Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Sapindales > Meliaceae > Toona > Toona calantas

Toona calantas (Barbados cedar; Mexican cedar; Cigar box cedar; Spanish cedar; West Indian cedar; Cédre acajou; Cédre des barbares; Sita hina)

Synonyms: Cedrela calantas; Cedrela febrifuga var. inodora; Cedrela inodora; Cedrela odorata; Surenus inodora; Toona inodora; Toona paucijuga; Toona philippinensis; Toona sureni var. inodora; Toona sureni var. philippinensis
Language: Portuguese; Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

Toona calantas is a species of tree in the mahogany family. It is found in Indonesia, the Philippines, and Thailand. It is threatened by habitat loss. It is commonly known as kalantas (also spelled calantas), Philippine cedar, or Philippine mahogany (although the latter is also applied to members of the unrelated genus Shorea).
View Wikipedia Record: Toona calantas

Invasive Species

Cedrela odorata is a native of the West Indies and from Central America to South America, including the Brazilian Atlantic and Amazon Rain Forest. It has been introduced to many Pacific Islands and South Africa. This fast growing timber tree has become invasive in some areas, especially those disturbed by cutting.
View ISSG Record: Toona calantas


Height [2]  90 feet (27.4 m)
Allergen Potential [1]  Low
Screening - Summer [2]  Moderate
Screening - Winter [2]  Moderate
Hardiness Zone Minimum [2]  USDA Zone: 9 Low Temperature: 20 F° (-6.7 C°) → 30 F° (-1.1 C°)
Light Preference [2]  Full Sun
Soil Acidity [2]  Neutral
Soil Fertility [2]  Intermediate
Water Use [2]  Moderate
Flower Color [2]  Green
Foliage Color [2]  Green
Fruit Color [2]  Brown
Flower Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Bloom Period [2]  Indeterminate
Drought Tolerance [2]  High
Fire Tolerance [2]  None
Frost Free Days [2]  10 months 10 days
Fruit/Seed Abundance [2]  High
Fruit/Seed Begin [2]  Year Round
Fruit/Seed End [2]  Year Round
Growth Form [2]  Single Stem
Growth Period [2]  Spring, Summer, Fall
Growth Rate [2]  Rapid
Janka Hardness [4]  600 lbf (272 kgf) Very Soft
Leaf Type [3]  Deciduous
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Propagation [2]  Bare Root, Container, Seed
Root Depth [2]  24 inches (61 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [2]  Moderate
Seed Vigor [2]  Medium
Seeds Per [2]  15900 / lb (35053 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [2]  Erect
Specific Gravity [5]  0.38
Structure [3]  Tree
Vegetative Spread Rate [2]  None

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Archipelago de Colon Biosphere Reserve 34336011 Galapagos Islands, Ecuador  
Barra Honda National Park II 5689 Costa Rica  
Braulio Carrillo National Park II 117843 Costa Rica  
Buenavista Wetland Reserve 778949 Cuba    
Carara National Park II 12983 Costa Rica  
Cayambe-Coca Ecological Reserve VI 921676 Ecuador  
Corcovado National Park 115845 Costa Rica  
Palo Verde National Park II 46190 Costa Rica  
Pico Mogote Ecological Reserve II 3698 Cuba  
Tuabaquey - Limones Ecological Reserve II 4859 Cuba  


Amazona auropalliata (Yellow-naped Parrot)[6]
Aonidiella aurantii (California red scale)[7]
Ara macao (Scarlet Macaw)[8]
Aratinga canicularis (Orange-fronted Parakeet)[6]
Atta cephalotes (Leafcutter ant)[9]
Brotogeris jugularis (Orange-chinned Parakeet)[6]
Cephonodes hylas (Pellucid Hawk Moth)[10]
Dirphia avia[10]
Humiphila paleolivacea[10]
Hypsipyla ferrealis[10]
Hypsipyla grandella (Mahogany Shoot Borer)[10]
Hypsipyla robusta (Cedar shoot caterpillar)[10]
Phyllocnistis meliacella (Mahogany Leaf Miner)[10]
Rifargia nebulosa[10]
Saguinus oedipus (cotton-top tamarin)[11]
Saissetia miranda (mexican black scale)[7]
Sematoneura grijpmai[10]





Attributes / relations provided by 1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000) 2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture 3Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935 4Wood Janka Hardness Scale/Chart J W Morlan's Unique Wood Gifts 5Properties of Imported Tropical Woods, B. FRANCIS KUKACHKA, U.S. Department of Agriculture - Forest Service 6FORAGING ECOLOGY OF PARROTS IN A MODIFIED LANDSCAPE: SEASONAL TRENDS AND INTRODUCED SPECIES, GREG D. MATUZAK, M. BERNADETTE BEZY, AND DONALD J. BRIGHTSMITH, The Wilson Journal of Ornithology 120(2):353–365, 2008 7Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009 8Current Status and Conservation of the Scarlet Macaw (Ara macao) in the Osa Conservation Area (ACOSA), Costa Rica, Fiona Dear, Christopher Vaughan and Adrián Morales Polanco, Research Journal of the Costa Rican Distance Education University Vol. 2(1): 7-21, June, 2010 9Host-plant selection, diet diversity, and optimal foraging in a tropical leafcutting ant, L.L. Rockwood and S.P. Hubbell, Oecologia (Berlin) (1987) 74:55-61 10HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández 11Proyecto Tití
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