Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Sapindales > Anacardiaceae > Anacardium > Anacardium occidentale

Anacardium occidentale (cashew)

Synonyms: Acajuba occidentalis; Anacardium amilcarianum; Anacardium kuhlmannianum; Anacardium microcarpum; Anacardium othonianum; Anacardium rondonianum; Cassuvium pomiferum; Cassuvium reniforme; Cassuvium solitarium

Wikipedia Abstract

The cashew tree (Anacardium occidentale) is a tropical evergreen tree that produces the cashew seed and the cashew apple.It can grow as high as 14 metres (46 ft), but the dwarf cashew, growing up to 6 metres (20 ft), has proved more profitable, with earlier maturity and higher yields.The cashew seed is served as a snack or used in recipes, like other nuts.
View Wikipedia Record: Anacardium occidentale


Height [1]  20 feet (6.1 m)
Width [1]  25 feet (7.6 m)
Air Quality Improvement [1]  None
Allergen Potential [1]  High
Carbon Capture [1]  Low
Shade Percentage [1]  85 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Low
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium-Low
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 11 Low Temperature: 40 F° (4.4 C°) → 50 F° (10 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 11 Low Temperature: 40 F° (4.4 C°) → 50 F° (10 C°)
Water Use [1]  Moderate to Low
Leaf Type [2]  Evergreen
Lifespan [3]  Perennial
Specific Gravity [4]  0.44
Structure [2]  Tree

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Corcovado National Park 115845 Costa Rica  
Guanacaste National Park II 85819 Costa Rica  
Palo Verde National Park II 46190 Costa Rica  
Pico Mogote Ecological Reserve II 3698 Cuba  
Reserva Biológica Lomas Barbudal Biological Reserve Ia 6552 Costa Rica  
Santa Rosa National Park II 95780 Costa Rica
Tuabaquey - Limones Ecological Reserve II 4859 Cuba  


Acrocercops euthycolona[5]
Acutaspis acuta[6]
Amazona arausiaca (Red-necked Parrot)[7]
Amblypelta lutescens[8]
Amsacta lactinea[5]
Anarsia epotias[5]
Anastrepha fraterculus (South American fruit fly)[9]
Anastrepha leptozona[9]
Anastrepha ludens (Mexican fruit fly)[9]
Anastrepha obliqua (west indian fruit fly)[9]
Anigraea albomaculata[5]
Anigraea ochrobasis[5]
Anthistarcha binocularis[5]
Arctornis riguata[5]
Aspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)[6]
Assara albicostalis[5]
Attacus atlas (Atlas moth)[5]
Autoba versicolor[5]
Bos frontalis gaurus (gaur)[10]
Caligatus angasii[5]
Caloptilia protiella[5]
Cerodirphia rubripes[5]
Ceroplastes rubens (pink wax scale)[6]
Cicinnus callipius[5]
Citheronula armata[5]
Citripestis eutraphera[5]
Coccus latioperculatum[6]
Coccus moestus (moestus soft scale)[6]
Cricula trifenestrata (Cricula Silkmoth)[5]
Crisicoccus hirsutus <Unverified Name>[6]
Crisicoccus longipilosus <Unverified Name>[6]
Ctenomeristis ebriola[5]
Dacryphanes cyanastra[5]
Dappula tertia[5]
Dirphia avia[5]
Dudua aprobola[5]
Dysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)[6]
Epomophorus gambianus (Gambian epauletted fruit bat)[11]
Eulemur macaco (black lemur)[12]
Euproctis fasciata[5]
Euproctis lunata[5]
Eutelia amatrix[5]
Eutelia blandiatrix[5]
Euthalia aconthea (Baron butterfly)[5]
Ferrisia virgata (grey mealybug)[6]
Formicococcus njalensis <Unverified Name>[6]
Gnathmocerodes tonsoria[5]
Guaruba guarouba (Golden Parakeet)[13]
Helicoverpa zea (bollworm)[5]
Hemiberlesia palmae (tropical palm scale)[14]
Homodes fulva[5]
Hyalospila leuconeurella[5]
Hylesia nanus[5]
Hypatima haligramma[5]
Hypatima melanoplecta[5]
Imbrasia dione[5]
Ischnaspis longirostris (black line scale)[14]
Kilifia deltoides[6]
Lamida moncusalis[5]
Lecanodiaspis prosopidis[6]
Lepidogma ambifaria[5]
Lymantria ampla[5]
Marpesia petreus (Ruddy daggerwing)[5]
Megalopyge lanata[5]
Metanastria hyrtaca[5]
Micropteropus pusillus (Peters's dwarf epauletted fruit bat)[15]
Mimallo amilia[5]
Mycetaspis bezerrai[6]
Nanaguna breviuscula (Pigeonpea Pod Borer)[5]
Nycticebus coucang (slow Loris)[16]
Nystalea ebalea[5]
Oenospila flavifusata[5]
Ophiusa tirhaca[5]
Orgyia postica[5]
Orthaga euadrusalis[5]
Orthaga icarusalis[5]
Orthaga leucatma[5]
Orthaga mixtalis[5]
Orvasca subnotata[5]
Palumbina glaucitis[5]
Parasaissetia nigra (nigra scale)[14]
Penicillaria jocosatrix (mango shoot borer)[5]
Phobetron hipparchia[5]
Pingasa ruginaria[5]
Pinnaspis strachani (lesser snow scale)[6]
Planococcus flagellatus[6]
Planococcus minor (Pacific mealybug)[6]
Praelongorthezia praelonga (citrus orthezia)[6]
Prococcus acutissimus (banana-shaped scale)[6]
Protambulyx strigilis[5]
Pseudaonidia trilobitiformis (gingging scale)[6]
Pseudaulacaspis cockerelli (false oleander scale)[6]
Pteropus giganteus (Indian flying fox)[17]
Rastrococcus spinosus (philippine mango mealybug)[6]
Rothschildia arethusa[5]
Rothschildia aurota[5]
Rothschildia hesperus[5]
Rousettus leschenaultii (Leschenault's rousette)[17]
Scopelodes unicolor[5]
Selepa celtis[5]
Sibine nesea[5]
Sphrageidus producta[5]
Sphrageidus virguncula[5]
Spodoptera littoralis (African Cotton Leafworm)[5]
Tachardiella artocarpi[6]
Teliphasa albifusa[5]
Thalassodes chloropis[5]
Thalassodes pilaria[5]
Thylacoptila paurosema[5]





Attributes / relations provided by
1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database.
2Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
3USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
4Jérôme Chave, Helene C. Muller-Landau, Timothy R. Baker, Tomás A. Easdale, Hans ter Steege, Campbell O. Webb, 2006. Regional and phylogenetic variation of wood density across 2,456 neotropical tree species. Ecological Applications 16(6), 2356 - 2367
5HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
6Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
7Red-necked Amazon, BirdLife International (1992) Threatened Birds of the Americas. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International.
8Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
9Norrbom, A.L. 2004. Fruit fly (Tephritidae) host plant database. Version Nov, 2004.
10Studies on the food and feeding habits of Gaur Bos gaurus H. Smith (Mammalia: Artiodactyla: Bovidae) in two protected areas of Goa, Suman D. Gad & S.K. Shyama, Journal of Threatened Taxa | 1(2): 128-130 | February 2009
11Epomophorus gambianus, Margaret C. Boulay and C. Brian Robbins, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 344, pp. 1-5 (1989)
12Diet, Nutritional Ecology, and Birth Season of Eulemur macaco in an Anthropogenic Forest in Madagascar, Bruno Simmen & Françoise Bayart & André Marez & Annette Hladik, Int J Primatol (2007) 28:1253–1266
13Golden Parakeet, BirdLife International (1992) Threatened Birds of the Americas. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International.
14Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
15Micropteropus pusillus, Noah T. Owen-Ashley and Don E. Wilson, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 577, pp. 1-5 (1998)
16Behavior and Ecology of Wild Slow Lorises (Nycticebus coucang): Social Organization, Infant Care System, and Diet, Frank Wiens, Dissertation presented to the Faculty of Biology, Chemistry and Geosciences of Bayreuth University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Natural Sciences (February 2002)
17Sudhakaran, M.R. & P.S. Doss (2012). Food and foraging preferences of three pteropo- did bats in southern India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 4(1): 2295-2303
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