Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Oxalidales > Oxalidaceae > Oxalis > Oxalis violacea
 

Oxalis violacea (purple woodsorrel; violet wood-sorrel; violet woodsorrel)

Synonyms: Acetosella violacea; Ionoxalis violacea; Oxalis longiflora; Oxalis pulchella; Oxalis vespertilionis; Oxalis violacea var. trichophora; Sassia violacea

Wikipedia Abstract

Oxalis violacea, the violet woodsorrel, is a perennial plant native to the United States and Canada. Similar in appearance to small clovers such as the shamrock, the plant bears violet colored flowers among three-parted leaves having heart-shaped leaflets. It is sometimes otherwise known as sour grass, sour trefoil, and shamrock. Wood sorrel emerges in early spring from an underground bulb, and grows to an average height of approximately 7 inches.
View Wikipedia Record: Oxalis violacea

Attributes

Height [2]  10 inches (0.25 m)
Allergen Potential [1]  Low
Edible [2]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [2]  Hermaphrodite
Hazards [2]  The leaves contain oxalic acid, which gives them their sharp flavour. Perfectly all right in small quantities, the leaves should not be eaten in large amounts since oxalic acid can bind up the body's supply of calcium leading to nutritional deficiency. The quantity of oxalic acid will be reduced if the leaves are cooked. People with a tendency to rheumatism, arthritis, gout, kidney stones or hyperacidity should take especial caution if including this plant in their diet since it can aggravate their condition;
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Pollinators [2]  Insects, Lepidoptera
Structure [2]  Bulb
View Plants For A Future Record : Oxalis violacea

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Big South Fork National River and Recreation Area National Recreation Area V 120283 Kentucky, Tennessee, United States
Blue Ridge Parkway National Parkway V 73611 North Carolina, Virginia, United States
Bluestone National Scenic River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 3517 West Virginia, United States
Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge VI 16363 Delaware, United States
Canaveral National Seashore II 9090 Florida, United States
Carlsbad Caverns National Park II 15448 New Mexico, United States
Chesapeake & Ohio Canal National Hist. Park National Historical Park V 19586 Maryland, District of Columbia, United States
Chickamauga & Chattanooga Nat'l Military Park National Military Park V 8248 Georgia, Tennessee, United States
Colonial National Historic Park National Historical Park V 9316 Virginia, United States
Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research   North Carolina, United States
Cumberland Gap National Hist. Park National Historical Park V 24282 Kentucky, Tennessee, Virginia, United States
Desecheo National Wildlife Refuge   Puerto Rico, United States
Fort Donelson National Battlefield III 560 Tennessee, United States
Gettysburg National Military Park V 3560 Pennsylvania, United States
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park VI 715 West Virginia, United States
Homestead National Monument of America V 850 Nebraska, United States
Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore II 8272 Indiana, United States
Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park III 2897 Georgia, United States
Kings Mountain National Military Park V 3925 South Carolina, United States
Mammoth Cave Area Biosphere Reserve (Natn'l Park) National Park II 51235 Kentucky, United States
Manassas National Battlefield Park III 5132 Virginia, United States
New River Gorge National River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 55591 West Virginia, United States
Obed Wild and Scenic River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 5268 Tennessee, United States
Ocmulgee National Monument V 693 Georgia, United States
Oconee National Forest Botanical Reserve 306 Georgia, United States  
Pipestone National Monument V 326 Minnesota, United States
Prince William Forest Park 19378 District of Columbia, United States
Richmond National Battlefield Park III 1517 Virginia, United States
Rock Creek Park   District of Columbia, United States
Shenandoah National Park II 108221 Virginia, United States
Shiloh National Military Park III 4061 Tennessee, United States
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Tennessee River Gorge   Tennessee, United States
Valley Forge National Historical Park VI 3509 Pennsylvania, United States

Providers

Pollinated by 
Acmaeodera tubulus[3]
Agapostemon radiatus <Unverified Name>[3]
Apis mellifera (honey bee)[3]
Bombias auricomus <Unverified Name>[3]
Bombus americanorum[3]
Bombylius pulchellus[3]
Centrias americanus <Unverified Name>[3]
Ceratina dupla (Little carpenter bee)[3]
Chloralictus albipennis <Unverified Name>[3]
Chloralictus pilosus <Unverified Name>[3]
Chloralictus versatus <Unverified Name>[3]
Curtisapis forbesii <Unverified Name>[3]
Eurymus philodice <Unverified Name>[3]
Evylaeus pectoralis <Unverified Name>[3]
Halictus lerouxii[3]
Holonomada superba <Unverified Name>[3]
Isomelissa violae <Unverified Name>[3]
Monilosmia canadensis <Unverified Name>[3]
Nomada cressonii[3]
Nomada parva[3]
Odontalictus ligatus <Unverified Name>[3]
Opandrena cressonii <Unverified Name>[3]
Opandrena personata <Unverified Name>[3]
Osmia pumila[3]
Oxystoglossa confusa <Unverified Name>[3]
Phyciodes tharos (Pearl crescent-spot)[3]
Seladonia fasciata <Unverified Name>[3]
Tetralonia dilecta <Unverified Name>[3]
Thanaos brizo <Unverified Name>[3]
Zaodontomerus calcaratus <Unverified Name>[3]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Dixon National Tallgrass Prairie Seed Bank

Distribution

Caribbean; North America;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by , , in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000) 2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License 3Robertson, C. Flowers and insects lists of visitors of four hundred and fifty three flowers. 1929. The Science Press Printing Company Lancaster, PA.
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by Dixon National Tallgrass Prairie Seed Bank, Chicago Botanic Garden - February 2013