Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Solanales > Solanaceae > Capsicum > Capsicum annuum

Capsicum annuum (cayenne pepper)

Synonyms: Capsicum angulosum; Capsicum annuum f. bicolor; Capsicum annuum f. certoides; Capsicum annuum f. incrassatum; Capsicum annuum var. cerasiforme; Capsicum annuum var. conoide; Capsicum annuum var. fasciculatum; Capsicum annuum var. grossum; Capsicum annuum var. longum; Capsicum axi; Capsicum bicolor; Capsicum chamaecerasus; Capsicum conicum; Capsicum conoideum; Capsicum cordiforme; Capsicum curvipes; Capsicum cydoniforme; Capsicum fasciculatum; Capsicum frutescens var. fasciculatum; Capsicum frutescens var. grossum; Capsicum frutescens var. longum; Capsicum globosum; Capsicum hamiltonii; Capsicum longum; Capsicum milleri; Capsicum narunca; Capsicum nigrum; Capsicum olivaeforme; Capsicum petenense; Capsicum pomiferum; Capsicum purpureum; Capsicum silvestre; Capsicum sphaerium; Capsicum tetragonum; Capsicum tournefortii; Capsicum violaceum

Wikipedia Abstract

Capsicum annuum is a species of the plant genus Capsicum native to southern North America and northern South America. This species is the most common and extensively cultivated of the five domesticated capsicums. The species encompasses a wide variety of shapes and sizes of peppers, both mild and hot, ranging from bell peppers to chili peppers. Cultivars are descended from the wild American bird pepper still found in warmer regions of the Americas. In the past some woody forms of this species have been called C. frutescens, but the features that were used to distinguish those forms appear in many populations of C. annuum and there is no consistently recognizable C. frutescens species.
View Wikipedia Record: Capsicum annuum



Height [1]  39 inches (1 m)
Width [1]  39 inches (1 m)
Edible [1]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [1]  Hermaphrodite
Hazards [1]  Pungent-fruited peppers may cause painful irritation when used in excess, or after accidental contact with the eyes; Although no reports have been seen for this species, many plants in this family produce toxins in their leaves. The sap of the plant can cause the skin to blister;
Leaf Type [1]  Evergreen
Lifespan [1]  Perennial
Structure [2]  Shrub
View Plants For A Future Record : Capsicum annuum

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Archipelago de Colon Biosphere Reserve 34336011 Galapagos Islands, Ecuador  
Barra Honda National Park II 5689 Costa Rica  
Canaveral National Seashore II 9090 Florida, United States
Carara National Park II 12983 Costa Rica  
Cayambe-Coca Ecological Reserve VI 921676 Ecuador  
Guanacaste National Park II 85819 Costa Rica  
Palo Verde National Park II 46190 Costa Rica  
Rincón de la Vieja National Park II 35068 Costa Rica  
Santa Rosa National Park II 95780 Costa Rica


Agrotis malefida (palesided cutworm)[3]
Agrotis subterranea (granulate cutworm)[3]
Amata passalis[3]
Amsacta lactinea[3]
Anastrepha suspensa (Caribbean fruit fly)[4]
Anhimella contrahens[3]
Archips micaceana[3]
Archips seditiosa[3]
Aspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)[5]
Atherigona orientalis (pepper fruit fly)[6]
Bactericera cockerelli (potato psyllid)[7]
Ceroplastes sinensis (hard wax scale)[5]
Chrysodeixis chalcites (Tomato Looper)[3]
Erelieva quantulella[3]
Eriophyes lycopersici <Unverified Name>[8]
Etiella zinckenella (Lima-bean-pod borer)[3]
Euzophera perticella[3]
Frankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)[9]
Helicoverpa assulta (Oriental Tobacco Budworm)[3]
Hemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)[9]
Keiferia lycopersicella (Tomato Pinworm)[3]
Liriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)[8]
Lorita scarificata (Chrysanthemum Flower Borer)[3]
Magnococcus cestri[5]
Manduca lichenea[3]
Manduca lucetius[3]
Manduca quinquemaculatus (five-spotted hawk moth)[3]
Manduca sexta (Tobacco hornworm)[3]
Ortalis vetula (Plain Chachalaca)[9]
Ostrinia furnacalis[9]
Papaipema nebris (stalk borer)[3]
Paralipsa gularis (Stored nut moth)[3]
Peridroma saucia (variegated cutworm)[3]
Phenacoccus gossypii (Mexican mealybug)[5]
Phenacoccus madeirensis (Mexican mealybug)[5]
Phenacoccus parvus[5]
Phthorimaea operculella (Potato tuberworm)[3]
Pinnaspis strachani (lesser snow scale)[5]
Planococcus minor (Pacific mealybug)[5]
Platynota rostrana[3]
Platynota stultana (Omnivorous leafroller)[3]
Plodia interpunctella (Indian meal moth)[3]
Polyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)[8]
Pseudaletia unipuncta (armyworm)[3]
Pseudaonidia trilobitiformis (gingging scale)[5]
Pseudaulacaspis cockerelli (false oleander scale)[5]
Pseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)[5]
Pseudococcus jackbeardsleyi (banana mealybug)[5]
Pulvinaria grabhami (cottony camellia scale)[5]
Pulvinaria urbicola (urbicola soft scale)[5]
Rhizoecus falcifer (ground mealybug)[5]
Saissetia coffeae (brown scale)[5]
Sceliodes cordalis (Eggfruit caterpillar)[7]
Spodoptera eridania (southern armyworm)[3]
Spodoptera latifascia (Lateral Lined Armyworm)[3]
Spodoptera littoralis (African Cotton Leafworm)[3]
Symmetrischema borsaniella[3]
Symmetrischema capsica[3]
Symmetrischema capsicivorum[3]
Symmetrischema dulce[3]
Symmetrischema tangolias (South American Potato Tuber Moth)[3]
Thrips tabaci (Onion thrip)[9]
Tildenia gudmannella[3]
Tmolus echion (Red-spotted Hairstreak)[3]
Utetheisa pulchella (Crimson-speckled Flunkey)[3]


Parasitized by 
Aculops lycopersici[9]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Svalbard Global Seed Vault


Caribbean; North America; Oceania;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
2Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
3HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
4Norrbom, A.L. 2004. Fruit fly (Tephritidae) host plant database. Version Nov, 2004.
5Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
6Atherigona orientalis (Schiner) (Insecta: Diptera: Muscidae), Kenneth L. Hibbard, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Division of Plant Industry; and William A. Overholt, University of Florida, September 2012
7New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Plant-SyNZ™ database
8Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
9Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access