Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Lamiales > Verbenaceae > Lantana > Lantana camara
 

Lantana camara (lantana; largeleaf lantana; Prickly lantana; White sage; Angel lips; Big sage; Blacksage; Lantana wildtype; Shrub verbean; Wandelroeschen)

Synonyms: Camara vulgaris
Language: Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

Lantana camara, also known as big-sage (Malaysia), wild-sage, red-sage, white-sage (Caribbean) and tickberry (South Africa), is a species of flowering plant within the verbena family, Verbenaceae, that is native to the American tropics.Lantana camara, a beautiful plant often planted in gardens, has spread from its native Central and South America to around 50 different countries, where it has become an invasive species.
View Wikipedia Record: Lantana camara

Infraspecies

Invasive Species

Lantana camara is a significant weed of which there are some 650 varieties in over 60 countries or island groups. It is established and expanding in many regions of the world, often as a result of clearing of forest for timber or agriculture. It impacts severely on agriculture as well as on natural ecosystems. The plants can grow individually in clumps or as dense thickets, crowding out more desirable species. In disturbed native forests it can become the dominant understorey species, disrupting succession and decreasing biodiversity. At some sites, infestations have been so persistent that they have completely stalled the regeneration of rainforest for three decades. Its allelopathic qualities can reduce vigour of nearby plant species and reduce productivity in orchards. Lantana camara has been the focus of biological control attempts for a century, yet still poses major problems in many regions.
View ISSG Record: Lantana camara

Attributes

Allergen Potential [1]  Medium-High
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Structure [3]  Shrub

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Archipelago de Colon Biosphere Reserve 34336011 Galapagos Islands, Ecuador  
Barra Honda National Park II 5689 Costa Rica  
Big Cypress National Preserve V 732120 Florida, United States
Canaveral National Seashore II 9090 Florida, United States
Carara National Park II 12983 Costa Rica  
Central Gulf Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 40530 United States  
Corcovado National Park 115845 Costa Rica  
De Soto National Wildlife Refuge IV 8007 Iowa, Nebraska, United States
El Palmar National Park II   Entre Rios, Argentina  
Everglades and Dry Tortugas Biosphere Reserve   Florida, United States  
Fort Matanzas National Monument III 269 Florida, United States
Guanacaste National Park II 85819 Costa Rica  
Hawaii Volcanoes National Park 177278 Hawaii, United States
Kruger National Park II 4718115 Mpumalanga, South Africa
Megantoni National Sanctuary 536005 Cusco, Peru  
Norfolk Island National Park II 1723 Australian external territories, Australia  
Palo Verde National Park II 46190 Costa Rica  
Pico Mogote Ecological Reserve II 3698 Cuba  
Refugio de Vida Silvestre Reserva Karen Mogensen F. Nature Reserve 1866 Costa Rica  
Rincón de la Vieja National Park II 35068 Costa Rica  
Santa Rosa National Park II 95780 Costa Rica
Sierra del Divisor Reserve Zone 3652986 Peru      
Tuabaquey - Limones Ecological Reserve II 4859 Cuba  

Predators

Acherontia atropos (Death's-head hawk moth)[4]
Aconophora compressa[5]
Amata cyssea[4]
Anartia fatima (Coolie butterfly)[4]
Anomis mesogona[4]
Archips dispilana[4]
Argyrotaenia sphaleropa[4]
Aristaea onychota[4]
Artaxa guttata[4]
Ascotis imparata[4]
Aspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)[6]
Aspidiotus nerii (ivy scale)[5]
Autoba abrupta[4]
Autoba silicula[4]
Automeris zugana[4]
Autoplusia illustrata[4]
Bertholdia steinbachi[4]
Calypte anna (Anna's Hummingbird)[5]
Ceroplastes lucidus[6]
Chlorocichla laetissima (Joyful Greenbul)[7]
Chlorostilbon notatus (blue-chinned sapphire)[5]
Cinnyris venustus (Variable sunbird)[8]
Coccus capparidis (capparis soft scale)[6]
Coccus viridis (green coffee scale)[6]
Crax daubentoni (Yellow-knobbed Curassow)[9]
Creatonotos transiens[4]
Cremastobombycia lantanella (Lantana Leaf Miner)[4]
Dendrolagus lumholtzi (Lumholtz's Tree-kangaroo)[10]
Diastema tigris (Lantana Moth)[4]
Dryas iulia (Julia butterfly)[4]
Dudua aprobola[4]
Dysmicoccus hurdi (hurd dysmicoccus mealybug)[6]
Elymnias hypermnestra (Palmfly butterfly)[4]
Endoclita malabaricus[4]
Eucalymnatus tessellatus (tessellated scale)[6]
Eulemur cinereiceps (Eulemur albocollaris)[11]
Eulemur fulvus (brown lemur)[5]
Eulidia yarrellii (Chilean Woodstar)[12]
Eumeta crameri[4]
Euproctis sulphurescens[4]
Eupterote undata[4]
Eurillas virens (Hall's Greenbul)[7]
Ferrisia virgata (grey mealybug)[6]
Francolinus pondicerianus (Grey Francolin)[13]
Frankliniella lantanae <Unverified Name>[14]
Gatesclarkeana erotias[4]
Hemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)[6]
Hemithea costipunctata[4]
Howardia biclavis (mining scale)[6]
Hylesia lineata[4]
Hypena abyssinialis[4]
Hypena laceratalis (Lantana Defoliator)[4]
Hypena strigatus[4]
Icerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)[6]
Insignorthezia insignis (croton bug)[6]
Junonia villida (Meadow Argus)[14]
Laniarius luehderi (Lühder's Bushshrike)[7]
Lantanacoccus sauroides[6]
Lantanophaga pusillidactylus[15]
Lepidochrysops peculiaris[4]
Leptophobia aripa[5]
Lobesia fetialis[4]
Lobesia genialis[4]
Lobesia sitophaga[4]
Lophornis magnificus (Frilled Coquette)[13]
Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)[6]
Manduca florestan[4]
Manduca rustica (Rustic Sphinx)[4]
Microsarotis palamedes[4]
Neogalea sunia (lantana stick caterpillar)[4]
Ochyrotica concursa (Brown leaffolder)[4]
Oedicentra albipennis[4]
Olene dalbergiae[4]
Paracoccus ferrisi[6]
Paracoccus herreni[6]
Pardasena virgulana[4]
Pavo cristatus (Indian Peafowl)[16]
Phenacoccus colemani (Coleman mealybug)[6]
Phenacoccus cornicirculus <Unverified Name>[6]
Phenacoccus madeirensis (Mexican mealybug)[6]
Phenacoccus parvus[6]
Phenacoccus similis[6]
Phenacoccus solani (solanum mealybug)[6]
Phenacoccus solenopsis (solenopsis mealybug)[6]
Planostocha cumulata[4]
Pogoniulus bilineatus (Yellow-rumped Tinkerbird)[7]
Pseudococcus jackbeardsleyi (banana mealybug)[6]
Psilalcis inceptaria[4]
Ptilinopus purpuratus (Grey-green Fruit Dove)[13]
Pulvinaria floccifera (cottony camellia scale)[17]
Pulvinaria grabhami (cottony camellia scale)[6]
Pulvinaria tyleri[6]
Pulvinaria urbicola (urbicola soft scale)[6]
Puto barberi[6]
Pycnonotus barbatus (Common Bulbul)[7]
Rapala manea[4]
Rapala varuna (Indigo Flash)[4]
Rhodopis vesper (Oasis Hummingbird)[13]
Saenura flava[4]
Saissetia coffeae (brown scale)[6]
Scirtothrips dobroskyi <Unverified Name>[14]
Scopula actuaria[4]
Sphenarches anisodactylus (Geranium Plume Moth)[15]
Stenoptilodes taprobanes[4]
Streptopelia mayeri (Pink Pigeon)[13]
Strymon bazochii (Lantana Scrub-Hairstreak)[5]
Sylvia atricapilla (Eurasian Blackcap)[7]
Synchlora cupedinaria[4]
Synchlora herbaria[4]
Tmolus echion (Red-spotted Hairstreak)[5]
Tortrix dinota[4]
Trachypithecus delacouri (Delacour's Langur)[18]
Trichoptilus dulcis[15]
Turacoena manadensis (White-faced Dove)[13]
Ulodemis trigrapha[4]
Zizula hylax (Tiny Grass Blue)[4]
Zosterops senegalensis (African Yellow White-eye)[7]

Providers

Pollinated by 
Agraulis vanillae (gulf fritillary)[5]
Ancyloxypha numitor (Least Skipper)[19]
Andrena mandibularis[5]
Andrena salictaria[5]
Archilochus colubris (Ruby-throated Hummingbird)[19]
Ascia monuste (Great southern white)[5]
Bibio albipennis (March fly)[5]
Bombus americanorum[19]
Bombylius atriceps[5]
Ceratina dupla (Little carpenter bee)[5]
Dryas iulia (Julia butterfly)[5]
Eristalis stipator[5]
Eurymus philodice <Unverified Name>[19]
Heraclides cresphontes <Unverified Name>[19]
Limenitis archippus (viceroy)[5]
Mallota posticata[5]
Melissodes agilis[5]
Olcella trigramma[5]
Orthorhyncus cristatus (Antillean Crested Hummingbird)[5]
Parhelophilus divisus[5]
Pemphredon inornata[5]
Phaethornis eurynome (Scale-throated Hermit)[5]
Pieris rapae (imported cabbageworm)[19]
Plusia simplex <Unverified Name>[19]
Pontia protodice (Checkered White)[19]
Spallanzania hesperidarum[5]
Stephanoxis lalandi (Green-crowned Plovercrest)[5]
Syntomopus americanus[5]
Typocerus lugubris[5]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Criconema mutabile <Unverified Name>[14]
Helicotylenchus dihystera <Unverified Name>[14]

Distribution

Caribbean; North America; Oceania;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000)
2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
3Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
4HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
6Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
7Specialization and interaction strength in a tropical plant-frugivore network differ among forest strata, Matthias Schleuning, Nico Blüthgen, Martina Flörchinger, Julius Braun, H. Martin Schaefer, and Katrin Böhning-Gaese, Ecology, in press.
8FEEDING ECOLOGY AND STATUS OF THE VARIABLE SUNBIRD (Cinnyris venusta) IN THE ARBORETUM OF RUHANDE, Marie Jeanne UWIHOREYE, Bachelor’s Memoir, NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF RWANDA, 2011
9DIET OF THE YELLOW-KNOBBED CURASSOW IN THE CENTRAL VENEZUELAN LLANOS, CAROLINA BERTSCH AND GUILLERMO R. BARRETO, The Wilson Journal of Ornithology 120(4):767–777, 2008
10The ecology and utilisation of Lumholtz's tree kangaroos Dendrolagus lumholtzi (Marsupialia: Macropodidae), on the Atherton Tablelands, far north Queensland., Karen Elizabeth Coombes, PhD thesis, James Cook University, Australia (2005)
11Behavior and diet of the Critically Endangered Eulemur cinereiceps in Manombo forest, southeast Madagascar, Fidimalala B. RalainasoloI, Jonah H. RatsimbazafyII and Nancy J. Stevens, MADAGASCAR CONSERVATION & DEVELOPMENT, VOLUME 3 ISSUE 1 — DECEMBER 2008, pp. 38 - 43
12BirdLife International (2012) Species factsheet: Eulidia yarrellii. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 08/09/2012.
13del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
14Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
15Review of the Neotropical species of the family Pterophoridae, part I: Ochyroticinae, Deuterocopinae, Pterophorinae (Platyptiliini, Exelastini, Oxyptilini) (Lepidoptera), C. Gielis, Zool. Med. Leiden 80 (2006)
16Rajesh Kumar, N., & Balasubramanian, P. (2011). Habitat use and food habits: of Indian peafowl (Pavo cristatus) in Anaikatty Hills, Western Ghats. Indian Birds, 7(5), 125-127.
17Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
18The foraging ecology of the Delacour’s langur (Trachypithecus delacouri) in Van Long Nature Reserve, Vietnam, Catherine Workman, Department of Evolutionary Anthropology Dissertation, Duke University (2010)
19Robertson, C. Flowers and insects lists of visitors of four hundred and fifty three flowers. 1929. The Science Press Printing Company Lancaster, PA.
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