Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Dipsacales > Caprifoliaceae > Valeriana > Valeriana dioica

Valeriana dioica (marsh valerian; marsh valeriana)

Synonyms: Valeriana affinis; Valeriana beddomei; Valeriana compacta; Valeriana exigua; Valeriana microphylla; Valeriana montana; Valeriana nasturtiifolia; Valeriana palustris; Valeriana pusilla; Valeriana subdentata; Valeriana sylvatica; Valeriana sylvestris



Height [2]  12 inches (0.3 m)
Allergen Potential [1]  Medium
Light Preference [3]  Mostly Sunny
Soil Acidity [3]  Moderate Acid
Soil Fertility [3]  Mostly Infertile
Soil Moisture [3]  Damp
Edible [2]  May be edible. See the Plants For A Future link below for details.
Flower Type [2]  Dioecious
Hazards [2]  Some caution is advised with the use of this plant. At least one member of the genus is considered to be poisonous raw[161] and V. officinalis is a powerful nervine and sedative that can become habit-forming.
Lifespan [2]  Perennial
Pollinators [2]  Insects, Lepidoptera
Structure [4]  Herb
View Plants For A Future Record : Valeriana dioica

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Avon Gorge Woodlands 376 England, United Kingdom
Basse vallée de l'Aisne (Durbuy; Erezée; Ferrières; Manhay) 4725 Belgium  
Bassin supérieur de l'Ourthe occidentale (Libramont-Chevigny) 3584 Belgium  
Berlinchener See, Berlinchener Luch 900 Germany  
Berwyn a Mynyddoedd de Clwyd/ Berwyn and South Clwyd Mountains 67265 Wales, United Kingdom
Biedrusko 24558 Poland  
Border Mires, Kielder – Butterburn 29286 England, United Kingdom
Burnham Beeches 946 England, United Kingdom  
Cothill Fen 108 England, United Kingdom  
Craven Limestone Complex 13166 England, United Kingdom
Cwm Cadlan 207 Wales, United Kingdom
Dee Estuary/ Aber Dyfrdwy 39057 England/Wales, United Kingdom
Dolina Stropnej 2381 Poland  
Dorset Heaths 14161 England, United Kingdom
Dorset Heaths (Purbeck and Wareham) and Studland Dunes 5491 England, United Kingdom
Drahendorfer Spreeniederung 1528 Germany  
Drostre Bank 31 Wales, United Kingdom  
Fenland 1529 England, United Kingdom
Forêt d'Anlier (Habay; Léglise; Martelange) 18670 Belgium  
Gadsdorfer Torfstiche und Luderbusch 226 Germany  
Glaswelltiroedd Cefn Cribwr/ Cefn Cribwr Grasslands 144 Wales, United Kingdom
Habichtswald 998 Germany  
Humber Estuary 90582 England, United Kingdom
Ingleborough Complex 14256 England, United Kingdom
Krielower See 392 Germany  
Maxsee 863 Germany  
Moffat Hills 7146 Scotland, United Kingdom
Moor House – Upper Teesdale 95867 England, United Kingdom
Mothäuser Heide 1638 Germany  
Nordwestvogtländische Teiche und Moor Oberlinda 917 Germany  
Norfolk Valley Fens 1523 England, United Kingdom  
North Norfolk Coast 7926 England, United Kingdom  
North Pennine Moors 254789 England, United Kingdom
North York Moors 108930 England, United Kingdom
Oberlausitzer Heide - und Teichlandschaft Nature Reserve IV 32467 Germany  
Palava Protected Landscape Area V   Czech Republic  
Plateau des Hautes-Fagnes (Baelen; Jalhay; Malmedy; Waimes) 9860 Belgium  
Prästängen 38 Sweden  
Prims 1485 Germany  
Randowhänge bei Schmölln 680 Germany  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Urdaibai Biosphere Reserve V 1777 Spain  
Rhos Goch 167 Wales, United Kingdom  
Roman Wall Loughs 1691 England, United Kingdom  
Salisbury Plain 52975 England, United Kingdom
Söterbachtal 331 Germany  
Südlich Bosen 133 Germany  
Südteil des Nohfeldener Rhyolith-Massivs 1087 Germany  
Schaalsee   Germany      
Sefton Coast 11278 England, United Kingdom
Severn Estuary/ Môr Hafren 182155 England/Wales, United Kingdom
Spreewald Biosphere Reserve 117355 Germany  
The New Forest 72309 England, United Kingdom
The Stiperstones and The Hollies 1486 England, United Kingdom  
Thorne Moor 4718 England, United Kingdom
Vallée de la Hulle (Gedinne) 3738 Belgium  
Vallée du Ruisseau de Breuvanne (Chiny; Tintigny) 1623 Belgium  
Wehrdamm/Mellensee/Kleiner Wünsdorfer See 1725 Germany  
Wiese nö Reitscheid 64 Germany  
Woolmer Forest 1647 England, United Kingdom
Yellowstone Biosphere Reserve II 2196863 Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, United States



Acompus rufipes[5]
Eupithecia valerianata[5]
Eurodryas aurinia[5]
Liriomyza valerianae[5]
Mellicta athalia[6]


Parasitized by 
Uromyces valerianae[7]


North America;



Attributes / relations provided by
1Derived from Allergy-Free Gardening OPALS™, Thomas Leo Ogren (2000)
2Plants For A Future licensed under a Creative Commons License
3ECOFACT 2a Technical Annex - Ellenberg’s indicator values for British Plants, M O Hill, J O Mountford, D B Roy & R G H Bunce (1999)
4Kattge, J. et al. (2011b) TRY - a global database of plant traits Global Change Biology 17:2905-2935
5Biological Records Centre Database of Insects and their Food Plants
6HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández
7Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
Protected Areas provided by GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
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Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access