Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Boraginales > Boraginaceae > Cordia > Cordia alliodora
 

Cordia alliodora (cypre; Spanish elm)

Synonyms: Cerdana alliodora; Cordia alliodora f. albotomentosa; Cordia alliodora var. boliviana; Cordia alliodora var. glabra; Cordia alliodora var. tomentosa; Cordia andina; Cordia cerdana; Cordia chamissoniana var. complicata; Cordia cujabensis; Cordia gerascanthus; Cordia goudotii; Cordia velutina; Gerascanthus alliodora; Gerascanthus alliodorus; Gerascanthus cujabensis; Lithocardium alliodorum; Lithocardium cujabense; Solanum mucronatum; Varronia tuberosa

Wikipedia Abstract

"Solanum mucronatum" (sometimes called "pepino", which usually refers to S. muricatum) is a flowering plant species in the nightshade family (Solanaceae). It probably belongs to those species formerly in Solanum but nowadays placed in Lycianthes, though its exact identity and name remain undetermined.It is an annual shrub that is sometimes grown as an ornamental plant. It is also endangered due to habitat loss.
View Wikipedia Record: Cordia alliodora

Attributes

Height [1]  21 feet (6.4 m)
Width [1]  19 feet (5.8 m)
Air Quality Improvement [1]  None
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium
Carbon Capture [1]  Low
Screening - Summer [2]  Moderate
Screening - Winter [2]  Moderate
Shade Percentage [1]  81 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Low
Wind Reduction [1]  Low
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 10 Low Temperature: 30 F° (-1.1 C°) → 40 F° (4.4 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 11 Low Temperature: 40 F° (4.4 C°) → 50 F° (10 C°)
Light Preference [2]  Full Sun
Soil Acidity [2]  Moderate Acid
Soil Fertility [2]  Infertile
Water Use [1]  Moderate
Flower Color [2]  White
Foliage Color [2]  Green
Fruit Color [2]  Brown
Flower Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Bloom Period [2]  Early Spring
Drought Tolerance [2]  Low
Fire Tolerance [2]  Medium
Frost Free Days [2]  1 year
Fruit/Seed Abundance [2]  High
Fruit/Seed Begin [2]  Spring
Fruit/Seed End [2]  Spring
Growth Form [2]  Single Stem
Growth Period [2]  Spring, Summer, Fall
Growth Rate [2]  Rapid
Janka Hardness [4]  650 lbf (295 kgf) Soft
Leaf Type [3]  Deciduous
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Propagation [2]  Bare Root, Container, Seed
Root Depth [2]  28 inches (71 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [2]  Slow
Seed Vigor [2]  High
Seeds Per [2]  32250 / lb (71099 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [2]  Erect
Specific Gravity [5]  0.44
Structure [3]  Tree
Vegetative Spread Rate [2]  None

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Archipelago de Colon Biosphere Reserve 34336011 Galapagos Islands, Ecuador  
Cayambe-Coca Ecological Reserve VI 921676 Ecuador  
Guanacaste National Park II 85819 Costa Rica  
Palo Verde National Park II 46190 Costa Rica  
Refugio de Vida Silvestre Reserva Karen Mogensen F. Nature Reserve 1866 Costa Rica  
Rincón de la Vieja National Park II 35068 Costa Rica  
Santa Rosa National Park II 95780 Costa Rica
Tortuguero National Park II 47632 Costa Rica

Predators

Akermes cordiae[6]
Amazona albifrons (White-fronted Parrot)[7]
Atta cephalotes (Leafcutter ant)[8]
Automeris rubrescens[9]
Cataenococcus ingrandi[6]
Choloepus hoffmanni (Hoffmann's Two-toed Sloth)[10]
Coccus viridis (green coffee scale)[6]
Cryptostigma biorbiculus[6]
Cryptostigma inquilina[6]
Cryptostigma reticulolaminae[6]
Cyclolecanium hyperbaterum[6]
Dysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)[6]
Dysmicoccus neobrevipes (annona mealybug)[6]
Dysmicoccus probrevipes[6]
Hylesia lineata[9]
Mionectes oleagineus (Ochre-bellied Flycatcher)[11]
Musonycteris harrisoni (banana bat)[12]
Paridnea squamicosta[9]
Planococcus minor (Pacific mealybug)[6]
Prococcus acutissimus (banana-shaped scale)[6]
Pulvinaria psidii (green shield scale)[6]
Saissetia coffeae (brown scale)[13]
Saissetia neglecta (Caribbean black scale)[6]

Distribution

Caribbean;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database. 2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture 3Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935 4Wood Janka Hardness Scale/Chart J W Morlan's Unique Wood Gifts 5Properties of Imported Tropical Woods, B. FRANCIS KUKACHKA, U.S. Department of Agriculture - Forest Service 6Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009 7FORAGING ECOLOGY OF PARROTS IN A MODIFIED LANDSCAPE: SEASONAL TRENDS AND INTRODUCED SPECIES, GREG D. MATUZAK, M. BERNADETTE BEZY, AND DONALD J. BRIGHTSMITH, The Wilson Journal of Ornithology 120(2):353–365, 2008 8Host-plant selection, diet diversity, and optimal foraging in a tropical leafcutting ant, L.L. Rockwood and S.P. Hubbell, Oecologia (Berlin) (1987) 74:55-61 9HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández 10Choloepus hoffmanni (Pilosa: Megalonychidae), VIRGINIA HAYSSEN, MAMMALIAN SPECIES 43(873):37–55 (2011) 11Patterns of movement and seed dispersal of a tropical frugivore, David A. Westcott · Devon L. Graham, Oecologia (2000) 122:249–257 12Musonycteris harrisoni, Guillermo Tellez and Jorge Ortega, MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 622, pp. 1-3 (1999) 13Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
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