Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Lamiales > Oleaceae > Chionanthus > Chionanthus virginicus

Chionanthus virginicus (fringetree; white fringetree)

Synonyms: Chionanthus angustifolius; Chionanthus cotinifolius; Chionanthus fragrans; Chionanthus heterophyla; Chionanthus latifolius; Chionanthus longifolius; Chionanthus luteus; Chionanthus maritimus; Chionanthus montanus; Chionanthus obovatus; Chionanthus roseus; Chionanthus trifidus; Chionanthus triflorus; Chionanthus vernalis; Chionanthus vernus; Chionanthus virginicus subsp. maritimus; Chionanthus virginicus var. angustifolius; Chionanthus virginicus var. latifolius; Chionanthus virginicus var. maritimus; Chionanthus virginicus var. montanus; Chionanthus zeylanicus; Ligustrum cotinifolium; Linociera cotinifolia

Wikipedia Abstract

Chionanthus virginicus (white fringetree) is a tree native to the savannas and lowlands of the southeastern United States, from New Jersey south to Florida, and west to Oklahoma and Texas.
View Wikipedia Record: Chionanthus virginicus


Height [3]  16.4 feet (5 m)
Width [3]  9.8 feet (3 m)
Air Quality Improvement [1]  Low
Allergen Potential [1]  High
Carbon Capture [1]  Low
Screening - Summer [2]  Dense
Screening - Winter [2]  Porous
Shade Percentage [1]  82 %
Temperature Reduction [1]  Low
Wind Reduction [1]  Low
Hardiness Zone Minimum [1]  USDA Zone: 4 Low Temperature: -30 F° (-34.4 C°) → -20 F° (-28.9 C°)
Hardiness Zone Maximum [1]  USDA Zone: 9 Low Temperature: 20 F° (-6.7 C°) → 30 F° (-1.1 C°)
Light Preference [2]  Mostly Shady
Soil Acidity [2]  Mostly Acid
Soil Fertility [2]  Very Rich
Water Use [1]  Moderate
Flower Color [2]  White
Foliage Color [2]  Green
Fruit Color [2]  Blue
Flower Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Fruit Conspicuous [2]  Yes
Bloom Period [2]  Mid Spring
Drought Tolerance [2]  Medium
Edible [3]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Fire Tolerance [2]  Low
Flower Type [3]  Dioecious
Frost Free Days [2]  4 months 25 days
Fruit/Seed Abundance [2]  High
Fruit/Seed Begin [2]  Summer
Fruit/Seed End [2]  Summer
Growth Form [2]  Multiple Stem
Growth Period [2]  Spring, Summer
Growth Rate [2]  Slow
Leaf Type [3]  Deciduous
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Pollinators [3]  Bees
Propagation [2]  Bare Root, Container, Seed
Root Depth [2]  20 inches (51 cm)
Scent [3]  The flowers have a delicate sweet perfume.
Seed Spread Rate [2]  Slow
Seed Vigor [2]  High
Seeds Per [2]  1800 / lb (3968 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [2]  Erect
Structure [3]  Shrub
Usage [3]  Wood - hard, heavy, close grained, weighing about 39lb per cubic foot; Of no commercial value because of the small size of the tree;
Vegetative Spread Rate [2]  None
View Plants For A Future Record : Chionanthus virginicus

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Big South Fork National River and Recreation Area National Recreation Area V 120283 Kentucky, Tennessee, United States
Blue Ridge Parkway National Parkway V 73611 North Carolina, Virginia, United States
Bluestone National Scenic River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 3517 West Virginia, United States
Carolinian-South Atlantic Biosphere Reserve 310228 North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, United States      
Catoctin Mountain Park National Park II 5994 Maryland, United States
Chattahoochee River National Recreation Area V 7622 Georgia, United States
Chesapeake & Ohio Canal National Hist. Park National Historical Park V 19586 Maryland, District of Columbia, United States
Chickamauga & Chattanooga Nat'l Military Park National Military Park V 8248 Georgia, Tennessee, United States
Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research   North Carolina, United States
Felsenthal National Wildlife Refuge VI 66133 Arkansas, United States
Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania Nat'l Military Park National Military Park V 10384 Virginia, United States
Gauley River National Recreation Area V 10157 West Virginia, United States
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park VI 715 West Virginia, United States
Hobcaw Barony (North Inlet) National Estuarine Research Reserve 7585 South Carolina, United States
Horseshoe Bend National Military Park V 1926 Alabama, United States
Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park III 2897 Georgia, United States
Moores Creek National Battlefield III 100 North Carolina, United States
National Capital Region - East National Park   District of Columbia, United States
New River Gorge National River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 55591 West Virginia, United States
Oconee National Forest Botanical Reserve 306 Georgia, United States  
Prince William Forest Park 19378 District of Columbia, United States
Richmond National Battlefield Park III 1517 Virginia, United States
Rock Creek Park   District of Columbia, United States
Shenandoah National Park II 108221 Virginia, United States
Shiloh National Military Park III 4061 Tennessee, United States
South Atlantic Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 20317 South Carolina, United States  
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Tennessee River Gorge   Tennessee, United States


Adita chionanthi[4]
Ceratomia undulosa (waxed sphinx)[4]
Diaspidiotus forbesi (cherry scale)[5]
Diaspidiotus juglansregiae (English walnut scale)[5]
Manduca rustica (Rustic Sphinx)[4]
Podosesia syringae (Lilac borer)[4]
Pseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)[5]
Sphinx chersis (Great Ash Sphinx)[4]
Sphinx kalmiae (laurel sphinx)[4]

Range Map

North America;



Attributes / relations provided by
1i-Tree Species v. 4.0, developed by the USDA Forest Service's Northern Research Station and SUNY-ESF using the Horticopia, Inc. plant database.
2USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
3Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
4HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
5Ben-Dov, Y., Miller, D.R. & Gibson, G.A.P. ScaleNet 4 November 2009
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access