Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Gentianales > Apocynaceae > Nerium > Nerium oleander
 

Nerium oleander (oleander)

Wikipedia Abstract

Nerium oleander /ˈnɪəriəm ˈoʊliː.ændər/ is an evergreen shrub or small tree in the dogbane family Apocynaceae, toxic in all its parts. It is the only species currently classified in the genus Nerium. It is most commonly known as oleander, from its superficial resemblance to the unrelated olive Olea. It is so widely cultivated that no precise region of origin has been identified, though southwest Asia has been suggested.
View Wikipedia Record: Nerium oleander

Infraspecies

Attributes

Height [3]  13.1 feet (4 m)
Width [3]  13.1 feet (4 m)
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium
Screening - Summer [2]  Dense
Screening - Winter [2]  Dense
Hardiness Zone Minimum [2]  USDA Zone: 8 Low Temperature: 10 F° (-12.2 C°) → 20 F° (-6.7 C°)
Light Preference [2]  Full Sun
Soil Acidity [2]  Neutral
Soil Fertility [2]  Infertile
Water Use [2]  Low
Flower Color [2]  Red
Foliage Color [2]  Green
Fruit Color [2]  Brown
Fall Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Flower Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Bloom Period [2]  Summer
Drought Tolerance [2]  High
Fire Tolerance [2]  High
Flower Type [3]  Hermaphrodite
Frost Free Days [2]  7 months 20 days
Fruit/Seed Abundance [2]  Medium
Fruit/Seed Begin [2]  Summer
Fruit/Seed End [2]  Fall
Growth Form [2]  Multiple Stem
Growth Period [2]  Spring, Summer, Fall
Growth Rate [2]  Rapid
Hazards [3]  The whole plant is very poisonous; Skin contact with the plant can cause irritation whilst ingestion of only one leaf has led to death in children; Death has been known to follow the use of the wood of this plant as a meat skewer;
Leaf Type [3]  Evergreen
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Propagation [2]  Bare Root, Container, Cutting, Seed
Root Depth [2]  16 inches (41 cm)
Scent [3]  The flowers have a soft sweet perfume;
Seed Spread Rate [2]  Slow
Seed Vigor [2]  Low
Shape/Orientation [2]  Erect
Specific Gravity [4]  0.6
Structure [3]  Shrub
Usage [3]  The plant is used as a rat poison; The pounded leaves and bark are used as an insecticide; A green dye is obtained from the flowers; The plant is commonly used for informal hedging in the Mediterranean; The leaves contain small amounts of latex that can be used to make rubber; The plants have an extensive root system and are often used to stabilize soil in warmer areas;
Vegetative Spread Rate [2]  None
View Plants For A Future Record : Nerium oleander

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Akyatan Lagoon 36324 Adana, Turkey      
AMVRAKIKOS KOLPOS, LIMNOTHALASSA KATAFOURKO KAI KORAKONISIA 56861 Greece  
Archipelago de Colon Biosphere Reserve 34336011 Galapagos Islands, Ecuador  
Canaveral National Seashore II 9090 Florida, United States
Casa Grande National Monument V 468 Arizona, United States
Central Gulf Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 40530 United States  
DESIERTO DE TABERNAS 28326 Spain  
Fort Pulaski National Monument V 4213 Georgia, United States
Gamkapoort Nature Reserve Provincial Nature Reserve II 22744 Western Cape, South Africa  
Parco Del Somma-Vesuvio e Miglio D'Oro National Park II 33648 Italy
S'Albufera de Mallorca 5276 Spain    
SIERRA PELADA Y RIVERA DEL ASERRADOR 30407 Spain  
South Atlantic Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 20317 South Carolina, United States  

Predators

Adoxophyes perstricta[5]
Agathia laetata[5]
Agathia lycaenaria[5]
Amorbia emigratella (Mexican Leaf-roller)[5]
Aonidiella aurantii (California red scale)[6]
Aonidiella inornata (papaya red scale)[6]
Aonidiella orientalis (Oriental Scale)[6]
Aonidiella simplex[6]
Aphis frangulae[7]
Aphis nerii (Oleander aphid)[7]
Arocatus rusticus[8]
Aspidiotus lectularis <Unverified Name>[6]
Aspidiotus nerii (ivy scale)[7]
Aspidiotus simmondsi <Unverified Name>[6]
Asterodiaspis pustulans <Unverified Name>[7]
Ceroplastes brevicauda[6]
Ceroplastes cistudiformis (tortoise wax scale)[6]
Ceroplastes dugesii (Duges wax scale)[6]
Ceroplastes grandis[6]
Ceroplastes japonicus (fig wax scale)[6]
Ceroplastes myricae[6]
Ceroplastes pseudoceriferus (Indian wax scale)[6]
Ceroplastes rubens (pink wax scale)[6]
Ceroplastes rusci (barnacle wax scale)[6]
Chrysomphalus aonidum (circular black scale)[7]
Chrysomphalus bifasciculatus (bifasciculate scale)[6]
Chrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)[9]
Chrysomphalus pallens <Unverified Name>[6]
Coccidiphaga scitula[5]
Coccus capparidis (capparis soft scale)[6]
Coccus pseudomagnoliarum (Citricola scale)[6]
Coccus viridis (green coffee scale)[6]
Composia fidelissima (Moth)[5]
Daphnis nerii (Oleander Hawk-moth)[7]
Diaspidiotus africanus (grey scale)[6]
Diaspidiotus laperrinei[6]
Dynaspidiotus britanicus <Unverified Name>[7]
Empyreuma affinis[5]
Empyreuma pugione (spotted oleander caterpillar moth)[5]
Eucalymnatus tessellatus (tessellated scale)[6]
Euploea alcathoe[5]
Euploea batesii[5]
Euploea core (Oleander butterfly)[9]
Euploea euphon (Mascarene crow butterfly)[5]
Euploea midamus (Blue Spotted Crow)[5]
Euploea modesta (Plain blue crow butterfly)[5]
Euploea mulciber (Striped blue crow butterfly)[5]
Euploea tulliolus (Dwarf Crow)[5]
Fiorinia distinctissima[6]
Geococcus coffeae (coffee root mealybug)[6]
Gonimbrasia zambesina[5]
Hemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)[6]
Hemiberlesia neodiffinis[6]
Hemiberlesia palmae (tropical palm scale)[7]
Hemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale)[6]
Hemilecanium theobromae[6]
Howardia biclavis (mining scale)[6]
Ischnaspis longirostris (black line scale)[6]
Lagosinia strachani[6]
Lepidosaphes tapleyi (guava long scale)[6]
Lepidosaphes ulmi (apple oystershell scale)[6]
Leucaspis riccae (white olive scale)[6]
Lindingaspis rossi (araucaria black scale)[6]
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)[6]
Macroglossum corythus (Hummingbird hawk moth)[5]
Morganella longispina (champaca scale)[6]
Neopinnaspis harperi (Harper scale)[6]
Nipaecoccus viridis (karoo thorn mealybug)[6]
Octaspidiotus subrubescens[6]
Oemona hirta[8]
Pallulaspis lantanae[6]
Paracoccus burnerae (oleander scale)[6]
Parasaissetia nigra (nigra scale)[7]
Parlatoreopsis longispina (Asiatic pomegranate scale)[6]
Parlatoria crypta (mango white scale)[6]
Parlatoria oleae (olive parlatoria scale)[6]
Parlatoria pergandii (black parlatoria scale)[6]
Pinnaspis strachani (lesser snow scale)[9]
Planococcus ficus (grapevine mealybug)[6]
Planococcus halli[6]
Pseudaonidia trilobitiformis (gingging scale)[6]
Pseudaulacaspis cockerelli (false oleander scale)[6]
Pseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)[6]
Pseudococcus calceolariae (citrophilus mealybug)[6]
Pseudococcus jackbeardsleyi (banana mealybug)[6]
Pseudococcus occiduus[6]
Pseudoparlatoria parlatorioides (false parlatoria scale)[7]
Pulvinaria aurantii[6]
Rastrococcus invadens (Mango mealybug)[6]
Rastrococcus truncatispinus (Rastrococcus mealybug)[6]
Rhizoecus leucosomus (white ground mealybug)[6]
Saissetia coffeae (brown scale)[6]
Saissetia miranda (mexican black scale)[6]
Saissetia orbiculata[6]
Saissetia persimilis (black scale)[6]
Selenaspidus articulatus (rufous scale)[7]
Selenaspidus malzyi[6]
Sphrageidus producta[5]
Spilococcus pressus (pressus mealybug)[6]
Syntomeida epilais (oleander caterpillar)[5]
Voraspis nerii[6]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Phragmanthera usuiensis[9]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Kew Millennium Seed Bank Partnership

Distribution

Caribbean; North America;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000)
2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
3Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
4Jérôme Chave, Helene C. Muller-Landau, Timothy R. Baker, Tomás A. Easdale, Hans ter Steege, Campbell O. Webb, 2006. Regional and phylogenetic variation of wood density across 2,456 neotropical tree species. Ecological Applications 16(6), 2356 - 2367
5HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
6Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
7Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
8New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Plant-SyNZ™ database
9Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
Protected Areas provided by Ramsar Sites Information Service
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access