Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Apiales > Apiaceae > Daucus > Daucus carota

Daucus carota (bird's nest; Queen Anne's lace; wild carrot)

Wikipedia Abstract

Daucus carota, whose common names include wild carrot, bird's nest, bishop's lace, and Queen Anne's lace (North America), is a flowering plant in the family Apiaceae, native to temperate regions of Europe, southwest Asia and naturalized to North America and Australia.Domesticated carrots are cultivars of a subspecies, Daucus carota subsp. sativus.
View Wikipedia Record: Daucus carota



Height [3]  24 inches (0.6 m)
Width [3]  12 inches (0.3 m)
Allergen Potential [1]  High
Light Preference [4]  Mostly Sunny
Soil Acidity [4]  Neutral
Soil Fertility [4]  Mostly Infertile
Soil Moisture [4]  Mostly Dry
Bee Flower Color [2]  Blue-Green
Fruit Color [2]  White
Dispersal Mode [5]  Epizoochory
Edible [3]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [3]  Hermaphrodite
Hazards [3]  Carrots sometimes cause allergic reactions in some people; Skin contact with the sap is said to cause photo-sensitivity and/or dermatitis in some people; Daucus has been reported to contain acetone, asarone, choline, ethanol, formic acid, HCN, isobutyric acid, limonene, malic acid, maltose, oxalic acid, palmitic acid, pyrrolidine, and quinic acid. Reviewing research on myristicin, which occurs in nutmeg, mace, black pepper, carrot seed, celery seed, and parsley, Buchanan (J. Food Safety 1: 275, 1979) noted that the psychoactive and hallucinogenic properties of mace, nutmeg, and purified myristicin have been studied. It has been hypothesized that myristicin and elemicin can be readily modified in the body to amphetamines. Handling carrot foliage, especially wet foliage, can cause irritation and vesication. Sensitized photosensitive persons may get an exact reproduction of the leaf on the skin by placing the leaf on the skin for awhile, followed by exposure to sunshine;
Lifespan [3]  Biennial
Pollinators [3]  Flies, Beetles
Scent [3]  The whole plant, when bruised, gives off an aniseed-like scent.
Structure [6]  Herb
Usage [3]  An essential oil obtained from the seed has an orris-like scent; It is used in perfumery and as a food flavouring; The oil has also been used cosmetically in anti-wrinkle creams;
View Plants For A Future Record : Daucus carota

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Acadia National Park II 35996 Maine, United States
Algonquin Provincial Park IV 1868802 Ontario, Canada
Allegheny Portage Railroad Nat'l Hist. Site National Historic Site III 1152 Pennsylvania, United States
Appomattox Court House National Historical Park V 1687 Virginia, United States
Archipelago de Colon Biosphere Reserve 34336011 Galapagos Islands, Ecuador  
Assateague Island National Seashore II 8621 Maryland, United States
Belovezhskaya Pushcha Biosphere Reserve National Park II 218515 Belarus
Bialowieza National Park II 11126 Poland
Big South Fork National River and Recreation Area National Recreation Area V 120283 Kentucky, Tennessee, United States
Blue Ridge Parkway National Parkway V 73611 North Carolina, Virginia, United States
Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge VI 16363 Delaware, United States
Booker T. Washington National Monument V 237 Virginia, United States
Calvin College Ecosystem Preserve 90 Michigan, United States
Cape Breton Highlands National Park II 234333 Nova Scotia, Canada  
Carpathian Biosphere Reserve 144772 Ukraine  
Chickamauga & Chattanooga Nat'l Military Park National Military Park V 8248 Georgia, Tennessee, United States
Coedwigoedd Penrhyn Creuddyn/ Creuddyn Peninsula Woods 294 Wales, United Kingdom  
Colonial National Historic Park National Historical Park V 9316 Virginia, United States
Cumberland Gap National Hist. Park National Historical Park V 24282 Kentucky, Tennessee, Virginia, United States
Desecheo National Wildlife Refuge   Puerto Rico, United States
Dorset Heaths 14161 England, United Kingdom
Dorset Heaths (Purbeck and Wareham) and Studland Dunes 5491 England, United Kingdom
Edwin S. George Reserve 1297 Michigan, United States
Exmoor Heaths 26455 England, United Kingdom
Farallon National Wildlife Refuge IV 352 California, United States
Fire Island National Seashore V 9433 New York, United States
Firth of Tay & Eden Estuary 38085 Scotland, United Kingdom
Fort Donelson National Battlefield III 560 Tennessee, United States
Fort Necessity National Battlefield III 1019 Pennsylvania, United States
Friendship Hill National Historic Site III 697 Pennsylvania, United States
Fundy National Park II 52716 New Brunswick, Canada
Galichia Gora Zapovednik Ia 568 Lipetsk, Russia
Gateway National Recreation Area V 1807 New Jersey, United States
Gauley River National Recreation Area V 10157 West Virginia, United States
Georgian Bay Islands National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Gettysburg National Military Park V 3560 Pennsylvania, United States
Grand Rapids Audubon Club Maher Sanctuary 80 Michigan, United States
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge VI 3161 New Jersey, United States
H.J. Andrews Biosphere Reserve 15815 Oregon, United States
Hopewell Furnace National Historic Site III 861 Pennsylvania, United States
Horseshoe Bend National Military Park V 1926 Alabama, United States
Humber Estuary 90582 England, United Kingdom
Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore II 8272 Indiana, United States
Isle of Portland to Studland Cliffs 3577 England, United Kingdom
Isles of Scilly Complex 66350 England, United Kingdom    
Johnstown Flood National Memorial VI 175 Pennsylvania, United States
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
Kejimkujik National Park II 94203 Nova Scotia, Canada
Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park III 2897 Georgia, United States
Khopersky Zapovednik Ia 47103 Russia  
Kings Mountain National Military Park V 3925 South Carolina, United States
Lake Superior Provincial Park IV 351011 Ontario, Canada
Lands End and Cape Bank 74557 England, United Kingdom  
Lizard Point 34565 England, United Kingdom    
Los Alerces National Park II 463045 Chubut, Argentina  
Luberon Regional Nature Park V 406572 France  
Lundy 7573 England, United Kingdom  
Lyme Bay and Torbay 77215 England, United Kingdom
Mammoth Cave Area Biosphere Reserve (Natn'l Park) National Park II 51235 Kentucky, United States
Mendip Limestone Grasslands 1032 England, United Kingdom
Moray Firth 373987 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Morecambe Bay 151985 England, United Kingdom
Morristown National Historical Park VI 1677 New Jersey, United States
New River Gorge National River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 55591 West Virginia, United States
Nez Perce National Historical Park V 2076 Idaho, United States
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
Obed Wild and Scenic River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 5268 Tennessee, United States
Oconee National Forest Botanical Reserve 306 Georgia, United States  
Okskiy Biosphere Reserve 190748 Russia  
Oregon Caves National Monument V 456 Oregon, United States
Pacific Rim National Park Reserve II 137900 British Columbia, Canada
Pembrokeshire Marine/ Sir Benfro Forol 341177 Wales, United Kingdom  
Petersburg National Battlefield III 3338 Virginia, United States
Plymouth Sound and Estuaries 15820 England, United Kingdom
Point Pelee National Park II 5764 Ontario, Canada
Prince Edward Island National Park II   Prince Edward Island, Canada  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Urdaibai Biosphere Reserve V 1777 Spain  
Richmond National Battlefield Park III 1517 Virginia, United States
Rondeau Provincial Park II 5035 Ontario, Canada
Saint Lawrence Islands National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Salisbury Plain 52975 England, United Kingdom
Sefton Coast 11278 England, United Kingdom
Severn Estuary/ Môr Hafren 182155 England/Wales, United Kingdom
Shiloh National Military Park III 4061 Tennessee, United States
Sidmouth to West Bay 2217 England, United Kingdom
South Pennine Moors 160577 England, United Kingdom  
South Wight Maritime 49082 England, United Kingdom
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Tennessee River Gorge   Tennessee, United States
The New Forest 72309 England, United Kingdom
Thorne Moor 4718 England, United Kingdom
Tsentral'no-Chernozemny Biosphere Reserve Ia 13064 Kursk, Russia
Ukrainskii Stepnoi Zapovednik Nature Zapovednik Ia 2920 Ukraine  
Valley Forge National Historical Park VI 3509 Pennsylvania, United States
Western Michigan University's Asylum Lake Preserve 274 Michigan, United States
Wind Cave National Park II 29471 South Dakota, United States
Wormley Hoddesdonpark Woods 829 England, United Kingdom
Y Fenai a Bae Conwy/ Menai Strait and Conwy Bay 65440 Wales, United Kingdom  
Zhuvintas Zapovednik 18223 Lithuania  



Aethes francillana[7]
Aethes williana[7]
Agonopterix capreolella[7]
Agonopterix ciliella[7]
Agonopterix heracliana[7]
Agonopterix purpurea[7]
Agonopterix rotundella[7]
Agonopterix yeatiana[7]
Agriotes lineatus (lined click beetle)[8]
Agrotis clavis (Heart and Club)[7]
Agrotis segetum (Turnip Moth)[7]
Agrotis subterranea (granulate cutworm)[8]
Aphis fabae (Bean aphid)[7]
Apis mellifera (honey bee)[9]
Aspitates ochrearia[7]
Balclutha incisa[8]
Bombus fervidus (Golden northern bumble bee)[9]
Callipepla californica (Californian Quail)[8]
Calosirus terminatus[7]
Camponotus pennsylvanicus (black carpenter ant)[9]
Cataplectica profugella <Unverified Name>[7]
Cavariella aegopodii (Carrot aphid)[7]
Ceutorhynchus terminatus <Unverified Name>[7]
Chaitophorus diversisetosus austriacus[7]
Chloephaga picta (Upland Goose)[8]
Closterotomus norvegicus (strawberry bug)[7]
Cnephasia asseclana (Flax Tortrix Moth)[7]
Cnephasia incertana (Light Grey Tortrix Moth)[7]
Cnephasia stephensiana (Grey Tortrix Moth)[7]
Contarinia pastinacae[7]
Cydia gallicana[7]
Dasypolia templi (Brindled Ochre)[7]
Deinacrida connectens (Scree weta)[10]
Deinacrida rugosa (Cook Strait giant weta)[10]
Depressaria aegopodiella <Unverified Name>[7]
Depressaria albipunctella[7]
Depressaria depressana (Purple Carrot-seed Moth)[7]
Depressaria douglasella[7]
Depressaria pulcherrimella <Unverified Name>[7]
Dysaphis crataegi[7]
Dyspersa apicalis[7]
Epermenia aequidentellus[7]
Epermenia chaerophyllella <Unverified Name>[7]
Eriophyes peucedani <Unverified Name>[7]
Euleia heraclei[8]
Eupithecia tripunctaria (whitespotted pug)[7]
Fiorinia proboscidaria[11]
Fonscolombia tomlinii <Unverified Name>[11]
Gueriniella serratulae[11]
Heliothis viriplaca[7]
Hemideina crassidens (tree weta)[10]
Heterosphaeria patella[8]
Hyadaphis foeniculi (Honeysuckle aphid)[8]
Hypera adspersa <Unverified Name>[7]
Hypera pastinacae[7]
Irenimus compressus[10]
Itersonilia perplexans[8]
Kiefferia pericarpiicola[7]
Lasioptera carophila[7]
Liparus coronatus[7]
Loxostege sticticalis[8]
Lygus lineolaris (tarnished plant bug)[8]
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)[11]
Malacosoma castrensis (Ground Lackey)[7]
Maladera castanea (Asiatic garden beetle)[8]
Otiorhynchus ligustici[7]
Papilio aegeus (Large citrus butterfly)[8]
Papilio brevicauda (shorttailed swallowtail)[8]
Papilio machaon (Old World swallowtail)[7]
Papilio polyxenes (Eastern black swallowtail)[8]
Papilio zelicaon (Anise swallowtail)[8]
Peliococcus turanicus (malicious mealybug)[11]
Pemphigus phenax[7]
Phenacoccus caillardi[11]
Phenacoccus neohordei[11]
Phenacoccus parvus[11]
Phenacoccus pumilus (dwarf mealybug)[11]
Phenacoccus solenopsis (solenopsis mealybug)[11]
Phytoecia cylindrica[7]
Phytomyza chaerophylli[7]
Phytomyza syngenesiae <Unverified Name>[7]
Pieris brassicae (Large White)[7]
Pseudococcus calceolariae (citrophilus mealybug)[11]
Psila hennigi[8]
Psila rosae <Unverified Name>[7]
Pulvinaria urbicola (urbicola soft scale)[11]
Puto barberi[11]
Puto pilosellae (hairy mealybug)[11]
Rhopalosiphoninus latysiphon (Potato aphid)[7]
Scorpaenopsis gibbosa (humpbacked scorpionfish)[8]
Semiaphis dauci[7]
Semiaspilates ochrearia <Unverified Name>[7]
Sidnia kinbergi[10]
Sitochroa palealis[7]
Systole tuonela[7]
Thalera fimbrialis (Sussex Emerald)[7]
Thrips vulgatissimus[7]
Trichocladium asperum[8]
Ursus arctos (Grizzly Bear)[8]
Xanthorhoe spadicearia (Red Twin-spot Carpet Moth)[7]
Acrosternum hilare (Green stinkbug)[9]
Melanoplus differentialis (Differential Grasshopper)[9]


Pollinated by 
Bombus fervidus (Golden northern bumble bee)[9]
Bombus lapidarius (Stone Humble-bee)[8]
Cheilosia impressa[8]
Chrysotoxum bicinctum[8]
Episyrphus balteatus (Marmelade Fly)[8]
Eristalis tenax (drone fly)[8]
Maniola jurtina (Meadow Brown Butterfly)[8]
Melanostoma mellinum[8]
Melanostoma scalare[8]
Meliscaeva auricollis[8]
Platycheirus scutatus[8]
Rhingia campestris[8]
Scathophaga stercoraria (Common Yellow Dung Fly)[8]
Syritta pipiens (thick-legged hoverfly)[8]
Syrphus ribesii (Summer Fly)[8]
Xanthogramma pedissequum[8]


Parasitized by 
Ditylenchus dipsaci (Bud and stem nematode)[12]
Erysiphe heraclei[8]
Helicotylenchus dihystera <Unverified Name>[12]
Orobanche crenata (bean broomrape)[8]
Xanthomonas hortorum[8]
Pollinator of 
Stenopterus creticus[8]
Shelter for 
Argiope aurantia (black-and-yellow argiope)[9]
Dermacentor variabilis (American dog tick)[9]
Mimus polyglottos (Northern Mockingbird)[9]
Misumena vatia (flower spider)[9]
Quiscalus quiscula (Common Grackle)[9]
Scalopus aquaticus (Eastern Mole)[9]
Sialia sialis (Eastern Bluebird)[9]
Spinus tristis (American Goldfinch)[9]
Tenodera aridifolia (Chinese mantid)[9]
Tuberolachnus salignus[9]
Acrosternum hilare (Green stinkbug)[9]
Melanoplus differentialis (Differential Grasshopper)[9]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Svalbard Global Seed Vault


Bruce Peninsula National Park; Caribbean; North America; Roosevelt Vanderbilt National Historic Site; Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000)
2Arnold SEJ, Faruq S, Savolainen V, McOwan PW, Chittka L, 2010 FReD: The Floral Reflectance Database — A Web Portal for Analyses of Flower Colour. PLoS ONE 5(12): e14287.
3Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
4ECOFACT 2a Technical Annex - Ellenberg’s indicator values for British Plants, M O Hill, J O Mountford, D B Roy & R G H Bunce (1999)
5Paula S, Arianoutsou M, Kazanis D, Tavsanoglu Ç, Lloret F, Buhk C, Ojeda F, Luna B, Moreno JM, Rodrigo A, Espelta JM, Palacio S, Fernández-Santos B, Fernandes PM, and Pausas JG. 2009. Fire-related traits for plant species of the Mediterranean Basin. Ecology 90: 1420.
Paula S. & Pausas J.G. 2013. BROT: a plant trait database for Mediterranean Basin species. Version 2013.06.
6Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
7Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
8Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
9Study of Northern Virginia Ecology
10New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Plant-SyNZ™ database
11Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
12Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Calvin College Ecosystem Preserve
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Edwin S. George Reserve, University of Michigan, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
Maher Sanctuary, Grand Rapids Audubon Club
Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access