The lemon is a small evergreen tree native to Asia, and the tree's ellipsoidal yellow fruit. The fruit's juice, pulp and peel, especially the zest, are used as foods. The juice of the lemon is about 5% to 6% citric acid, which gives lemons a sour taste. The distinctive sour taste of lemon juice makes it a key ingredient in drinks and foods such as lemonade.
A semi-drying oil obtained from the seed is used in soap making;
An essential oil from the peel is used as a food flavouring and also in perfumery and medicines; A higher quality essential oil is obtained from the flowers; The peel contains 0.4% essential oil;
An essential oil obtained from the leaves and young twigs is called 'petitgrain oil'. Yields are around 0.4%;
The dried fruit rind has been used as an insect repellent in the clothes cupboard;
The juice of the fruit is used for polishing bronze and other metals that have been neglected; It can also be used for removing ink stains; The juice is used as a bleaching agent;
Wood - nicely veined, it takes a beautiful polish;