Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Sapindales > Meliaceae > Swietenia > Swietenia mahagoni

Swietenia mahagoni (West Indian mahogany)

Synonyms: Cedrela mahagoni; Cedrus mahogani; Swietenia acutifolia; Swietenia fabrilis

Wikipedia Abstract

Swietenia mahagoni, commonly known as the West Indies Mahogany, is a species of Swietenia native to southern Florida in the United States and islands in the Caribbean including the Bahamas, Cuba, Jamaica, and Hispaniola. It is the species from which the original mahogany wood was produced.Swietenia mahagoni is listed as "Threatened" in the Preservation of Native Flora of Florida Act. Its blossom is the national tree of the Dominican Republic.
View Wikipedia Record: Swietenia mahagoni

Endangered Species

Status: Endangered
View IUCN Record: Swietenia mahagoni


Height [2]  60 feet (18.3 m)
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-Low
Screening - Summer [2]  Moderate
Screening - Winter [2]  Porous
Hardiness Zone Minimum [2]  USDA Zone: 10 Low Temperature: 30 F° (-1.1 C°) → 40 F° (4.4 C°)
Light Preference [2]  Mixed Sun/Shade
Soil Acidity [2]  Neutral
Soil Fertility [2]  Intermediate
Flower Color [2]  Yellow
Foliage Color [2]  Green
Fruit Color [2]  Brown
Fall Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Flower Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Fruit Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Bloom Period [2]  Late Spring
Drought Tolerance [2]  Medium
Fire Tolerance [2]  Medium
Frost Free Days [2]  1 year
Fruit/Seed Begin [2]  Winter
Fruit/Seed End [2]  Winter
Growth Form [2]  Rhizomatous
Growth Period [2]  Spring
Growth Rate [2]  Rapid
Janka Hardness [4]  1100 lbf (499 kgf) Soft
Leaf Type [3]  Evergreen
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Propagation [2]  Container, Cutting, Seed, Sprig
Root Depth [2]  36 inches (91 cm)
Seeds Per [2]  7260 / lb (16006 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [2]  Erect
Specific Gravity [5]  0.75
Structure [3]  Tree
Vegetative Spread Rate [2]  Moderate

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Ciénaga de Zapata National Park 1606900 Cuba  
Everglades and Dry Tortugas Biosphere Reserve   Florida, United States  
Tuabaquey - Limones Ecological Reserve II 4859 Cuba  

Emblem of

Dominican Republic
Dominican Republic


Acrocercops auricilla[6]
Aonidiella orientalis (Oriental Scale)[7]
Aspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)[7]
Conchaspis cordiae[7]
Gonodontis clelia[6]
Heuretes picticornis[6]
Hypsipyla albipartalis[6]
Hypsipyla grandella (Mahogany Shoot Borer)[6]
Iridopsis rufisparsa[6]
Mycetaspis defectopalus (defecto scale)[7]
Phyllocnistis meliacella (Mahogany Leaf Miner)[6]
Saissetia miranda (mexican black scale)[7]

Range Map

Caribbean; North America;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000)
2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
3Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
4Wood Janka Hardness Scale/Chart J W Morlan's Unique Wood Gifts
5Jérôme Chave, Helene C. Muller-Landau, Timothy R. Baker, Tomás A. Easdale, Hans ter Steege, Campbell O. Webb, 2006. Regional and phylogenetic variation of wood density across 2,456 neotropical tree species. Ecological Applications 16(6), 2356 - 2367
6HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
7Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access