Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Sapindales > Meliaceae > Melia > Melia azedarach

Melia azedarach (chinaberry; Chinaberry tree; Chinaberrytree; pride of India; Indian lilac; Margosa tree; Persian lilac; Pride-of-India; Sichuan pagoda-tree; Syringa berrytree; Umbrella tree; paraiso; lelah; white cedar)

Synonyms: Antelaea javanica; Azedara speciosa; Azedaraca amena; Azedarach commelini; Azedarach odoratum; Azedarach sempervirens; Azedarach sempervirens var. australasica; Azedarach sempervirens var. dubia; Azedarach sempervirens var. glabrior; Azedarach vulgaris; Melia angustifolia; Melia argentea; Melia arguta; Melia australasica; Melia australis; Melia azedarach var. acuminatissima; Melia azedarach var. australasica; Melia azedarach var. biglandulosa; Melia azedarach var. glabrior; Melia azedarach var. glandulosa; Melia azedarach var. incisa; Melia azedarach var. intermedia; Melia azedarach var. japonica; Melia azedarach var. javanica; Melia azedarach var. sambucina; Melia azedarach var. sempervirens; Melia azedarach var. squamulosa; Melia azedarach var. subtripinnata; Melia azedarach var. toosendan; Melia azedarach var. umbraculifera; Melia azedarach var. umbraculiformis; Melia birmanica; Melia bogoriensis; Melia bukayun; Melia candollei; Melia chinensis; Melia cochinchinensis; Melia commelini; Melia dubia; Melia flaccida; Melia florida; Melia guineensis; Melia hasskarlii; Melia japonica; Melia japonica var. semperflorens; Melia javanica; Melia orientalis; Melia sambucina; Melia sempervirens; Melia superba; Melia toosendan

Wikipedia Abstract

Melia azedarach, commonly known by many names, including white cedar, chinaberry tree, bead-tree, Cape lilac, syringa berrytree, Persian lilac, and Indian lilac, is a species of deciduous tree in the mahogany family, Meliaceae, that is native to Indomalaya and Australasia.
View Wikipedia Record: Melia azedarach

Invasive Species

Melia azedarach is a tree of the mahogany family that is native to Australasia and often planted as an ornamental shade tree. It invades along roadways, fencerows and other disturbed areas. Melia azedarach has also been found in upland grasslands, woodlands, pastures and riparian areas. Melia azedarach requires open sun, but adapts to a wide range of soil moisture conditions. It grows between sea level and 700 metres in open dry habitats and is highly resistant to insects and other pathogens. It produces much fruit, which is consumed by birds that disperse the seeds. Melia azedarach also reproduces vegetatively by forming root suckers, which allows it to spread and form dense, thickets.
View ISSG Record: Melia azedarach


Height [1]  32 feet (9.9 m)
Width [1]  29 feet (8.9 m)
Air Quality Improvement [1]  Low
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-Low
Carbon Capture [1]  Low
Screening - Summer [2]  Dense
Screening - Winter [2]  Dense
Shade Percentage [1]  86 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Low
Wind Reduction [1]  Medium-Low
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 7 Low Temperature: 0 F° (-17.8 C°) → 10 F° (-12.2 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 11 Low Temperature: 40 F° (4.4 C°) → 50 F° (10 C°)
Light Preference [2]  Full Sun
Soil Acidity [2]  Moderate Acid
Soil Fertility [2]  Infertile
Water Use [1]  Low
Flower Color [2]  Purple
Foliage Color [2]  Green
Fruit Color [2]  Brown
Flower Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Fruit Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Bloom Period [2]  Indeterminate
Drought Tolerance [2]  High
Fire Tolerance [2]  None
Frost Free Days [2]  1 year
Fruit/Seed Abundance [2]  High
Fruit/Seed Begin [2]  Year Round
Fruit/Seed End [2]  Year Round
Growth Form [2]  Single Stem
Growth Period [2]  Year Round
Growth Rate [2]  Rapid
Hazards [2]  Slight Toxicity
Janka Hardness [4]  1050 lbf (476 kgf) Soft
Leaf Type [3]  Deciduous
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Propagation [2]  Bare Root, Container, Cutting, Seed
Root Depth [2]  5.0 feet (152 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [2]  Moderate
Shape/Orientation [2]  Irregular
Specific Gravity [5]  0.438
Structure [3]  Tree
Vegetative Spread Rate [2]  Slow

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Archipelago de Colon Biosphere Reserve 34336011 Galapagos Islands, Ecuador  
Canaveral National Seashore II 9090 Florida, United States
Carolinian-South Atlantic Biosphere Reserve 310228 North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, United States      
Central Gulf Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 40530 United States  
Colonial National Historic Park National Historical Park V 9316 Virginia, United States
El Palmar National Park II   Entre Rios, Argentina  
Fort Pulaski National Monument V 4213 Georgia, United States
Guanacaste National Park II 85819 Costa Rica  
Gulf Island National Seashore II 67487 Florida, Mississippi, United States
Hobcaw Barony (North Inlet) National Estuarine Research Reserve 7585 South Carolina, United States
Horseshoe Bend National Military Park V 1926 Alabama, United States
Kruger National Park II 4718115 Mpumalanga, South Africa
Little River National Wildlife Refuge   Oklahoma, United States
Mburucuyá National Park II   Corrientes, Argentina  
Moores Creek National Battlefield III 100 North Carolina, United States
Norfolk Island National Park II 1723 Australian external territories, Australia  
Ocmulgee National Monument V 693 Georgia, United States
Purnululu National Park II 604999 Western Australia, Australia
Santa Rosa National Park II 95780 Costa Rica
South Atlantic Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 20317 South Carolina, United States  


Adoxophyes aurata[6]
Amazona autumnalis (Red-lored Parrot)[7]
Amazona vinacea (Vinaceous-breasted Amazon)[8]
Aonidiella aurantii (California red scale)[9]
Aonidiella orientalis (Oriental Scale)[9]
Archips atrolucens[6]
Ascotis imparata[6]
Aspidiotus nerii (ivy scale)[10]
Atteva punctella[6]
Aulacaspis citri[9]
Aulacaspis crawii[9]
Catocala connubialis (Connubial Underwing)[6]
Ceroplastes brevicauda[9]
Ceroplastes ceriferus (Indian wax scale)[10]
Ceroplastes cirripediformis (barnacle scale)[9]
Ceroplastes destructor (soft wax scale)[9]
Charaxes brutus (Whitebarred butterfly)[6]
Clavaspis subsimilis[9]
Cleora cornaria[6]
Cleora repulsaria[6]
Coccidiphaga scitula[6]
Coccus viridis (green coffee scale)[9]
Colius striatus (Speckled Mousebird)[7]
Hemiberlesia diffinis[9]
Hemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)[9]
Hemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale)[9]
Homona magnanima[6]
Howardia biclavis (mining scale)[10]
Hypatima spathota[6]
Hystrix africaeaustralis (Cape porcupine)[11]
Icerya aegyptiaca[9]
Lepidosaphes conchiformis (fig oystershell scale)[9]
Lepidosaphes tubulorum (tube scale)[9]
Leptocneria reducta (White cedar moth)[6]
Loboschiza koenigiana[6]
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)[9]
Myiopsitta monachus (Monk Parakeet)[7]
Odites atmopa[6]
Parasaissetia nigra (nigra scale)[10]
Parlatoria cinerea (apple parlatoria)[9]
Parlatoria crypta (mango white scale)[9]
Parlatoria oleae (olive parlatoria scale)[9]
Parlatoria proteus (common parlatoria scale)[10]
Phenacoccus solenopsis (solenopsis mealybug)[9]
Phyllocnistis selenopa[6]
Pinnaspis liui[9]
Pinnaspis strachani (lesser snow scale)[9]
Platacanthomys lasiurus (Malabar spiny dormouse)[12]
Pseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)[9]
Pteropus conspicillatus (spectacled flying fox)[13]
Pteropus dasymallus inopinatus (Orii’s flying-fox)[14]
Pulvinaria ficus[9]
Pycnonotus barbatus (Common Bulbul)[7]
Rhodothraupis celaeno (Crimson-collared Grosbeak)[15]
Saissetia coffeae (brown scale)[9]
Saissetia miranda (mexican black scale)[9]
Saissetia somereni[9]
Saissetia subpatelliforme[9]
Threskiornis aethiopicus (Sacred Ibis)[7]
Usta terpsichore[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Svalbard Global Seed Vault


Caribbean; North America; Oceania;



Attributes / relations provided by
1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database.
2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
3Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
4Wood Janka Hardness Scale/Chart J W Morlan's Unique Wood Gifts
5Chave J, Coomes D, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Swenson NG, Zanne AE (2009) Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Ecology Letters 12: 351-366. Zanne AE, Lopez-Gonzalez G, Coomes DA, Ilic J, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Miller RB, Swenson NG, Wiemann MC, Chave J (2009) Data from: Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Dryad Digital Repository.
6HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
7Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
8Cockle, K., G. Capuzzi, A. Bodrati, R. Clay, H. del Castillo, M. Velázquez, JI Areta, N. Fariña, and R. Fariña. 2007. Distribution, abundance, and conservation of Vinaceous Amazons (Amazona vinacea) in Argentina and Paraguay Journal of Field Ornithology 78:21–39
9Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
10Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
11Hystrix africaeaustralis, Erika L. Barthelmess, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 788, pp. 1-7 (2006)
12Status, distribution, food and feeding of Malabar Spiny Dormouse (Platacanthomys lasiurus Blyth) in the Western Ghats of Kerala, E. A. Jayson, KFRI Research Report No. 293 (2006)
13The Spectacled Flying-Fox, Pteropus conspicillatus (Chiroptera: Pteropodidae), in North Queensland 2. Diet, seed dispersal and feeding ecology, G. C. Richards, Australian Mammalogy, Vol 13 Nos. 1 & 2, pp. 25-31
14The role of Orii’s flying-fox (Pteropus dasymallus inopinatus) as a pollinator and a seed disperser on Okinawa-jima Island, the Ryukyu Archipelago, Japan; Atsushi Nakamoto, Kazumitsu Kinjo Masako Izawa; Ecol Res (2009) 24: 405–414
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access