Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Sapindales > Anacardiaceae > Mangifera > Mangifera indica
 

Mangifera indica (mango)

Synonyms: Mangifera amba; Mangifera anisodora; Mangifera austro-yunnanensis; Mangifera domestica; Mangifera gladiata; Mangifera integrifolia; Mangifera kukula; Mangifera laurina; Mangifera linnaei; Mangifera maritima; Mangifera montana; Mangifera racemosa; Mangifera rostrata; Mangifera rubra; Mangifera sativa; Mangifera viridis

Wikipedia Abstract

Mangifera austro-yunnanensis is a species of plant in the Anacardiaceae family. It is endemic to China.
View Wikipedia Record: Mangifera indica

Attributes

Height [1]  37 feet (11.4 m)
Width [1]  30 feet (9.2 m)
Air Quality Improvement [1]  None
Allergen Potential [1]  High
Carbon Capture [1]  Low
Screening - Summer [2]  Dense
Screening - Winter [2]  Dense
Shade Percentage [1]  85 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Medium-Low
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 11 Low Temperature: 40 F° (4.4 C°) → 50 F° (10 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 11 Low Temperature: 40 F° (4.4 C°) → 50 F° (10 C°)
Light Preference [2]  Full Sun
Soil Acidity [2]  Mostly Acid
Soil Fertility [2]  Infertile
Water Use [1]  Moderate to Low
Flower Color [2]  Yellow
Foliage Color [2]  Green
Fruit Color [2]  Orange
Flower Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Fruit Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Bloom Period [2]  Late Winter
Drought Tolerance [2]  Medium
Fire Tolerance [2]  None
Frost Free Days [2]  1 year
Fruit/Seed Abundance [2]  High
Fruit/Seed Begin [2]  Summer
Fruit/Seed End [2]  Summer
Growth Form [2]  Single Stem
Growth Period [2]  Year Round
Growth Rate [2]  Moderate
Hazards [2]  Slight Toxicity
Janka Hardness [4]  1010 lbf (458 kgf) Soft
Leaf Type [3]  Evergreen
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Propagation [2]  Container, Seed
Root Depth [2]  5.0 feet (152 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [2]  Moderate
Shape/Orientation [2]  Rounded
Specific Gravity [5]  0.553
Structure [3]  Tree
Vegetative Spread Rate [2]  Slow

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Archipelago de Colon Biosphere Reserve 34336011 Galapagos Islands, Ecuador  
Buenavista Wetland Reserve 778949 Cuba    
Canaveral National Seashore II 9090 Florida, United States
Everglades and Dry Tortugas Biosphere Reserve   Florida, United States  
Gombe National Park II 8799 Tanzania
Isla del Coco National Park II 382187 Costa Rica    
Luquillo Biosphere Reserve 8617 Puerto Rico, United States  
Palo Verde National Park II 46190 Costa Rica  
Pico Mogote Ecological Reserve II 3698 Cuba  
Refugio de Vida Silvestre Reserva Karen Mogensen F. Nature Reserve 1866 Costa Rica  
Seaflower Marine Protected Area 15125514 Colombia      
Tuabaquey - Limones Ecological Reserve II 4859 Cuba  

Emblem of

Gujarat
Maharashtra

Prey / Diet

Lepidosaphes beckii (citrus mussel scale)[6]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Agave sisalana (sisal hemp)1
Aphytis holoxanthus (Circular black scale parasite)1
Chilocorus bipustulatus1
Cryptolaemus montrouzieri (mealybug destroyer)1
Exochomus flavipes1
Exochomus marginipennis1
Halmus chalybeus (steelblue lady beetle)1
Karnyothrips flavipes1

Predators

Abgrallaspis cyanophylli (cyanophyllum scale)[6]
Acrocercops pentalocha[7]
Acrocercops zygonoma[7]
Acutaspis paulista[6]
Adoxophyes moderatana[7]
Adoxophyes perstricta[7]
Altha adala[7]
Amazona albifrons (White-fronted Parrot)[8]
Amazona auropalliata (Yellow-naped Parrot)[8]
Amplypterus panopus[7]
Anarsia ephippias[7]
Anarsia epotias[7]
Anarsia lineatella (Peach twig borer)[7]
Anastrepha chiclayae[9]
Anastrepha distincta[9]
Anastrepha fraterculus[9]
Anastrepha ludens (Mexican fruit fly)[9]
Anastrepha nigripalpis[9]
Anastrepha obliqua (west indian fruit fly)[9]
Anastrepha pseudoparallela[9]
Anastrepha striata[9]
Anastrepha suspensa (Caribbean fruit fly)[9]
Anastrepha turpiniae[9]
Anigraea deleta[7]
Anisodes illepidaria[7]
Anomis leona[7]
Anthene emolus (Ciliate Blue)[7]
Anthene liodes (Liodes Hairtail)[7]
Anuga constricta[7]
Aonidiella aurantii (California red scale)[6]
Aonidiella inornata (papaya red scale)[6]
Aonidiella orientalis (Oriental Scale)[6]
Aonidomytilus albus (cassava scale)[6]
Aporandria specularia[7]
Ara macao (Scarlet Macaw)[10]
Arctornis riguata[7]
Artaxa guttata[7]
Artibeus jamaicensis (Jamaican fruit-eating bat)[11]
Ascalapha odorata (glassy cutworm)[7]
Aspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)[6]
Assara albicostalis[7]
Assara seminivale[7]
Aulacaspis rosae (rosa scale)[6]
Aulacaspis sumatrensis[6]
Aulacaspis tubercularis (cinnamomum scale)[6]
Aulacaspis vitis[6]
Autoba abrupta[7]
Autoba angulifera[7]
Autoba brachygonia[7]
Autoba silicula[7]
Autoba versicolor[7]
Automeris cinctistriga[7]
Automeris illustris[7]
Berta chrysolineata[7]
Birthamoides junctura[7]
Brachyphylla cavernarum (Antillean fruit-eating bat)[12]
Brotogeris jugularis (Orange-chinned Parakeet)[8]
Calluga costalis[7]
Calycopis cecrops (Red-banded Hairstreak)[7]
Cathyalia fulvella[7]
Ceroplastes actiniformis[6]
Ceroplastes ceriferus (Indian wax scale)[6]
Ceroplastes cirripediformis (barnacle scale)[6]
Ceroplastes japonicus (fig wax scale)[13]
Ceroplastes martinae[6]
Ceroplastes pseudoceriferus (Indian wax scale)[6]
Ceroplastes reunionensis[6]
Ceroplastes rubens (pink wax scale)[6]
Ceroplastes rusci (barnacle wax scale)[6]
Ceroplastes sinensis (hard wax scale)[6]
Ceroplastes trochezi[6]
Ceroplastes uapacae[6]
Chalcoscelides castaneipars[7]
Chalioides vitrea[7]
Characoma nilotica[7]
Cheritra freja (Common imperial butterfly)[7]
Cheromettia lohor[7]
Cheromettia sumatrensis[7]
Chloroclystis nanula[7]
Chlumetia alternans[7]
Chlumetia euthysticha (Small mango tipborer)[7]
Chlumetia transversa[7]
Chrysiridia croesus (Croesus moth)[7]
Chrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)[13]
Chrysomphalus pallens <Unverified Name>[6]
Citheronia splendens (Splendid Royal Moth)[7]
Citripestis eutraphera[7]
Cleora acaciaria[7]
Cnesteboda celligera[7]
Coccus almoraensis[6]
Coccus colemani[6]
Coccus diacopeis <Unverified Name>[6]
Coccus elatensis[6]
Coccus koleos <Unverified Name>[6]
Coccus latioperculatum[6]
Coccus longulus (long brown scale)[6]
Coccus moestus (moestus soft scale)[6]
Coccus viridis (green coffee scale)[6]
Coconympha iriarcha[7]
Comostola laesaria[7]
Cosmetra anthophaga[7]
Cossus cadambae[7]
Crax daubentoni (Yellow-knobbed Curassow)[14]
Cricula trifenestrata (Cricula Silkmoth)[7]
Crisicoccus hirsutus <Unverified Name>[6]
Crisicoccus longipilosus <Unverified Name>[6]
Crypticerya multicerarices <Unverified Name>[6]
Cryptoblabes plagioleuca[7]
Cryptophlebia illepida (Koa Seedworm)[7]
Cryptothelea surinamensis[7]
Ctenomeristis ebriola[7]
Cynopterus sphinx (greater short-nosed fruit bat)[15]
Daphnis nerii (Oleander Hawk-moth)[7]
Dasyses rugosella[7]
Davara caricae[7]
Delias hyparete (Painted jezebel butterfly)[7]
Diaspis boisduvalii (boisduval scale)[6]
Dirphia tarquinia[7]
Drosicha mangiferae[6]
Dudua aprobola[7]
Dysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)[6]
Dysmicoccus gracilis <Unverified Name>[6]
Dysmicoccus grassii[6]
Dysmicoccus lepelleyi <Unverified Name>[6]
Dysmicoccus neobrevipes (annona mealybug)[6]
Dysmicoccus nesophilus[6]
Dysmicoccus texensis[6]
Eccopsis praecedens[7]
Ecdytolopha aurantianum[7]
Episimus transferrana[7]
Epomophorus gambianus (Gambian epauletted fruit bat)[16]
Etanna mackwoodi[7]
Eteoryctis deversa[7]
Eublemmoides semirufa[7]
Eucalymnatus hempeli[6]
Eucalymnatus tessellatus (tessellated scale)[6]
Eulemur fulvus (brown lemur)[17]
Eulemur macaco (black lemur)[18]
Eupetomena macroura (Swallow-tailed Hummingbird)[19]
Eutelia blandiatrix[7]
Euthalia aconthea (Baron butterfly)[7]
Euthalia adonia[7]
Euthalia alpheda[7]
Euthalia anosia[7]
Euthalia phemius (White-Edged Blue Baron)[7]
Euthalia vasanta[7]
Ferrisia virgata (grey mealybug)[6]
Fiorinia fioriniae (European fiorinia scale)[6]
Fiorinia proboscidaria[6]
Formicococcus mangiferacola <Unverified Name>[6]
Gastropacha pardale[7]
Gatesclarkeana erotias[7]
Gatesclarkeana idia[7]
Geococcus coffeae (coffee root mealybug)[6]
Gigantococcus schoutedeni <Unverified Name>[6]
Gonimbrasia belina (mopane worm)[7]
Gonimbrasia zambesina[7]
Gonodonta lecha[7]
Gonodonta pyrgo[7]
Gonometa nysa[7]
Guaruba guarouba (Golden Parakeet)[20]
Gymnoscelis imparatalis[7]
Gymnoscelis tibialis[7]
Heleanna melanomochla[7]
Hemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)[6]
Hemilecanium mangiferae <Unverified Name>[6]
Hemithea costipunctata[7]
Hemithea tritonaria[7]
Herculia suffusalis[7]
Homodes bracteigutta[7]
Horaga albimacula (Violet Onyx)[7]
Howardia biclavis (mining scale)[6]
Hyalospila leuconeurella[7]
Hypatima haligramma[7]
Hypatima mangiferae[7]
Hypatima melanoplecta[7]
Hypatima rhicnota[7]
Hypatima spathota[7]
Icerya aegyptiaca[6]
Icerya mangiferae <Unverified Name>[6]
Icerya minor[6]
Icerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)[13]
Icerya samaraia <Unverified Name>[6]
Imbrasia eblis[7]
Imbrasia staudingeri[7]
Imbrasia wahlbergi[7]
Ischnaspis longirostris (black line scale)[6]
Ischyja manlia[7]
Kilifia acuminata (acuminate scale)[6]
Kilifia americana[6]
Kilifia deltoides[6]
Kotochalia junodi (Wattle bagworm)[7]
Kunugia latipennis[7]
Labdia clytemnestra[7]
Labdia echioglossa[7]
Lagosinia strachani[6]
Lamida moncusalis[7]
Lamida sordidalis[7]
Lepidosaphes euryae[6]
Lepidosaphes gloverii (citrus long scale)[6]
Lepidosaphes laterochitinosa[6]
Lepidosaphes pallidula (Maskell scale)[6]
Lepidosaphes shikohabadensis[6]
Lepidosaphes tapleyi (guava long scale)[6]
Lepidosaphes ulmi (apple oystershell scale)[13]
Leptococcus neotropicus <Unverified Name>[6]
Letis mycerina[7]
Lindingaspis floridana (floridana scale)[6]
Lindingaspis rossi (araucaria black scale)[6]
Lindingaspis setiger[6]
Lobesia aeolopa[7]
Lobesia genialis[7]
Lobesia vanillana[7]
Lobobunaea jamesoni[7]
Loxodonta africana (African Bush Elephant)[21]
Lymantria ampla[7]
Lymantria atemeles[7]
Lymantria beatrix[7]
Lymantria marginalis[7]
Lymantria marginata[7]
Lymantria mathura (Rosy Gypsy Moth)[7]
Lymantria nigra[7]
Maacoccus bicruciatus[6]
Machimia crossota[7]
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)[6]
Megalocryptes buteae[6]
Megalopyge albicollis[7]
Megalopyge defoliata[7]
Megalopyge lanata[7]
Melursus ursinus (Sloth Bear)[22]
Micropteropus pusillus (Peters's dwarf epauletted fruit bat)[23]
Milviscutulus mangiferae (mango shield scale)[6]
Milviscutulus spiculatus[6]
Moca velutina[7]
Monopis longella[7]
Morganella longispina (champaca scale)[6]
Morganella pseudospinigera[6]
Mycetaspis eneideae[6]
Mycetaspis personata (masked scale)[6]
Nanaguna breviuscula (Pigeonpea Pod Borer)[7]
Neolecanium craspeditae[6]
Neoplatylecanium adersi[6]
Neoselenaspidus silvaticus[6]
Nipaecoccus nipae (coconut mealybug)[6]
Nipaecoccus viridis (karoo thorn mealybug)[6]
Oceanaspidiotus spinosus (spinose scale)[6]
Octaspidiotus stauntoniae[6]
Oedematopoda flammifera[7]
Olene dalbergiae[7]
Olene inclusa[7]
Opogona xanthocrita[7]
Orgyia osseata[7]
Orthaga chionalis[7]
Orthaga euadrusalis[7]
Orthaga exvinacea[7]
Orthaga icarusalis[7]
Orthaga leucatma[7]
Orthaga mangiferae[7]
Orthaga roseiplaga[7]
Orvasca subnotata[7]
Oxydia vesulia[7]
Pachypasa capensis[7]
Pachypasa subfascia[7]
Palumbina glaucitis[7]
Paralecanium milleri[6]
Paraputo corbetti <Unverified Name>[6]
Paraputo latebrae <Unverified Name>[6]
Paraputo leveri[6]
Paraputo mangiferae <Unverified Name>[6]
Parasaissetia nigra (nigra scale)[13]
Paratachardina minuta[6]
Paratachardina pseudolobata (lobate lac scale)[6]
Parlatoria cinerea (apple parlatoria)[6]
Parlatoria crypta (mango white scale)[6]
Parlatoria oleae (olive parlatoria scale)[6]
Parlatoria proteus (common parlatoria scale)[6]
Parlatoria pseudaspidiotus (vanda orchid scale)[6]
Penicillaria jocosatrix (mango shoot borer)[7]
Penicillaria nugatrix[7]
Peridroma cinctipennis[7]
Perina nuda[7]
Phenacoccus gossypii (Mexican mealybug)[6]
Phenacoccus madeirensis (Mexican mealybug)[6]
Phenacoccus parvus[6]
Phenacoccus solenopsis (solenopsis mealybug)[6]
Phidotricha erigens[7]
Philephedra tuberculosa[6]
Phobetron hipparchia[7]
Phocoderma velutina[7]
Phyllostomus discolor (pale spear-nosed bat)[24]
Phyllostomus hastatus (greater spear-nosed bat)[25]
Pinnaspis aspidistrae <Unverified Name>[6]
Pinnaspis strachani (lesser snow scale)[6]
Pinnaspis tuberculata[6]
Planococcus ficus (grapevine mealybug)[6]
Planococcus lilacinus (citrus mealybug)[6]
Planococcus minor (Pacific mealybug)[6]
Praesetora divergens[7]
Prococcus acutissimus (banana-shaped scale)[6]
Prosintis florivora[7]
Protopulvinaria longivalvata[6]
Protopulvinaria pyriformis (pyriform scale)[6]
Pseudaonidia greeni[6]
Pseudaonidia trilobitiformis (gingging scale)[6]
Pseudaulacaspis barberi[6]
Pseudaulacaspis cockerelli (false oleander scale)[6]
Pseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)[6]
Pseudaulacaspis subcorticalis[6]
Pseudischnaspis acephala (flathead scale)[6]
Pseudischnaspis bowreyi (bowrey scale)[6]
Pseudococcus cryptus (citriculus mealybug)[6]
Pseudococcus gilbertensis[6]
Pseudococcus jackbeardsleyi (banana mealybug)[6]
Pseudococcus occiduus[6]
Pseudococcus solenedyos (oral-rim mealybug)[6]
Pseudodoxia palimpsesta[7]
Pseudolycaena marsyas (Cambridge Blue)[7]
Pterogyne insularis[7]
Pteroma pendula[7]
Pteropus giganteus (Indian flying fox)[26]
Pteropus hypomelanus (variable flying fox)[27]
Pteropus niger (greater mascarene flying fox)[28]
Pteropus tonganus (Pacific flying fox)[29]
Pteropus vampyrus (large flying fox)[30]
Pulvinaria avasthii[6]
Pulvinaria ficus[6]
Pulvinaria mammeae (large cottony scale)[6]
Pulvinaria psidii (green shield scale)[6]
Pulvinaria taiwana[6]
Pyroderces centrophanes[7]
Radionaspis indica (mango scale)[6]
Rapala iarbus (Common Red Flash)[7]
Rapala manea[7]
Rapala pheretima[7]
Rastrococcus iceryoides[6]
Rastrococcus invadens (Mango mealybug)[6]
Rastrococcus mangiferae[6]
Rastrococcus rubellus[6]
Rastrococcus spinosus (philippine mango mealybug)[6]
Rastrococcus tropicasiaticus <Unverified Name>[6]
Rastrococcus truncatispinus (Rastrococcus mealybug)[6]
Rathinda amor (Monkey Puzzle)[7]
Rhesala moestalis[7]
Rhodothraupis celaeno (Crimson-collared Grosbeak)[31]
Rivula leuconephra[7]
Rolaspis monile[6]
Rothschildia arethusa[7]
Rousettus leschenaulti (Leschenault's rousette)[26]
Saguinus oedipus (cotton-top tamarin)[32]
Saissetia coffeae (brown scale)[6]
Saissetia miranda (mexican black scale)[6]
Saissetia neglecta (Caribbean black scale)[6]
Saissetia privigna[6]
Saissetia zanzibarensis[6]
Scirtothrips dobroskyi <Unverified Name>[33]
Sciurus variegatoides (variegated squirrel)[34]
Scopelodes dinawa[7]
Scopelodes testacea[7]
Selenaspidus malzyi[6]
Selepa celtis[7]
Semelaspidus mangiferae[6]
Setomorpha rutella (Tropical Tobacco Moth)[7]
Sibine nesea[7]
Somena similis[7]
Sorolopha semiculta[7]
Spalgis epeus[7]
Spulerina isonoma[7]
Streblote diplocyma[7]
Symitha mangifera[7]
Synchlora gerularia[7]
Tallula atramentalis[7]
Tanyethira duplicilinea[7]
Telamoptilia cathedraea[7]
Thalassodes chloropis[7]
Thalassodes depulsata[7]
Thalassodes dissita[7]
Thalassodes falsaria[7]
Thalassodes immissaria[7]
Thalassodes pilaria[7]
Thalassodes quadraria[7]
Thiotricha godmani[7]
Thosea sinensis[7]
Thrips aspinus <Unverified Name>[33]
Tirathaba mundella[7]
Udinia catori[6]
Udinia farquharsoni[6]
Udinia pattersoni[6]
Unaspis acuminata[6]
Unaspis rousseti[6]
Vini kuhlii (Kuhl's Lorikeet)[35]
Vini ultramarina (Ultramarine Lorikeet)[36]
Vinsonia stellifera (stellate scale)[13]
Volobilis chloropterella[7]
Vulpes bengalensis (Bengal Fox)[37]
Xenolecanium mangiferae[6]

Providers

Pollinated by 
Phyllostomus discolor (pale spear-nosed bat)[24]

Distribution

Caribbean; North America; Oceania;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by , , in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database. 2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture 3Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935 4Wood Janka Hardness Scale/Chart J W Morlan's Unique Wood Gifts 5Chave J, Coomes D, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Swenson NG, Zanne AE (2009) Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Ecology Letters 12: 351-366. Zanne AE, Lopez-Gonzalez G, Coomes DA, Ilic J, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Miller RB, Swenson NG, Wiemann MC, Chave J (2009) Data from: Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Dryad Digital Repository. 6Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009 7HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández 8FORAGING ECOLOGY OF PARROTS IN A MODIFIED LANDSCAPE: SEASONAL TRENDS AND INTRODUCED SPECIES, GREG D. MATUZAK, M. BERNADETTE BEZY, AND DONALD J. BRIGHTSMITH, The Wilson Journal of Ornithology 120(2):353–365, 2008 9Norrbom, A.L. 2004. Fruit fly (Tephritidae) host plant database. Version Nov, 2004. 10Current Status and Conservation of the Scarlet Macaw (Ara macao) in the Osa Conservation Area (ACOSA), Costa Rica, Fiona Dear, Christopher Vaughan and Adrián Morales Polanco, Research Journal of the Costa Rican Distance Education University Vol. 2(1): 7-21, June, 2010 11Artibeus jamaicensis, Jorge Ortega and Iván Castro-Arellano, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 662, pp. 1–9 (2001) 12Brachyphylla cavernarum, Pierre Swanepoel and Hugh H. Genoways, Mammalian Species No. 205, pp. 1-6 (1983) 13Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants 14DIET OF THE YELLOW-KNOBBED CURASSOW IN THE CENTRAL VENEZUELAN LLANOS, CAROLINA BERTSCH AND GUILLERMO R. 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