Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Sapindales > Anacardiaceae > Schinus > Schinus molle

Schinus molle (false pepper; escobilla; molle del Peru; Peruvian peppertree; pepper tree; peppertree; American pepper)

Synonyms: Duvaua velutina; Mauria schickendantzii; Schinus bituminosus

Wikipedia Abstract

Peruvian pepper (Schinus molle, also known as American pepper, Peruvian peppertree, escobilla, false pepper, molle del Peru, pepper tree, peppercorn tree, Californian pepper tree, pirul and Peruvian mastic) is an evergreen tree that grows to 15 meters (50 feet). It is native to the Peruvian Andes. The bright pink fruits of Schinus molle are often sold as "pink peppercorns" although S. molle is unrelated to true pepper (Piper nigrum).
View Wikipedia Record: Schinus molle



Height [2]  26 feet (8 m)
Width [2]  26 feet (8 m)
Air Quality Improvement [1]  High
Allergen Potential [1]  High
Carbon Capture [1]  Low
Shade Percentage [1]  85 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Medium-Low
Wind Reduction [1]  High
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 9 Low Temperature: 20 F° (-6.7 C°) → 30 F° (-1.1 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 11 Low Temperature: 40 F° (4.4 C°) → 50 F° (10 C°)
Water Use [1]  Moderate to Low
Edible [2]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [2]  Dioecious
Hazards [2]  The seed contains an allergenic substance that can irritate the mucus membrane;
Leaf Type [2]  Evergreen
Lifespan [3]  Perennial
Scent [2]  The oily leaves smell and taste of pepper when they are crushed;
Specific Gravity [4]  0.525
Structure [2]  Tree
Usage [2]  An oil from the leaves reduces the surface tension of water;
View Plants For A Future Record : Schinus molle

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Archipelago de Colon Biosphere Reserve 34336011 Galapagos Islands, Ecuador  
Mburucuyá National Park II   Corrientes, Argentina  


Abgrallaspis cyanophylli (cyanophyllum scale)[5]
Ara rubrogenys (Red-fronted Macaw)[6]
Argema mittrei (Comet moth)[7]
Bombycomorpha pallida[7]
Ceroplastes bergi[5]
Ceroplastes brevicauda[5]
Ceroplastes ceriferus (Indian wax scale)[5]
Ceroplastes cundinamarcensis[5]
Ceroplastes destructor (soft wax scale)[5]
Ceroplastes diospyros[5]
Ceroplastes dugesii (Duges wax scale)[5]
Ceroplastes grandis[5]
Ceroplastes mosquerai[5]
Ceroplastes rusci (barnacle wax scale)[5]
Ceroplastes sinensis (hard wax scale)[5]
Coccus schini[5]
Coccus viridis (green coffee scale)[5]
Cyclophora nanaria (Dwarf Tawny Wave)[7]
Danaus plexippus (Monarch Butterfly)[8]
Diaspidiotus africanus (grey scale)[5]
Eacles oslari (Oslar's Eacles)[7]
Eulidia yarrellii (Chilean Woodstar)[9]
Eumeta rougeoti[7]
Eutelia adulatrix[7]
Gonimbrasia tyrrhea[7]
Gonimbrasia zambesina[7]
Hemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)[5]
Hemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale)[5]
Lechriolepis basirufa[7]
Leipoxais compsotes[7]
Lycalopex culpaeus (Culpeo)[10]
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)[5]
Melanaspis corticosa (South African Obscure Scale)[5]
Menophra obtusata[7]
Neopinnaspis harperi (Harper scale)[5]
Parasaissetia nigra (nigra scale)[11]
Polymona rufifemur[7]
Pseudaonidia trilobitiformis (gingging scale)[5]
Pseudococcus calceolariae (citrophilus mealybug)[5]
Pseudocoremia suavis (Common Forest Looper)[8]
Pulvinaria psidii (green shield scale)[5]
Pulvinella pulchella[5]
Rothschildia orizaba[7]
Saissetia coffeae (brown scale)[5]
Thalassodes quadraria[7]
Tremarctos ornatus (Spectacled Bear)[12]
Urocyon littoralis (Island Fox)[13]
Usta terpsichore[7]


Caribbean; North America; Oceania;



Attributes / relations provided by
1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database.
2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
3USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
4Chave J, Coomes D, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Swenson NG, Zanne AE (2009) Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Ecology Letters 12: 351-366. Zanne AE, Lopez-Gonzalez G, Coomes DA, Ilic J, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Miller RB, Swenson NG, Wiemann MC, Chave J (2009) Data from: Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Dryad Digital Repository.
5Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
6Red-fronted Macaw, BirdLife International (1992) Threatened Birds of the Americas. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International.
7HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
8New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Plant-SyNZ™ database
9BirdLife International (2012) Species factsheet: Eulidia yarrellii. Downloaded from on 08/09/2012.
10Frugivory and seed dispersal by foxes in relation to mammalian prey abundance in a semiarid thornscrub, SERGIO I. SILVA, FRANCISCO BOZINOVIC AND FABIAN M. JAKSIC, Austral Ecology (2005) 30, 739–746
11Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
12Ecology, Distribution, and Food Habits of Spectacled Bears, Tremarctos ornatus, in Peru, Bernard Peyton, Journal of Mammalogy, Vol. 61, No. 4, (Nov., 1980), pp. 639-652
13Resource utilization by two insular endemic mammalian carnivores, the island fox and island spotted skunk, Kevin R. Crooks and Dirk Van Vuren, Oecologia (1995) 104:301-307
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access