Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Sapindales > Rutaceae > Citrus > Citrus trifoliata

Citrus trifoliata (hardy orange)

Synonyms: Aegle sepiaria; Bilacus trifoliata; Citrus trifolia; Citrus trifoliata var. monstrosa; Citrus triptera; Poncirus trifoliata; Poncirus trifoliata var. monstrosa; Pseudaegle sepiaria; Pseudaegle trifoliata

Wikipedia Abstract

Trifoliate orange, Poncirus trifoliata (syn.
View Wikipedia Record: Citrus trifoliata


Height [2]  9.8 feet (3 m)
Width [2]  9.8 feet (3 m)
Air Quality Improvement [1]  Low
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium
Carbon Capture [1]  Low
Shade Percentage [1]  86 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Low
Wind Reduction [1]  Low
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 6 Low Temperature: -10 F° (-23.3 C°) → 0 F° (-17.8 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 9 Low Temperature: 20 F° (-6.7 C°) → 30 F° (-1.1 C°)
Water Use [1]  Moderate
Edible [2]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [2]  Hermaphrodite
Leaf Type [2]  Deciduous
Lifespan [3]  Perennial
Pollinators [2]  Insects, Lepidoptera
Scent [2]  The whole plant, especially the flowers, is strongly aromatic.
Structure [2]  Shrub
Usage [2]  Used as a rootstock for Citrus species (oranges, lemons etc); It confers an extra 3░c resistance to the cold; The plant is very thorny and makes an excellent impenetrable barrier or hedge; The plants are very tolerant of pruning;
View Plants For A Future Record : Citrus trifoliata

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Carolinian-South Atlantic Biosphere Reserve 310228 North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, United States      
Chickamauga & Chattanooga Nat'l Military Park National Military Park V 8248 Georgia, Tennessee, United States
Hobcaw Barony (North Inlet) National Estuarine Research Reserve 7585 South Carolina, United States
Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park III 2897 Georgia, United States


Anastrepha fraterculus (South American fruit fly)[4]
Anoplophora chinensis (Citrus Longhorned Beetle)[5]
Aonidiella aurantii (California red scale)[6]
Aonidiella orientalis (Oriental Scale)[7]
Aulacaspis crawii[7]
Ceroplastes ceriferus (Indian wax scale)[6]
Ceroplastes destructor (soft wax scale)[7]
Ceroplastes japonicus (fig wax scale)[7]
Ceroplastes pseudoceriferus (Indian wax scale)[7]
Ceroplastes rubens (pink wax scale)[7]
Coccus pseudomagnoliarum (Citricola scale)[7]
Coccus viridis (green coffee scale)[7]
Diaspidiotus perniciosus (California scale)[7]
Lepidosaphes gloverii (citrus long scale)[7]
Lopholeucaspis japonica (Japanese maple scale)[7]
Papilio aegeus (Large citrus butterfly)[8]
Papilio anactus (Small citrus butterfly)[8]
Papilio bianor (Blue peacock swallowtail)[9]
Papilio helenus (Red helen swallowtail)[9]
Papilio macilentus[9]
Papilio memnon (Great mormon swallowtail)[9]
Papilio protenor (Tiger swallowtail)[9]
Parlatoria theae (tea parlatoria scale)[7]
Pinnaspis aspidistrae <Unverified Name>[7]
Pulvinaria aurantii[7]
Pulvinaria okitsuensis[7]
Pulvinaria peregrina[7]
Pulvinaria psidii (green shield scale)[7]
Unaspis yanonensis (arrowhead scale)[7]


Parasitized by 
Helicotylenchus dihystera <Unverified Name>[8]
Helicotylenchus multicinctus[8]
Macroposthonia xenoplax <Unverified Name>[8]
Mesocriconema xenoplax[10]


North America;



Attributes / relations provided by
1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database.
2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
3USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
4Norrbom, A.L. 2004. Fruit fly (Tephritidae) host plant database. Version Nov, 2004.
5Citrus Longhorned Beetle, Anoplophora chinensis (Forster) (Insecta: Coleoptera: Cerambycidae), Jamba Gyeltshen and Amanda Hodges, University of Florida
6Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
7Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
8Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
9HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
10Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access