Historical Park   New York, United States
Sefton Coast 11278 England, United Kingdom
Shenandoah National Park II 108221 Virginia, United States
Shiloh National Military Park III 4061 Tennessee, United States
South Atlantic Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 20317 South Carolina, United States  
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Tennessee River Gorge   Tennessee, United States
Upper Miss. River Nat'l Wildlife Refuge National Wildlife Refuge VI 25823 Illinois, Iowa, Wisconsin, United States
Valley Forge National Historical Park VI 3509 Pennsylvania, United States
Western Michigan University's Asylum Lake Preserve 274 Michigan, United States



Acronicta americana (American dagger moth)[5]
Aculops aceris <Unverified Name>[6]
Alsophila pometaria (fall cankerworm)[5]
Anisota oslari (Oslar’s oakworm moth)[5]
Antheraea polyphemus (polyphemus moth)[5]
Automeris io (Io moth)[5]
Caloptilia packardella[5]
Cameraria aceriella[5]
Cameraria saccharella[5]
Castor canadensis (american beaver)[7]
Chionaspis acericola (maple chionaspis)[8]
Cingilia catenaria (chainspotted geometer)[5]
Colinus virginianus (Northern Bobwhite)[7]
Colocasia flavicornis (Yellowhorn)[5]
Colocasia propinquilinea (Closebanded Yellowhorn)[5]
Contarinia acerplicans[6]
Dasychira vagans[5]
Diaspidiotus ancylus (Howard scale)[8]
Diaspidiotus perniciosus (California scale)[8]
Dryocampa rubicunda (Rosy Maple Moth)[5]
Eacles imperialis (Imperial moth)[5]
Ennomos subsignaria (elm spanworm)[5]
Episimus tyrius[5]
Erannis tiliaria (linden looper)[5]
Eulecanium tiliae (nut scale)[6]
Euproctis chrysorrhoea (Brown-tail)[5]
Euxoa messoria (darksided cutworm)[5]
Halysidota tessellaris (Banded Tussock Moth)[5]
Heterocampa biundata[5]
Heterocampa guttivitta (saddled prominent)[5]
Hyalophora cecropia (Cecropia Moth)[5]
Hyphantria cunea (fall webworm)[5]
Lambdina fervidaria (Curve-lined Looper)[5]
Lambdina fiscellaria (hemlock looper)[5]
Lepidosaphes ulmi (apple oystershell scale)[6]
Leucoma salicis (White Satin Moth)[5]
Lithophane antennata (green fruitworm)[5]
Lithophane bethunei[5]
Lithophane laticinerea[5]
Lophocampa caryae (hickory tussock moth)[5]
Lymantria dispar (gypsy moth)[5]
Machimia tentoriferella (Gold-striped Leaftier Moth)[5]
Malacosoma americana (Eastern tent caterpillar)[5]
Melanaspis tenebricosa (gloomy scale)[8]
Mesolecanium nigrofasciatum (terrapin scale)[8]
Microtus pennsylvanicus (meadow vole)[7]
Operophtera brumata (winter moth)[5]
Orthosia hibisci (green fruitworm)[5]
Paleacrita vernata (spring cankerworm)[5]
Papaipema nebris (stalk borer)[5]
Parallelia bistriaris (Maple Looper Moth)[5]
Peridroma saucia (variegated cutworm)[5]
Peromyscus leucopus (white-footed mouse)[7]
Phenacoccus acericola (maple mealybug)[8]
Phyllonorycter clemensella[5]
Phyllonorycter lucidicostella[5]
Phyllonorycter trinotella[5]
Proteoteras aesculana (Maple Twig Borer)[5]
Proteoteras moffatiana[5]
Pseudococcus maritimus (grape mealybug)[8]
Pulvinaria acantholimoni <Unverified Name>[8]
Reticulitermes flavipes (eastern subterranean termite)[7]
Sciurus griseus (western gray squirrel)[9]
Semiothisa aemulataria[5]
Spaelotis clandestina (Clandestine Dart)[5]
Spinus tristis (American Goldfinch)[7]
Sylvilagus floridanus (Eastern Cottontail)[7]
Tamias striatus (eastern chipmunk)[7]
Thyridopteryx ephemeraeformis (Evergreen bagworm moth)[5]
Zonotrichia albicollis (White-throated Sparrow)[7]
Aix sponsa (Wood Duck)[7]
Antheraea polyphemus[7]
Dynastes tityus (Eastern hercules beetle)[7]
Lepidosaphes ulmi[7]
Lymantria dispar[7]
Odocoileus virginianus (white-tailed deer)[7]
Poecile carolinensis (Carolina Chickadee)[7]
Procyon lotor (Raccoon)[7]
Pterophylla camellifolia (common true katydid)[7]
Sciurus carolinensis (eastern gray squirrel)[7]


Pollinated by 
Apis mellifera (honey bee)[10]


Shelter for 
Agelaius phoeniceus (Red-winged Blackbird)[7]
Baeolophus bicolor (Tufted Titmouse)[7]
Corydalus cornutus (dobsonfly)[7]
Didelphis virginiana (Virginia Opossum)[7]
Dolichovespula maculata (baldfaced hornet)[7]
Dryocopus pileatus (Pileated Woodpecker)[7]
Eptesicus fuscus (big brown bat)[7]
Megaceryle alcyon (Belted Kingfisher)[7]
Molothrus ater (Brown-headed Cowbird)[7]
Myiarchus crinitus (Great Crested Flycatcher)[7]
Quiscalus quiscula (Common Grackle)[7]
Sialia sialis (Eastern Bluebird)[7]
Sitta carolinensis (White-breasted Nuthatch)[7]
Strix varia (Barred Owl)[7]
Aix sponsa (Wood Duck)[7]
Antheraea polyphemus[7]
Dynastes tityus (Eastern hercules beetle)[7]
Lepidosaphes ulmi[7]
Lymantria dispar[7]
Odocoileus virginianus (white-tailed deer)[7]
Poecile carolinensis (Carolina Chickadee)[7]
Procyon lotor (Raccoon)[7]
Pterophylla camellifolia (common true katydid)[7]
Sciurus carolinensis (eastern gray squirrel)[7]

Range Map

North America; Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake;



Attributes / relations provided by
1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database.
2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
3Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
4Forest Inventory and Analysis DB version 5.1, May 4, 2013, U.S. Forest Service
5HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
6Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
7Study of Northern Virginia Ecology
8Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
9Sciurus griseus, Leslie N. Carraway and B. J. Verts, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 474, pp. 1-7 (1994)
10Robertson, C. Flowers and insects lists of visitors of four hundred and fifty three flowers. 1929. The Science Press Printing Company Lancaster, PA.
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Calvin College Ecosystem Preserve
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Edwin S. George Reserve, University of Michigan, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake
Images provided by Wikimedia Commons licensed under a Creative Commons License
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access