Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Dipsacales > Adoxaceae > Viburnum > Viburnum opulus

Viburnum opulus (European cranberrybush; Guelder rose; viburnum)

Synonyms: Opulus edulis; Opulus glandulosa; Opulus lobatofolia; Opulus oxycoccos; Opulus palustris; Opulus rosea; Opulus trilobifolia; Opulus vulgaris; Viburnum americanum; Viburnum glandulosum; Viburnum lobatum; Viburnum nanum; Viburnum opuloides; Viburnum opulus f. glabrifolium; Viburnum opulus var. roseum; Viburnum opulus var. vasicii; Viburnum oxycoccos; Viburnum palustre; Viburnum pinnina; Viburnum primina; Viburnum rosaceum; Viburnum roseum

Wikipedia Abstract

Viburnum opulus (common name guelder-rose) is a species of flowering plant in the family Adoxaceae (formerly Caprifoliaceae) native to Europe, northern Africa and central Asia.
View Wikipedia Record: Viburnum opulus


Viburnum opulus var. americanum (American Cranberrybush Viburnum)


Height [4]  16.4 feet (5 m)
Width [4]  16.4 feet (5 m)
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium
Screening - Summer [3]  Dense
Screening - Winter [3]  Moderate
Hardiness Zone Minimum [3]  USDA Zone: 3 Low Temperature: -40 F° (-40 C°) → -30 F° (-34.4 C°)
Light Preference [6]  Mixed Sun/Shade
Soil Acidity [6]  Moderate Acid
Soil Fertility [6]  Intermediate
Soil Moisture [6]  Damp
Water Use [3]  Moderate
Bee Flower Color [2]  Blue-Green
Flower Color [3]  White
Foliage Color [3]  Green
Fruit Color [3]  Red
Fall Conspicuous [3]  Yes
Flower Conspicuous [3]  Yes
Fruit Conspicuous [3]  Yes
Bloom Period [3]  Late Spring
Drought Tolerance [3]  Medium
Edible [4]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Fire Tolerance [3]  Medium
Flower Type [4]  Hermaphrodite
Frost Free Days [3]  3 months 20 days
Fruit/Seed Abundance [3]  High
Fruit/Seed Begin [3]  Summer
Fruit/Seed End [3]  Fall
Growth Form [3]  Multiple Stem
Growth Period [3]  Spring, Summer
Growth Rate [3]  Slow
Hazards [4]  Large quantities of the fruit can cause vomiting and diarrhoea; The fruit is of very low or zero toxicity, it only causes mild upsets when eaten unripe or in large quantities;
Leaf Type [4]  Deciduous
Lifespan [5]  Perennial
Pollinators [4]  Insects, Lepidoptera, Bats
Propagation [3]  Bare Root, Container, Seed
Root Depth [3]  14 inches (36 cm)
Seed Spread Rate [3]  Slow
Seed Vigor [3]  Low
Seeds Per [3]  13600 / lb (29983 / kg)
Shape/Orientation [3]  Erect
Structure [4]  Shrub
Usage [4]  A red dye is obtained from the fruit; An ink can be made from the dried berries; Plants can be grown as a tall hedge; The wood can be used to make skewers;
Vegetative Spread Rate [3]  None
View Plants For A Future Record : Viburnum opulus

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bagno i Jezioro Ciemino 1946 Poland  
Belovezhskaya Pushcha Biosphere Reserve National Park II 218515 Belarus
Berchtesgaden Alps National Park II 51433 Germany
Beskid Niski 375518 Poland  
Beskid Slaski 65261 Poland  
Beskid Zywiecki 87169 Poland  
Bialowieza National Park II 11126 Poland
Bieszczady 275571 Poland  
Blue Ridge Parkway National Parkway V 73611 North Carolina, Virginia, United States
Bobolickie Jeziora Lobeliowe 11760 Poland  
Buczyny Lagowsko-Sulecinskie 16732 Poland  
Carpathian Biosphere Reserve 144772 Ukraine  
Chelmskie Torfowiska Weglanowe 10649 Poland  
Chilterns Beechwoods 3154 England, United Kingdom  
Craven Limestone Complex 13166 England, United Kingdom
Dartmoor 57244 England, United Kingdom
Dolina Biebrzy 299507 Poland  
Dolina Dolnego Bugu 183624 Poland  
Dolina Dolnej Pilicy 78633 Poland  
Dolina Górnej Leby 6301 Poland  
Dolina Lupawy 13612 Poland  
Dolina Pilicy 87367 Poland  
Dolina Stropnej 2381 Poland  
Dolina Wieprzy i Studnicy 35457 Poland  
Dolina Zwolenki 5879 Poland  
Dolinki Jurajskie 2191 Poland  
Dolna Odra 72985 Poland  
Dorset Heaths 14161 England, United Kingdom
Dorset Heaths (Purbeck and Wareham) and Studland Dunes 5491 England, United Kingdom
Dorzecze Parsety 68474 Poland  
Flusslandschaft Elbe Biosphere Reserve 925242 Germany  
Gogolice-Kosa 3521 Poland  
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Góry Stolowe 48968 Poland  
Humber Estuary 90582 England, United Kingdom
Jeziora Szczecineckie 16010 Poland  
Jezioro Bobiecinskie 8360 Poland  
Jezioro Goplo 33259 Poland  
Kargowskie Zakola Odry 7587 Poland  
Karkonosze National Park II 45907 Poland
Kavkazskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 692723 Krasnodar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Adygea, Russia
Khopersky Zapovednik Ia 47103 Russia  
Killarney National Park II 25482 Ireland
Lasy Janowskie 148846 Poland  
Limestone Coast of South West Wales/ Arfordir Calchfaen de Orllewin Cymru 3940 Wales, United Kingdom  
Loch Moidart and Loch Shiel Woods 4341 Scotland, United Kingdom
Lysa Góra 6780 Poland  
Male Pieniny 4635 Poland  
Masyw Slezy 12502 Poland  
Mierzeja Sarbska 4653 Poland    
Montesinho/Nogueira 266900 Portugal  
Moor House – Upper Teesdale 95867 England, United Kingdom
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
North Northumberland Dunes 2836 England, United Kingdom  
North Pennine Moors 254789 England, United Kingdom
North York Moors 108930 England, United Kingdom
Okskiy Biosphere Reserve 190748 Russia  
Ostoja Jasliska 72369 Poland  
Ostoja Knyszynska 336272 Poland  
Ostoja Nadbuzanska 113759 Poland  
Ostoja Nadwarcianska 65861 Poland  
Ostoja Nidzianska 68254 Poland  
Ostoja Olsztynsko-Mirowska 5463 Poland  
Ostoja Popradzka 143151 Poland  
Ostoja Przedborska 28677 Poland  
Ostoja Przemyska 97994 Poland  
Ostoja Slowinska 79446 Poland    
Ostoja Srodkowojurajska 14252 Poland  
Ostoja Suwalska 15690 Poland  
Ostoja Wigierska 39715 Poland  
Ostoja nad Barycza 202692 Poland  
Pasmo Krowiarki 13401 Poland  
Pevensey Levels 8860 England, United Kingdom  
Piasnickie laki 2681 Poland    
Pieniny 5773 Poland  
Przelomowa Dolina Narwi 45974 Poland  
Puszcza Biala 207024 Poland  
Puszcza Kampinoska Biosphere Reserve 188373 Poland  
Puszcza Niepolomicka 29065 Poland  
Puszcza Romincka 36459 Poland  
Puszcza Solska 196076 Poland  
Rondeau Provincial Park II 5035 Ontario, Canada
Rudawy Janowickie 16395 Poland  
Salisbury Plain 52975 England, United Kingdom
Sayano-Shushenskiy Biosphere Reserve Ia 964620 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
Solent Maritime 27985 England, United Kingdom
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Sunart 25320 Scotland, United Kingdom
The New Forest 72309 England, United Kingdom
Trzebiatowsko-Kolobrzeski Pas Nadmorski 43166 Poland    
Trzy Mlyny 1893 Poland    
Tsentral'no-Chernozemny Biosphere Reserve Ia 13064 Kursk, Russia
Tsentral'no-Lesnoy Biosphere Reserve Ia 62630 Russia  
Ujscie Wisly 4320 Poland  
Voronezhskiy Biosphere Reserve 95835 Russia  
Wielki Sandr Brdy 91691 Poland  
Wolin i Uznam 76089 Poland    
Zaleczanski Luk Warty 23023 Poland  
Zalew Wislany i Mierzeja Wislana 100974 Poland  
Zhuvintas Zapovednik 18223 Lithuania  



Acasis viretata[7]
Acleris exsucana[7]
Acleris schalleriana[7]
Anania coronata <Unverified Name>[8]
Anthaxia bicolor[9]
Antitype chi (Grey Chi)[7]
Aphis fabae (Bean aphid)[8]
Aphis fabae evonymi[9]
Aphis viburni[9]
Apodemus sylvaticus (Old World wood and field mouse)[10]
Bombycilla garrulus (Bohemian Waxwing)[8]
Brachionycha nubeculosa (Rannoch Sprawler)[9]
Caligula japonica (Japanese Giant Silkworm)[7]
Cepaea nemoralis (grovesnail)[8]
Columba palumbus (Common Wood Pigeon)[8]
Contarinia sambuci[9]
Contarinia viburnorum[9]
Cytospora lantanae[11]
Darapsa choerilus (Azalea Sphinx)[7]
Diaporthe beckhausii[11]
Dolycoris baccarum <Unverified Name>[8]
Eriophyes viburni <Unverified Name>[9]
Eristalis arbustorum[8]
Eristalis interrupta[8]
Eristalis lineata[8]
Erithacus rubecula (European Robin)[10]
Euplexia lucipara (Small Angle Shades)[7]
Eupsilia transversa (Satellite)[7]
Hemaris thysbe (common clear-wing)[7]
Hilara interstincta <Unverified Name>[8]
Hypodryas maturna (Scarce fritillary)[7]
Lithophane hepatica[7]
Lyomyces pruni[11]
Myzus persicae (Green peach aphid)[9]
Phomopsis tinea[11]
Phyllobius pyri (Common Leaf Weevil)[8]
Phyllonorycter lantanella[7]
Pyrrhalta viburni (viburnum leaf beetle)[9]
Pyrrhula pyrrhula (Eurasian Bullfinch)[10]
Sialia sialis (Eastern Bluebird)[11]
Siona lineata (Black-veined Moth)[7]
Smerinthus ocellata[7]
Sphinx ligustri (Sphinx moth)[7]
Sylvia atricapilla (Eurasian Blackcap)[11]
Synanthedon anthraciniformis[9]
Synanthedon fatifera[7]
Tenthredo livida <Unverified Name>[8]
Tenthredo vespa <Unverified Name>[8]
Thripsaphis ballii ballii[9]
Trichius fasciatus (Bee Chafer)[9]
Turdus iliacus (Redwing)[10]
Turdus merula (Eurasian Blackbird)[12]
Turdus philomelos (Song Thrush)[12]
Turdus pilaris (Fieldfare)[11]
Zeiraphera virinea[7]


Pollinated by 
Eristalis arbustorum[8]
Eristalis interrupta[8]
Eristalis lineata[8]
Hilara interstincta <Unverified Name>[8]


Parasitized by 
Golovinomyces sparsus[11]


North America; Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000)
2Arnold SEJ, Faruq S, Savolainen V, McOwan PW, Chittka L, 2010 FReD: The Floral Reflectance Database — A Web Portal for Analyses of Flower Colour. PLoS ONE 5(12): e14287.
3USDA Plants Database, U. S. Department of Agriculture
4Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
5PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish Plants: Status, Size, Life History, Geography and Habitats, M. O. Hill, C. D. Preston & D. B. Roy, Biological Records Centre, NERC Centre for Ecology and Hydrology (2004)
6ECOFACT 2a Technical Annex - Ellenberg’s indicator values for British Plants, M O Hill, J O Mountford, D B Roy & R G H Bunce (1999)
7HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
8Ecology of Commanster
9Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
10Birds and guelder rose Viburnum opulus: selective consumption and dispersal via regurgitation of small-sized fruits and seeds, Ángel Hernández, Plant Ecol (2009) 203:111–122
11Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
12Birds and berries: a study of an ecological interaction. Calton, Great Britain, Snow B.K., Snow D.W., 1988, T & AD Poyser. 268 p.
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access